Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Afghanistan
Albania 21.6 22.1 19.7 15.3 14.3
Algeria 10.8 10.0 9.5 8.6 8.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 80.3 103.2 96.0 97.3 96.1
Antigua and Barbuda 12.1 12.2 11.6 11.4 12.8
Argentina 11.0 11.1 27.7 51.7 19.1
Armenia 38.8 31.6 26.7 21.1 20.8
Aruba 13.1 12.1 12.1 13.1 11.5
Australia 8.0 9.3 8.7 8.2 8.4
Austria 5.6
Azerbaijan 19.5 19.7 19.7 17.4 15.5
Bahamas, The 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Bahrain 11.7 11.6 10.7 8.4 8.3
Bangladesh 14.1 15.5 15.8 16.0 16.0
Barbados 9.4 10.2 9.6 8.5 8.5
Belarus 51.0 67.7 47.0 36.9 24.0
Belgium 6.7 8.0 8.5 7.7 6.9
Belize 16.3 16.0 15.5 14.8 14.3
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 15.8 15.3 15.0
Bolivia 35.4 34.6 20.1 20.6 17.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.2 30.5 12.7 10.9
Botswana 14.8 15.5 15.8 16.2 16.4
Brazil 80.4 56.8 57.6 62.9 67.1
Brunei Darussalam 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Bulgaria 13.5 11.3 11.1 9.2 8.5
Burkina Faso
Burundi 15.2 15.8 16.8 19.5 18.2
Cabo Verde 12.0 11.9 12.8 13.2 12.7
Cambodia
Cameroon 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Canada 6.4 7.3 5.8 4.2 4.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Central Europe and the Baltics
Chad 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Chile 12.6 14.8 11.9 7.8 6.2
China 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.3
Colombia 25.8 18.8 20.7 16.3 15.2
Comoros 13.7 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.8
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Costa Rica 25.7 24.9 23.8 26.4 25.6
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia 14.9 12.1 9.5 12.8 11.6
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 8.0 8.0 7.5 7.2 6.9
Czech Republic 8.7 7.2 7.2 6.7 5.9
Denmark 7.1 8.1 8.2 7.1
Djibouti 11.5 11.3 11.3
Dominica 11.4 11.7 11.1 11.0 11.5
Dominican Republic 25.0 26.8 24.3 26.1 31.4
Ecuador 17.4 17.1 16.2 15.8 13.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.0 13.2 13.3 13.8 13.5
El Salvador 15.5 14.0
Equatorial Guinea 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Eritrea
Estonia 11.1 7.4 7.8 6.7 5.5
Ethiopia 10.6 10.9 10.9 8.7 7.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 8.8 8.4 8.3 8.1 7.6
Finland 4.7 5.6 5.8 4.8 4.1
Fragile and conflict affected situations
France 6.4 6.7 7.0 6.6 6.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Gambia, The 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 29.3
Georgia 29.7 24.7 22.3 23.6 23.8
Germany 8.8 9.6 10.0 9.7
Ghana
Greece 15.0 12.3 8.6 7.4 6.8
Greenland
Grenada 11.6 11.6 10.2 11.3 12.0
Guam
Guatemala 19.5 20.9 19.0 16.9 15.0
Guinea 19.9 19.4
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 17.1 17.3 17.0 16.3 15.0
Haiti 28.8 31.4 34.0 34.2 44.2
Honduras 30.2 26.8 23.8 22.7 20.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.5 9.5 5.1 5.0 5.0
Hungary 16.3 12.6 12.1 10.2 9.6
Iceland 13.3 16.8 18.0 15.4 12.0
India 12.5 12.3 12.1 11.9 11.5
Indonesia 27.7 18.5 18.5 18.9 16.9
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 3.3 4.8 4.8 3.8 2.8
Isle of Man
Israel 16.4 12.8 10.0 9.9 10.6
Italy 6.3 7.0 7.3 6.5 5.8
Jamaica 27.0 23.3 20.6 18.5 18.9
Japan 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Jordan 12.3 11.8 10.9 10.2 9.3
Kazakhstan
Kenya 22.4 22.3 19.7 18.5 16.6
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 9.4 8.5 7.7 6.8 6.2
Kosovo
Kuwait 8.6 8.9 7.9 6.5 5.4
Kyrgyz Republic 60.9 51.9 37.3 24.8 19.1
Lao PDR 32.0 32.0 26.2 29.3 30.5
Latvia 14.2 11.9 11.2 8.0 5.4
Lebanon 19.5 18.2 17.2 16.6 13.4
Lesotho 19.1 17.1 16.6 17.1 16.0
Liberia 16.7 20.5 22.1 20.2 17.1
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 13.1 12.1 9.6 6.8 5.8
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 9.5 9.9 8.0 6.1 6.0
Macedonia, FYR 20.4 18.9 19.4 18.4 16.0
Madagascar 28.0 26.5 25.3 25.3 24.3
Malawi 53.6 53.1 56.2 50.5 48.9
Malaysia 8.6 7.7 7.1 6.5 6.3
Maldives 12.5 13.0 13.0 13.5 14.0
Mali
Malta 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.0 5.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 28.0 25.6 22.5 21.0 21.0
Mauritius 21.6 20.8 21.1 21.0 21.0
Mexico 23.7 16.9 12.8 8.2 7.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.2 15.3 15.3 15.3 15.0
Moldova 35.5 33.8 28.7 23.5 19.3
Monaco
Mongolia 44.0 37.0 37.4 35.5 31.9
Montenegro
Morocco 13.5 13.3 13.3 13.1 12.6
Mozambique 19.6 19.0 22.7 26.7 24.7
Myanmar 16.1 15.3 15.0 15.0 15.0
Namibia 18.5 15.3 14.5 13.8 14.7
Nepal 11.3 9.5 7.7 6.8 7.4
Netherlands 3.5 4.8 5.0 4.0 3.0
New Caledonia
New Zealand 7.1 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.0
Nicaragua 17.6 18.1 18.6 18.3 15.5
Niger
Nigeria 20.3 21.3 23.4 24.8 20.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 7.6 8.9 8.7 8.7 4.7
Oman 10.3 10.1 9.2 8.5 8.2
Pakistan
Palau
Panama 10.1 10.5 11.0 10.6 9.9
Papua New Guinea 18.9 17.5 16.2 13.9 13.4
Paraguay 30.2 26.8 28.3 38.7 50.0
Peru 35.1 30.0 25.0 20.8 21.0
Philippines 11.8 10.9 12.4 9.1 9.5
Poland 16.9 20.0 18.4 12.0 7.3
Portugal 5.2
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 65.6 53.9 45.4 35.4 25.4
Russian Federation 39.7 24.4 17.9 15.7 13.0
Rwanda 16.8 17.0 17.3 16.4 17.1
Samoa 11.4 11.3
San Marino 7.9 9.2 8.8 8.0 7.5
Sao Tome and Principe 40.3 39.7 37.0 37.4 29.6
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia 46.1 6.3 34.5 19.7 15.5
Seychelles 11.2 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
Sierra Leone 26.8 26.3 24.3 22.2 20.0
Singapore 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 21.1 14.9 11.2 10.3 8.5
Slovenia 12.4 15.8 15.1 13.2 10.8
Solomon Islands 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.7
Somalia
South Africa 18.0 14.5 13.8 15.8 15.0
South Sudan
Spain 3.9 5.2 5.2 4.3
Sri Lanka 14.7 16.2 19.4 13.2 10.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.2 11.1 11.1 10.9 12.2
St. Lucia 12.8 13.1 13.0 12.6 15.0
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.8
Sudan
Suriname 27.3 29.0 25.7 22.2 21.0
Swaziland 17.4 14.0 13.3 15.3 14.6
Sweden 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6 4.8
Switzerland 3.9 4.3 4.3 3.9 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 7.5
Tajikistan 26.2 25.6 21.1 14.7 16.7
Tanzania 21.9 21.6 20.1 16.4 14.5
Thailand 9.0 7.8 7.3 6.9 5.9
Timor-Leste 16.7
Togo
Tonga 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.3
Trinidad and Tobago 17.0 16.5 15.7 12.5 11.2
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 21.5 22.9 22.7 19.1 18.9
Ukraine 55.0 41.5 32.3 25.3 17.9
United Arab Emirates 9.8 9.7 8.1
United Kingdom 5.3 6.0 5.1 4.0 3.7
United States 8.0 9.2 6.9 4.7 4.1
Uruguay 50.0 46.1 48.6 118.4 58.9
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 10.3 9.9 8.8 7.4 5.9
Venezuela, RB 32.1 25.2 22.5 36.6 25.2
Vietnam 12.7 10.6 9.4 9.1 9.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 24.1 19.5 17.5 17.7 18.0
Zambia 40.5 38.8 46.2 45.2 40.6
Zimbabwe 55.4 68.2 38.0 36.5 97.3

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