Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 7.2 8.7 13.8
Algeria 4.5 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 70.8 8.5 8.1 43.7 63.6
Antigua and Barbuda 7.9 7.6 7.9 7.6 7.0
Argentina 3.2 2.3 3.1 3.0 2.7
Armenia 34.2 28.2 23.5 11.5 13.5
Aruba 6.1 5.9 6.1 7.0 5.9
Australia 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.2
Austria 3.8 3.4
Azerbaijan 7.4 6.8
Bahamas, The 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.9
Bahrain 7.1 6.9 7.1 6.9 5.8
Bangladesh 6.7 5.9 5.6 5.4 6.9
Barbados 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.0 5.2
Belarus 30.0 16.2 12.7 27.2 30.1
Belgium 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.4
Belize 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.2 8.3
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Bolivia 36.8 35.3 26.6 23.1 23.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21.6 12.0 14.5
Botswana 4.8 4.4 5.2 5.7 6.1
Brazil 53.8 58.4 54.4 39.6
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 216.4 166.2 11.1 10.3 8.2
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.2 7.3 7.6
Cambodia
Cameroon 16.6 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Canada 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Chad 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Chile 3.9 3.7 5.3 4.1 5.6
China 2.6 3.0 2.6 3.6 3.6
Colombia 10.8 10.1 9.7 4.4 6.6
Comoros 2.3 9.0
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Costa Rica 9.0 9.5 9.7 11.4 11.5
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia 16.9 11.2 11.1 10.6 8.3
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Czech Republic 5.8 5.5 4.7 4.2 3.7
Denmark 5.9 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.9
Djibouti 7.8 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.5
Dominica 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.8
Dominican Republic 9.8 7.6 8.0 9.0 9.1
Ecuador 13.0 14.9 10.2 6.9 8.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.8
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Eritrea
Estonia 8.8 5.6 7.0 6.9 3.7
Ethiopia 4.5 3.5 4.5 4.6 4.9
Faroe Islands
Fiji 4.9 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.3
Finland 3.8 3.3 3.5 4.0
France 3.1 2.8 3.3 3.7 4.1
French Polynesia
Gabon 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Gambia, The 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.5 11.5
Georgia 43.7 33.5 26.7 24.3 20.7
Germany 7.2 6.4 6.1 6.4 6.2
Ghana
Greece 7.5 8.8 7.9 6.3 6.2
Greenland
Grenada 6.3 7.3 7.6 7.3 7.4
Guam
Guatemala 15.1 12.8 11.1 11.6 10.7
Guinea 13.2 14.2 11.9
Guinea-Bissau 48.3
Guyana 7.3 8.5 8.7 8.0 8.6
Haiti 21.3 11.3 10.6 17.3 13.5
Honduras 13.0 10.8 12.1 10.2 10.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.9 3.5 2.4 4.0 4.7
Hungary 8.7 4.8 4.9 4.4 3.1
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.3 5.3 6.2
India
Indonesia 2.0 1.8 -6.9 1.9 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 5.6 6.1 5.8 3.2 4.7
Isle of Man
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.2 5.0 4.2
Italy 6.3 5.7 5.5 4.7 5.2
Jamaica 14.7 18.9 16.0 13.5 11.7
Japan 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Jordan 2.7 3.2 4.4 4.0 4.8
Kazakhstan
Kenya 16.2 13.5 11.1 12.8 14.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 1.3 1.1 2.0 1.4 0.6
Kuwait 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.8 3.0
Kyrgyz Republic 40.3 17.4 11.4 37.8 41.3
Lao PDR 11.0 11.5 18.6 20.0
Latvia 14.1 9.4 9.0 9.2 7.5
Lebanon 9.7 6.9 7.0 6.9
Lesotho 5.0 6.2 9.3 11.6 12.2
Liberia 10.4 15.5 10.5 14.3
Libya 3.8 4.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 7.6 6.5 6.2 8.1 8.3
Luxembourg 2.0 2.0 2.0
Macao SAR, China 4.3 3.5 4.0 4.2 4.6
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 9.8 9.4 9.1 7.7
Madagascar 13.8 15.6 19.0 12.7 11.5
Malawi 19.0 18.0 18.6 20.4 19.9
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 3.6 4.4 4.3
Maldives 8.2 8.2 8.2 5.6 6.1
Mali
Malta 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.0 2.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 13.0 13.0 16.5 19.0 16.2
Mauritius 10.0 9.8 10.6 10.7 11.2
Mexico 10.0 5.8 10.9 12.1 8.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 10.8 11.0 11.4 10.7
Moldova 11.2 9.9 9.2 8.0 8.9
Monaco
Mongolia 43.2 45.7 14.8 20.6 20.2
Montenegro
Morocco 6.2 7.1 8.2
Mozambique 16.1 11.8 9.3
Myanmar 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.1 5.5
Namibia 6.6 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.9
Nepal 3.3 4.8 5.1 4.0 3.5
Netherlands 2.4 3.0 3.4 0.7 1.9
New Caledonia
New Zealand 2.5 1.5
Nicaragua 8.4 8.6 10.9 5.7 7.3
Niger
Nigeria 6.8 10.6 8.1 7.5 9.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.2
Oman 2.4 2.0 1.6 2.2 2.4
Pakistan
Palau
Panama 3.4 3.6 4.1 3.1 3.4
Papua New Guinea 6.2 6.3 9.3 10.8 9.1
Paraguay 14.7 14.8 14.3 10.5 11.1
Peru 21.3 20.6 21.7 23.3 20.2
Philippines 5.2 6.1 4.7 3.6 2.6
Poland 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.8
Portugal 5.4 4.6 3.9 2.8
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 17.9 16.7 18.0 19.8 20.7
Russian Federation 91.8 15.3 24.7 26.0 17.9
Rwanda 7.4 8.0 9.4 8.1 6.9
Samoa
San Marino 8.3 6.8 5.8 5.5 6.6
Sao Tome and Principe 7.0 14.8 17.3 13.3 18.7
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia 58.9 44.7 42.7 -72.4
Seychelles 6.3 5.7 6.8 6.0 6.0
Sierra Leone 18.2 14.0 16.7 17.3 17.0
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 4.1 4.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 4.6 5.2 4.9 6.7 6.4
Slovenia 7.5 6.8 5.5 5.1 5.7
Solomon Islands 9.7 13.2 11.7 10.9 11.6
Somalia
South Africa 4.6 4.6 5.3 5.8 5.3
South Sudan
Spain 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Sri Lanka 5.9 3.4 5.5 5.6 7.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.7 6.9 7.2 6.9 6.8
St. Lucia 8.3 8.0 6.6 8.0 8.3
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.9
Sudan
Suriname 18.0 15.9 11.5 11.7 13.5
Swaziland 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.5
Sweden 4.9 4.5 4.0 3.9 3.7
Switzerland 3.6 3.5 3.4 2.7 1.3
Syrian Arab Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Tajikistan 51.6 41.1 21.0 24.3
Tanzania 20.4 18.4 15.1 14.1 14.2
Thailand 3.1 3.1 3.8 4.2 4.5
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.0
Trinidad and Tobago 8.4 9.4 8.5 8.3
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 9.7 9.5 9.5 12.8 13.1
Ukraine 46.3 30.9 32.2 34.3 27.8
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 2.9 2.9 2.7
United States
Uruguay 43.5 37.6 31.6 28.5 27.8
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.7 8.6
Venezuela, RB 11.8 9.0 11.5 10.8 8.9
Vietnam 5.9 5.2 5.3 6.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.6 6.8 5.8 5.5
Zambia 11.7 12.2 18.7 20.3 18.6
Zimbabwe 12.7 13.9 13.0 16.9 18.0

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