Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7 12.7
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5 10.6
Australia 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5 17.9
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4 8.4
Bangladesh 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Barbados 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9 11.4
Belarus
Belgium 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1 13.0
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8 14.0
Benin 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Bermuda
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Bolivia 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3 41.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7 7.9
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.3
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Cambodia
Cameroon 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0 18.5
Canada 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3 14.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0 13.1
Chad 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5 12.0
Chile 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0 48.9
China 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3 9.4
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0 45.2
Comoros 15.0 13.0 13.0
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5 13.5
Costa Rica 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2 32.6
Cote d'Ivoire 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Czech Republic
Denmark 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4 14.1
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Dominica 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Dominican Republic
Ecuador 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1 37.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3 19.0
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5 15.6
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3 11.6
France 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0 10.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5 12.5
Gambia, The 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8 26.5
Georgia
Germany 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9 11.6
Ghana 20.0 25.5 25.6
Greece 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3 27.6
Greenland
Grenada 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Guam
Guatemala 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0 23.3
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3 21.2
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3 45.8
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9 32.8
Haiti
Honduras 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4 17.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0
Hungary 20.3 28.8
Iceland 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0 16.2
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7 20.8
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4 11.3
Isle of Man
Israel 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6 26.4
Italy 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2 14.9
Jamaica 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2 30.5
Japan 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3 6.9
Jordan 10.3
Kazakhstan
Kenya 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3 18.8
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3 10.0
Kuwait 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9 39.9
Lesotho 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8 20.4
Liberia 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3 8.2
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5 10.4
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 22.3 25.8
Malawi 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0 21.0
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9 8.8
Maldives
Mali 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.5
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0 10.0
Mauritius 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1 18.0
Mexico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Mozambique
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Namibia
Nepal 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0 14.4
Netherlands 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8 11.8
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0 22.0
Niger 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Nigeria 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4 25.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4 14.2
Oman 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0 9.7
Pakistan
Palau
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9 12.0
Papua New Guinea 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6 15.5
Paraguay 31.0
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9 4,774.5
Philippines 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3 24.1
Poland 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8 644.5
Portugal 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6 21.8
Puerto Rico
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0 13.2
Samoa
San Marino 14.5
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 20.0
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Serbia
Seychelles 15.5 15.6
Sierra Leone 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7 52.5
Singapore 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 7.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0 18.0
Somalia
South Africa 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8 21.0
South Sudan
Spain 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8 16.0
Sri Lanka 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2 13.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0 12.0
St. Lucia 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0 10.7
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5 12.9
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5 14.5
Sweden 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8 16.7
Switzerland 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8 7.4
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Tajikistan
Tanzania 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
Thailand 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3 14.4
Timor-Leste
Togo 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0 16.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8 13.5
Trinidad and Tobago 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3 12.9
Tunisia 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0 38.7
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 10.9 9.7 10.1 13.8 14.8
United States 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9 10.0
Uruguay 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8 163.8
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0 17.3
Venezuela, RB 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5 35.5
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4 35.1
Zimbabwe 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 11.7

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