Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Sao Tome and Principe -5.0 17.0 7.0 14.8 17.3
China 0.0 1.1 2.6 3.0 2.6
Korea, Rep. 0.0 0.2 1.3 1.1 2.0
Luxembourg 1.6 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.0
United Kingdom 1.8 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.7
Switzerland 1.9 4.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Kuwait 1.9 1.8 2.7 2.9 2.6
Argentina 2.0 5.9 3.2 2.3 3.1
Spain 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.1
Japan 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.1 2.1
Thailand 2.4 1.7 3.1 3.1 3.8
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Ethiopia 2.8 3.6 4.5 3.5 4.5
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Canada 2.9 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.5
Cyprus 3.1 2.8 1.5 1.5 1.5
Norway 3.2 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.6
Australia 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.7
Botswana 3.3 4.6 4.8 4.4 5.2
Jordan 3.4 3.0 2.7 3.2 4.4
France 3.4 3.6 3.1 2.8 3.3
Netherlands 3.6 2.8 2.4 3.0 3.4
Macao SAR, China 3.7 4.0 4.3 3.5 4.0
Albania 3.8 4.4 7.2
Malaysia 3.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.6
Guinea 4.0 4.0 13.2
Malta 4.0 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.4
Algeria 4.0 1.8 4.5 3.1 2.4
Qatar 4.0
Panama 4.0 3.9 3.4 3.6 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.1 5.8 6.2 6.3 9.3
Oman 4.2 2.8 2.4 2.0 1.6
Mexico 4.3 19.6 10.0 5.8 10.9
Fiji 4.3 4.5 4.9 5.5 5.1
South Africa 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.6 5.3
Philippines 4.5 6.3 5.2 6.1 4.7
Belgium 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.2
Finland 4.6 4.6 3.8 3.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.7 5.6 5.0 4.0 3.7
Barbados 4.8 4.9 4.8 5.3 5.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.0 3.1 3.9 3.5 2.4
Syrian Arab Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Sri Lanka 5.0 5.9 5.9 3.4 5.5
Chile 5.2 4.4 3.9 3.7 5.3
Indonesia 5.2 2.1 2.0 1.8 -6.9
Slovak Republic 5.2 7.8 4.6 5.2 4.9
Israel 5.3 6.1 6.2 5.6 5.2
El Salvador 5.5 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.7
Solomon Islands 5.5 8.0 9.7 13.2 11.7
Tonga 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.6
Sweden 5.7 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.0
Italy 5.8 6.8 6.3 5.7 5.5
Ireland 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.1 5.8
Lesotho 5.8 3.0 5.0 6.2 9.3
Malawi 6.0 10.1 19.0 18.0 18.6
Czech Republic 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.5 4.7
Belize 6.2 6.3 7.2 7.1 7.7
Denmark 6.4 6.5 5.9 5.1 4.8
Aruba 6.6 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.1
Portugal 6.6 5.4 5.4 4.6 3.9
Cabo Verde 6.7 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.2
Bahrain 6.7 6.0 7.1 6.9 7.1
Swaziland 6.7 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.6
Seychelles 6.9 6.5 6.3 5.7 6.8
Guyana 6.9 6.3 7.3 8.5 8.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 7.0 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.2
Germany 7.0 7.1 7.2 6.4 6.1
Hungary 7.1 8.3 8.7 4.8 4.9
Dominica 7.1 7.3 7.1 6.9 7.0
St. Lucia 7.2 8.3 8.3 8.0 6.6
Nigeria 7.4 6.7 6.8 10.6 8.1
Grenada 7.4 7.4 6.3 7.3 7.6
Myanmar 7.5 6.8 4.0 4.0 4.0
San Marino 7.5 7.9 8.3 6.8 5.8
Iceland 7.5 7.9 8.2 8.2 8.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.8 6.7 7.1 7.1 7.0
Namibia 7.9 7.7 6.6 7.5 7.8
Mauritius 7.9 8.6 10.0 9.8 10.6
Suriname 7.9 19.2 18.0 15.9 11.5
Bhutan 8.0 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.8
Bangladesh 8.1 8.0 6.7 5.9 5.6
Zimbabwe 8.1 8.8 12.7 13.9 13.0
Liberia 8.2 9.2 10.4 15.5
Nicaragua 8.4 8.7 8.4 8.6 10.9
Greece 8.5 7.3 7.5 8.8 7.9
Poland 8.6 6.7 6.1 6.0 6.3
Antigua and Barbuda 9.0 8.7 7.9 7.6 7.9
Trinidad and Tobago 9.1 8.4 9.4
Lebanon 9.1 8.4 9.7 6.9
Mauritania 9.2 11.3 13.0 13.0 16.5
Equatorial Guinea 9.4 10.5 16.5 17.0 17.0
Chad 9.4 10.5 16.5 17.0 17.0
Congo, Rep. 9.4 10.5 16.5 17.0 17.0
Gabon 9.4 10.5 16.5 17.0 17.0
Central African Republic 9.4 10.5 16.5 17.0 17.0
Cameroon 9.4 10.5 16.6 17.0 17.0
Ecuador 10.3 12.4 13.0 14.9 10.2
Slovenia 10.8 8.0 7.5 6.8 5.5
Vanuatu 10.9 7.5 6.0 6.8 7.7
Madagascar 11.0 19.0 13.8 15.6 19.0
Colombia 11.0 10.4 10.8 10.1 9.7
Lao PDR 12.0 11.7 11.0 11.5
Paraguay 12.3 12.8 14.7 14.8 14.3
Gambia, The 12.4 12.5 13.0 13.0 12.9
Jamaica 13.0 20.4 14.7 18.9 16.0
Honduras 13.1 15.0 13.0 10.8 12.1
Estonia 13.1 10.3 8.8 5.6 7.0
Guatemala 13.2 13.3 15.1 12.8 11.1
Lithuania 13.9 7.0 7.6 6.5 6.2
Dominican Republic 15.0 15.7 9.8 7.6 8.0
Costa Rica 15.3 12.8 9.0 9.5 9.7
Venezuela, RB 15.6 15.0 11.8 9.0 11.5
Sierra Leone 15.7 21.8 18.2 14.0 16.7
Croatia 16.4 14.7 16.9 11.2 11.1
Latvia 24.2 19.8 14.1 9.4 9.0
Zambia 24.4 15.3 11.7 12.2 18.7
Guinea-Bissau 32.8 29.4 48.3
Romania 33.4 6.0 17.9 16.7 18.0
Uruguay 33.5 35.4 43.5 37.6 31.6
Bolivia 37.1 32.1 36.8 35.3 26.6
Ukraine 41.7 52.4 46.3 30.9 32.2
Macedonia, FYR 42.3 21.9 8.8 9.8 9.4
Peru 45.4 26.5 21.3 20.6 21.7
Bulgaria 51.4 43.4 216.4 166.2 11.1
Belarus 58.9 74.2 30.0 16.2 12.7
Mongolia 163.5 59.8 43.2 45.7 14.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.7 10.4 10.8 11.0
Moldova 11.2 9.9 9.2
Guam
Serbia 58.9 44.7
Timor-Leste
Somalia
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Morocco 6.2
Mozambique 16.1
Tunisia
Eritrea
Liechtenstein
Kyrgyz Republic 28.3 9.8 37.7
Ghana
Nepal 3.3 4.8 5.1
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Kosovo
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Brunei Darussalam
Azerbaijan
Bermuda
New Zealand
Greenland
Tanzania 18.2 20.4 18.4 15.1
Niger
Armenia 48.7 34.2 28.2 23.5
Djibouti
Turkmenistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Afghanistan
Curacao
Senegal
Cuba
Haiti 13.3 21.3 11.3 10.6
Pakistan
Cayman Islands
Palau
India
Libya
Cambodia
Cote d'Ivoire
Burundi
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Burkina Faso
St. Martin (French part)
Sudan
Brazil 53.8 58.4
Iraq
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21.6
Kiribati
Mali
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Benin
Puerto Rico
Comoros
Tajikistan 51.6 41.1
Andorra
Austria 3.8
Marshall Islands
Togo
Uzbekistan
Angola 80.3 70.8 8.5 8.1
French Polynesia
Turkey
Maldives 8.2 8.2 8.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Georgia 43.7 33.5 26.7
Uganda 12.6 9.7 9.5 9.5
West Bank and Gaza
United Arab Emirates
Russian Federation 218.4 91.8 15.3 24.7
United States
Rwanda 7.4 8.0 9.4
Vietnam 5.9 5.2
Isle of Man
Samoa
Kenya 15.2 16.2 13.5 11.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kazakhstan
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.6 6.8
Saudi Arabia
American Samoa

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