Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.6 -53.5 -55.4 -47.4
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5 -6.8
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4 8.5
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4 6.3
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9 10.0
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4 15.2
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6 33.2
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0 11.4
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3 13.5
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6 13.4
Comoros 15.8 16.6 20.4
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3 16.9
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4 22.3
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8 19.4
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4 46.7
Bangladesh 16.6 18.4 18.0 19.4 20.9
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8 24.3
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4 18.8
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9 20.5
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8 18.9
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2 19.6
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3 20.9
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0 21.0
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5 18.9
Ethiopia 21.9 23.8 24.7 28.7
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2 49.9
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6 22.1
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9 20.2
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5 23.6
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4 20.6
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7 28.6
New Zealand 28.7 27.3 28.0 26.8 22.7
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9 30.3
Peru 24.2 28.1 29.2 37.9 35.2
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5 32.4
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4 34.4
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5 37.8
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0 42.3
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5 23.6
Samoa 32.3 23.0 16.8
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4 31.5
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1 39.6
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3 33.8
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6 30.5
Iceland 28.1 29.9 36.5 39.8 41.9
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5 45.7
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1 39.0
Australia 43.5 42.7 38.5 41.3 42.1
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1 19.4
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4 34.7
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8 47.4
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3 46.6
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6 44.8
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9 42.5
Morocco 37.6 41.7 42.5 47.0 45.5
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7 82.0
United Kingdom 34.6 40.5 43.0 44.5 48.8
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9 55.3
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3 43.1
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7 48.7
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3 45.2
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2 41.7
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0 42.9
Denmark 44.4 46.4 46.1 51.1 57.7
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5 44.9
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8 47.3
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9 39.4
Finland 44.5 45.3 48.4 51.9 53.5
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2 50.8
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9 49.2
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2 48.1
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8 44.0
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2 50.0
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8 37.0
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9 54.0
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8 29.0
Norway 51.4 50.6 51.1 50.9 52.8
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9 51.9
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0 51.6
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7 59.9
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0 51.4
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5 55.7
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1 55.2
Ireland 38.2 36.3 56.2 57.0 58.6
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6 53.2
Sweden 51.8 56.2 56.7 97.2 99.4
China 53.3 56.0 57.2 57.6 62.6
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7 55.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4 56.7
Belgium 52.7 56.9 58.5 62.8 62.1
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7 67.4
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7 79.2
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4 71.4
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0 49.9
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0 82.5
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1 71.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4 75.3
Greece 59.1 66.1 68.8 69.2 68.6
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8 72.2
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2 68.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1 83.1
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2 82.7
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5 111.0
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2 97.0
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4 51.0
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1 72.1
Italy 86.0 82.6 83.4 82.0 82.3
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1 90.4
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2 76.9
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9 107.4
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2 101.7
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2 85.4
Germany 85.1 88.7 90.9 92.8 93.8
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6 87.4
Portugal 77.3 86.5 92.1 94.3 96.6
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 85.1 82.0
Austria 88.7 91.9 92.6 94.1 98.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4 107.0
Spain 89.8 97.6 103.4 95.8 95.5
France 110.3 111.7 112.7 114.7 117.5
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8 124.1
Switzerland 109.8 111.0 126.6 127.0 135.4
Netherlands 121.4 123.7 128.5 132.9 134.7
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3 232.1
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9 253.3
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0 214.6
Marshall Islands
Kosovo
Montenegro
Belarus
Macao SAR, China 55.1
Cayman Islands
Mozambique
Mongolia
Moldova
Estonia
Namibia
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kyrgyz Republic
French Polynesia
Vietnam
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kazakhstan
Slovak Republic
Isle of Man
Lithuania
Iraq
Equatorial Guinea
Azerbaijan
Macedonia, FYR
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Hungary
Albania
Aruba
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hong Kong SAR, China
Lao PDR
Palau
Serbia
Haiti
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic
Slovenia
Andorra
Somalia
Kiribati
South Sudan
Tajikistan
Eritrea
Bermuda
Brunei Darussalam
Armenia
Djibouti
Guinea-Bissau
Curacao
Guinea
Cuba
Poland
Croatia
Liechtenstein
Tanzania
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Tonga
Guam
Bhutan 6.6 3.1
Greenland
Turkmenistan
Russian Federation
Tuvalu
West Bank and Gaza
Ukraine
Libya
Cambodia
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
San Marino
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Bulgaria
Angola
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Georgia
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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