Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Saudi Arabia -26.6 -44.6 -53.5 -55.4
Botswana 1.3 9.6 5.1 0.5
Bhutan 6.6
Oman 6.6 5.6 7.5 8.1
Rwanda 3.2 4.1 6.3 8.4
Burkina Faso 14.2 14.4 13.6 12.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.2 9.7 12.8 13.4
Chad 22.3 18.3 15.2 13.6
Indonesia 8.2 10.3 14.2 14.3
Bahrain 16.7 4.0 12.9 15.9
Gabon 19.6 16.6 13.2 16.4
Comoros 15.8 16.6
Ecuador 14.2 14.5 15.9 17.3
Ghana 22.6 21.5 21.9 18.5
Bangladesh 16.6 18.4 18.0 19.4
Niger 15.9 17.3 19.8 19.9
United Arab Emirates 12.8 12.5 16.3 21.4
Burundi 13.6 18.8 19.4 21.4
Papua New Guinea 19.1 23.7 26.0 21.6
Central African Republic 23.8 24.8 20.4 21.8
Congo, Rep. 22.3 18.8 21.9 22.0
Swaziland 15.8 21.1 20.7 22.2
Paraguay 18.8 19.7 21.2 22.3
Qatar 10.4 11.8 17.7 22.8
Nepal 17.3 17.6 19.4 23.8
Uganda 16.9 16.1 13.4 24.6
Solomon Islands 21.8 26.2 26.2 24.9
Ethiopia 22.4 24.3 25.1
Samoa 36.2 25.8
Vanuatu 27.0 22.3 26.7 26.4
New Zealand 28.7 27.3 28.0 26.8
Cameroon 26.8 24.7 26.7 27.5
Togo 29.8 30.1 31.5 27.5
Cabo Verde 21.8 30.9 28.8 29.9
Benin 23.5 19.5 27.8 31.7
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.3 24.7 32.2
Lesotho 16.4 26.8 35.8 32.6
Seychelles 20.3 25.6 30.2 33.4
Sudan 39.5 39.6 33.2 33.4
Fiji 23.7 26.5 30.0 33.5
Peru 20.7 23.7 25.0 33.5
Guatemala 21.0 26.1 30.4 33.5
Turkey 30.9 30.5 33.9 35.1
Trinidad and Tobago -4.6 -1.5 18.0 35.4
Costa Rica 57.1 47.4 34.3 36.3
Malta 24.7 25.5 30.7 37.0
Madagascar 38.5 41.3 38.0 37.1
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 51.1 38.8
Mali 36.5 36.5 39.2 39.1
Malawi 33.1 38.0 39.8 40.4
Iceland 28.8 30.7 37.4 40.8
Australia 43.4 42.6 38.5 41.2
Colombia 30.8 33.6 37.0 41.5
India 37.0 38.4 41.7 41.6
Mauritania 36.0 37.9 42.3 41.9
Honduras 35.5 36.5 40.6 45.3
Korea, Rep. 40.9 42.5 46.3 45.5
Grenada 40.1 40.9 47.6 45.8
Argentina 33.0 48.4 46.0 46.2
Kenya 38.9 42.8 49.1 46.2
Senegal 40.8 44.0 44.7 46.3
United Kingdom 36.2 42.4 45.0 46.6
Sri Lanka 50.0 49.0 50.3 47.8
Nigeria 21.3 30.5 40.1 47.8
Sierra Leone 35.8 42.7 46.0 49.0
Belize 26.8 32.8 45.0 49.7
Bahamas, The 47.4 48.2 49.4 49.8
Pakistan 48.8 46.6 49.5 50.2
Dominica 47.8 50.5 48.6 50.9
Norway 51.4 50.6 51.1 50.9
Cote d'Ivoire 39.3 45.4 45.0 51.3
Denmark 45.1 47.2 46.8 51.9
El Salvador 43.3 54.7 50.9 51.9
Finland 45.1 45.9 49.1 52.7
Morocco 42.1 46.7 47.1 52.8
Kuwait 23.2 38.4 51.2 52.9
Barbados 42.9 50.4 51.2 53.0
Philippines 40.6 43.4 47.6 53.9
Liberia 33.2 38.2 44.6 54.9
Mexico 43.8 48.7 66.1 55.0
Dominican Republic 42.5 45.3 51.8 55.0
Mauritius 48.5 49.6 51.9 55.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.7 73.2 69.5 55.6
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 52.9 53.1 56.1
Venezuela, RB 46.0 49.2 56.4 56.6
Brazil 43.0 45.9 48.4 57.2
China 53.3 56.0 57.2 57.6
St. Lucia 51.8 51.2 58.0 57.7
Myanmar 42.6 48.6 51.7 57.7
Ireland 38.8 36.9 57.1 58.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.8 51.4 58.3 58.4
Suriname 29.6 34.5 42.5 62.7
Belgium 53.5 57.8 59.5 63.8
Gambia, The 47.1 54.1 58.9 65.7
Tunisia 54.4 59.4 64.7 68.4
Panama 65.3 70.1 67.6 69.1
Cyprus 71.6 72.0 69.4 70.2
Romania 73.6 69.3 70.8
Greece 62.2 69.6 72.4 72.9
Singapore 41.2 66.6 59.4 75.7
Thailand 60.3 61.2 67.4 76.0
Zambia 60.8 65.0 80.9 76.1
Jordan 57.2 61.0 70.4 76.1
Algeria 61.6 58.7 70.9 78.2
Maldives 47.3 64.9 79.9 80.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.1 60.4 68.2 82.4
Uruguay 39.9 43.8 89.9 83.2
Syrian Arab Republic 60.9 62.4 74.0 83.2
Italy 89.0 85.5 86.3 84.8
Chile 47.0 51.2 88.4 86.9
Canada 82.2 93.5 91.1 87.6
South Africa 76.4 82.2 83.7 88.1
Luxembourg 92.1 97.0 97.1 89.4
Jamaica 62.5 75.1 87.1 94.2
Austria 89.4 92.6 93.3 94.8
Germany 87.7 91.3 93.6 95.6
Portugal 78.3 87.7 93.3 95.6
Malaysia 68.2 80.2 89.3 96.2
Spain 92.3 100.3 106.3 98.5
Hungary 103.3 100.9
Sweden 53.9 58.4 58.9 101.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 83.2 99.6 102.1 104.4
Nicaragua 73.5 64.0 72.0 111.5
France 112.4 114.0 115.1 117.1
United States 116.2 111.4 118.0 122.8
Switzerland 115.8 117.0 133.6 133.9
Netherlands 128.9 131.3 136.4 141.1
Israel 135.2 138.3 158.8 183.3
Japan 185.7 191.2 201.0 210.0
Guyana 101.7 118.4 180.1 226.9
Mongolia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Mozambique
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faeroe Islands
Georgia
Montenegro
Guinea-Bissau
Namibia
Kosovo
Macao SAR, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Uzbekistan
New Caledonia
Croatia
Belarus
Iraq
Moldova
French Polynesia
Estonia
Tajikistan
Eritrea
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Equatorial Guinea
American Samoa
Afghanistan 12.9 16.3
Cayman Islands
Slovak Republic
Macedonia, FYR
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Serbia
Isle of Man
Brunei Darussalam
Lao PDR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Slovenia
Lithuania
Somalia
Bulgaria
South Sudan
Palau
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Cambodia
Djibouti
Angola
Czech Republic
Poland
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Tanzania
Kazakhstan
Timor-Leste
Libya
Tonga
Bermuda
Haiti
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Aruba
Tuvalu
Armenia
Ukraine
San Marino
Kiribati
Sao Tome and Principe
Guinea
Vietnam
Albania
Curacao
Cuba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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