Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Japan 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Switzerland 3.9 4.3 4.3 3.9 3.3
Ireland 3.3 4.8 4.8 3.8 2.8
Netherlands 3.5 4.8 5.0 4.0 3.0
United Kingdom 5.3 6.0 5.1 4.0 3.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.5 9.5 5.1 5.0 5.0
Spain 3.9 5.2 5.2 4.3
Brunei Darussalam 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Sweden 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6 4.8
Singapore 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.3
Finland 4.7 5.6 5.8 4.8 4.1
Canada 6.4 7.3 5.8 4.2 4.7
China 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.3
Bahamas, The 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Malta 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.0 5.9
United States 8.0 9.2 6.9 4.7 4.1
France 6.4 6.7 7.0 6.6 6.6
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Malaysia 8.6 7.7 7.1 6.5 6.3
Czech Republic 8.7 7.2 7.2 6.7 5.9
Thailand 9.0 7.8 7.3 6.9 5.9
Italy 6.3 7.0 7.3 6.5 5.8
Cyprus 8.0 8.0 7.5 7.2 6.9
New Zealand 7.1 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.0
Nepal 11.3 9.5 7.7 6.8 7.4
Korea, Rep. 9.4 8.5 7.7 6.8 6.2
Estonia 11.1 7.4 7.8 6.7 5.5
Kuwait 8.6 8.9 7.9 6.5 5.4
Macao SAR, China 9.5 9.9 8.0 6.1 6.0
United Arab Emirates 9.8 9.7 8.1
Denmark 7.1 8.1 8.2 7.1
Fiji 8.8 8.4 8.3 8.1 7.6
Belgium 6.7 8.0 8.5 7.7 6.9
Greece 15.0 12.3 8.6 7.4 6.8
Australia 8.0 9.3 8.7 8.2 8.4
Norway 7.6 8.9 8.7 8.7 4.7
San Marino 7.9 9.2 8.8 8.0 7.5
Vanuatu 10.3 9.9 8.8 7.4 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 7.5
Oman 10.3 10.1 9.2 8.5 8.2
Vietnam 12.7 10.6 9.4 9.1 9.5
Algeria 10.8 10.0 9.5 8.6 8.1
Croatia 14.9 12.1 9.5 12.8 11.6
Barbados 9.4 10.2 9.6 8.5 8.5
Lithuania 13.1 12.1 9.6 6.8 5.8
Israel 16.4 12.8 10.0 9.9 10.6
Germany 8.8 9.6 10.0 9.7
Grenada 11.6 11.6 10.2 11.3 12.0
Seychelles 11.2 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
Bahrain 11.7 11.6 10.7 8.4 8.3
Ethiopia 10.6 10.9 10.9 8.7 7.0
Jordan 12.3 11.8 10.9 10.2 9.3
Panama 10.1 10.5 11.0 10.6 9.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.2 11.1 11.1 10.9 12.2
Bulgaria 13.5 11.3 11.1 9.2 8.5
Dominica 11.4 11.7 11.1 11.0 11.5
Latvia 14.2 11.9 11.2 8.0 5.4
Slovak Republic 21.1 14.9 11.2 10.3 8.5
Tonga 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.3
Djibouti 11.5 11.3 11.3
Antigua and Barbuda 12.1 12.2 11.6 11.4 12.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.8
Chile 12.6 14.8 11.9 7.8 6.2
Comoros 13.7 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.8
India 12.5 12.3 12.1 11.9 11.5
Aruba 13.1 12.1 12.1 13.1 11.5
Hungary 16.3 12.6 12.1 10.2 9.6
Philippines 11.8 10.9 12.4 9.1 9.5
Mexico 23.7 16.9 12.8 8.2 7.0
Cabo Verde 12.0 11.9 12.8 13.2 12.7
St. Lucia 12.8 13.1 13.0 12.6 15.0
Maldives 12.5 13.0 13.0 13.5 14.0
Morocco 13.5 13.3 13.3 13.1 12.6
Swaziland 17.4 14.0 13.3 15.3 14.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.0 13.2 13.3 13.8 13.5
South Africa 18.0 14.5 13.8 15.8 15.0
Namibia 18.5 15.3 14.5 13.8 14.7
Solomon Islands 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.7
Myanmar 16.1 15.3 15.0 15.0 15.0
Slovenia 12.4 15.8 15.1 13.2 10.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.2 15.3 15.3 15.3 15.0
Belize 16.3 16.0 15.5 14.8 14.3
Trinidad and Tobago 17.0 16.5 15.7 12.5 11.2
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 15.8 15.3 15.0
Botswana 14.8 15.5 15.8 16.2 16.4
Bangladesh 14.1 15.5 15.8 16.0 16.0
Papua New Guinea 18.9 17.5 16.2 13.9 13.4
Ecuador 17.4 17.1 16.2 15.8 13.6
Lesotho 19.1 17.1 16.6 17.1 16.0
Burundi 15.2 15.8 16.8 19.5 18.2
Guyana 17.1 17.3 17.0 16.3 15.0
Lebanon 19.5 18.2 17.2 16.6 13.4
Rwanda 16.8 17.0 17.3 16.4 17.1
Yemen, Rep. 24.1 19.5 17.5 17.7 18.0
Russian Federation 39.7 24.4 17.9 15.7 13.0
Iceland 13.3 16.8 18.0 15.4 12.0
Poland 16.9 20.0 18.4 12.0 7.3
Indonesia 27.7 18.5 18.5 18.9 16.9
Nicaragua 17.6 18.1 18.6 18.3 15.5
Guatemala 19.5 20.9 19.0 16.9 15.0
Macedonia, FYR 20.4 18.9 19.4 18.4 16.0
Sri Lanka 14.7 16.2 19.4 13.2 10.3
Albania 21.6 22.1 19.7 15.3 14.3
Kenya 22.4 22.3 19.7 18.5 16.6
Azerbaijan 19.5 19.7 19.7 17.4 15.5
Bolivia 35.4 34.6 20.1 20.6 17.7
Tanzania 21.9 21.6 20.1 16.4 14.5
Jamaica 27.0 23.3 20.6 18.5 18.9
Congo, Rep. 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Equatorial Guinea 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Gabon 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Chad 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Cameroon 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Central African Republic 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Colombia 25.8 18.8 20.7 16.3 15.2
Tajikistan 26.2 25.6 21.1 14.7 16.7
Mauritius 21.6 20.8 21.1 21.0 21.0
Liberia 16.7 20.5 22.1 20.2 17.1
Georgia 29.7 24.7 22.3 23.6 23.8
Venezuela, RB 32.1 25.2 22.5 36.6 25.2
Mauritania 28.0 25.6 22.5 21.0 21.0
Uganda 21.5 22.9 22.7 19.1 18.9
Mozambique 19.6 19.0 22.7 26.7 24.7
Nigeria 20.3 21.3 23.4 24.8 20.7
Honduras 30.2 26.8 23.8 22.7 20.8
Costa Rica 25.7 24.9 23.8 26.4 25.6
Gambia, The 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 29.3
Dominican Republic 25.0 26.8 24.3 26.1 31.4
Sierra Leone 26.8 26.3 24.3 22.2 20.0
Peru 35.1 30.0 25.0 20.8 21.0
Madagascar 28.0 26.5 25.3 25.3 24.3
Suriname 27.3 29.0 25.7 22.2 21.0
Lao PDR 32.0 32.0 26.2 29.3 30.5
Armenia 38.8 31.6 26.7 21.1 20.8
Argentina 11.0 11.1 27.7 51.7 19.1
Paraguay 30.2 26.8 28.3 38.7 50.0
Moldova 35.5 33.8 28.7 23.5 19.3
Ukraine 55.0 41.5 32.3 25.3 17.9
Haiti 28.8 31.4 34.0 34.2 44.2
Serbia 46.1 6.3 34.5 19.7 15.5
Sao Tome and Principe 40.3 39.7 37.0 37.4 29.6
Kyrgyz Republic 60.9 51.9 37.3 24.8 19.1
Mongolia 44.0 37.0 37.4 35.5 31.9
Zimbabwe 55.4 68.2 38.0 36.5 97.3
Romania 65.6 53.9 45.4 35.4 25.4
Zambia 40.5 38.8 46.2 45.2 40.6
Belarus 51.0 67.7 47.0 36.9 24.0
Uruguay 50.0 46.1 48.6 118.4 58.9
Malawi 53.6 53.1 56.2 50.5 48.9
Brazil 80.4 56.8 57.6 62.9 67.1
Angola 80.3 103.2 96.0 97.3 96.1
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tunisia
Isle of Man
Niger
Guam
El Salvador 15.5 14.0
Timor-Leste 16.7
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Curacao
Samoa 11.4 11.3
Bermuda
Eritrea
Guinea 19.9 19.4
Faeroe Islands
Austria 5.6
Saudi Arabia
Turkmenistan
Senegal
Kazakhstan
French Polynesia
Uzbekistan
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro
Sudan
Monaco
Pakistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Benin
Marshall Islands
Luxembourg
Ghana
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Togo
Somalia
Guinea-Bissau
Mali
Turkey
South Sudan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cambodia
Afghanistan
Andorra
Kosovo
Greenland
Burkina Faso
Cote d'Ivoire
Cuba
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.2 30.5 12.7 10.9
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Portugal 5.2

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