Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Botswana -18.4 -36.8 -45.6 -40.5 -40.0
Saudi Arabia -45.8 -18.4 1.2 10.2 15.9
Bhutan 5.5 2.8 -5.6 -5.7 -0.6
Bolivia 9.9 5.7 13.8 15.4 19.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.6 7.4 6.7 9.9 11.2
Bahrain 4.2 7.5 20.2 1.6 -5.8
Rwanda 9.5 10.3 12.5 14.5 16.4
Burkina Faso 11.2 11.1 10.2 10.4 12.2
Comoros 14.2 13.7 14.7 16.8 19.3
Central African Republic 14.6 14.6 14.0 12.9 13.0
Samoa 19.4 16.1 14.1 5.4 -0.8
Paraguay 18.1 17.3 15.7 16.0 14.3
Burundi 18.0 17.6 17.7 19.7 17.0
Ecuador 20.3 18.3 18.0 18.6 13.3
Swaziland 18.5 18.5 15.4 14.5 11.2
Uganda 38.2 20.0
Bangladesh 20.9 20.2 20.0 20.4 22.7
Niger 19.8 20.3 17.8 17.7 16.4
Indonesia 16.2 21.0 24.4 28.7 35.2
Chad 14.3 22.0 22.2 16.1 12.5
Peru 24.1 22.1 26.2 26.1 19.6
Oman 13.6 22.4 19.2 22.2 19.1
Ghana 23.5 24.0 28.2 20.6 21.2
Cameroon 22.2 24.5 20.5 26.5 30.0
Mali 21.5 24.9 23.5 17.4 17.0
Solomon Islands 27.0 25.8 23.3 23.1 25.3
Vanuatu 18.7 26.1 19.6 21.8 26.8
Nepal 27.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 28.3
Togo 19.8 27.5 27.1 26.0 19.2
Philippines 35.0 28.0 21.7 19.7 20.7
Ethiopia 26.6 28.1 29.2 31.4 33.5
Gambia, The 60.0 28.3 13.2 13.5 10.0
Papua New Guinea 25.2 28.7 26.7 28.2 33.6
Turkey 39.9 29.8 29.7 23.4 21.0
Costa Rica 30.8 30.1 29.3 26.9 24.0
Benin 32.1 30.4 29.1 29.8 21.1
Guatemala 39.4 30.6 30.7 30.2 29.1
New Zealand 30.5 31.7 33.8 76.9 77.7
Sudan 31.3 32.1 31.1 23.2 24.6
United Arab Emirates 26.6 32.2 28.8 31.0 29.2
Cabo Verde 32.7 32.2 33.3 32.9 36.5
Gabon 21.0 32.3 40.8 31.7 28.2
Fiji 33.4 32.3 36.9 31.0 35.9
El Salvador 61.3 32.5 30.7 30.9 34.1
Argentina 32.6 32.9 47.6 42.7 80.1
Congo, Rep. 22.7 34.0 28.8 30.9 30.3
Lesotho 32.3 35.5 39.9 43.7 43.7
Iceland 41.5 35.6 39.0 44.6 51.4
Mauritania 38.4 35.9 35.1 34.7 39.5
Malawi 34.5 36.3 32.1 22.3 21.8
Madagascar 38.9 37.0 32.1 25.6 22.7
Senegal 41.6 38.1 36.8 40.1 36.7
Seychelles 37.0 39.9 40.5 46.2 49.6
Qatar 24.8 40.6 41.9 37.3 43.5
Belize 49.5 41.2 37.6 30.6 28.0
Sri Lanka 41.7 41.2 43.2 48.6 40.8
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 29.8 24.6 29.3
Dominican Republic 38.4 42.1 39.6 34.7 36.5
Morocco 45.1 42.3 44.7 41.6 43.2
Cote d'Ivoire 42.1 42.9 45.7 47.7 44.2
Bahamas, The 42.3 44.0 49.4 52.9 54.3
Dominica 50.4 44.5 36.3 34.7 46.0
Zambia 59.7 45.0 32.7 66.4 73.2
Korea, Rep. 47.3 46.3 45.6 42.4 46.2
Honduras 46.4 47.6 50.2 49.1 49.0
Barbados 49.3 47.8 50.9 55.0 54.9
Sierra Leone 59.2 48.1 23.5 22.4 21.1
Nigeria 43.4 48.7 36.0 34.3 20.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.3 48.7 50.2 47.9 53.5
Maldives 54.8 49.1 37.8 28.1 33.4
India 46.7 49.5 50.1 49.8 51.4
Malta 43.0 50.8 58.7 62.4 70.8
Kenya 48.8 50.9 50.7 48.4 46.8
Antigua and Barbuda 55.3 53.1 60.5 59.7 61.6
Australia 49.6 53.2 54.8 57.1 70.5
Mauritius 58.9 54.6 47.4 47.1 45.7
Equatorial Guinea 47.8 54.6 44.0 39.2 43.0
United Kingdom 50.6 54.9 86.7 94.0 106.4
Pakistan 52.1 55.5 57.8 53.1 51.3
Ireland 56.5 55.9 53.4 52.6 51.1
Grenada 50.1 56.0 55.9 57.8 60.2
Venezuela, RB 52.2 56.9 51.5 54.8 37.4
St. Lucia 62.7 57.7 59.5 62.2 68.9
Norway 52.6 58.7 68.3 67.2 67.1
Trinidad and Tobago 50.5 59.2 66.8 69.2 67.3
Finland 57.6 59.7 65.0 74.0 76.1
Nicaragua 91.2 62.0 55.2 77.7 46.8
Macao SAR, China 68.8 64.3 57.2 62.2 65.6
Mexico 49.9 64.5 58.7 38.5 39.7
Uruguay 79.3 64.8 49.3 53.4 51.8
Denmark 60.5 65.3 59.4 60.5 63.5
Belgium 62.9 65.4 66.0 67.3 70.5
Jamaica 66.7 66.2 54.4 55.8 54.6
Zimbabwe 65.5 67.0 74.2 64.1 88.8
Panama 69.3 68.7 67.6 66.1 65.4
Liberia 63.4 69.5 69.6 81.3 123.9
Greece 71.3 71.1 86.5 84.7 88.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.5 72.4 76.4 74.5
Cyprus 71.6 71.7 75.7 107.1 104.5
Kuwait 51.5 73.9 75.7 93.4 78.2
Singapore 73.8 74.6 73.7 65.5 60.1
China 65.6 77.0 80.2 76.4 79.0
Netherlands 140.7 78.0 80.6 98.5 97.8
Myanmar 63.7 78.9 67.7 69.0 37.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 81.2 59.2 69.7 79.3
Jordan 88.5 81.8 95.8 112.2 114.7
Tunisia 76.6 82.0 61.2 59.2 66.4
Portugal 90.1 82.6 78.3 73.8 66.2
Italy 83.6 82.7 82.0 81.3 83.7
Romania 81.5 83.1 91.5 94.9 101.3
Luxembourg 80.4 83.9 86.8 89.9 90.6
Thailand 84.5 85.3 86.2 84.1 86.7
France 85.0 87.3 90.0 92.6 94.8
Canada 87.8 89.9 90.1 92.3 96.7
Germany 95.0 93.1 93.9 94.1 92.9
Algeria 85.0 93.3 95.2 99.4 90.6
South Africa 96.8 94.9 93.5 94.4 93.6
Spain 98.0 95.8 98.3 101.2 101.8
Syrian Arab Republic 106.9 97.3 83.5 68.2 64.5
Austria 100.2 103.5 109.8 113.6 115.6
Chile 114.7 108.4 97.1 83.1 73.9
Sweden 98.1 108.4 97.3 106.6 112.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 109.1 110.9 97.0 97.5 98.6
Suriname 104.4 130.0 145.4 150.8 151.0
Israel 175.2 130.8 123.3 121.4 114.2
Switzerland 137.8 138.4 145.6 150.4 158.1
Malaysia 116.5 138.8 133.7 129.5 136.2
United States 134.0 143.1 145.2 144.1 147.4
Japan 216.9 226.8 240.3 248.0 254.3
Guyana 289.5 304.1 251.3 334.0 299.1
Libya
Tajikistan
Kyrgyz Republic
Slovenia
Namibia
Andorra
Brazil 50.9 165.5 212.9
Brunei Darussalam
Cuba
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Angola
Bosnia and Herzegovina
American Samoa
Iraq
Marshall Islands
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bulgaria
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Mozambique 16.9
Hungary
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Djibouti 49.5 47.6 46.2 46.0
Macedonia, FYR
Hong Kong SAR, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Haiti
Colombia 42.5 30.8 29.6
Curacao
Kazakhstan
Cayman Islands
Georgia
Montenegro
Slovak Republic
Mongolia
Aruba
Monaco
Kiribati
Moldova
Liechtenstein
Belarus
Lebanon 69.9 109.5
Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Cambodia
Armenia
Poland
French Polynesia
Croatia
Afghanistan
Puerto Rico
Taiwan, China
Guam
Tanzania 23.7 26.4
Vietnam
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Tonga 30.2
Lao PDR 6.3
Latvia
Albania
Turkmenistan
Lithuania
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Ukraine
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Czech Republic
Serbia
Uzbekistan
San Marino
Estonia
Russian Federation
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Azerbaijan
Yemen, Rep.
Eritrea
New Caledonia

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