Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.5 -53.4 -55.2 -47.2
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4 46.7
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5 -6.8
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4 8.5
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1 7.2
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3 13.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4 6.3
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8 19.4
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4 22.3
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4 18.8
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3 16.9
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0 11.4
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2 19.6
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9 20.5
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6 30.5
Bangladesh 16.6 17.9 17.6 18.9 21.7
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9 10.0
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6 33.2
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8 24.3
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3 20.9
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6 22.1
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4 15.2
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4 34.4
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5 37.8
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8 47.4
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9 30.3
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9 20.2
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2 49.9
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6 13.4
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0 21.0
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5 18.9
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9 51.9
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7 28.6
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5 32.4
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8 18.9
Peru 24.2 28.1 29.2 37.9 35.2
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0 42.3
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7 48.7
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5 23.6
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4 20.6
Iceland 28.1 29.9 36.5 39.8 41.9
New Zealand 28.5 27.1 27.6 26.5 22.5
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8 29.0
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7 82.0
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5 23.6
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5 45.7
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1 39.6
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2 41.7
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4 34.7
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9 55.3
United Kingdom 34.7 40.4 42.9 44.3 48.6
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3 46.6
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0 42.9
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9 42.5
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1 19.4
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6 44.8
Morocco 37.6 41.7 42.5 47.0 45.5
Ireland 38.2 36.3 56.2 57.0 58.6
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1 39.0
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2 48.1
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3 45.2
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4 31.5
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2 85.4
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8 47.3
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9 39.4
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3 43.1
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5 44.9
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7 79.2
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0 51.4
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7 59.9
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0 51.6
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2 50.8
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9 54.0
Australia 43.5 42.7 38.5 41.3 42.1
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0 49.9
Denmark 44.4 46.4 46.1 51.1 57.7
Finland 44.5 45.3 48.4 51.9 53.5
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6 53.2
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9 107.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4 75.3
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7 67.4
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4 51.0
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8 44.0
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9 49.2
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5 55.7
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2 50.0
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8 37.0
Norway 50.8 50.0 50.5 50.2 52.0
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1 55.2
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7 55.6
Sweden 51.8 56.2 56.7 97.2 99.4
Belgium 52.7 56.9 58.5 62.8 62.1
China 53.2 55.9 57.1 57.5 62.5
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4 71.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4 56.7
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3 33.8
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1 83.1
Greece 59.1 66.1 68.8 69.2 68.6
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0 82.5
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1 72.1
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2 97.0
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2 82.7
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2 76.9
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1 71.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2 101.7
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2 68.0
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5 111.0
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1 90.4
Portugal 77.3 86.5 92.1 94.3 96.6
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6 87.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4 107.0
Germany 85.1 88.7 90.9 92.8 93.8
Italy 86.0 82.6 83.4 82.0 82.3
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 85.1 82.0
Austria 88.7 91.9 92.6 94.1 98.1
Spain 89.8 97.6 103.4 95.8 95.5
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9 253.3
Switzerland 109.8 111.0 126.6 127.0 135.4
France 110.3 111.7 112.7 114.7 117.5
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8 124.1
Netherlands 121.4 123.7 128.5 132.9 134.7
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3 232.1
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0 214.6
Tuvalu
Monaco
American Samoa
Mongolia
Slovak Republic
Montenegro
Timor-Leste
Marshall Islands
Faeroe Islands
Mozambique
Moldova
Cuba
Taiwan, China
Namibia
Equatorial Guinea
Curacao
Bermuda
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Croatia
St. Martin (French part)
Bulgaria
West Bank and Gaza
Macedonia, FYR
Djibouti
Estonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China 55.1
Guinea-Bissau
Armenia
Tanzania
Comoros 15.8 16.6 20.4
Tonga
Northern Mariana Islands
Turkmenistan
Lithuania
Ukraine
Liechtenstein
Eritrea
Libya
Vietnam
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic
Slovenia
Aruba
Somalia
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Lebanon
Isle of Man
Latvia
Iraq
Poland
Hungary
Lao PDR
Brunei Darussalam
Puerto Rico
Haiti
Kyrgyz Republic
Guinea
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8 72.2
Tajikistan
Russian Federation
Guam
Angola
Greenland
Samoa 32.3 23.0 16.8
Georgia
San Marino
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Bhutan 6.6 3.1
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Albania
Serbia
French Polynesia
Cambodia
Uzbekistan
Kiribati
Ethiopia 21.9 23.8 24.7 28.7
Kazakhstan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia
Yemen, Rep.
Azerbaijan
Belarus

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