Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Netherlands 0.7 1.9 1.9 1.2 0.5
Korea, Rep. 1.4 0.6 1.9 1.8 2.0
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.8 2.6 3.4
Bahamas, The 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.1
Indonesia 1.9 6.0 3.1 3.4 6.3
Japan 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Spain 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.8
Oman 2.2 2.4 4.7 5.7 5.9
Norway 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.6
Comoros 2.3 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.3
New Zealand 2.5 1.5 2.2 1.8 1.9
Algeria 2.5 2.5 3.3 3.3 2.9
Switzerland 2.7 1.3 2.6 3.5 3.1
Portugal 2.8
Kuwait 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.0
Argentina 3.0 2.7 11.5 12.4 9.0
Malta 3.0 2.4 2.1 1.7 2.4
Panama 3.1 3.4 4.1 5.6 6.0
Ireland 3.2 4.7 4.7 3.7 2.8
Austria 3.4
Finland 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.3 2.9
Canada 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.6
China 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.3
Philippines 3.6 2.6 3.7 4.5 4.3
France 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.5 5.3
Libya 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Australia 3.8 4.2 4.8 4.5 4.9
Sweden 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.0 4.7 2.7 4.7 4.9
Nepal 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.1 4.4
Jordan 4.0 4.8 5.1 5.8 6.2
Chile 4.1 5.6 5.7 4.0 3.4
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.8
Macao SAR, China 4.2 4.6 5.4 5.5 5.7
Czech Republic 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.7 4.6
Thailand 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.6
Belgium 4.3 4.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Hungary 4.4 3.1 3.7 2.8 -1.4
Malaysia 4.4 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.2
Colombia 4.4 6.6 8.3 7.4 7.4
Ethiopia 4.6 4.9 4.9 4.9 3.6
Denmark 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7
El Salvador 4.7 4.6
Italy 4.7 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.9
United Arab Emirates 4.9 3.5 4.4
Barbados 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 0.5
Israel 5.0 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.0
Myanmar 5.1 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Slovenia 5.1 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.8
Iceland 5.3 6.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Vietnam 5.3 6.9 4.1 2.6 2.9
Bangladesh 5.4 6.9 7.3 7.8 8.2
Fiji 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.7
San Marino 5.5 6.6 5.9 5.3 5.9
Maldives 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.5
Sri Lanka 5.6 7.0 8.4 4.0 4.3
Botswana 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.5
Poland 5.7 5.8 6.6 5.8 3.6
Nicaragua 5.7 7.3 7.0 10.5 10.0
South Africa 5.8 5.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 5.8 5.5 4.5 4.7 5.0
Tonga 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Seychelles 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.7 6.6
Greece 6.3 6.2 5.3 4.7 4.3
Germany 6.4 6.2 6.5 7.0
Slovak Republic 6.7 6.4 4.8 3.6 3.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.7
Estonia 6.9 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.1
Ecuador 6.9 8.3 9.4 10.2 8.0
Bahrain 6.9 5.8 8.0 7.1 6.8
Aruba 7.0 5.9 6.3 7.5 6.2
Lebanon 7.0 6.9 6.3 5.5 4.7
Dominica 7.0 7.8 7.2 7.1 7.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.3
Morocco 7.1 8.2 8.2 8.6 8.8
Cabo Verde 7.3 7.6 8.2 8.3 8.8
Grenada 7.3 7.4 6.0 7.7 8.7
Azerbaijan 7.4 6.8 11.2 8.7 5.9
Nigeria 7.5 9.6 8.2 8.1 6.5
Swaziland 7.6 7.5 7.1 7.2 7.0
Antigua and Barbuda 7.6 7.0 7.1 7.0 8.0
Namibia 7.7 7.9 7.7 6.0 5.9
Bhutan 7.8 7.8 8.3 8.3 10.0
Moldova 8.0 8.9 7.8 9.3 6.7
St. Lucia 8.0 8.3 8.1 8.3 9.5
Guyana 8.0 8.6 9.4 11.8 11.8
Rwanda 8.1 6.9 7.1 7.4 7.6
Lithuania 8.1 8.3 6.6 5.1 4.6
Belize 8.2 8.3 9.1 8.6 7.4
Trinidad and Tobago 8.5 8.3 8.0 7.7 8.3
Albania 8.7 13.8 11.9 6.8 5.9
Vanuatu 8.7 8.6 7.6 6.4 4.7
Dominican Republic 9.0 9.1 8.7 9.5 10.9
Macedonia, FYR 9.1 7.7 9.4 8.8 8.0
Latvia 9.2 7.5 5.9 4.7 2.4
Honduras 10.2 10.9 9.3 8.9 9.3
Bulgaria 10.3 8.2 8.2 6.4 5.6
Paraguay 10.5 11.1 12.0 15.8 34.2
Liberia 10.5 14.3 16.2 14.0 11.8
Croatia 10.6 8.3 6.3 11.0 10.1
Mauritius 10.7 11.2 11.3 11.1 11.5
Papua New Guinea 10.8 9.1 10.7 10.7 9.0
Venezuela, RB 10.8 8.9 6.9 7.6 8.0
Solomon Islands 10.9 11.6 13.4 13.7 13.7
Costa Rica 11.4 11.5 12.1 15.0 15.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 11.4 10.7 12.2 13.8 14.0
Armenia 11.5 13.5 11.8 11.5 14.0
Gambia, The 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.3 12.9
Guatemala 11.6 10.7 10.2 9.9 10.2
Lesotho 11.6 12.2 11.7 11.9 10.9
Suriname 11.7 13.5 13.9 13.2 12.8
Mozambique 11.8 9.3 7.7 8.7 12.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.0 14.5 8.2 6.8
Mexico 12.1 8.7 6.6 4.5 3.9
Madagascar 12.7 11.5 13.3 13.3 12.8
Uganda 12.8 13.1 14.2 13.5 9.1
Kenya 12.8 14.2 13.0 13.0 12.4
Sao Tome and Principe 13.3 18.7 22.0 22.4 20.1
Jamaica 13.5 11.7 11.0 9.9 10.4
Tanzania 14.1 14.2 15.2 13.1 11.5
Guinea 14.2 11.9
Zimbabwe 16.9 18.0 24.1 18.1 61.4
Congo, Rep. 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Central African Republic 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Chad 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Cameroon 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Gabon 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Equatorial Guinea 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Haiti 17.3 13.5 13.8 20.6 19.4
Sierra Leone 17.3 17.0 16.5 12.8 10.3
Lao PDR 18.6 20.0 19.7 23.3 23.9
Mauritania 19.0 16.2 14.5 13.0 13.0
Romania 19.8 20.7 18.5 16.2 14.4
Zambia 20.3 18.6 22.8 21.9 18.6
Malawi 20.4 19.9 21.2 22.5 23.8
Mongolia 20.6 20.2 23.1 22.3 17.9
Tajikistan 21.0 24.3 15.9 5.2 6.8
Bolivia 23.1 23.6 10.2 11.1 6.3
Peru 23.3 20.2 17.4 17.2 17.9
Georgia 24.3 20.7 17.4 17.7 14.9
Kyrgyz Republic 25.3 33.5 24.8 18.9 14.2
Russian Federation 26.0 17.9 13.1 10.8 8.5
Belarus 27.2 30.1 12.8 10.0 6.5
Uruguay 28.5 27.8 27.0 55.8 29.3
Ukraine 34.3 27.8 21.3 17.4 10.9
Serbia 42.7 -72.4 30.4 17.1 12.7
Angola 43.7 63.6 48.1 48.6 69.9
Brazil 54.4 39.6 39.8 43.7 45.1
French Polynesia
Burundi
American Samoa
Burkina Faso
Timor-Leste 15.9
Puerto Rico
Eritrea
Qatar
Iraq
Niger
Afghanistan
Djibouti 8.6 10.1 10.5
Curacao
Cuba
Faeroe Islands
Samoa 6.9 6.8
Luxembourg
Liechtenstein
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Saudi Arabia
Greenland
Senegal
West Bank and Gaza
Cambodia
Cote d'Ivoire
Brunei Darussalam
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Sudan
Tunisia
Isle of Man
Turkmenistan
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Monaco
Palau
India
United Kingdom
Togo
Pakistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkey
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Ghana
Mali
Andorra
Somalia
United States
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
South Sudan
Montenegro
Bermuda
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Benin
Guinea-Bissau
Kiribati
Guam

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