Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Bahamas, The 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.1
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.8 2.6 3.4
Netherlands 0.7 1.9 1.9 1.2 0.5
Japan 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Korea, Rep. 1.4 0.6 1.9 1.8 2.0
Malta 3.0 2.4 2.1 1.7 2.4
Spain 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.8
New Zealand 2.5 1.5 2.2 1.8 1.9
Norway 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.6
Switzerland 2.7 1.3 2.6 3.5 3.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.0 4.7 2.7 4.7 4.9
Nepal 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.1 4.4
Indonesia 1.9 6.0 3.1 3.4 6.3
Algeria 2.5 2.5 3.3 3.3 2.9
Kuwait 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.0
Sweden 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Canada 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.6
China 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.3
Philippines 3.6 2.6 3.7 4.5 4.3
Hungary 4.4 3.1 3.7 2.8 -1.4
Estonia 6.9 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.1
Malaysia 4.4 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.2
Israel 5.0 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.5 5.3
Finland 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.3 2.9
France 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.9
Libya 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Vietnam 5.3 6.9 4.1 2.6 2.9
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.8
Panama 3.1 3.4 4.1 5.6 6.0
Czech Republic 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.7 4.6
South Africa 5.8 5.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
United Arab Emirates 4.9 3.5 4.4
Yemen, Rep. 5.8 5.5 4.5 4.7 5.0
Thailand 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.6
Ireland 3.2 4.7 4.7 3.7 2.8
Oman 2.2 2.4 4.7 5.7 5.9
Slovak Republic 6.7 6.4 4.8 3.6 3.1
Australia 3.8 4.2 4.8 4.5 4.9
Ethiopia 4.6 4.9 4.9 4.9 3.6
Denmark 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 0.5
Belgium 4.3 4.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Jordan 4.0 4.8 5.1 5.8 6.2
Slovenia 5.1 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.8
Greece 6.3 6.2 5.3 4.7 4.3
Italy 4.7 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.9
Macao SAR, China 4.2 4.6 5.4 5.5 5.7
Myanmar 5.1 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Barbados 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.9
Fiji 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.7
Botswana 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.5
Chile 4.1 5.6 5.7 4.0 3.4
Seychelles 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.7 6.6
Tonga 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
San Marino 5.5 6.6 5.9 5.3 5.9
Latvia 9.2 7.5 5.9 4.7 2.4
Grenada 7.3 7.4 6.0 7.7 8.7
Maldives 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.5
Aruba 7.0 5.9 6.3 7.5 6.2
Croatia 10.6 8.3 6.3 11.0 10.1
Lebanon 7.0 6.9 6.3 5.5 4.7
Germany 6.4 6.2 6.5 7.0
Mexico 12.1 8.7 6.6 4.5 3.9
Poland 5.7 5.8 6.6 5.8 3.6
Lithuania 8.1 8.3 6.6 5.1 4.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.7
Venezuela, RB 10.8 8.9 6.9 7.6 8.0
Nicaragua 5.7 7.3 7.0 10.5 10.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.3
Iceland 5.3 6.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Swaziland 7.6 7.5 7.1 7.2 7.0
Rwanda 8.1 6.9 7.1 7.4 7.6
Antigua and Barbuda 7.6 7.0 7.1 7.0 8.0
Dominica 7.0 7.8 7.2 7.1 7.8
Bangladesh 5.4 6.9 7.3 7.8 8.2
Vanuatu 8.7 8.6 7.6 6.4 4.7
Mozambique 11.8 9.3 7.7 8.7 12.5
Namibia 7.7 7.9 7.7 6.0 5.9
Moldova 8.0 8.9 7.8 9.3 6.7
Bahrain 6.9 5.8 8.0 7.1 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 8.5 8.3 8.0 7.7 8.3
St. Lucia 8.0 8.3 8.1 8.3 9.5
Cabo Verde 7.3 7.6 8.2 8.3 8.8
Nigeria 7.5 9.6 8.2 8.1 6.5
Bulgaria 10.3 8.2 8.2 6.4 5.6
Morocco 7.1 8.2 8.2 8.6 8.8
Bhutan 7.8 7.8 8.3 8.3 10.0
Colombia 4.4 6.6 8.3 7.4 7.4
Sri Lanka 5.6 7.0 8.4 4.0 4.3
Djibouti 8.6 10.1 10.5
Dominican Republic 9.0 9.1 8.7 9.5 10.9
Comoros 2.3 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.3
Belize 8.2 8.3 9.1 8.6 7.4
Honduras 10.2 10.9 9.3 8.9 9.3
Guyana 8.0 8.6 9.4 11.8 11.8
Macedonia, FYR 9.1 7.7 9.4 8.8 8.0
Ecuador 6.9 8.3 9.4 10.2 8.0
Guatemala 11.6 10.7 10.2 9.9 10.2
Bolivia 23.1 23.6 10.2 11.1 6.3
Papua New Guinea 10.8 9.1 10.7 10.7 9.0
Jamaica 13.5 11.7 11.0 9.9 10.4
Azerbaijan 7.4 6.8 11.2 8.7 5.9
Mauritius 10.7 11.2 11.3 11.1 11.5
Gambia, The 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.3 12.9
Argentina 3.0 2.7 11.5 12.4 9.0
Lesotho 11.6 12.2 11.7 11.9 10.9
Armenia 11.5 13.5 11.8 11.5 14.0
Albania 8.7 13.8 11.9 6.8 5.9
Paraguay 10.5 11.1 12.0 15.8 34.2
Costa Rica 11.4 11.5 12.1 15.0 15.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 11.4 10.7 12.2 13.8 14.0
Belarus 27.2 30.1 12.8 10.0 6.5
Kenya 12.8 14.2 13.0 13.0 12.4
Russian Federation 26.0 17.9 13.1 10.8 8.5
Madagascar 12.7 11.5 13.3 13.3 12.8
Solomon Islands 10.9 11.6 13.4 13.7 13.7
Haiti 17.3 13.5 13.8 20.6 19.4
Suriname 11.7 13.5 13.9 13.2 12.8
Uganda 12.8 13.1 14.2 13.5 9.1
Mauritania 19.0 16.2 14.5 13.0 13.0
Tanzania 14.1 14.2 15.2 13.1 11.5
Gabon 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Congo, Rep. 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Cameroon 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Central African Republic 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Equatorial Guinea 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Chad 17.0 17.0 15.7 13.0 13.0
Tajikistan 21.0 24.3 15.9 5.2 6.8
Liberia 10.5 14.3 16.2 14.0 11.8
Sierra Leone 17.3 17.0 16.5 12.8 10.3
Peru 23.3 20.2 17.4 17.2 17.9
Georgia 24.3 20.7 17.4 17.7 14.9
Romania 19.8 20.7 18.5 16.2 14.4
Lao PDR 18.6 20.0 19.7 23.3 23.9
Malawi 20.4 19.9 21.2 22.5 23.8
Ukraine 34.3 27.8 21.3 17.4 10.9
Sao Tome and Principe 13.3 18.7 22.0 22.4 20.1
Zambia 20.3 18.6 22.8 21.9 18.6
Mongolia 20.6 20.2 23.1 22.3 17.9
Zimbabwe 16.9 18.0 24.1 18.1 61.4
Kyrgyz Republic 25.3 33.5 24.8 18.9 14.2
Uruguay 28.5 27.8 27.0 55.8 29.3
Serbia 42.7 -72.4 30.4 17.1 12.7
Brazil 54.4 39.6 39.8 43.7 45.1
Angola 43.7 63.6 48.1 48.6 69.9
Palau
Cuba
American Samoa
Niger
Faeroe Islands
Cote d'Ivoire
Burkina Faso
Pakistan
Burundi
Turkmenistan
Montenegro
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.0 14.5 8.2 6.8
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Portugal 2.8
Isle of Man
Puerto Rico
Austria 3.4
Qatar
Timor-Leste 15.9
Marshall Islands
Tunisia
Mali
Tuvalu
Cambodia
Samoa 6.9 6.8
French Polynesia
Bermuda
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Saudi Arabia
St. Martin (French part)
Senegal
Sudan
Curacao
Iraq
Guinea-Bissau
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Benin
India
Luxembourg
Guinea 14.2 11.9
Liechtenstein
Togo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam
Afghanistan
Turkey
Ghana
Turks and Caicos Islands
United Kingdom
Greenland
Kosovo
Andorra
Somalia
United States
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Uzbekistan
South Sudan
El Salvador 4.7 4.6
Kiribati
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kazakhstan
Eritrea
New Caledonia
Brunei Darussalam

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