Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9
Switzerland 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.3
Netherlands 2.8 2.8 3.5 4.6 4.6
United Kingdom 4.4 4.6 4.6 5.5 4.6
Canada 4.0 4.4 5.8 6.1 4.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.0 7.8 7.8 6.8 5.0
United States 4.3 6.2 8.0 8.1 5.1
Vanuatu 7.6 7.5 8.3 8.2 5.3
China 5.6 5.6 6.1 7.5 5.3
Singapore 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4
Macao SAR, China 6.0 7.0 8.8 7.8 5.4
Brunei Darussalam 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Slovak Republic 9.1 6.7 7.7 8.0 5.8
Malta 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.2 5.9
Libya 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0
Malaysia 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.4 6.1
Czech Republic 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.3
Israel 7.5 6.8 8.1 6.9 6.6
Slovenia 8.7 7.8 7.4 5.9 6.7
Italy 5.5 5.3 5.6 6.3 6.8
Qatar 7.0 6.7 7.2 7.4 6.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.3 9.6 8.0 7.2 7.0
Thailand 5.5 5.8 7.4 7.1 7.0
Oman 7.6 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.1
Korea, Rep. 5.9 5.6 6.0 6.6 7.2
Norway 4.0 4.0 4.7 6.6 7.3
Kuwait 5.6 7.5 8.6 8.5 7.6
San Marino 7.1 7.2 6.7 7.6 7.9
Fiji 7.2 6.8 7.3 9.0 8.0
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.0
Algeria 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Nepal 8.5 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.0
Panama 8.8 8.7 8.4 8.3 8.2
Bahrain 7.9 7.8 8.0 8.3 8.2
Lithuania 5.7 5.3 5.1 6.9 8.4
Estonia 5.7 4.9 5.0 6.5 8.5
Belarus 16.9 11.4 8.8 8.6 8.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.3 10.0 9.3 9.3 8.7
Mexico 7.4 9.7 7.5 7.6 8.7
Philippines 10.1 10.2 9.8 8.7 8.8
Australia 8.9 9.1 9.4 8.2 8.9
New Zealand 7.1 7.8 8.2 8.6 8.9
Jordan 8.3 7.6 8.2 8.7 9.0
Dominica 8.9 9.9 9.5 9.2 9.1
Papua New Guinea 13.3 11.5 10.6 9.8 9.2
Belgium 6.7 6.7 7.5 8.6 9.2
Montenegro 11.2 9.2 9.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.5
Grenada 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.5
Macedonia, FYR 12.4 12.1 11.3 10.2 9.7
Lebanon 10.8 10.6 10.3 10.3 10.0
Cabo Verde 12.7 12.3 9.9 10.6 10.0
Barbados 8.3 9.2 10.3 10.8 10.0
Croatia 11.7 11.2 9.9 9.3 10.1
St. Lucia 11.1 10.6 10.8 10.1 10.1
Hungary 12.8 8.5 8.1 9.1 10.2
Syrian Arab Republic 7.5 8.0 8.0 10.2 10.2
Antigua and Barbuda 12.0 11.4 10.9 10.4 10.4
Comoros 11.0 11.0 10.5 10.5 10.5
Bulgaria 8.9 8.7 8.9 10.0 10.9
Aruba 11.6 11.5 11.3 11.0 11.2
Mauritius 21.0 21.0 21.1 21.9 11.5
Djibouti 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.6
Seychelles 10.0 9.8 10.0 10.9 11.8
Latvia 7.4 6.1 7.3 10.9 11.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.7 16.0 14.0 12.0 12.0
Suriname 20.4 17.4 15.6 13.8 12.2
Russian Federation 11.4 10.7 10.4 10.0 12.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.4 13.1 12.6 12.5 12.3
Trinidad and Tobago 9.3 9.1 10.9 11.8 12.4
Uruguay 23.7 13.6 9.3 8.9 12.4
Tonga 11.6 11.4 12.0 12.2 12.5
Angola 82.3 67.7 19.5 17.7 12.5
Samoa 11.2 11.4 11.7 12.7 12.7
Pakistan 7.3 9.1 11.0 11.8 12.9
Maldives 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Albania 11.8 13.1 12.9 14.1 13.0
Timor-Leste 15.5 16.7 16.5 15.0 13.1
Nicaragua 13.5 12.1 11.6 13.0 13.2
Chile 5.1 6.7 8.0 8.7 13.3
India 10.9 10.8 11.2 13.0 13.3
Guatemala 13.8 13.0 12.8 12.8 13.4
Indonesia 14.1 14.1 16.0 13.9 13.6
Namibia 11.4 10.6 11.2 12.9 13.7
Bhutan 15.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 13.8
Kosovo 14.8 14.0 14.6 14.1 13.8
Bolivia 14.5 16.6 11.9 12.9 13.9
Kenya 12.5 12.9 13.6 13.3 14.0
Belize 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.3 14.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.4 16.4 15.6 14.0 14.4
Liberia 18.1 17.0 15.5 15.0 14.4
Solomon Islands 14.3 14.1 13.9 14.1 14.4
Guyana 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.6 14.6
Swaziland 11.3 10.6 11.2 13.2 14.8
Afghanistan 18.0 18.1 14.9
Tanzania 14.1 15.2 15.7 16.1 15.0
Romania 25.6 19.6 14.0 13.3 15.0
South Africa 11.3 10.6 11.2 13.2 15.1
Nigeria 19.2 17.9 16.9 16.9 15.5
Vietnam 9.7 11.0 11.2 11.2 15.8
Costa Rica 23.4 24.7 22.2 12.8 15.8
Serbia 15.5 16.8 16.6 11.1 16.1
Lesotho 12.4 11.7 12.2 14.1 16.2
Bangladesh 14.8 14.0 15.3 16.0 16.4
Rwanda 16.5 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.5
Burundi 18.3 18.4 17.1 16.8 16.5
Botswana 15.8 15.7 16.5 16.2 16.5
Jamaica 18.1 17.4 17.6 17.2 16.8
Myanmar 15.0 15.0 16.1 17.0 17.0
Armenia 18.6 18.0 16.5 17.5 17.0
Colombia 15.1 14.6 12.9 15.4 17.2
Ukraine 17.4 16.2 15.2 13.9 17.5
Haiti 48.0 41.0 26.4 23.1 17.8
Honduras 19.9 18.8 17.4 16.6 17.9
Yemen, Rep. 18.5 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Georgia 22.1 17.6 17.1 17.1 18.0
Mozambique 22.1 19.5 18.6 19.5 18.3
Sri Lanka 9.5 10.8 12.9 17.1 18.9
Zambia 30.7 28.2 23.2 18.9 19.1
Argentina 6.8 6.2 8.6 11.1 19.5
Iraq 12.9 13.7 14.5 19.5 19.5
Azerbaijan 15.7 17.0 17.9 19.1 19.8
Kyrgyz Republic 29.3 26.6 23.2 25.3 19.9
Dominican Republic 32.6 24.1 19.5 15.8 19.9
Iceland 12.0 14.8 17.9 19.3 20.1
Mauritania 21.0 23.1 24.0 23.5 20.3
Uganda 20.6 19.6 18.7 19.1 20.5
Mongolia 31.5 30.6 26.9 21.8 20.6
Moldova 20.9 19.3 18.1 18.8 21.1
Venezuela, RB 18.5 16.8 15.5 17.1 22.4
Tajikistan 20.3 23.3 14.4 22.7 23.7
Peru 24.7 25.5 23.9 22.9 23.7
Lao PDR 29.3 26.8 30.0 28.5 24.0
Sierra Leone 22.1 24.6 24.0 25.0 24.5
Malawi 36.8 33.1 32.3 27.7 25.3
Paraguay 33.5 29.9 30.1 25.0 25.8
Gambia, The 36.5 34.9 29.8 27.9 27.0
Sao Tome and Principe 29.8 31.2 29.3 32.4 32.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46.4 47.0 43.2
Madagascar 25.5 27.0 29.5 45.0 45.0
Brazil 54.9 55.4 50.8 43.7 47.3
Niger
Turkey
Congo, Rep. 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Isle of Man
Cote d'Ivoire
Ecuador 10.0 9.6 9.8 14.9
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
Togo
Benin
Northern Mariana Islands
New Caledonia
Denmark
Finland 3.7
Mali
Ireland 2.6 2.6
Sudan
Cambodia
Cuba
Poland 7.6 6.8 5.5
Cyprus 7.6 7.1 6.7 6.7
Portugal
El Salvador
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan
Andorra
Guinea-Bissau
Cayman Islands
Guinea
West Bank and Gaza
Guam
Marshall Islands
Greenland
French Polynesia
Greece
Chad 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Kiribati
France 6.6
Liechtenstein
Sweden 4.0 3.3
Senegal
Faeroe Islands
Ghana
Curacao
Germany
Eritrea
Morocco 11.5 11.5
Equatorial Guinea 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Burkina Faso
Tunisia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan
Cameroon 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Tuvalu
Austria
Monaco
United Arab Emirates
Korea, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Somalia
Uzbekistan
Gabon 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Spain
Central African Republic 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Saudi Arabia
Zimbabwe 278.9 235.7

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