Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Uruguay -4.1 -1.8 -7.0 -8.0 16.3
Ecuador -3.4 -6.9 -11.0 -10.2 -6.0
Sri Lanka -0.6 -1.7 -0.8 -3.3 -6.4
Venezuela, RB -0.4 -0.5 -0.5 -6.4 7.7
Korea, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.3 0.0
Morocco 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
China 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.7
Nigeria 0.7 0.9 3.7 5.8 5.5
Papua New Guinea 0.8 2.3 3.4 6.4 6.9
United Kingdom 1.0 1.2 1.5 2.3 2.2
Oman 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4
Libya 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Australia 1.7 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.5
Finland 1.7 1.9 2.0 4.6 4.1
Kuwait 1.8 2.1 1.4 1.0
Switzerland 1.9 2.2 0.6 -2.2 -0.9
Bangladesh 2.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Luxembourg 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Botswana 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.1 1.8
Tunisia 2.4 3.9 2.5
Portugal 2.5 4.5 4.3 6.6 7.8
Zimbabwe 2.7 3.4 3.3 4.1 2.9
Kenya 2.8 3.7 4.7 5.3 5.1
Belize 2.9 4.6 5.1 5.9 5.9
Singapore 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.7
Guatemala 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 5.1
Ghana 3.0 7.9 9.1
Guyana 3.0 3.9 3.1 3.1 3.6
Sierra Leone 3.0 15.9 11.7 9.7 12.0
Spain 3.1 7.4 3.4 6.3 5.4
Nepal 3.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Cyprus 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
South Africa 3.4 3.8 1.8 1.7 2.1
Lesotho 3.4 4.1 4.1 5.9 7.4
Bahrain 3.4 2.5 2.3 1.1 0.9
Congo, Rep. 3.4 3.3 4.0 4.5 5.8
Canada 3.4 3.8 4.2 4.2 4.2
Malta 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.0
Qatar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Gabon 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.8
Sweden 3.6 3.9 3.8 5.7 6.8
Thailand 3.6 2.0 2.1 2.8 2.2
Bahamas, The 3.7 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.4
Tonga 3.8 3.8 3.8 5.3 6.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 5.3 6.0 6.7 7.0
Japan 4.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.8
Aruba 4.6 3.7 3.5 3.8 3.9
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.7 7.8 7.5 7.5
Central African Republic 4.6 4.2 4.8 5.5 5.6
Netherlands 4.7 4.6 4.3 7.3 8.4
Dominica 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.8 5.5
Barbados 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.1
Mauritius 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.4
France 4.9 5.1 4.9 5.5 6.1
Greece 5.0 6.5 5.6 6.1 8.1
Norway 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.8 4.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Germany 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.4 4.5
Belgium 5.1 4.3 4.4 6.0 6.9
Costa Rica 5.1 9.8 13.5 13.6 11.4
Mauritania 5.4 6.0 6.0 5.0 5.0
Chad 5.5 5.2 6.5 7.3 7.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.5 5.4 4.1 4.6 4.5
Grenada 5.7 5.0 4.4 4.8 3.5
Ireland 5.7 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.0
Lebanon 5.8 15.4 22.5 22.3 23.1
Panama 5.9 6.0 4.9 4.4 3.6
Trinidad and Tobago 6.0 5.5 6.6 7.0 6.9
Cabo Verde 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
St. Lucia 6.0 5.8 4.9 4.5 4.6
Burundi 6.0 6.7 8.0
Indonesia 6.1 4.9 4.4 3.1 3.3
Cameroon 6.1 5.9 6.2 7.5 11.0
Antigua and Barbuda 6.2 5.0 4.2 5.2 3.7
Malawi 6.3 5.3 8.8 10.3 8.9
Equatorial Guinea 6.3 6.3 8.5 9.0 9.1
Philippines 6.3 5.1 4.6 5.1 4.6
Denmark 6.4 6.5 4.8 5.2 6.2
Honduras 6.4 5.9 6.8 6.9 8.3
Myanmar 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Iceland 6.6 11.1 4.7 4.4 3.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.6 6.6 6.0 7.0 8.0
Swaziland 6.7 7.0 6.4 5.4 5.8
Italy 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.1
Liberia 7.2 7.7 7.9 7.1
Chile 7.3 7.4 6.0 8.2 8.5
Togo 7.4 8.3 9.3 9.6 9.0
Burkina Faso 7.4 8.3 8.3 8.7 9.0
Cote d'Ivoire 7.4 8.3 8.3 8.7 9.0
Benin 7.4 8.3 8.3 8.7 9.0
Mali 7.4 8.3 8.3 8.7 9.0
Senegal 7.4 8.3 8.3 8.7 9.0
Niger 7.4 8.3 8.3 8.7 9.0
Comoros 7.5 6.5 6.5
Rwanda 7.8 6.8 5.8 5.7 6.3
Bhutan 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Jamaica 8.6 9.8 9.4 9.3 6.6
Vanuatu 9.2 9.9 10.1 10.4 10.3
Colombia 9.5 10.3 9.2 9.3 8.8
Zambia 9.7 8.0 7.0 7.0 9.5
Uganda 10.0 14.7 13.5 7.8 7.4
Tanzania 10.0 11.8 12.2 14.0
Gambia, The 11.9 12.2 14.5 13.9 15.2
Bolivia 32.4 19.1 12.1 13.6 18.0
Israel 41.7 42.0 27.1 17.5 12.0
Ethiopia
Seychelles 5.8 6.1
Cuba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Jordan 2.2
Croatia
Kyrgyz Republic
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan
Lithuania
Slovak Republic
Dominican Republic
Greenland
Macao SAR, China 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.3
Azerbaijan
Macedonia, FYR
Curacao
Madagascar 4.5 5.3
Ukraine
Iraq
Eritrea
Malaysia 7.4 6.0 4.3 3.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Maldives
Lao PDR
Iran, Islamic Rep.
South Sudan
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Estonia
Marshall Islands
Suriname
Kiribati
Armenia
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Vietnam
Turkey
Latvia
Czech Republic
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Andorra
Romania
Djibouti 4.8 4.8
Kazakhstan
West Bank and Gaza
Sao Tome and Principe 4.0 4.0
Mexico
Brunei Darussalam
Samoa
Russian Federation
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
San Marino 6.5
Monaco
Saudi Arabia
Mongolia
Serbia
Montenegro
Brazil
India
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mozambique
Slovenia
Hungary 10.9 4.1
Somalia
Namibia
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.3
Belarus
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
New Zealand
Sudan
Nicaragua 14,526.9 -1,027.9 12.5
Faroe Islands
French Polynesia
Austria
Cambodia
Tajikistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Argentina
Fiji
Georgia
Haiti
El Salvador
Angola
Pakistan
Turkmenistan
Palau
Tuvalu
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 10.3 13.1
Guinea 0.0 -1.8 -2.3 0.2
United Arab Emirates
Paraguay 8.1
United States
Peru 12.5 380.3 2,335.0
Uzbekistan
Guam
Algeria
Poland -165.1 541.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bulgaria
Yemen, Rep.
Puerto Rico
Albania

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