Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Botswana -6.8 -18.4 -36.8 -45.6 -40.5
Saudi Arabia -47.4 -45.8 -18.4 1.2 10.2
Bhutan 3.1 5.5 2.8 -5.6 -5.7
Bolivia 29.0 9.9 5.7 13.8 15.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.3 5.6 7.4 6.7 9.9
Bahrain 10.0 4.2 7.5 20.2 1.6
Rwanda 8.5 9.5 10.3 12.5 14.5
Burkina Faso 11.4 11.2 11.1 10.2 10.4
Comoros 20.4 14.2 13.7 14.7 16.8
Central African Republic 18.9 14.6 14.6 14.0 12.9
Paraguay 20.9 18.1 17.3 15.7 16.0
Burundi 18.8 18.0 17.6 17.7 19.7
Samoa 18.8 21.8 18.1 15.8 6.0
Peru 30.4 20.6 18.3 22.1 31.7
Ecuador 16.9 20.3 18.3 18.0 18.6
Swaziland 19.6 18.5 18.5 15.4 14.5
Uganda 33.2 38.2 20.0
Niger 20.5 19.8 20.3 17.8 17.7
Bangladesh 20.9 21.6 20.9 20.7 21.1
Indonesia 13.5 16.2 21.0 24.4 28.7
Chad 13.4 14.3 22.0 22.2 16.1
Oman 7.2 13.6 22.4 19.2 22.2
Ghana 18.9 23.5 24.0 28.2 20.6
Cameroon 23.6 22.2 24.5 20.5 26.5
Mali 19.4 21.5 24.9 23.5 17.4
Solomon Islands 20.2 27.0 25.8 23.3 23.1
Vanuatu 20.6 18.7 26.1 19.6 21.8
Nepal 24.3 27.1 27.3 26.5 26.9
Togo 23.6 19.8 27.5 27.1 26.0
Philippines 39.4 35.0 28.0 21.7 19.7
Gambia, The 67.4 60.0 28.3 13.2 13.5
Ethiopia 29.3 27.1 28.6 29.8 32.0
Papua New Guinea 22.1 25.2 28.7 26.7 28.2
Turkey 39.6 39.9 29.8 29.7 23.4
Costa Rica 33.8 30.8 30.1 29.3 26.9
Benin 28.6 32.1 30.4 29.1 29.8
Guatemala 37.8 39.4 30.6 30.7 30.2
New Zealand 22.7 30.8 32.0 34.1 77.6
Sudan 31.5 31.3 32.1 31.1 23.2
United Arab Emirates 22.3 26.6 32.2 28.8 31.0
Cabo Verde 30.3 32.7 32.2 33.3 32.9
Gabon 15.2 21.0 32.3 40.8 31.7
Fiji 32.4 33.4 32.3 36.9 31.0
El Salvador 54.0 61.3 32.5 30.7 30.9
Argentina 41.7 32.6 32.9 47.6 42.7
Congo, Rep. 21.0 22.7 34.0 28.8 30.9
Lesotho 30.5 32.3 35.5 39.9 43.7
Mauritania 42.5 38.4 35.9 35.1 34.7
Malawi 34.7 34.5 36.3 32.1 22.3
Iceland 43.0 42.6 36.5 40.1 45.8
Madagascar 39.0 38.9 37.0 32.1 25.6
Senegal 43.1 41.6 38.1 36.8 40.1
Seychelles 34.4 37.0 39.9 40.5 46.2
Qatar 19.4 24.8 40.6 41.9 37.3
Belize 48.7 49.5 41.2 37.6 30.6
Sri Lanka 37.0 41.7 41.2 43.2 48.6
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 29.8 24.6
Dominican Republic 51.4 38.4 42.1 39.6 34.7
Cote d'Ivoire 45.2 42.1 42.9 45.7 47.7
Bahamas, The 44.0 42.3 44.0 49.4 52.9
Dominica 49.2 50.4 44.5 36.3 34.7
Zambia 72.1 59.7 45.0 32.7 66.4
Korea, Rep. 44.9 47.3 46.3 45.6 42.4
Morocco 50.5 50.1 46.6 49.3 46.1
Honduras 46.6 46.4 47.6 50.2 49.1
Barbados 51.6 49.3 47.8 50.9 55.0
Sierra Leone 42.9 59.2 48.1 23.5 22.4
Nigeria 47.4 43.4 48.7 36.0 34.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.7 57.3 48.7 50.2 47.9
Maldives 51.0 54.8 49.1 37.8 28.1
India 44.8 46.7 49.5 50.1 49.8
Malta 42.3 43.0 50.8 58.7 62.4
Kenya 48.1 48.8 50.9 50.7 48.4
Australia 42.1 49.5 53.0 54.6 56.8
Antigua and Barbuda 55.2 55.3 53.1 60.5 59.7
Mauritius 55.7 58.9 54.6 47.4 47.1
Equatorial Guinea 47.8 54.6 44.0 39.2
Poland 58.1 54.9 49.7 41.7
Pakistan 50.0 52.1 55.5 57.8 53.1
Grenada 47.3 50.1 56.0 55.9 57.8
Venezuela, RB 53.2 52.2 56.9 51.5 54.8
Ireland 59.7 57.4 56.9 54.3 53.5
St. Lucia 55.6 62.7 57.7 59.5 62.2
United Kingdom 51.1 53.3 57.9 92.2 100.6
Trinidad and Tobago 46.7 50.5 59.2 66.8 69.2
Norway 52.8 53.6 59.8 69.6 68.4
Finland 54.3 58.6 60.7 66.1 75.4
Nicaragua 111.0 91.2 62.0 55.2 77.7
Macao SAR, China 55.1 68.8 64.3 57.2 62.2
Mexico 49.9 49.9 64.5 58.7 38.5
Uruguay 85.4 79.3 64.8 49.3 53.4
Jamaica 76.9 66.7 66.2 54.4 55.8
Denmark 58.7 61.5 66.4 60.4 61.6
Belgium 63.1 63.9 66.5 67.0 68.4
Zimbabwe 49.9 65.5 67.0 74.2 64.1
Panama 71.1 69.3 68.7 67.6 66.1
Liberia 55.3 63.4 69.5 69.6 81.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.5 72.4 76.4
Cyprus 68.0 71.6 71.7 75.7 107.1
Kuwait 51.9 51.5 73.9 75.7 93.4
Singapore 79.2 73.8 74.6 73.7 65.5
Greece 72.3 75.0 74.9 91.0 89.1
China 62.6 65.8 77.3 80.5 76.7
Myanmar 59.9 63.7 78.9 67.7 69.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 75.3 86.7 81.2 59.2 69.7
Jordan 83.1 88.5 81.8 95.8 112.2
Tunisia 71.4 76.6 82.0 61.2 59.2
Netherlands 143.0 149.4 82.8 85.6 104.5
Romania 72.2 81.5 83.1 91.5 94.9
Portugal 97.9 91.3 83.7 79.4 74.8
Thailand 82.5 84.5 85.3 86.2 84.1
Italy 85.2 86.6 85.6 84.8 84.2
Luxembourg 86.2 84.6 88.1 91.2 94.5
France 119.9 86.8 89.2 92.0 94.6
Canada 87.4 87.8 89.9 90.1 92.3
Algeria 82.7 85.0 93.3 95.2 99.4
South Africa 90.4 96.8 94.9 93.5 94.4
Germany 96.5 97.7 95.8 96.6 96.9
Syrian Arab Republic 97.0 106.9 97.3 83.5 68.2
Spain 98.2 100.8 98.5 101.1 104.0
Hungary 96.5 96.6 103.3 102.0 91.6
Austria 98.9 101.0 104.3 110.7 114.5
Chile 107.4 114.7 108.4 97.1 83.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 107.0 109.1 110.9 97.0 97.5
Sweden 103.3 102.0 112.7 101.2 110.8
Suriname 82.0 104.4 130.0 145.4 150.8
Israel 232.1 175.2 130.8 123.3 121.4
Malaysia 101.7 116.5 138.8 133.7 129.5
United States 124.1 134.0 143.1 145.2 144.1
Switzerland 142.8 145.3 146.0 153.6 158.7
Japan 214.6 216.9 226.8 240.3 248.0
Guyana 253.3 289.5 304.1 251.3 334.0
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Mozambique
Afghanistan
Iraq
Namibia
Slovak Republic
Mongolia
Monaco
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Lithuania
Georgia
Turks and Caicos Islands
French Polynesia
Kiribati
Moldova
Bulgaria
Faeroe Islands
Haiti
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Estonia
Belarus
Eritrea
Tajikistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Azerbaijan
Palau
Aruba
Lao PDR
Armenia
Djibouti 49.5 47.6 46.2
Cambodia
Czech Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kyrgyz Republic
Slovenia
Curacao
Somalia
Cuba
South Sudan
Kosovo
Brunei Darussalam
Puerto Rico
Brazil 50.8 50.9 165.5
Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Angola
Hong Kong SAR, China
Greenland
Libya
Guam
Macedonia, FYR
Vietnam
Tanzania 23.7
West Bank and Gaza
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Tonga
Guinea
Kazakhstan
Cayman Islands
Turkmenistan
Serbia
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Ukraine
American Samoa
Andorra
Russian Federation
Colombia 45.7 42.5 30.8 29.6
Uzbekistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Albania
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 69.9

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