Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.6 -53.5 -55.4 -47.4
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4 46.7
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5 -6.8
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4 8.5
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1 7.2
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3 13.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4 6.3
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8 19.4
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4 22.3
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4 18.8
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3 16.9
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0 11.4
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2 19.6
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9 20.5
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6 30.5
Bangladesh 16.6 18.4 18.0 19.4 20.9
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9 10.0
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6 33.2
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8 24.3
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3 20.9
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6 22.1
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4 15.2
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4 34.4
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5 37.8
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8 47.4
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9 30.3
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9 20.2
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2 49.9
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6 13.4
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0 21.0
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5 18.9
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9 51.9
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7 28.6
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5 32.4
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8 18.9
Peru 24.2 28.1 29.2 37.9 35.2
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0 42.3
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7 48.7
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5 23.6
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4 20.6
Iceland 28.1 29.9 36.5 39.8 41.9
New Zealand 28.7 27.3 28.0 26.8 22.7
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8 29.0
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7 82.0
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5 23.6
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5 45.7
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1 39.6
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2 41.7
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4 34.7
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9 55.3
United Kingdom 34.6 40.5 43.0 44.5 48.8
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3 46.6
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0 42.9
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9 42.5
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1 19.4
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6 44.8
Morocco 37.6 41.7 42.5 47.0 45.5
Ireland 38.2 36.3 56.2 57.0 58.6
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1 39.0
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2 48.1
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3 45.2
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4 31.5
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2 85.4
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8 47.3
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9 39.4
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3 43.1
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5 44.9
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7 79.2
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0 51.4
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7 59.9
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0 51.6
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2 50.8
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9 54.0
Australia 43.5 42.7 38.5 41.3 42.1
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0 49.9
Denmark 44.4 46.4 46.1 51.1 57.7
Finland 44.5 45.3 48.4 51.9 53.5
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6 53.2
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9 107.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4 75.3
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7 67.4
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4 51.0
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8 44.0
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9 49.2
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5 55.7
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2 50.0
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8 37.0
Norway 51.4 50.6 51.1 50.9 52.8
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1 55.2
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7 55.6
Sweden 51.8 56.2 56.7 97.2 99.4
Belgium 52.7 56.9 58.5 62.8 62.1
China 53.3 56.0 57.2 57.6 62.6
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4 71.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4 56.7
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3 33.8
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1 83.1
Greece 59.1 66.1 68.8 69.2 68.6
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0 82.5
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1 72.1
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2 97.0
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2 82.7
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2 76.9
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1 71.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2 101.7
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2 68.0
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5 111.0
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1 90.4
Portugal 77.3 86.5 92.1 94.3 96.6
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6 87.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4 107.0
Germany 85.1 88.7 90.9 92.8 93.8
Italy 86.0 82.6 83.4 82.0 82.3
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 85.1 82.0
Austria 88.7 91.9 92.6 94.1 98.1
Spain 89.8 97.6 103.4 95.8 95.5
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9 253.3
Switzerland 109.8 111.0 126.6 127.0 135.4
France 110.3 111.7 112.7 114.7 117.5
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8 124.1
Netherlands 121.4 123.7 128.5 132.9 134.7
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3 232.1
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0 214.6
Haiti
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Kosovo
Slovenia
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Mongolia
South Sudan
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Mozambique
Samoa 32.3 23.0 16.8
Guinea
Estonia
West Bank and Gaza
Lithuania
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus
Somalia
Equatorial Guinea
Macao SAR, China 55.1
Croatia
New Caledonia
Andorra
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tajikistan
Liechtenstein
Curacao
French Polynesia
Marshall Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Kazakhstan
Kiribati
Serbia
Azerbaijan
Bhutan 6.6 3.1
Eritrea
Palau
Slovak Republic
Hungary
Angola
Bulgaria
Cuba
Guinea-Bissau
Djibouti
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
Comoros 15.8 16.6 20.4
Ethiopia 21.9 23.8 24.7 28.7
Isle of Man
Poland
Cayman Islands
Libya
Hong Kong SAR, China
Cambodia
Iraq
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tanzania
Georgia
Timor-Leste
Albania
Tonga
Macedonia, FYR
Czech Republic
Brunei Darussalam
Turkmenistan
Vietnam
Tuvalu
Lao PDR
Ukraine
Armenia
Guam
Puerto Rico
Aruba
Uzbekistan
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8 72.2
Greenland
Russian Federation
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Namibia
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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