Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Madagascar 45.0 49.0 52.5 60.0 60.0
Brazil 44.7 40.0 43.9 36.6 27.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 65.4 56.5 43.8 28.4 19.4
Kyrgyz Republic 23.0 31.5 40.2 12.8 16.3
Gambia, The 27.0 27.0 28.0 28.0
Sao Tome and Principe 31.1 28.9 27.0 26.2 26.2
Yemen, Rep. 18.0 23.8 25.0 24.5 22.1
Tajikistan 22.6 24.2 24.8 25.2 23.7
Malawi 25.3 24.6 23.8 32.3 46.0
Uganda 21.0 20.2 21.8 26.3 23.3
Sierra Leone 22.2 21.3 21.0 21.0 20.6
Jamaica 16.4 20.5 19.5 17.6 17.7
Mozambique 15.7 16.3 19.1 16.8 15.3
Azerbaijan 20.0 20.7 19.0 18.3 18.2
Zambia 22.1 20.9 18.8 12.1 9.5
Angola 15.7 22.5 18.8 16.7 15.8
Peru 21.0 19.0 18.7 19.2 18.1
Honduras 19.4 18.9 18.6 18.5 20.1
Armenia 18.8 19.2 17.8 17.2 16.0
Paraguay 28.3 26.0 17.4 17.2 19.3
Serbia 11.8 17.3 17.2 18.2 17.1
Venezuela, RB 19.9 18.3 17.2 16.4 15.9
Mauritania 19.5 17.0 17.0 17.0
Vietnam 10.1 13.1 17.0 13.5 10.4
Mongolia 21.7 20.1 16.6 18.1 18.5
Myanmar 17.0 17.0 16.3 13.0 13.0
Costa Rica 19.7 17.1 16.1 18.2 15.2
Nigeria 18.4 17.6 16.0 16.8 16.7
Ukraine 20.9 15.9 15.9 18.4 16.6
Dominican Republic 18.1 12.1 15.6 15.5 13.6
Afghanistan 15.0 15.7 15.1 15.0 15.1
Kenya 14.8 14.4 15.0 19.7 17.3
Georgia 17.9 15.8 15.0 14.8 13.6
Tanzania 15.0 14.5 15.0 15.5 15.8
Guyana 14.5 14.5 14.5 13.9 13.5
Moldova 20.5 16.4 14.4 13.4 12.3
Pakistan 14.5 14.0 14.4 13.5 12.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.4 15.1 14.4 14.3 14.8
Argentina 15.7 10.6 14.1 14.1 17.1
Bhutan 13.8 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0
Kosovo 14.1 14.3 13.9 12.9 11.1
Liberia 14.2 14.2 13.8 13.5 13.5
Belarus 11.7 9.2 13.6 19.5 19.1
Iraq 15.6 13.3 13.6 13.0
Guatemala 13.8 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6
Belize 14.1 13.9 13.4 12.4 11.6
Bangladesh 14.6 13.0 13.3 13.0 13.0
Burundi 14.1 12.4 13.2 14.3 15.1
Solomon Islands 15.3 14.4 13.2 11.3 10.8
Albania 12.7 12.8 12.4 10.9 9.8
Indonesia 14.5 13.3 12.4 11.8 11.7
Romania 17.3 14.1 12.1 11.3 10.5
Suriname 11.7 11.6 11.8 11.7 12.0
Haiti 17.3 17.5 11.6 8.9 8.7
Tonga 12.5 11.5 11.4 10.0 9.7
Colombia 13.0 9.4 11.2 12.6 11.0
Seychelles 15.3 12.7 11.2 12.2 12.3
Timor-Leste 11.2 11.0 11.0 12.2 12.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 12.0 11.0 11.0 12.0 12.3
Botswana 13.8 11.5 11.0 11.0 10.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.0 12.0 11.0
Bolivia 12.4 9.9 10.9 11.1 11.1
Antigua and Barbuda 10.1 11.0 10.9 10.2 10.0
Papua New Guinea 10.1 10.4 10.8 10.8 10.1
Grenada 11.0 10.6 10.7 9.7 9.3
Bulgaria 11.3 11.1 10.6 9.7 9.1
Djibouti 11.1 10.3 10.6
Nicaragua 14.0 13.3 10.5 12.0 15.0
Comoros 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Lesotho 13.0 11.2 10.4 10.1 9.9
Maldives 13.0 10.4 10.2 10.5 11.2
India 12.2 8.3 10.2 10.6 10.3
St. Lucia 10.6 10.6 10.0 9.5 9.1
Samoa 12.1 10.7 10.0 9.9 10.2
Cabo Verde 11.0 11.0 9.8 9.9 10.5
Uruguay 15.3 10.3 9.8 11.2 12.4
Montenegro 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.4
Croatia 11.6 10.4 9.7 9.5 9.2
Aruba 10.8 10.7 9.7 9.2 8.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 8.8 8.6 9.4 8.7 8.8
Sri Lanka 15.7 10.2 9.4 13.3 12.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.4 9.3
Chile 7.3 4.8 9.0 10.1 9.3
Swaziland 11.4 9.8 9.0 8.8 8.5
South Africa 11.7 9.8 9.0 8.8 8.5
Mauritius 9.3 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.5
Macedonia, FYR 10.1 9.5 8.9 8.5 8.0
Dominica 10.0 9.5 8.8 9.0 9.1
Namibia 11.1 9.7 8.7 8.7 8.3
Jordan 9.2 9.0 8.7 8.8 9.0
Barbados 9.2 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Russian Federation 15.3 10.8 8.5 9.1 9.5
Hungary 11.0 7.6 8.3 9.0 6.3
Algeria 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Trinidad and Tobago 11.9 9.3 8.0 7.7 7.5
Australia 6.0 7.3 7.7 7.0 6.2
Iceland 19.0 10.3 7.7 8.3 8.2
Lebanon 9.6 8.3 7.5 7.2 7.3
Fiji 7.9 7.5 7.5 7.0 6.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.9 7.9 7.4 6.9 7.0
Thailand 6.0 5.9 6.9 7.1 7.0
Panama 8.2 7.7 6.9 6.9 6.6
Bahrain 7.9 7.2 6.8 6.0 5.9
Philippines 8.6 7.7 6.7 5.7 5.8
China 5.3 5.8 6.6 6.0 6.0
Latvia 16.2 9.6 6.4 5.5 5.9
Oman 7.4 6.8 6.2 5.7 5.4
Estonia 9.4 7.8 6.1 5.7 5.4
New Zealand 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.8 5.5
Libya 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Israel 4.2 5.0 6.0 5.6
San Marino 5.7 5.4 5.9
Korea, Rep. 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.4 4.6
Czech Republic 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.0
Brunei Darussalam 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Qatar 7.0 7.3 5.5 5.4 5.1
Singapore 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Macao SAR, China 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Kuwait 6.2 4.9 5.2 5.0
Bahamas, The 5.5 5.5 5.1 4.8 4.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Mexico 7.1 5.3 4.9 4.7 4.2
Malaysia 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Malta 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.7
Italy 4.8 4.0 4.6 5.2 5.1
United States 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Canada 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.0 3.0
Switzerland 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Netherlands 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.6
Japan 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
United Kingdom 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
French Polynesia
France
Germany
Finland
Central African Republic
Nepal 8.0 8.0
Tunisia
Morocco
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Gabon
Greenland
Monaco
Ireland
Tuvalu
Niger
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
Lao PDR 24.8 22.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Norway 4.3
Cameroon
Ghana
Cambodia
Greece
Kazakhstan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan
Slovenia 5.9
Belgium 9.5
Guam
Ethiopia
Uzbekistan
Palau
Mali
Luxembourg
Slovak Republic
Lithuania 8.4 6.0
Cote d'Ivoire
Eritrea
Congo, Rep.
Equatorial Guinea
Spain
Liechtenstein
Chad
Poland
St. Martin (French part)
Portugal
Sudan
Puerto Rico
American Samoa
Sweden
Kiribati
Syrian Arab Republic 10.0 9.9
Guinea
Burkina Faso
Ecuador
Rwanda 16.1 16.7
Togo
Denmark
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Turkey
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Austria
Benin
West Bank and Gaza
United Arab Emirates
Guinea-Bissau
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cuba
Vanuatu 5.5 5.5
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cyprus
Andorra
El Salvador
Zimbabwe

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