Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012
Madagascar 33.5 38.5 41.9 49.5
Kyrgyz Republic 19.2 27.4 33.8 7.5
Brazil 35.4 31.1 32.9 28.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 49.3 39.7 30.4 20.7
Malawi 21.8 21.0 19.6 21.3
Tajikistan 15.0 15.5 16.6 17.5
Peru 18.2 17.4 16.3 16.8
Gambia, The 11.5 12.4 16.3 16.5
Jamaica 9.5 14.1 15.6 14.1
Sao Tome and Principe 19.2 17.8 14.6 13.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 14.1 14.2 13.8 13.9
Paraguay 26.8 24.8 13.4 13.2
Guyana 12.2 12.3 12.5 12.3
Angola 8.1 9.8 12.4 13.1
Costa Rica 12.8 11.8 12.1 13.5
Zambia 15.0 13.5 11.8 5.1
Haiti 16.2 16.7 11.3 8.5
Solomon Islands 11.1 11.1 11.2 10.4
Liberia 10.1 10.7 10.7 10.0
Sierra Leone 12.4 11.8 10.7 10.6
Honduras 8.6 9.1 10.4 9.5
Nigeria 5.1 11.1 10.3 8.4
Kosovo 10.1 10.9 10.2 9.1
Timor-Leste 10.3 10.2 10.2 11.3
Papua New Guinea 7.8 9.1 9.9 10.3
Bolivia 8.9 8.9 9.5 9.5
Bhutan 11.8 12.0 9.5 8.5
Kenya 8.8 9.8 9.4 8.2
Seychelles 5.6 9.8 9.1 8.9
Djibouti 9.7 9.3 9.1
Mauritania 11.5 9.0 9.0 11.2
Uganda 11.2 12.5 8.8 10.1
Comoros 8.6 8.8 8.8 8.8
Nicaragua 8.0 10.3 8.7 11.0
Armenia 10.1 10.3 8.5 7.7
Guatemala 8.3 7.9 8.2 8.2
Tanzania 7.1 8.0 8.2 5.9
Azerbaijan 7.8 9.1 8.1 8.1
Ukraine 7.1 5.3 8.0 5.4
Croatia 8.4 8.6 8.0 7.6
Aruba 7.4 8.1 8.0 7.6
Lesotho 8.2 7.5 7.7 7.3
Samoa 7.3 8.0 7.7 7.4
Dominican Republic 10.3 7.3 7.7 8.0
Iraq 7.8 7.3 7.7 7.2
Grenada 7.7 7.5 7.6 6.9
Antigua and Barbuda 6.6 7.6 7.5 7.0
Tonga 7.2 7.5 7.5 5.9
Serbia 6.7 6.0 7.4 7.6
Bulgaria 5.2 7.1 7.3 6.6
Colombia 6.9 5.7 7.0 7.2
Belize 5.7 6.1 6.9 8.0
Moldova 5.6 8.7 6.9 5.8
Albania 5.9 6.4 6.6 5.5
Montenegro 5.5 5.8 6.6 6.3
St. Lucia 7.3 7.3 6.5 6.4
Trinidad and Tobago 8.5 7.8 6.5 6.2
Cabo Verde 8.1 7.9 6.5 6.1
Algeria 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Pakistan 5.9 5.9 6.2 5.5
Swaziland 6.0 5.9 6.2 6.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.5
Mongolia 8.4 8.2 6.1 6.8
Mozambique 6.2 6.6 6.1 5.4
Maldives 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.8
Barbados 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.1
Latvia 8.2 7.7 5.9 5.2
Botswana 6.3 5.9 5.9 7.4
Romania 5.3 6.8 5.8 5.8
Bahrain 6.4 6.0 5.8 5.0
Dominica 6.8 6.2 5.6 5.9
Indonesia 5.2 6.2 5.5 5.8
Suriname 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.0
Jordan 4.3 5.5 5.3 5.0
Uruguay 10.9 6.2 5.2 6.7
Singapore 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.2
Macao SAR, China 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3
Yemen, Rep. 7.3 5.2 5.0 5.0
Myanmar 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.2 4.0 5.0 4.5
Estonia 4.6 6.7 4.8 5.1
San Marino 4.8 4.7 4.8
Czech Republic 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.4
Thailand 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.3 4.7 4.6 3.9
Panama 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.8
Namibia 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.5 4.8 4.3 4.4
Russian Federation 6.7 4.8 4.0 3.6
Mexico 5.1 4.1 4.0 3.6
Chile 5.2 3.0 3.7 4.3
Qatar 2.8 4.4 3.7 3.7
Fiji 2.9 2.1 3.7 4.5
Libya 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Georgia 7.1 5.8 3.5 4.1
Israel 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.3
Argentina 4.1 1.4 3.4 2.0
Australia 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.1
Oman 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.0
South Africa 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.3
Philippines 5.8 4.5 3.3 2.5
Bangladesh 6.4 5.9 3.2 1.3
China 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Kuwait 3.3 2.6 3.0 2.9
Sri Lanka 5.1 3.3 3.0 4.6
Vietnam 2.2 1.9 3.0 3.0
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.4 3.0 3.4
Switzerland 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.5 2.6 1.9
Canada 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5
Bahamas, The 1.7 2.1 2.4 2.7
Hungary 5.2 2.7 2.1 3.7
Malaysia 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.8
New Zealand 2.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Mauritius 0.8 0.5 1.8 2.4
Lebanon 2.3 2.1 1.6 1.5
Korea, Rep. 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.7
Japan 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9
Belarus 1.0 0.1 0.3 -2.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. -1.1 0.1 -0.2
Netherlands -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -1.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Cyprus
Lao PDR 21.5 19.6
Lithuania 3.6 4.3
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Uzbekistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Ecuador
Kiribati
Sudan
Morocco
Burkina Faso
Kazakhstan
United Arab Emirates
Malta
Austria
Italy
El Salvador
Nepal 5.5 4.4
Spain
Chad
St. Martin (French part)
Cameroon
Congo, Rep.
New Caledonia
Central African Republic
Isle of Man
Togo
Ireland
Turkey
Niger
Bermuda
American Samoa
United States
Equatorial Guinea
Mali
Slovak Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Luxembourg
Norway 2.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
India
Slovenia 4.5
Iceland
Somalia
Palau
South Sudan
Guinea-Bissau
Denmark
Guinea
Curacao
Guam
Cuba
Greenland
Cote d'Ivoire
Greece
Sweden
Poland
Syrian Arab Republic 3.7 3.7
Portugal
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Cambodia
Ghana
Burundi
Germany
Tunisia
Gabon
Turkmenistan
Rwanda 9.6
Tuvalu
French Polynesia
Benin
France
United Kingdom
Finland
Belgium
Saudi Arabia
Vanuatu 4.3 3.9
Senegal
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Ethiopia
Andorra
Eritrea
Zimbabwe

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