Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Korea, Rep. 1.3 1.1 2.0 1.4 0.6
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bahamas, The 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.9
Indonesia 2.0 1.8 -6.9 1.9 6.0
Oman 2.4 2.0 1.6 2.2 2.4
Luxembourg 2.0 2.0 2.0
Spain 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Japan 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Argentina 3.2 2.3 3.1 3.0 2.7
Norway 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.2
France 3.1 2.8 3.3 3.7 4.1
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 4.1 4.1
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 3.6 4.4 4.3
Kuwait 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.8 3.0
United Kingdom 2.9 2.9 2.7
Netherlands 2.4 3.0 3.4 0.7 1.9
China 2.6 3.0 2.6 3.6 3.6
Canada 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.8
Algeria 4.5 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.5
Thailand 3.1 3.1 3.8 4.2 4.5
Jordan 2.7 3.2 4.4 4.0 4.8
Finland 3.8 3.3 3.5 4.0
Malta 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.0 2.4
Sri Lanka 5.9 3.4 5.5 5.6 7.0
Switzerland 3.6 3.5 3.4 2.7 1.3
Ethiopia 4.5 3.5 4.5 4.6 4.9
Macao SAR, China 4.3 3.5 4.0 4.2 4.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.9 3.5 2.4 4.0 4.7
Panama 3.4 3.6 4.1 3.1 3.4
Chile 3.9 3.7 5.3 4.1 5.6
Australia 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.8
Myanmar 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.1 5.5
Belgium 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.4
Botswana 4.8 4.4 5.2 5.7 6.1
Sweden 4.9 4.5 4.0 3.9 3.7
Portugal 5.4 4.6 3.9 2.8
South Africa 4.6 4.6 5.3 5.8 5.3
Nepal 3.3 4.8 5.1 4.0 3.5
Hungary 8.7 4.8 4.9 4.4 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Denmark 5.9 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.9
Slovak Republic 4.6 5.2 4.9 6.7 6.4
Barbados 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.0 5.2
Fiji 4.9 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.3
Czech Republic 5.8 5.5 4.7 4.2 3.7
Estonia 8.8 5.6 7.0 6.9 3.7
Tonga 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.0
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.2 5.0 4.2
Italy 6.3 5.7 5.5 4.7 5.2
Seychelles 6.3 5.7 6.8 6.0 6.0
Mexico 10.0 5.8 10.9 12.1 8.7
Bangladesh 6.7 5.9 5.6 5.4 6.9
Aruba 6.1 5.9 6.1 7.0 5.9
Vietnam 5.9 5.2 5.3 6.9
Poland 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.8
Philippines 5.2 6.1 4.7 3.6 2.6
Ireland 5.6 6.1 5.8 3.2 4.7
Lesotho 5.0 6.2 9.3 11.6 12.2
Papua New Guinea 6.2 6.3 9.3 10.8 9.1
Germany 7.2 6.4 6.1 6.4 6.2
Lithuania 7.6 6.5 6.2 8.1 8.3
Vanuatu 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.7 8.6
San Marino 8.3 6.8 5.8 5.5 6.6
Slovenia 7.5 6.8 5.5 5.1 5.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.7 6.9 7.2 6.9 6.8
Dominica 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.8
Lebanon 9.7 6.9 7.0 6.9
Bahrain 7.1 6.9 7.1 6.9 5.8
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.2 7.3 7.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.9
Djibouti 7.8 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.5
Belize 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.2 8.3
Grenada 6.3 7.3 7.6 7.3 7.4
Namibia 6.6 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.9
Swaziland 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.5
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.6 6.8 5.8 5.5
Dominican Republic 9.8 7.6 8.0 9.0 9.1
Antigua and Barbuda 7.9 7.6 7.9 7.6 7.0
Bhutan 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Rwanda 7.4 8.0 9.4 8.1 6.9
St. Lucia 8.3 8.0 6.6 8.0 8.3
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.3 5.3 6.2
Maldives 8.2 8.2 8.2 5.6 6.1
Trinidad and Tobago 8.4 9.4 8.5 8.3
Guyana 7.3 8.5 8.7 8.0 8.6
Angola 70.8 8.5 8.1 43.7 63.6
Nicaragua 8.4 8.6 10.9 5.7 7.3
Greece 7.5 8.8 7.9 6.3 6.2
Venezuela, RB 11.8 9.0 11.5 10.8 8.9
Latvia 14.1 9.4 9.0 9.2 7.5
Costa Rica 9.0 9.5 9.7 11.4 11.5
Uganda 9.7 9.5 9.5 12.8 13.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 9.8 9.4 9.1 7.7
Mauritius 10.0 9.8 10.6 10.7 11.2
Moldova 11.2 9.9 9.2 8.0 8.9
Colombia 10.8 10.1 9.7 4.4 6.6
Liberia 10.4 15.5 10.5 14.3
Nigeria 6.8 10.6 8.1 7.5 9.6
Honduras 13.0 10.8 12.1 10.2 10.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 10.8 11.0 11.4 10.7
Croatia 16.9 11.2 11.1 10.6 8.3
Haiti 21.3 11.3 10.6 17.3 13.5
Zambia 11.7 12.2 18.7 20.3 18.6
Guatemala 15.1 12.8 11.1 11.6 10.7
Mauritania 13.0 13.0 16.5 19.0 16.2
Gambia, The 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.5 11.5
Solomon Islands 9.7 13.2 11.7 10.9 11.6
Kenya 16.2 13.5 11.1 12.8 14.2
Zimbabwe 12.7 13.9 13.0 16.9 18.0
Sierra Leone 18.2 14.0 16.7 17.3 17.0
Sao Tome and Principe 7.0 14.8 17.3 13.3 18.7
Paraguay 14.7 14.8 14.3 10.5 11.1
Ecuador 13.0 14.9 10.2 6.9 8.3
Russian Federation 91.8 15.3 24.7 26.0 17.9
Madagascar 13.8 15.6 19.0 12.7 11.5
Suriname 18.0 15.9 11.5 11.7 13.5
Belarus 30.0 16.2 12.7 27.2 30.1
Romania 17.9 16.7 18.0 19.8 20.7
Cameroon 16.6 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Chad 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Central African Republic 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Congo, Rep. 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Equatorial Guinea 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Gabon 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Kyrgyz Republic 40.3 17.4 11.4 37.8 41.3
Malawi 19.0 18.0 18.6 20.4 19.9
Tanzania 20.4 18.4 15.1 14.1 14.2
Jamaica 14.7 18.9 16.0 13.5 11.7
Peru 21.3 20.6 21.7 23.3 20.2
Armenia 34.2 28.2 23.5 11.5 13.5
Ukraine 46.3 30.9 32.2 34.3 27.8
Georgia 43.7 33.5 26.7 24.3 20.7
Bolivia 36.8 35.3 26.6 23.1 23.6
Uruguay 43.5 37.6 31.6 28.5 27.8
Mongolia 43.2 45.7 14.8 20.6 20.2
Tajikistan 51.6 41.1 21.0 24.3
Brazil 53.8 58.4 54.4 39.6
Serbia 58.9 44.7 42.7 -72.4
Bulgaria 216.4 166.2 11.1 10.3 8.2
Comoros 2.3 9.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Niger
Guinea-Bissau 48.3
Cambodia
Turkmenistan
Pakistan
Kazakhstan
Palau
Azerbaijan 7.4 6.8
Eritrea
Guam
Burundi
Marshall Islands
Cote d'Ivoire
Albania 7.2 8.7 13.8
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Lao PDR 11.0 11.5 18.6 20.0
Burkina Faso
Morocco 6.2 7.1 8.2
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Brunei Darussalam
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Tunisia
Qatar
Tuvalu
New Zealand 2.5 1.5
Andorra
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
American Samoa
India
West Bank and Gaza
Samoa
Kiribati
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Sudan
Saudi Arabia
Guinea 13.2 14.2 11.9
Senegal
Austria 3.8 3.4
Cuba
Monaco
Cayman Islands
El Salvador
Libya 3.8 4.0
Togo
Iraq
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkey
Faroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Ghana
Afghanistan
United Arab Emirates
Somalia
United States
Benin
Uzbekistan
South Sudan
Mali
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Mozambique 16.1 11.8 9.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21.6 12.0 14.5
Curacao

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