Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda 13.7 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2
Australia 13.8 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 11.0 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8
Bangladesh 12.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0
Barbados 11.5 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4
Belarus
Belgium 14.0 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6
Benin 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Bermuda
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Bolivia 120.7 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 12.0 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Cabo Verde 6.5 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Cambodia
Cameroon 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5
Canada 12.1 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 12.5 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3
Chad 11.5 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8
Chile 38.3 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2
China 7.2 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7
Comoros 15.0 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 12.0 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8
Costa Rica 18.0 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Czech Republic
Denmark 13.4 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5
Dominica 10.5 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5
Dominican Republic
Ecuador 16.2 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0
El Salvador 14.0 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 10.5 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7
France 12.1 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 13.0 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8
Gambia, The 18.0 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5
Georgia
Germany 9.8 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3
Ghana 21.2 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
Greece 20.5 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9
Greenland
Grenada 10.5 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5
Guam
Guatemala 12.0 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2
Guinea 15.0 15.0
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1
Haiti
Honduras 16.2 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland 22.8 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 12.9 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3
Isle of Man
Israel 823.0 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7
Italy 22.0 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6
Jamaica 18.5 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2
Japan 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya 14.4 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1
Kosovo
Kuwait 8.6 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 15.6 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5
Lesotho 17.6 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7
Liberia 20.6 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 9.3 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi 16.5 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3
Malaysia 10.4 9.3
Maldives
Mali 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Mauritius 13.3 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0
Mexico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 7.0 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0
Mozambique
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Namibia
Nepal 17.0 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0
Netherlands 8.9 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 121,906.0
Niger 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Nigeria 10.2 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 13.5 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4
Oman 10.3 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4
Pakistan
Palau
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5
Papua New Guinea 10.6 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7
Paraguay
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3
Philippines 28.2 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9
Poland 11.5 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3
Portugal 29.4 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5
Puerto Rico
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 13.5 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 18.0 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0
Singapore 9.7 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 12.0 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0
Somalia
South Africa 22.3 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3
South Sudan
Spain 16.6 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4
Sri Lanka 13.1 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.0 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6
St. Lucia 13.3 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.0 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland 20.3 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1
Sweden 16.0 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Tajikistan
Tanzania 13.0 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6
Thailand 16.8 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6
Timor-Leste
Togo 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Trinidad and Tobago 12.8 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6
Tunisia 8.5 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 21.9 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 12.5
United Kingdom 9.7 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3
United States 12.0 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3
Uruguay 78.2 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 16.8 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0
Venezuela, RB 9.6 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 14.5 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4
Zimbabwe 23.0 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0

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