Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Botswana -18.4 -36.8 -45.6 -40.5 -40.0
Bhutan 5.5 2.8 -5.6 -5.7 -0.6
Saudi Arabia -45.8 -18.4 1.2 10.2 15.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.6 7.4 6.7 9.9 11.2
Burkina Faso 11.2 11.1 10.2 10.4 12.2
Rwanda 9.5 10.3 12.5 14.5 16.4
Gambia, The 60.0 28.3 13.2 13.5 10.0
Bolivia 9.9 5.7 13.8 15.4 19.0
Central African Republic 14.6 14.6 14.0 12.9 13.0
Samoa 19.4 16.1 14.1 5.4 -0.8
Comoros 14.2 13.7 14.7 16.8 19.3
Swaziland 18.5 18.5 15.4 14.5 11.2
Paraguay 18.1 17.3 15.7 16.0 14.3
Burundi 18.0 17.6 17.7 19.7 17.0
Niger 19.8 20.3 17.8 17.7 16.4
Ecuador 20.3 18.3 18.0 18.6 13.3
Oman 13.6 22.4 19.2 22.2 19.1
Vanuatu 18.7 26.1 19.6 21.8 26.8
Bahrain 4.2 7.5 20.2 1.6 -5.8
Cameroon 22.2 24.5 20.5 26.5 30.0
Bangladesh 21.6 20.9 20.7 21.1 23.5
Philippines 35.0 28.0 21.7 19.7 20.7
Chad 14.3 22.0 22.2 16.1 12.5
Solomon Islands 27.0 25.8 23.3 23.1 25.3
Mali 21.5 24.9 23.5 17.4 17.0
Sierra Leone 59.2 48.1 23.5 22.4 21.1
Indonesia 16.2 21.0 24.4 28.7 35.2
Peru 24.1 22.1 26.2 26.1 19.6
Nepal 27.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 28.3
Papua New Guinea 25.2 28.7 26.7 28.2 33.6
Togo 19.8 27.5 27.1 26.0 19.2
Ghana 23.5 24.0 28.2 20.6 21.2
United Arab Emirates 26.6 32.2 28.8 31.0 29.2
Congo, Rep. 22.7 34.0 28.8 30.9 30.3
Benin 32.1 30.4 29.1 29.8 21.1
Ethiopia 26.6 28.1 29.2 31.4 33.5
Costa Rica 30.8 30.1 29.3 26.9 24.0
Turkey 39.9 29.8 29.7 23.4 21.0
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 29.8 24.6 29.3
El Salvador 61.3 32.5 30.7 30.9 34.1
Guatemala 39.4 30.6 30.7 30.2 29.1
Colombia 42.5 30.8 29.6
Sudan 31.3 32.1 31.1 23.2 24.6
Malawi 34.5 36.3 32.1 22.3 21.8
Madagascar 38.9 37.0 32.1 25.6 22.7
Zambia 59.7 45.0 32.7 66.4 73.2
Cabo Verde 32.7 32.2 33.3 32.9 36.5
New Zealand 30.8 32.0 34.1 77.0 77.9
Mauritania 38.4 35.9 35.1 34.7 39.5
Nigeria 43.4 48.7 36.0 34.3 20.1
Dominica 50.4 44.5 36.3 34.7 46.0
Senegal 41.6 38.1 36.8 40.1 36.7
Fiji 33.4 32.3 36.9 31.0 35.9
Belize 49.5 41.2 37.6 30.6 28.0
Maldives 54.8 49.1 37.8 28.1 33.4
Iceland 41.5 35.6 39.0 44.6 51.4
Dominican Republic 38.4 42.1 39.6 34.7 36.5
Lesotho 32.3 35.5 39.9 43.7 43.7
Seychelles 37.0 39.9 40.5 46.2 49.6
Gabon 21.0 32.3 40.8 31.7 28.2
Qatar 24.8 40.6 41.9 37.3 43.5
Sri Lanka 41.7 41.2 43.2 48.6 40.8
Equatorial Guinea 47.8 54.6 44.0 39.2 43.0
Morocco 45.1 42.3 44.7 41.6 43.2
Korea, Rep. 47.3 46.3 45.6 42.4 46.2
Cote d'Ivoire 42.1 42.9 45.7 47.7 44.2
Mauritius 58.9 54.6 47.4 47.1 45.7
Argentina 32.6 32.9 47.6 42.7 80.1
Djibouti 49.5 47.6 46.2 46.0
Uruguay 79.3 64.8 49.3 53.4 51.8
Bahamas, The 42.3 44.0 49.4 52.9 54.3
India 46.7 49.5 50.1 49.8 51.4
Honduras 46.4 47.6 50.2 49.1 49.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.3 48.7 50.2 47.9 53.5
Kenya 48.8 50.9 50.7 48.4 46.8
Barbados 49.3 47.8 50.9 55.0 54.9
Venezuela, RB 52.2 56.9 51.5 54.8 37.4
Ireland 56.5 55.9 53.4 52.6 51.1
Jamaica 66.7 66.2 54.4 55.8 54.6
Australia 49.6 53.2 54.8 57.1 70.5
Nicaragua 91.2 62.0 55.2 77.7 46.8
Grenada 50.1 56.0 55.9 57.8 60.2
Macao SAR, China 68.8 64.3 57.2 62.2 65.6
Pakistan 52.1 55.5 57.8 53.1 51.3
Malta 43.0 50.8 58.7 62.4 70.8
Mexico 49.9 64.5 58.7 38.5 39.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 81.2 59.2 69.7 79.3
Denmark 60.5 65.3 59.4 60.5 63.5
St. Lucia 62.7 57.7 59.5 62.2 68.9
Antigua and Barbuda 55.3 53.1 60.5 59.7 61.6
Tunisia 76.6 82.0 61.2 59.2 66.4
Finland 57.6 59.7 65.0 74.0 76.1
Belgium 62.9 65.4 66.0 67.3 70.5
Trinidad and Tobago 50.5 59.2 66.8 69.2 67.3
Panama 69.3 68.7 67.6 66.1 65.4
Myanmar 63.7 78.9 67.7 69.0 37.6
Liberia 63.4 69.5 69.6 81.3 123.9
Norway 53.6 59.8 69.6 68.4 68.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.5 72.4 76.4 74.5
Singapore 73.8 74.6 73.7 65.5 60.1
Zimbabwe 65.5 67.0 74.2 64.1 88.8
Kuwait 51.5 73.9 75.7 93.4 78.2
Cyprus 71.6 71.7 75.7 107.1 104.5
Portugal 90.1 82.6 78.3 73.8 66.2
China 65.8 77.3 80.5 76.7 79.4
Netherlands 140.7 78.0 80.6 98.5 97.8
Italy 83.6 82.7 82.0 81.3 83.7
Syrian Arab Republic 106.9 97.3 83.5 68.2 64.5
Thailand 84.5 85.3 86.2 84.1 86.7
Greece 71.3 71.1 86.5 84.7 88.0
Luxembourg 80.4 83.9 86.8 89.9 90.6
United Kingdom 50.9 55.3 88.1 96.1 109.7
France 85.0 87.3 90.0 92.6 94.8
Canada 87.8 89.9 90.1 92.3 96.7
Romania 81.5 83.1 91.5 94.9 101.3
South Africa 96.8 94.9 93.5 94.4 93.6
Germany 95.0 93.1 93.9 94.1 92.9
Algeria 85.0 93.3 95.2 99.4 90.6
Jordan 88.5 81.8 95.8 112.2 114.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 109.1 110.9 97.0 97.5 98.6
Chile 114.7 108.4 97.1 83.1 73.9
Sweden 98.1 108.4 97.3 106.6 112.5
Spain 98.0 95.8 98.3 101.2 101.8
Austria 100.2 103.5 109.8 113.6 115.6
Israel 175.2 130.8 123.3 121.4 114.2
Malaysia 116.5 138.8 133.7 129.5 136.2
United States 134.0 143.1 145.2 144.1 147.4
Suriname 104.4 130.0 145.4 150.8 151.0
Switzerland 137.8 138.4 145.6 150.4 158.1
Japan 216.9 226.8 240.3 248.0 254.3
Guyana 289.5 304.1 251.3 334.0 299.1
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Mozambique 16.9
Guinea
Moldova
Namibia
Tuvalu
Guam
Slovenia
Iraq
Bosnia and Herzegovina
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
Armenia
Lithuania
Kyrgyz Republic
Isle of Man
Georgia
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Brunei Darussalam
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Faeroe Islands
Tanzania 23.7 26.4
Palau
Tonga 30.2
Estonia
Turkmenistan
Eritrea
Ukraine
Montenegro
American Samoa
Czech Republic
Slovak Republic
Libya
Bulgaria
Poland
Mongolia
Kazakhstan
Monaco
Puerto Rico
Brazil 50.9 165.5 212.9
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
Belarus
Russian Federation
Azerbaijan
Cuba
Haiti
Croatia
Tajikistan
San Marino
Lao PDR 6.3
Sao Tome and Principe
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kiribati
Aruba
Macedonia, FYR
Angola
Vietnam
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Uganda 38.2 20.0
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Cambodia
Hungary
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uzbekistan
Serbia
Albania
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 69.9 109.5

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