Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.5 -53.4 -55.2 -47.2
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5 -6.8
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4 8.5
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4 6.3
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9 10.0
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4 15.2
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6 33.2
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0 11.4
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3 13.5
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6 13.4
Comoros 15.8 16.6 20.4
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3 16.9
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4 22.3
Bangladesh 16.6 17.9 17.6 18.9 21.7
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8 19.4
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4 46.7
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8 24.3
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4 18.8
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9 20.5
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8 18.9
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2 19.6
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3 20.9
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0 21.0
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5 18.9
Ethiopia 21.9 23.8 24.7 28.7
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2 49.9
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6 22.1
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9 20.2
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5 23.6
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4 20.6
New Zealand 28.5 27.1 27.6 26.5 22.5
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7 28.6
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9 30.3
Peru 24.2 28.1 29.2 37.9 35.2
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5 32.4
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4 34.4
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5 37.8
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0 42.3
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5 23.6
Samoa 32.3 23.0 16.8
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4 31.5
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1 39.6
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3 33.8
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6 30.5
Iceland 28.1 29.9 36.5 39.8 41.9
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5 45.7
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1 39.0
Australia 43.5 42.7 38.5 41.3 42.1
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1 19.4
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4 34.7
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8 47.4
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3 46.6
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6 44.8
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9 42.5
Morocco 37.6 41.7 42.5 47.0 45.5
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7 82.0
United Kingdom 34.7 40.4 42.9 44.3 48.6
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9 55.3
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3 43.1
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7 48.7
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3 45.2
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2 41.7
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0 42.9
Denmark 44.4 46.4 46.1 51.1 57.7
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5 44.9
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8 47.3
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9 39.4
Finland 44.5 45.3 48.4 51.9 53.5
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2 50.8
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9 49.2
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2 48.1
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8 44.0
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2 50.0
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8 37.0
Norway 50.8 50.0 50.5 50.2 52.0
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9 54.0
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8 29.0
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9 51.9
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0 51.6
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7 59.9
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0 51.4
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5 55.7
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1 55.2
Ireland 38.2 36.3 56.2 57.0 58.6
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6 53.2
Sweden 51.8 56.2 56.7 97.2 99.4
China 53.2 55.9 57.1 57.5 62.5
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7 55.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4 56.7
Belgium 52.7 56.9 58.5 62.8 62.1
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7 67.4
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7 79.2
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4 71.4
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0 49.9
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0 82.5
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1 71.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4 75.3
Greece 59.1 66.1 68.8 69.2 68.6
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8 72.2
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2 68.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1 83.1
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2 82.7
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5 111.0
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2 97.0
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4 51.0
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1 72.1
Italy 86.0 82.6 83.4 82.0 82.3
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1 90.4
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2 76.9
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9 107.4
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2 101.7
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2 85.4
Germany 85.1 88.7 90.9 92.8 93.8
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6 87.4
Portugal 77.3 86.5 92.1 94.3 96.6
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 85.1 82.0
Austria 88.7 91.9 92.6 94.1 98.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4 107.0
Spain 89.8 97.6 103.4 95.8 95.5
France 110.3 111.7 112.7 114.7 117.5
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8 124.1
Switzerland 109.8 111.0 126.6 127.0 135.4
Netherlands 121.4 123.7 128.5 132.9 134.7
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3 232.1
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9 253.3
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0 214.6
Lithuania
Eritrea
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mozambique
Czech Republic
Guinea-Bissau
Serbia
Namibia
Somalia
Guinea
Brunei Darussalam
West Bank and Gaza
Haiti
New Caledonia
Azerbaijan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lao PDR
Libya
Slovenia
Cambodia
South Sudan
Guam
Equatorial Guinea
Northern Mariana Islands
Djibouti
Greenland
Kiribati
Bhutan 6.6 3.1
American Samoa
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sao Tome and Principe
Palau
Hungary
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
Bulgaria
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Slovak Republic
Lebanon
Estonia
Georgia
Kyrgyz Republic
Poland
Marshall Islands
Tajikistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Aruba
Angola
Armenia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China 55.1
Andorra
Taiwan, China
Kazakhstan
Tanzania
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
Belarus
Tonga
Latvia
Cuba
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
French Polynesia
Ukraine
Iraq
Croatia
San Marino
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Moldova
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Mongolia
Yemen, Rep.
Montenegro
Albania

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