Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.6 -53.5 -55.4 -47.4
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5 -6.8
Bhutan 6.6 3.1
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1 7.2
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4 8.5
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0 11.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4 6.3
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6 13.4
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3 13.5
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9 10.0
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4 15.2
Comoros 15.8 16.6 20.4
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3 16.9
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5 18.9
Bangladesh 16.6 18.4 18.0 19.4 20.9
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9 20.5
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4 22.3
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4 18.8
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6 22.1
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8 18.9
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0 21.0
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2 19.6
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3 20.9
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8 19.4
Samoa 32.3 23.0 16.8
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8 24.3
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6 33.2
Ethiopia 21.9 23.8 24.7 28.7
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9 20.2
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4 20.6
New Zealand 28.7 27.3 28.0 26.8 22.7
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5 23.6
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5 23.6
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9 30.3
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7 28.6
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2 49.9
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6 30.5
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4 34.4
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4 31.5
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5 32.4
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5 37.8
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1 39.6
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4 46.7
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3 33.8
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0 42.3
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1 39.0
Peru 24.2 28.1 29.2 37.9 35.2
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8 29.0
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1 19.4
Iceland 28.1 29.9 36.5 39.8 41.9
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4 34.7
Australia 43.5 42.7 38.5 41.3 42.1
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5 45.7
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6 44.8
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9 42.5
United Kingdom 34.6 40.5 43.0 44.5 48.8
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3 46.6
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5 44.9
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8 47.3
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2 41.7
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2 48.1
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3 43.1
Morocco 37.6 41.7 42.5 47.0 45.5
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8 37.0
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8 47.4
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0 42.9
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7 48.7
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8 44.0
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2 50.0
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9 49.2
Norway 51.4 50.6 51.1 50.9 52.8
Denmark 44.4 46.4 46.1 51.1 57.7
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3 45.2
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9 54.0
Finland 44.5 45.3 48.4 51.9 53.5
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9 51.9
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0 51.6
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9 39.4
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9 55.3
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0 49.9
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0 51.4
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5 55.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1 55.2
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6 53.2
Ireland 38.2 36.3 56.2 57.0 58.6
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2 50.8
China 53.3 56.0 57.2 57.6 62.6
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7 55.6
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7 59.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4 56.7
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7 82.0
Belgium 52.7 56.9 58.5 62.8 62.1
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7 67.4
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4 71.4
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1 71.1
Greece 59.1 66.1 68.8 69.2 68.6
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2 68.0
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8 72.2
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7 79.2
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0 82.5
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1 72.1
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1 83.1
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2 82.7
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4 51.0
Italy 86.0 82.6 83.4 82.0 82.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4 75.3
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2 85.4
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2 97.0
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 85.1 82.0
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9 107.4
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6 87.4
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1 90.4
Germany 85.1 88.7 90.9 92.8 93.8
Austria 88.7 91.9 92.6 94.1 98.1
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2 76.9
Portugal 77.3 86.5 92.1 94.3 96.6
Spain 89.8 97.6 103.4 95.8 95.5
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2 101.7
Sweden 51.8 56.2 56.7 97.2 99.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4 107.0
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5 111.0
France 110.3 111.7 112.7 114.7 117.5
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8 124.1
Switzerland 109.8 111.0 126.6 127.0 135.4
Netherlands 121.4 123.7 128.5 132.9 134.7
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3 232.1
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0 214.6
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9 253.3
Monaco
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Mongolia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mozambique
Georgia
Faeroe Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Namibia
Kosovo
Macao SAR, China 55.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Moldova
Albania
New Caledonia
Croatia
Belarus
Iraq
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Macedonia, FYR
Estonia
Tajikistan
Eritrea
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Equatorial Guinea
American Samoa
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
Cayman Islands
Slovak Republic
Vietnam
Marshall Islands
Serbia
Isle of Man
Brunei Darussalam
Lao PDR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Slovenia
Lithuania
Somalia
Bulgaria
South Sudan
Palau
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Cambodia
Djibouti
Angola
Czech Republic
Poland
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Tanzania
Kazakhstan
Timor-Leste
Libya
Tonga
Bermuda
Haiti
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Aruba
Tuvalu
Armenia
Ukraine
Guinea
Kiribati
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Uzbekistan
Curacao
Hungary
Cuba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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