Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.6 -53.5 -55.4 -47.4
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4 46.7
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9 10.0
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4 8.5
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1 7.2
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5 -6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4 6.3
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3 13.5
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8 19.4
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4 22.3
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0 11.4
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3 16.9
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6 33.2
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4 15.2
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9 20.5
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8 24.3
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6 13.4
Bangladesh 16.6 18.4 18.0 19.4 20.9
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4 18.8
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0 21.0
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7 28.6
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3 20.9
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2 19.6
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5 18.9
Ethiopia 21.9 23.8 24.7 28.7
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4 20.6
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2 49.9
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6 22.1
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5 23.6
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8 18.9
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0 42.3
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4 34.4
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5 37.8
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9 20.2
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5 32.4
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6 30.5
New Zealand 28.7 27.3 28.0 26.8 22.7
Peru 24.2 28.1 29.2 37.9 35.2
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8 29.0
Iceland 28.1 29.9 36.5 39.8 41.9
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5 23.6
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1 39.6
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8 47.4
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9 30.3
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7 48.7
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5 45.7
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7 82.0
Ireland 38.2 36.3 56.2 57.0 58.6
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1 19.4
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3 46.6
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9 42.5
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4 34.7
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9 55.3
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9 51.9
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6 44.8
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4 31.5
United Kingdom 34.6 40.5 43.0 44.5 48.8
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8 47.3
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1 39.0
Morocco 37.6 41.7 42.5 47.0 45.5
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5 44.9
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0 42.9
Australia 43.5 42.7 38.5 41.3 42.1
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2 48.1
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9 39.4
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2 85.4
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3 43.1
Finland 44.5 45.3 48.4 51.9 53.5
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0 51.4
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3 45.2
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2 50.8
Denmark 44.4 46.4 46.1 51.1 57.7
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2 50.0
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3 33.8
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8 44.0
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2 41.7
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7 59.9
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0 49.9
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8 37.0
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6 53.2
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5 55.7
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0 51.6
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9 49.2
Norway 51.4 50.6 51.1 50.9 52.8
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7 55.6
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9 107.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4 56.7
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1 55.2
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7 67.4
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9 54.0
China 53.3 56.0 57.2 57.6 62.6
Sweden 51.8 56.2 56.7 97.2 99.4
Belgium 52.7 56.9 58.5 62.8 62.1
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2 82.7
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4 71.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4 75.3
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1 83.1
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0 82.5
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2 97.0
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5 111.0
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4 51.0
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1 72.1
Greece 59.1 66.1 68.8 69.2 68.6
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7 79.2
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1 71.1
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2 68.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8 72.2
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2 76.9
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2 101.7
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1 90.4
Italy 86.0 82.6 83.4 82.0 82.3
Portugal 77.3 86.5 92.1 94.3 96.6
Germany 85.1 88.7 90.9 92.8 93.8
Austria 88.7 91.9 92.6 94.1 98.1
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 85.1 82.0
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6 87.4
Spain 89.8 97.6 103.4 95.8 95.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4 107.0
Switzerland 109.8 111.0 126.6 127.0 135.4
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8 124.1
France 110.3 111.7 112.7 114.7 117.5
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9 253.3
Netherlands 121.4 123.7 128.5 132.9 134.7
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3 232.1
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0 214.6
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
Mongolia
Albania
Montenegro
Cambodia
Czech Republic
Tuvalu
Mozambique
Slovenia
Marshall Islands
Eritrea
Namibia
Cuba
Azerbaijan
Greenland
Bhutan 6.6 3.1
Georgia
New Caledonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Comoros 15.8 16.6 20.4
Somalia
Bulgaria
Hungary
Bermuda
Haiti
Macedonia, FYR
Guinea-Bissau
Northern Mariana Islands
Tanzania
Macao SAR, China 55.1
Tonga
Lithuania
Turkmenistan
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Palau
Curacao
Libya
Moldova
Lao PDR
Slovak Republic
Aruba
Iraq
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Equatorial Guinea
Kyrgyz Republic
Croatia
Poland
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
Puerto Rico
Djibouti
Armenia
Angola
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guinea
Russian Federation
Tajikistan
Kiribati
Guam
Samoa 32.3 23.0 16.8
Estonia
San Marino
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Brunei Darussalam
Kazakhstan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Ukraine
American Samoa
Serbia
Belarus
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
Vietnam
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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