Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Saudi Arabia -45.8 -18.4 1.2 10.2 15.9
Botswana -18.4 -36.8 -45.6 -40.5 -40.0
Bahrain 4.2 7.5 20.2 1.6 -5.8
Bhutan 5.5 2.8 -5.6 -5.7 -0.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.6 7.4 6.7 9.9 11.2
Rwanda 9.5 10.3 12.5 14.5 16.4
Bolivia 9.9 5.7 13.8 15.4 19.0
Burkina Faso 11.2 11.1 10.2 10.4 12.2
Oman 13.6 22.4 19.2 22.2 19.1
Comoros 14.2 13.7 14.7 16.8 19.3
Chad 14.3 22.0 22.2 16.1 12.5
Central African Republic 14.6 14.6 14.0 12.9 13.0
Indonesia 16.2 21.0 24.4 28.7 35.2
Burundi 18.0 17.6 17.7 19.7 17.0
Paraguay 18.1 17.3 15.7 16.0 14.3
Swaziland 18.5 18.5 15.4 14.5 11.2
Vanuatu 18.7 26.1 19.6 21.8 26.8
Samoa 19.4 16.1 14.1 5.4 -0.8
Niger 19.8 20.3 17.8 17.7 16.4
Togo 19.8 27.5 27.1 26.0 19.2
Ecuador 20.3 18.3 18.0 18.6 13.3
Gabon 21.0 32.3 40.8 31.7 28.2
Mali 21.5 24.9 23.5 17.4 17.0
Bangladesh 21.6 20.9 20.7 21.1 23.5
Cameroon 22.2 24.5 20.5 26.5 30.0
Congo, Rep. 22.7 34.0 28.8 30.9 30.3
Ghana 23.5 24.0 28.2 20.6 21.2
Peru 24.1 22.1 26.2 26.1 19.6
Qatar 24.8 40.6 41.9 37.3 43.5
Papua New Guinea 25.2 28.7 26.7 28.2 33.6
United Arab Emirates 26.6 32.2 28.8 31.0 29.2
Ethiopia 26.6 28.1 29.2 31.4 33.5
Solomon Islands 27.0 25.8 23.3 23.1 25.3
Nepal 27.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 28.3
New Zealand 30.8 32.0 34.1 77.0 77.9
Costa Rica 30.8 30.1 29.3 26.9 24.0
Sudan 31.3 32.1 31.1 23.2 24.6
Benin 32.1 30.4 29.1 29.8 21.1
Lesotho 32.3 35.5 39.9 43.7 43.7
Argentina 32.6 32.9 47.6 42.7 80.1
Cabo Verde 32.7 32.2 33.3 32.9 36.5
Fiji 33.4 32.3 36.9 31.0 35.9
Malawi 34.5 36.3 32.1 22.3 21.8
Philippines 35.0 28.0 21.7 19.7 20.7
Seychelles 37.0 39.9 40.5 46.2 49.6
Uganda 38.2 20.0
Mauritania 38.4 35.9 35.1 34.7 39.5
Dominican Republic 38.4 42.1 39.6 34.7 36.5
Madagascar 38.9 37.0 32.1 25.6 22.7
Guatemala 39.4 30.6 30.7 30.2 29.1
Turkey 39.9 29.8 29.7 23.4 21.0
Iceland 41.5 35.6 39.0 44.6 51.4
Senegal 41.6 38.1 36.8 40.1 36.7
Sri Lanka 41.7 41.2 43.2 48.6 40.8
Cote d'Ivoire 42.1 42.9 45.7 47.7 44.2
Bahamas, The 42.3 44.0 49.4 52.9 54.3
Colombia 42.5 30.8 29.6
Malta 43.0 50.8 58.7 62.4 70.8
Nigeria 43.4 48.7 36.0 34.3 20.1
Morocco 45.1 42.3 44.7 41.6 43.2
Honduras 46.4 47.6 50.2 49.1 49.0
India 46.7 49.5 50.1 49.8 51.4
Korea, Rep. 47.3 46.3 45.6 42.4 46.2
Equatorial Guinea 47.8 54.6 44.0 39.2 43.0
Kenya 48.8 50.9 50.7 48.4 46.8
Barbados 49.3 47.8 50.9 55.0 54.9
Djibouti 49.5 47.6 46.2 46.0
Belize 49.5 41.2 37.6 30.6 28.0
Australia 49.6 53.2 54.8 57.1 70.5
Mexico 49.9 64.5 58.7 38.5 39.7
Grenada 50.1 56.0 55.9 57.8 60.2
Dominica 50.4 44.5 36.3 34.7 46.0
Trinidad and Tobago 50.5 59.2 66.8 69.2 67.3
Brazil 50.9 165.5 212.9
United Kingdom 50.9 55.3 88.1 96.1 109.7
Kuwait 51.5 73.9 75.7 93.4 78.2
Pakistan 52.1 55.5 57.8 53.1 51.3
Venezuela, RB 52.2 56.9 51.5 54.8 37.4
Norway 53.6 59.8 69.6 68.4 68.4
Maldives 54.8 49.1 37.8 28.1 33.4
Antigua and Barbuda 55.3 53.1 60.5 59.7 61.6
Ireland 56.5 55.9 53.4 52.6 51.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.3 48.7 50.2 47.9 53.5
Finland 57.6 59.7 65.0 74.0 76.1
Mauritius 58.9 54.6 47.4 47.1 45.7
Sierra Leone 59.2 48.1 23.5 22.4 21.1
Zambia 59.7 45.0 32.7 66.4 73.2
Gambia, The 60.0 28.3 13.2 13.5 10.0
Denmark 60.5 65.3 59.4 60.5 63.5
El Salvador 61.3 32.5 30.7 30.9 34.1
St. Lucia 62.7 57.7 59.5 62.2 68.9
Belgium 62.9 65.4 66.0 67.3 70.5
Liberia 63.4 69.5 69.6 81.3 123.9
Myanmar 63.7 78.9 67.7 69.0 37.6
Zimbabwe 65.5 67.0 74.2 64.1 88.8
China 65.8 77.3 80.5 76.7 79.4
Jamaica 66.7 66.2 54.4 55.8 54.6
Macao SAR, China 68.8 64.3 57.2 62.2 65.6
Panama 69.3 68.7 67.6 66.1 65.4
Greece 71.3 71.1 86.5 84.7 88.0
Cyprus 71.6 71.7 75.7 107.1 104.5
Singapore 73.8 74.6 73.7 65.5 60.1
Tunisia 76.6 82.0 61.2 59.2 66.4
Uruguay 79.3 64.8 49.3 53.4 51.8
Luxembourg 80.4 83.9 86.8 89.9 90.6
Romania 81.5 83.1 91.5 94.9 101.3
Italy 83.6 82.7 82.0 81.3 83.7
Thailand 84.5 85.3 86.2 84.1 86.7
Algeria 85.0 93.3 95.2 99.4 90.6
France 85.0 87.3 90.0 92.6 94.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 81.2 59.2 69.7 79.3
Canada 87.8 89.9 90.1 92.3 96.7
Jordan 88.5 81.8 95.8 112.2 114.7
Portugal 90.1 82.6 78.3 73.8 66.2
Nicaragua 91.2 62.0 55.2 77.7 46.8
Germany 95.0 93.1 93.9 94.1 92.9
South Africa 96.8 94.9 93.5 94.4 93.6
Spain 98.0 95.8 98.3 101.2 101.8
Sweden 98.1 108.4 97.3 106.6 112.5
Austria 100.2 103.5 109.8 113.6 115.6
Suriname 104.4 130.0 145.4 150.8 151.0
Syrian Arab Republic 106.9 97.3 83.5 68.2 64.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 109.1 110.9 97.0 97.5 98.6
Chile 114.7 108.4 97.1 83.1 73.9
Malaysia 116.5 138.8 133.7 129.5 136.2
United States 134.0 143.1 145.2 144.1 147.4
Switzerland 137.8 138.4 145.6 150.4 158.1
Netherlands 140.7 78.0 80.6 98.5 97.8
Israel 175.2 130.8 123.3 121.4 114.2
Japan 216.9 226.8 240.3 248.0 254.3
Guyana 289.5 304.1 251.3 334.0 299.1
Azerbaijan
Greenland
Mozambique 16.9
Kazakhstan
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.5 72.4 76.4 74.5
Lithuania
Namibia
Slovak Republic
Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Mongolia
Tajikistan
New Caledonia
Montenegro
Georgia
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 29.8 24.6 29.3
Guam
Haiti
Bulgaria
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Belarus
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Estonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Eritrea
Aruba
Palau
Monaco
Libya
Marshall Islands
Vietnam
Czech Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Iraq
Slovenia
Curacao
Somalia
Poland
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Brunei Darussalam
Puerto Rico
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba
Bermuda
Afghanistan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Russian Federation
Moldova
Croatia
Hungary
Armenia
Tanzania 23.7 26.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Timor-Leste
Angola
Tonga 30.2
Andorra
Kiribati
San Marino
Turkmenistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
West Bank and Gaza
Ukraine
Macedonia, FYR
American Samoa
Serbia
Lao PDR 6.3
Uzbekistan
Cambodia
Albania
Kyrgyz Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 69.9 109.5

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