Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.6 -53.5 -55.4
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6
Bangladesh 16.6 18.4 18.0 19.4
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4
Peru 20.7 23.7 25.0 33.5
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4
New Zealand 28.7 27.3 28.0 26.8
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8
Iceland 28.8 30.7 37.4 40.8
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9
United Kingdom 36.2 42.4 45.0 46.6
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1
Ireland 38.8 36.9 57.1 58.0
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7
Morocco 42.1 46.7 47.1 52.8
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9
Australia 43.4 42.6 38.5 41.2
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0
Finland 45.1 45.9 49.1 52.7
Denmark 45.1 47.2 46.8 51.9
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8
Norway 51.4 50.6 51.1 50.9
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7
China 53.3 56.0 57.2 57.6
Belgium 53.5 57.8 59.5 63.8
Sweden 53.9 58.4 58.9 101.0
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2
Greece 62.2 69.6 72.4 72.9
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1
Portugal 78.3 87.7 93.3 95.6
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4
Germany 87.7 91.3 93.6 95.6
Italy 89.0 85.5 86.3 84.8
Austria 89.4 92.6 93.3 94.8
Luxembourg 92.1 97.0 97.1 89.4
Spain 92.3 100.3 106.3 98.5
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9
France 112.4 114.0 115.1 117.1
Switzerland 115.8 117.0 133.6 133.9
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8
Netherlands 128.9 131.3 136.4 141.1
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0
San Marino
Moldova
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mongolia
Croatia
Montenegro
Serbia
Estonia
Somalia
Mozambique
Haiti
Eritrea
Iraq
Namibia
Djibouti
Cambodia
Czech Republic
Georgia
Slovenia
Kyrgyz Republic
South Sudan
Cuba
Kazakhstan
New Caledonia
Equatorial Guinea
Hong Kong SAR, China
Libya
Isle of Man
Belarus
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Ethiopia 22.4 24.3 25.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Bhutan 6.6
Kiribati
Hungary 103.3 100.9
Guam
Palau
Slovak Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Angola
Greenland
French Polynesia
Bulgaria
Liechtenstein
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guinea-Bissau
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Poland
Curacao
Albania
Andorra
Tajikistan
Macedonia, FYR
Turks and Caicos Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Tanzania
Lithuania
Timor-Leste
Lao PDR
Tonga
Armenia
Macao SAR, China
Samoa 36.2 25.8
Turkmenistan
Bermuda
Tuvalu
Vietnam
Ukraine
Comoros 15.8 16.6
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Aruba
Uzbekistan
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8
Guinea
Russian Federation
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Azerbaijan
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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