Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Botswana -18.4 -36.8 -45.6 -40.5 -40.0
Saudi Arabia -45.8 -18.4 1.2 10.2 15.9
Bhutan 5.5 2.8 -5.6 -5.7 -0.6
Bolivia 9.9 5.7 13.8 15.4 19.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.6 7.4 6.7 9.9 11.2
Bahrain 4.2 7.5 20.2 1.6 -5.8
Rwanda 9.5 10.3 12.5 14.5 16.4
Burkina Faso 11.2 11.1 10.2 10.4 12.2
Comoros 14.2 13.7 14.7 16.8 19.3
Central African Republic 14.6 14.6 14.0 12.9 13.0
Samoa 19.4 16.1 14.1 5.4 -0.8
Paraguay 18.1 17.3 15.7 16.0 14.3
Burundi 18.0 17.6 17.7 19.7 17.0
Ecuador 20.3 18.3 18.0 18.6 13.3
Swaziland 18.5 18.5 15.4 14.5 11.2
Uganda 38.2 20.0
Niger 19.8 20.3 17.8 17.7 16.4
Bangladesh 21.6 20.9 20.7 21.1 23.5
Indonesia 16.2 21.0 24.4 28.7 35.2
Chad 14.3 22.0 22.2 16.1 12.5
Peru 24.1 22.1 26.2 26.1 19.6
Oman 13.6 22.4 19.2 22.2 19.1
Ghana 23.5 24.0 28.2 20.6 21.2
Cameroon 22.2 24.5 20.5 26.5 30.0
Mali 21.5 24.9 23.5 17.4 17.0
Solomon Islands 27.0 25.8 23.3 23.1 25.3
Vanuatu 18.7 26.1 19.6 21.8 26.8
Nepal 27.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 28.3
Togo 19.8 27.5 27.1 26.0 19.2
Philippines 35.0 28.0 21.7 19.7 20.7
Ethiopia 26.6 28.1 29.2 31.4 33.5
Gambia, The 60.0 28.3 13.2 13.5 10.0
Papua New Guinea 25.2 28.7 26.7 28.2 33.6
Turkey 39.9 29.8 29.7 23.4 21.0
Costa Rica 30.8 30.1 29.3 26.9 24.0
Benin 32.1 30.4 29.1 29.8 21.1
Guatemala 39.4 30.6 30.7 30.2 29.1
New Zealand 30.8 32.0 34.1 77.0 77.9
Sudan 31.3 32.1 31.1 23.2 24.6
United Arab Emirates 26.6 32.2 28.8 31.0 29.2
Cabo Verde 32.7 32.2 33.3 32.9 36.5
Gabon 21.0 32.3 40.8 31.7 28.2
Fiji 33.4 32.3 36.9 31.0 35.9
El Salvador 61.3 32.5 30.7 30.9 34.1
Argentina 32.6 32.9 47.6 42.7 80.1
Congo, Rep. 22.7 34.0 28.8 30.9 30.3
Lesotho 32.3 35.5 39.9 43.7 43.7
Iceland 41.5 35.6 39.0 44.6 51.4
Mauritania 38.4 35.9 35.1 34.7 39.5
Malawi 34.5 36.3 32.1 22.3 21.8
Madagascar 38.9 37.0 32.1 25.6 22.7
Senegal 41.6 38.1 36.8 40.1 36.7
Seychelles 37.0 39.9 40.5 46.2 49.6
Qatar 24.8 40.6 41.9 37.3 43.5
Belize 49.5 41.2 37.6 30.6 28.0
Sri Lanka 41.7 41.2 43.2 48.6 40.8
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 29.8 24.6 29.3
Dominican Republic 38.4 42.1 39.6 34.7 36.5
Morocco 45.1 42.3 44.7 41.6 43.2
Cote d'Ivoire 42.1 42.9 45.7 47.7 44.2
Bahamas, The 42.3 44.0 49.4 52.9 54.3
Dominica 50.4 44.5 36.3 34.7 46.0
Zambia 59.7 45.0 32.7 66.4 73.2
Korea, Rep. 47.3 46.3 45.6 42.4 46.2
Honduras 46.4 47.6 50.2 49.1 49.0
Barbados 49.3 47.8 50.9 55.0 54.9
Sierra Leone 59.2 48.1 23.5 22.4 21.1
Nigeria 43.4 48.7 36.0 34.3 20.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.3 48.7 50.2 47.9 53.5
Maldives 54.8 49.1 37.8 28.1 33.4
India 46.7 49.5 50.1 49.8 51.4
Malta 43.0 50.8 58.7 62.4 70.8
Kenya 48.8 50.9 50.7 48.4 46.8
Antigua and Barbuda 55.3 53.1 60.5 59.7 61.6
Australia 49.6 53.2 54.8 57.1 70.5
Mauritius 58.9 54.6 47.4 47.1 45.7
Equatorial Guinea 47.8 54.6 44.0 39.2 43.0
United Kingdom 50.9 55.3 88.1 96.1 109.7
Pakistan 52.1 55.5 57.8 53.1 51.3
Ireland 56.5 55.9 53.4 52.6 51.1
Grenada 50.1 56.0 55.9 57.8 60.2
Venezuela, RB 52.2 56.9 51.5 54.8 37.4
St. Lucia 62.7 57.7 59.5 62.2 68.9
Trinidad and Tobago 50.5 59.2 66.8 69.2 67.3
Finland 57.6 59.7 65.0 74.0 76.1
Norway 53.6 59.8 69.6 68.4 68.4
Nicaragua 91.2 62.0 55.2 77.7 46.8
Macao SAR, China 68.8 64.3 57.2 62.2 65.6
Mexico 49.9 64.5 58.7 38.5 39.7
Uruguay 79.3 64.8 49.3 53.4 51.8
Denmark 60.5 65.3 59.4 60.5 63.5
Belgium 62.9 65.4 66.0 67.3 70.5
Jamaica 66.7 66.2 54.4 55.8 54.6
Zimbabwe 65.5 67.0 74.2 64.1 88.8
Panama 69.3 68.7 67.6 66.1 65.4
Liberia 63.4 69.5 69.6 81.3 123.9
Greece 71.3 71.1 86.5 84.7 88.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.5 72.4 76.4 74.5
Cyprus 71.6 71.7 75.7 107.1 104.5
Kuwait 51.5 73.9 75.7 93.4 78.2
Singapore 73.8 74.6 73.7 65.5 60.1
China 65.8 77.3 80.5 76.7 79.4
Netherlands 140.7 78.0 80.6 98.5 97.8
Myanmar 63.7 78.9 67.7 69.0 37.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 81.2 59.2 69.7 79.3
Jordan 88.5 81.8 95.8 112.2 114.7
Tunisia 76.6 82.0 61.2 59.2 66.4
Portugal 90.1 82.6 78.3 73.8 66.2
Italy 83.6 82.7 82.0 81.3 83.7
Romania 81.5 83.1 91.5 94.9 101.3
Luxembourg 80.4 83.9 86.8 89.9 90.6
Thailand 84.5 85.3 86.2 84.1 86.7
France 85.0 87.3 90.0 92.6 94.8
Canada 87.8 89.9 90.1 92.3 96.7
Germany 95.0 93.1 93.9 94.1 92.9
Algeria 85.0 93.3 95.2 99.4 90.6
South Africa 96.8 94.9 93.5 94.4 93.6
Spain 98.0 95.8 98.3 101.2 101.8
Syrian Arab Republic 106.9 97.3 83.5 68.2 64.5
Austria 100.2 103.5 109.8 113.6 115.6
Chile 114.7 108.4 97.1 83.1 73.9
Sweden 98.1 108.4 97.3 106.6 112.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 109.1 110.9 97.0 97.5 98.6
Suriname 104.4 130.0 145.4 150.8 151.0
Israel 175.2 130.8 123.3 121.4 114.2
Switzerland 137.8 138.4 145.6 150.4 158.1
Malaysia 116.5 138.8 133.7 129.5 136.2
United States 134.0 143.1 145.2 144.1 147.4
Japan 216.9 226.8 240.3 248.0 254.3
Guyana 289.5 304.1 251.3 334.0 299.1
Slovak Republic
Hungary
Sao Tome and Principe
Mozambique 16.9
Libya
Lao PDR 6.3
Namibia
Afghanistan
Georgia
Greenland
Kyrgyz Republic
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Lithuania
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Kiribati
Faeroe Islands
Bulgaria
Estonia
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Eritrea
Belarus
Mongolia
Tajikistan
Djibouti 49.5 47.6 46.2 46.0
Montenegro
Palau
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Serbia
Czech Republic
Cambodia
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Slovenia
Cuba
Somalia
Poland
South Sudan
Azerbaijan
Brunei Darussalam
Moldova
Brazil 50.9 165.5 212.9
Aruba
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Armenia
Guinea
Angola
Haiti
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tanzania 23.7 26.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Tonga 30.2
Croatia
Kazakhstan
American Samoa
Turkmenistan
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Vietnam
Ukraine
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
Iraq
Russian Federation
Uzbekistan
Colombia 42.5 30.8 29.6
Albania
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 69.9 109.5

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