Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Bolivia -85.7 -97.8 -49.8 30.4 19.0
Philippines -16.4 9.3 14.2 5.4 5.7
Sierra Leone -15.6 -30.7 -34.4 -51.6 -22.1
Jamaica -12.8 -2.8 0.4 13.2 11.7
Ghana -10.5 0.4 -15.3 -9.8 -5.9
Chad -10.1 17.5 33.6 14.1 1.3
Sri Lanka -5.9 12.7 5.3 1.9 2.1
Burundi -4.5 6.6 17.0 16.0 8.2
Venezuela, RB -4.4 -1.0 5.4 -18.6 -10.9
Guyana -3.6 0.4 2.4 -27.5 -6.9
Zambia -3.2 -16.0 -30.0 -25.2 -12.0
Iceland -3.2 0.4 -4.7 5.6 5.8
Botswana -3.0 -9.3 -2.7 -2.4 -12.1
Cote d'Ivoire -2.9 14.1 15.8 18.3 14.0
Rwanda -2.9 8.9 22.6 12.3 9.6
Uganda -2.7 -43.7 -43.8 -52.1 -53.4
Nigeria -2.7 3.7 -1.5 -31.9 -5.1
Cabo Verde -2.1 6.1 -6.5 2.8 4.4
Bangladesh -1.8 0.8 5.6 4.6 7.8
China -1.7 -0.6 7.4 0.1 -2.5
Morocco -1.5 -0.6 -1.4 4.9 3.5
Greece -1.2 1.2 1.4 5.7 5.3
Congo, Rep. -0.1 9.3 57.4 3.3 19.2
Costa Rica 0.1 3.2 2.1 10.3 6.6
Cyprus 0.8 3.2 4.7 4.9 5.6
Cameroon 0.8 3.0 13.3 15.8 12.5
Gabon 0.9 14.1 40.8 10.0 8.9
Mauritania 1.0 1.6 4.4 1.4 6.3
Tunisia 1.4 5.8 5.5 5.6 2.0
Switzerland 1.7 3.1 2.4 3.0 2.2
Syrian Arab Republic 1.7 4.7 -13.7 -13.1 -15.3
Finland 1.9 4.8 4.1 4.4 1.9
Niger 2.5 21.7 18.5 11.6 20.0
Mali 2.9 -1.5 25.0 13.1 15.3
Papua New Guinea 3.0 9.8 10.8 3.7 4.4
Tonga 3.3 -0.2 -5.3 -0.9 0.9
Malawi 3.3 8.7 4.8 2.4 -6.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.4 6.6 3.6 6.0 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.5 5.5 2.0 -11.3 2.9
Dominica 3.6 1.6 3.8 5.4 5.4
Portugal 3.8 4.6 -0.7 8.0 5.7
Kenya 3.8 5.3 4.9 8.2 8.0
Vanuatu 4.2 19.9 19.6 -0.9 6.6
Bhutan 4.5 8.2 7.8 14.5 0.3
Luxembourg 4.6 5.5 7.8 7.1 3.8
France 4.7 5.4 4.5 6.9 6.0
United Kingdom 4.9 6.1 7.2 4.1 3.8
Japan 4.9 5.5 4.2 5.3 4.7
Spain 5.2 4.5 1.2 9.8 6.1
Korea, Rep. 5.3 5.6 5.5 5.0 3.2
Myanmar 5.3 6.3 1.4 -10.9 -13.7
Mauritius 5.4 5.2 5.8 1.1 3.7
Australia 5.5 12.2 11.1 8.1 6.6
Barbados 5.7 6.2 8.7 -0.2 9.3
Ireland 6.1 6.9 5.3 8.8 4.9
Senegal 6.2 5.1 7.3 15.3 15.2
Netherlands 6.4 8.3 8.4 9.3 6.9
Grenada 6.4 3.4 7.5 6.6 3.6
Trinidad and Tobago 6.9 11.3 13.4 6.3 8.1
Norway 6.9 7.9 16.8 8.9 11.0
Denmark 7.0 9.9 10.0 8.4 8.3
Burkina Faso 7.5 13.6 21.2 12.1 9.8
Guatemala 7.6 -5.7 -20.0 5.6 3.1
Bahamas, The 7.6 1.7 4.4 2.3 7.4
Germany 7.7 7.3 5.6 7.0 6.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.8 9.1 5.8 5.7 11.1
Sweden 7.8 9.9 5.9 7.6 6.3
India 7.9 8.7 9.1 6.6 7.6
Belgium 8.1 7.6 7.4 7.5 6.6
Malta 8.2 7.3 4.3 4.8 6.5
Kuwait 8.2 3.7 46.2 -2.6 3.6
United States 8.2 6.5 6.2 5.5 5.6
Gambia, The 8.3 -17.9 -8.9 7.9 18.1
Canada 8.3 7.0 7.2 4.6 6.0
Comoros 8.3 7.4 7.1 9.5 10.9
Swaziland 8.3 13.8 0.3 10.6 -8.8
Singapore 8.9 9.6 8.2 5.5 0.4
Lesotho 9.3 -0.6 -0.5 -1.9 -5.0
South Africa 9.7 4.0 -2.3 -1.7 0.1
St. Lucia 9.7 11.9 9.7 5.9 9.6
Nepal 10.0 5.0 1.1 2.0 2.8
Italy 10.1 8.1 7.9 7.1 6.5
Antigua and Barbuda 10.2 5.0 5.6 4.7 -0.9
El Salvador 10.6 10.5 18.1 14.3 12.6
Central African Republic 10.9 -16.1 16.0 14.0 9.4
Benin 12.3 20.4 17.7 10.2 14.3
Togo 12.4 10.7 7.5 11.6 11.6
Honduras 12.4 10.5 11.8 12.4 8.4
Uruguay 13.9 8.5 10.5 9.9 11.8
Liberia 14.6 17.9 13.9 -2.8 4.0
Thailand 15.1 13.6 11.5 6.5 5.3
Oman 15.8 10.8 38.2 -1.9 8.0
United Arab Emirates 19.8
Ecuador 20.9 21.0 36.7 29.7 39.2
Chile 22.8 7.1 3.5 5.4 -1.2
Zimbabwe 47.5 41.2 4.6 5.4 4.8
Israel 88.1 67.6 8.1 35.2 16.5
San Marino
Azerbaijan
Kiribati
Jordan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Vietnam
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Ukraine
Kyrgyz Republic
Romania
Lao PDR
Serbia
Iraq
Somalia
Afghanistan
Brunei Darussalam
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Tanzania
Indonesia 21.6 5.4 8.3
Turkmenistan
Libya
American Samoa
Liechtenstein
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Czech Republic
Hungary
Saudi Arabia
Macao SAR, China -6.1 -0.7
Cuba
Macedonia, FYR
Slovenia
Madagascar
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bulgaria
Malaysia 4.6 5.5
Suriname
Maldives
Belize 10.1 4.6 8.9
Haiti
Timor-Leste
Guinea-Bissau -44.6 -39.3 -27.6
Aruba
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Guinea -9.6 -5.5
Angola
Guam
Algeria
Mexico
West Bank and Gaza
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Qatar
Moldova
Russian Federation
Monaco
Samoa
Mongolia
Sao Tome and Principe
Montenegro
Curacao
Greenland
Seychelles
Mozambique
Croatia
Georgia
Slovak Republic
Namibia
Solomon Islands
French Polynesia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Fiji
Colombia 9.0 14.4 11.7
New Caledonia
Cambodia
New Zealand
St. Martin (French part)
Nicaragua 789.8
Sudan
Faeroe Islands
Brazil
Ethiopia -17.7 13.2 12.9 2.8
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan
Estonia
Belarus
Eritrea
Bahrain 31.9 6.8 5.7
Pakistan
Austria
Palau
Turkey
Panama 12.0 10.1 12.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Equatorial Guinea -24.7 17.9 12.4 10.4
Armenia
Paraguay
Argentina
Peru -19.0 -26.5 -42.0
Andorra
Dominican Republic
Uzbekistan
Poland
Albania
Djibouti
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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