Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Bolivia -97.8 -49.8 30.4 19.0 21.3
Uganda -43.7 -43.8 -52.1 -53.4 -35.0
Sierra Leone -30.7 -34.4 -51.6 -22.1 -19.7
Equatorial Guinea -24.7 17.9 12.4 10.4 21.3
Gambia, The -17.9 -8.9 7.9 18.1 11.5
Ethiopia -17.7 13.2 12.9 2.8 0.4
Central African Republic -16.1 16.0 14.0 9.4 10.3
Zambia -16.0 -30.0 -25.2 -12.0 -34.5
Botswana -9.3 -2.7 -2.4 -12.1 -5.3
Guatemala -5.7 -20.0 5.6 3.1 4.6
Bangladesh -5.5 5.3 4.4 7.9 7.1
Jamaica -2.8 0.4 13.2 11.7 11.4
China -2.0 3.1 2.7 -2.8 2.5
Mali -1.5 25.0 13.1 15.3 16.5
Morocco -1.5 0.6 6.2 4.4 5.7
Venezuela, RB -1.0 5.4 -18.6 -10.9 -35.1
Lesotho -0.6 -0.5 -1.9 -5.0 3.4
Tonga -0.2 -5.3 -0.9 0.9 4.6
Iceland 0.4 -4.7 5.6 5.8 4.1
Guyana 0.4 2.4 -27.5 -6.9 -54.7
Ghana 0.4 -15.3 -9.8 -5.9
Greece 1.2 1.4 5.7 5.3 7.7
Dominica 1.6 3.8 5.4 5.4 3.3
Mauritania 1.6 4.4 1.4 6.3 1.9
Bahamas, The 1.7 4.4 2.3 7.4 7.1
Cameroon 3.0 13.3 15.8 12.5 17.1
Switzerland 3.1 2.4 3.0 2.2 2.3
Cyprus 3.2 4.7 4.9 5.6 4.1
Costa Rica 3.2 2.1 10.3 6.6 12.0
Grenada 3.4 7.5 6.6 3.6 1.5
Nigeria 3.7 -1.5 -31.9 -5.1 -17.0
Kuwait 3.7 46.2 -2.6 3.6 10.3
South Africa 4.0 -2.3 -1.7 0.1 2.2
Spain 4.5 1.2 9.8 6.1 8.4
Portugal 4.6 -0.7 8.0 5.7 8.2
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 -13.7 -13.1 -15.3 -11.6
Finland 4.9 4.1 4.4 1.9 3.5
Nepal 5.0 1.1 2.0 2.8 3.4
Antigua and Barbuda 5.0 5.6 4.7 -0.9 8.1
Senegal 5.1 7.3 15.3 15.2 13.4
Mauritius 5.2 5.8 1.1 3.7 4.6
Kenya 5.3 4.9 8.2 8.0 6.8
France 5.3 4.6 6.9 6.0 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.5 2.0 -11.3 2.9 -0.2
Luxembourg 5.5 7.8 7.1 3.8 3.1
Japan 5.5 4.2 5.3 4.7 3.0
Korea, Rep. 5.6 5.5 5.0 3.2 5.2
Tunisia 5.8 5.5 5.6 2.0 -3.7
United Kingdom 5.8 6.2 4.1 4.1 5.5
Cabo Verde 6.1 -6.5 2.8 4.4 6.2
Barbados 6.2 8.7 -0.2 9.3 4.4
Myanmar 6.3 1.4 -10.9 -13.7 -31.5
United States 6.5 6.2 5.5 5.6 6.7
Burundi 6.6 17.0 16.0 8.2 -2.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.6 3.6 6.0 3.9 6.6
Ireland 6.9 5.3 8.8 4.9 3.7
Canada 7.0 7.2 4.6 6.0 8.3
Chile 7.1 3.5 5.4 -1.2 19.8
Germany 7.3 5.6 7.0 6.5 6.9
Malta 7.3 4.3 4.8 6.5 6.2
Comoros 7.4 7.1 9.5 10.9
Belgium 7.6 7.4 7.5 6.6 6.0
Norway 7.8 16.6 8.9 11.0 8.3
Italy 8.1 7.9 7.1 6.5 7.5
Bhutan 8.2 7.8 14.5 0.3 9.0
Netherlands 8.3 8.4 9.3 6.9 9.3
Uruguay 8.5 10.5 9.9 11.8 24.8
Malawi 8.7 4.8 2.4 -6.7 0.4
India 8.7 9.1 6.6 7.6 7.4
Rwanda 8.9 22.6 12.3 9.6 6.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.1 5.8 5.7 11.1 7.0
Congo, Rep. 9.3 57.4 3.3 19.2 -0.2
Philippines 9.3 14.2 5.4 5.7 9.4
Singapore 9.6 8.2 5.5 0.4 2.0
Papua New Guinea 9.8 10.8 3.7 4.4 17.6
Sweden 9.9 5.9 7.6 6.3 6.4
Denmark 9.9 10.0 8.4 8.3 8.1
Honduras 10.5 11.8 12.4 8.4 7.8
El Salvador 10.5 18.1 14.3 12.6 14.7
Togo 10.7 7.5 11.6 11.6 14.9
Oman 10.8 38.2 -1.9 8.0 10.0
Trinidad and Tobago 11.3 13.4 6.3 8.1 5.7
St. Lucia 11.9 9.7 5.9 9.6 5.5
Australia 12.2 11.3 8.3 7.0 9.4
Sri Lanka 12.7 5.3 1.9 2.1 2.0
Thailand 13.6 11.5 6.5 5.3 5.8
Burkina Faso 13.6 21.2 12.1 9.8 9.8
Swaziland 13.8 0.3 10.6 -8.8 11.3
Cote d'Ivoire 14.1 15.8 18.3 14.0 16.3
Gabon 14.1 40.8 10.0 8.9 4.4
Chad 17.5 33.6 14.1 1.3 12.9
Liberia 17.9 13.9 -2.8 4.0 10.2
Vanuatu 19.9 19.6 -0.9 6.6 9.9
Benin 20.4 17.7 10.2 14.3 12.6
Ecuador 21.0 36.7 29.7 39.2 23.5
Niger 21.7 18.5 11.6 20.0 13.5
Zimbabwe 41.2 4.6 5.4 4.8 12.1
Israel 67.6 8.1 35.2 16.5 9.0
Bulgaria
Kiribati
San Marino
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Jordan
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Vietnam
Belize 10.1 4.6 8.9 11.6
Isle of Man
Ukraine
Kyrgyz Republic
Romania
Lao PDR
Serbia
Iraq
Somalia
Middle East (developing only)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Tanzania 8.6
Indonesia 21.6 5.4 8.3 10.6
Turkmenistan
Libya
Algeria
Liechtenstein
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Cuba
Hungary
Saudi Arabia
Macao SAR, China -6.1 -0.7 -2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
Slovenia
Madagascar 9.2
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Brazil
Malaysia 4.6 5.5 4.2
Suriname
Maldives
Bahrain 31.9 6.8 5.7 4.3
Haiti
Timor-Leste
Guinea-Bissau -44.6 -39.3 -27.6 -30.6
Argentina
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Guinea -9.6 -5.5 -4.1
Andorra
Guam
Albania
Mexico
West Bank and Gaza
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Qatar
Moldova
Russian Federation
Monaco
Samoa
Mongolia
Sao Tome and Principe
Montenegro
Croatia
Greenland
Seychelles 14.0
Mozambique
Colombia 9.0 14.4 11.7 14.7
Georgia
Slovak Republic
Namibia
Solomon Islands
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Fiji
Cambodia
New Caledonia
Brunei Darussalam
New Zealand
St. Martin (French part)
Nicaragua 789.8 -86.3
Sudan
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
Estonia
Belarus
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan
Eritrea
Azerbaijan
Dominican Republic
Austria
Pakistan
Armenia
Palau
Turkey
Panama 12.0 10.1 12.7 14.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Djibouti
Angola
Paraguay
United Arab Emirates
Peru -16.5 -26.9 -60.0 -39.5
American Samoa
Czech Republic
Uzbekistan
Poland
Afghanistan
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon -19.2

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