Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Serbia -72.4 30.4 17.1 12.7 11.9
Korea, Rep. 0.6 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0
Switzerland 1.3 2.6 3.5 3.1 3.0
New Zealand 1.5 2.2 1.8 1.9 1.3
Cyprus 1.5 1.8 2.6 3.4 3.8
Netherlands 1.9 1.9 1.2 0.5 0.4
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.2
Japan 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Norway 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.6
Spain 2.2 2.1 1.8
Malta 2.4 2.1 1.7 2.4 2.7
Oman 2.4 4.7 5.7 5.9 5.3
Algeria 2.5 3.3 3.3 2.9 4.4
Philippines 2.6 3.7 4.5 4.3 3.9
Argentina 2.7 11.5 12.4 9.0 4.2
Kuwait 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0
Hungary 3.1 3.7 2.8 -1.4 3.7
Panama 3.4 4.1 5.6 6.0 6.6
Nepal 3.5 2.9 3.1 4.4 5.9
United Arab Emirates 3.5 4.4
China 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3
Estonia 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.1 3.5
Sweden 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.0
Czech Republic 3.7 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.8 3.8 4.5 5.3 5.7
Canada 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.2
Finland 4.0 3.8 3.3 2.9 2.7
Libya 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
France 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.9 4.4
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.8 4.9
Australia 4.2 4.8 4.5 4.9 5.0
Israel 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8
Malaysia 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.2 3.0
Belgium 4.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Thailand 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.5
Macao SAR, China 4.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.9
El Salvador 4.6
Ireland 4.7 4.7 3.7 2.8 2.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.7 2.7 4.7 4.9 5.0
Jordan 4.8 5.1 5.8 6.2 5.8
Ethiopia 4.9 4.9 4.9 3.6 3.6
Denmark 4.9 4.9 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 0.5 1.5
Italy 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.9
Barbados 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8
Fiji 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.4
South Africa 5.3 4.4 5.0 5.2 4.7
Myanmar 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Yemen, Rep. 5.5 4.5 4.7 5.0 5.5
Chile 5.6 5.7 4.0 3.4 3.2
Slovenia 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.8
Bahrain 5.8 8.0 7.1 6.8 6.4
Poland 5.8 6.6 5.8 3.6 3.8
Aruba 5.9 6.3 7.5 6.2 7.3
Indonesia 6.0 3.1 3.4 6.3 7.7
Seychelles 6.0 5.7 5.7 6.6 6.4
Tonga 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7
Botswana 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.5 5.9
Maldives 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.5
Greece 6.2 5.3 4.7 4.3
Iceland 6.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2
Germany 6.2 6.5 7.0
Slovak Republic 6.4 4.8 3.6 3.1 4.9
San Marino 6.6 5.9 5.3 5.9 5.7
Colombia 6.6 8.3 7.4 7.4 7.3
Azerbaijan 6.8 11.2 8.7 5.9 6.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.7 5.7
Rwanda 6.9 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.1
Vietnam 6.9 4.1 2.6 2.9 3.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.3 6.4
Bangladesh 6.9 7.3 7.8 8.2 7.6
Lebanon 6.9 6.3 5.5 4.7 3.4
Sri Lanka 7.0 8.4 4.0 4.3 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 7.0 7.1 7.0 8.0 7.8
Nicaragua 7.3 7.0 10.5 10.0 8.8
Grenada 7.4 6.0 7.7 8.7 6.9
Djibouti 7.5 8.4 10.1 10.4 10.5
Swaziland 7.5 7.1 7.2 7.0 6.7
Latvia 7.5 5.9 4.7 2.4 4.2
Cabo Verde 7.6 8.2 8.3 8.8 9.2
Macedonia, FYR 7.7 9.4 8.8 8.0 5.9
Bhutan 7.8 8.3 8.3 10.0 10.5
Dominica 7.8 7.2 7.1 7.8 5.7
Namibia 7.9 7.7 6.0 5.9 5.0
Morocco 8.2 8.2 8.6 8.8 7.9
Bulgaria 8.2 8.2 6.4 5.6 5.8
St. Lucia 8.3 8.1 8.3 9.5 8.0
Lithuania 8.3 6.6 5.1 4.6 4.5
Belize 8.3 9.1 8.6 7.4 6.5
Ecuador 8.3 9.4 10.2 8.0 5.8
Croatia 8.3 6.3 11.0 10.1 9.9
Trinidad and Tobago 8.3 8.0 7.7 8.3 6.5
Vanuatu 8.6 7.6 6.4 4.7 5.9
Guyana 8.6 9.4 11.8 11.8 11.9
Mexico 8.7 6.6 4.5 3.9 4.7
Venezuela, RB 8.9 6.9 7.6 8.0 5.9
Moldova 8.9 7.8 9.3 6.7 5.8
Comoros 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.3 7.5
Papua New Guinea 9.1 10.7 10.7 9.0 11.5
Dominican Republic 9.1 8.7 9.5 10.9 11.5
Mozambique 9.3 7.7 8.7 12.5 12.2
Nigeria 9.6 8.2 8.1 6.5 5.5
Guatemala 10.7 10.2 9.9 10.2 9.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.7 12.2 13.8 14.0 14.4
Honduras 10.9 9.3 8.9 9.3 8.8
Paraguay 11.1 12.0 15.8 34.2 28.4
Mauritius 11.2 11.3 11.1 11.5 12.9
Madagascar 11.5 13.3 13.3 12.8 10.3
Gambia, The 11.5 11.5 11.3 12.9 14.5
Costa Rica 11.5 12.1 15.0 15.2 13.9
Solomon Islands 11.6 13.4 13.7 13.7 13.2
Jamaica 11.7 11.0 9.9 10.4 10.2
Guinea 11.9
Lesotho 12.2 11.7 11.9 10.9 8.1
Uganda 13.1 14.2 13.5 9.1 12.9
Haiti 13.5 13.8 20.6 19.4 29.5
Suriname 13.5 13.9 13.2 12.8 12.1
Armenia 13.5 11.8 11.5 14.0 13.7
Albania 13.8 11.9 6.8 5.9 5.2
Tanzania 14.2 15.2 13.1 11.5 9.9
Kenya 14.2 13.0 13.0 12.4 10.1
Liberia 14.3 16.2 14.0 11.8 14.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 14.5 8.2 6.8 6.6
Mauritania 16.2 14.5 13.0 13.0 13.0
Chad 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0 13.0
Gabon 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0 13.0
Central African Republic 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0 13.0
Equatorial Guinea 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0 13.0
Congo, Rep. 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0 13.0
Cameroon 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0 13.0
Sierra Leone 17.0 16.5 12.8 10.3 10.9
Russian Federation 17.9 13.1 10.8 8.5 7.7
Zimbabwe 18.0 24.1 18.1 61.4 175.7
Zambia 18.6 22.8 21.9 18.6 19.2
Sao Tome and Principe 18.7 22.0 22.4 20.1 18.3
Malawi 19.9 21.2 22.5 23.8 23.1
Lao PDR 20.0 19.7 23.3 23.9 21.4
Mongolia 20.2 23.1 22.3 17.9 17.3
Peru 20.2 17.4 17.2 17.9 22.3
Georgia 20.7 17.4 17.7 14.9 15.0
Romania 20.7 18.5 16.2 14.4 14.1
Bolivia 23.6 10.2 11.1 6.3 7.1
Tajikistan 24.3 15.9 4.7 6.9 10.1
Uruguay 27.8 27.0 55.8 29.3 17.5
Ukraine 27.8 21.3 17.4 10.9 9.6
Belarus 30.1 12.8 10.0 6.5 4.2
Kyrgyz Republic 33.5 24.8 18.9 14.2 22.6
Brazil 39.6 39.8 43.7 45.1 39.5
Angola 63.6 48.1 48.6 69.9 66.9
Palau
Niger
Sudan
Liechtenstein
Burundi
Kazakhstan
Portugal
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.0
Puerto Rico
Cambodia
Qatar 3.8
Benin
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Cuba
Luxembourg
Mali
Cote d'Ivoire
Burkina Faso
Samoa 6.9 6.8 6.8
Tuvalu
Middle East (developing only)
United Kingdom
Monaco
Ghana
Saudi Arabia
Kiribati
Senegal
Isle of Man
Brunei Darussalam 4.5
Pakistan 5.6
Iraq 5.3
Eritrea
New Caledonia
Austria
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Timor-Leste 15.9 14.7
India
Tunisia
Turkmenistan
Togo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Guam
Turkey
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza 6.9 7.1 6.8 5.8
Guinea-Bissau
Congo, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Bermuda
United States
South Sudan
Uzbekistan
Curacao
Greenland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Afghanistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands

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