Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Belarus -87.8 -63.9 5.6 -23.2 -28.1
Suriname -78.6 -62.5 22.2 30.6 27.4
Ukraine -66.7 -56.8 8.3 26.3 37.9
Nicaragua -48.6 5.7 10.1 10.2 6.7
Romania -20.3 11.4 6.9 -30.2 0.1
Gabon -19.8 14.5 7.4 20.9 48.4
Chad -18.1 6.6 9.5 17.6 14.3
Congo, Rep. -14.1 12.2 3.4 16.2 49.2
Tonga -13.2 13.9 5.6 12.0 8.8
Argentina -11.7 14.2 10.6 9.8 12.6
Estonia -10.8 -9.5 -7.5 1.4 9.4
Albania -10.7 13.3 -3.5
Algeria -10.1 -7.9 -4.0 8.1 15.1
Nigeria -8.0 -43.6 -9.7 16.6 25.3
Madagascar -7.9 -5.3 12.7 21.2 17.1
China -7.3 0.5 4.3 7.7 8.8
Equatorial Guinea -5.6 7.7 21.0 40.5 78.3
Central African Republic -5.6 5.6 26.5 21.0 22.5
Venezuela, RB -5.1 -7.9 -35.3 -10.6 23.1
Myanmar -4.6 -2.6 -5.3 -12.9 -14.2
Syrian Arab Republic -4.1 2.2 -6.0 2.8 9.3
Colombia -3.4 20.1 21.5 14.9 23.9
Honduras -3.3 1.7 5.5 8.0 17.1
Namibia -3.0 11.2 3.7 12.4 11.4
Guyana -1.1 6.1 13.3 15.4 13.4
Lithuania 0.4 -17.6 2.1 2.3 8.7
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5 10.7 10.3 14.2 19.2
Czech Republic 0.7 3.4 2.4 4.9 2.9
Korea, Rep. 0.7 1.4 3.7 7.7 9.8
Slovak Republic 1.0 6.3 9.3 11.8 15.3
Macao SAR, China 1.4 1.5 8.0 8.5 14.2
Papua New Guinea 1.8 -2.3 11.3 1.9 2.8
Sierra Leone 1.8 -3.6 2.0 21.1 0.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 4.4 2.5 3.5 7.7
Singapore 2.1 3.0 4.7 5.2 8.9
Cameroon 2.7 6.0 18.8 17.6 17.7
Bhutan 2.8 7.4 7.4 3.1 5.0
Luxembourg 2.9 4.1 2.4 7.5 5.7
Swaziland 3.0 0.3 10.2 7.3 11.3
Zambia 3.1 5.4 25.1 16.5 10.3
Macedonia, FYR 3.1 24.6 18.2 16.8 19.4
Bahrain 3.2 10.5 12.1 11.2 20.3
Jordan 3.3 8.6 9.0 10.9 6.2
Cyprus 3.4 0.4 6.1 5.5 4.9
Poland 3.5 4.3 6.9 9.9 12.1
Malawi 3.8 -16.9 -4.6 6.1 15.2
Japan 4.0 4.3 3.2 1.8 2.4
Botswana 4.1 6.8 -1.4 8.2 3.6
Israel 4.2 -0.4 9.7 10.0 8.5
United Kingdom 4.3 4.2 3.1 4.7 5.2
Switzerland 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.0 4.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 10.5 11.1 6.1 7.9
India 4.3 5.9 7.8 6.9 5.1
Ireland 4.4 3.4 5.8 2.8 0.2
Bahamas, The 4.6 5.9 5.7 -20.7 3.6
Philippines 4.6 6.6 6.7 9.5 -4.6
Malaysia 4.6 4.9 6.0 6.9 3.4
Malta 4.8 1.8 7.4 7.3 7.7
Spain 4.9 4.9 4.9 3.6 2.5
United States 4.9 6.6 6.3 6.6 7.2
Dominica 5.3 9.3 8.4 8.5 11.1
Canada 5.4 6.3 4.2 3.8 6.8
Thailand 5.4 7.3 9.0 9.2 4.7
South Africa 5.5 6.9 10.6 11.0 13.1
Chile 5.8 7.0 14.3 10.9 17.9
Lesotho 5.9 2.1 10.0 8.8 6.8
Tanzania 6.0 12.6 12.3 4.7 -3.5
Netherlands 6.1 5.0 4.5 3.4 4.5
Finland 6.2 3.1 6.5 3.2 1.9
Panama 6.2 10.6 -3.5 8.9 9.7
Mauritania 6.4 17.0 19.8 8.9 7.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.4 2.4 6.7 21.1 7.9
Hungary 6.6 4.6 4.2 1.3 4.9
France 6.7 6.8 5.2 5.4 5.5
Solomon Islands 7.1 8.7 4.0 8.9 8.9
St. Lucia 7.1 7.4 17.8 6.0 8.9
Burundi 7.1 -0.7
Belgium 7.2 7.1 6.8 6.1 5.3
Portugal 7.2 10.0 9.2 5.0 3.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 7.4 4.6 7.9 3.6 8.8
Sri Lanka 7.6 8.0 6.7 5.3 5.3
Iceland 7.8 8.3 9.7 9.7 7.3
Sweden 7.8 7.1 6.5 5.4 5.4
Barbados 7.9 6.2 5.1 10.6 1.3
Australia 8.1 8.1 7.6 7.6 6.8
Italy 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.7 5.8
Denmark 8.3 9.0 6.6 5.6 6.6
El Salvador 8.3 7.8 11.1 12.1 10.6
Morocco 8.3 3.1 10.6 9.6 1.2
Norway 8.6 4.4 2.4 3.1 10.7
Liberia 8.7 8.5 29.8 -96.9
Germany 8.8 8.8 9.3 8.8 8.4
Lebanon 8.9 12.8 16.3 4.3
Oman 9.1 7.5 1.7 11.8 27.1
Grenada 9.1 7.9 7.3 12.4 6.5
Indonesia 9.3 8.3 9.5 8.2 -24.6
Antigua and Barbuda 9.8 9.3 9.4 9.6 9.5
Guatemala 10.0 11.5 12.7 9.6 6.4
Mexico 10.2 21.2 5.5 3.7 9.8
Bangladesh 10.3 6.2 9.4 10.6 8.3
Fiji 10.5 10.0 8.0 7.3 2.0
Guinea-Bissau 10.6 -8.2 9.0
San Marino 10.7 9.4 10.1 9.6 7.7
Belize 10.8 9.1 14.1 18.0 14.8
Ethiopia 11.1 2.1 13.6 10.3 10.7
Mauritius 11.6 14.6 12.9 13.1 12.1
Jamaica 13.2 17.5 17.8 20.3 6.4
Slovenia 13.3 -4.5 10.2 10.6 8.5
Vanuatu 13.3 8.6 8.3 7.1 2.6
Kuwait 14.3 3.4 -5.8 14.2 31.5
Seychelles 14.4 16.0 18.6 12.8 9.5
Latvia 14.4 5.5 9.5 7.7 9.3
Greece 14.6 12.1 12.7 11.4 12.7
Costa Rica 15.1 11.9 9.0 6.6 9.2
Lao PDR 15.1 5.0 11.7 -29.9
Kenya 16.4 15.8 -5.8 16.9 21.1
Dominican Republic 16.8 19.4 19.6 11.4 18.5
Bulgaria 17.3 10.5 97.5 -71.2 -12.0
Guinea 20.3 14.7 15.7
Paraguay 20.3 20.6 18.4 23.6 15.2
Gambia, The 20.5 20.3 15.8 33.5 18.9
Peru 23.1 20.5 19.0 21.7 24.8
Ecuador 25.2 47.9 52.2 33.7 55.4
Uruguay 36.2 36.9 47.1 31.1 37.4
Zimbabwe 40.3 30.8 23.2 36.5 94.7
Bolivia 44.1 35.5 39.8 42.0 30.2
Cabo Verde 56.2 13.8 12.6 13.0 12.9
Mongolia 130.8 46.2 69.6 49.6 51.0
Monaco
Isle of Man
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Moldova 7.7 18.5 23.9
Montenegro
Yemen, Rep. -3.9 8.1 28.9
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Kazakhstan
St. Martin (French part)
Mozambique 18.0
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 12.3 13.1 14.3 11.5
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Andorra
Nepal 4.7 6.8 9.5
Maldives
Faeroe Islands
Comoros
New Caledonia
Cambodia
New Zealand
Kyrgyz Republic 21.9 25.2 59.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sudan
Niger
Eritrea
Iraq
Northern Mariana Islands
Armenia -18.9 39.1 31.0 34.1
Guam
Mali
Kiribati
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Pakistan
Greenland
Palau
Liechtenstein
Georgia 10.8 40.6 26.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Djibouti
Libya
Marshall Islands
Somalia
Ghana
South Sudan
Curacao
Burkina Faso
Cuba
Brunei Darussalam 20.5
Timor-Leste
Brazil 65.5 78.8
Bermuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.3
Austria 6.1
Tunisia
Benin
Turkmenistan
Tajikistan 6.2 -19.7
Tuvalu
Azerbaijan
Puerto Rico
Togo
Qatar
Aruba 12.8 13.9 5.9 3.3
Cote d'Ivoire
Turkey
Russian Federation 72.3 69.3 14.8 19.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Rwanda 6.9 0.5 14.6
Uganda 9.9 15.0 17.7 11.1
Samoa
United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan
Angola -84.7 -94.2 -29.1 7.2
Afghanistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Haiti
Saudi Arabia
Vietnam 10.5 7.3 5.1
Senegal
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia 26.0
American Samoa
Croatia 18.0 7.8 7.0

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