Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Botswana -6.8 -18.4 -36.8 -45.6 -40.5
Bhutan 3.1 5.5 2.8 -5.6 -5.7
Bahrain 10.0 4.2 7.5 20.2 1.6
Samoa 18.8 21.8 18.1 15.8 6.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.3 5.6 7.4 6.7 9.9
Saudi Arabia -47.4 -45.8 -18.4 1.2 10.2
Burkina Faso 11.4 11.2 11.1 10.2 10.4
Central African Republic 18.9 14.6 14.6 14.0 12.9
Gambia, The 67.4 60.0 28.3 13.2 13.5
Rwanda 8.5 9.5 10.3 12.5 14.5
Swaziland 19.6 18.5 18.5 15.4 14.5
Bolivia 29.0 9.9 5.7 13.8 15.4
Paraguay 20.9 18.1 17.3 15.7 16.0
Chad 13.4 14.3 22.0 22.2 16.1
Comoros 20.4 14.2 13.7 14.7 16.8
Mali 19.4 21.5 24.9 23.5 17.4
Niger 20.5 19.8 20.3 17.8 17.7
Ecuador 16.9 20.3 18.3 18.0 18.6
Burundi 18.8 18.0 17.6 17.7 19.7
Philippines 39.4 35.0 28.0 21.7 19.7
Ghana 18.9 23.5 24.0 28.2 20.6
Bangladesh 20.9 21.6 20.9 20.7 21.1
Vanuatu 20.6 18.7 26.1 19.6 21.8
Oman 7.2 13.6 22.4 19.2 22.2
Malawi 34.7 34.5 36.3 32.1 22.3
Sierra Leone 42.9 59.2 48.1 23.5 22.4
Solomon Islands 20.2 27.0 25.8 23.3 23.1
Sudan 31.5 31.3 32.1 31.1 23.2
Turkey 39.6 39.9 29.8 29.7 23.4
Tanzania 23.7
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 29.8 24.6
Madagascar 39.0 38.9 37.0 32.1 25.6
Togo 23.6 19.8 27.5 27.1 26.0
Cameroon 23.6 22.2 24.5 20.5 26.5
Nepal 24.3 27.1 27.3 26.5 26.9
Costa Rica 33.8 30.8 30.1 29.3 26.9
Maldives 51.0 54.8 49.1 37.8 28.1
Papua New Guinea 22.1 25.2 28.7 26.7 28.2
Indonesia 13.5 16.2 21.0 24.4 28.7
Colombia 45.7 42.5 30.8 29.6
Benin 28.6 32.1 30.4 29.1 29.8
Guatemala 37.8 39.4 30.6 30.7 30.2
Belize 48.7 49.5 41.2 37.6 30.6
El Salvador 54.0 61.3 32.5 30.7 30.9
Congo, Rep. 21.0 22.7 34.0 28.8 30.9
United Arab Emirates 22.3 26.6 32.2 28.8 31.0
Fiji 32.4 33.4 32.3 36.9 31.0
Peru 30.4 20.6 18.3 22.1 31.7
Gabon 15.2 21.0 32.3 40.8 31.7
Ethiopia 29.3 27.1 28.6 29.8 32.0
Cabo Verde 30.3 32.7 32.2 33.3 32.9
Nigeria 47.4 43.4 48.7 36.0 34.3
Dominica 49.2 50.4 44.5 36.3 34.7
Dominican Republic 51.4 38.4 42.1 39.6 34.7
Mauritania 42.5 38.4 35.9 35.1 34.7
Qatar 19.4 24.8 40.6 41.9 37.3
Mexico 49.9 49.9 64.5 58.7 38.5
Equatorial Guinea 47.8 54.6 44.0 39.2
Senegal 43.1 41.6 38.1 36.8 40.1
Poland 58.1 54.9 49.7 41.7
Korea, Rep. 44.9 47.3 46.3 45.6 42.4
Argentina 41.7 32.6 32.9 47.6 42.7
Lesotho 30.5 32.3 35.5 39.9 43.7
Iceland 43.0 42.6 36.5 40.1 45.8
Morocco 50.5 50.1 46.6 49.3 46.1
Seychelles 34.4 37.0 39.9 40.5 46.2
Djibouti 49.5 47.6 46.2
Mauritius 55.7 58.9 54.6 47.4 47.1
Cote d'Ivoire 45.2 42.1 42.9 45.7 47.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.7 57.3 48.7 50.2 47.9
Kenya 48.1 48.8 50.9 50.7 48.4
Sri Lanka 37.0 41.7 41.2 43.2 48.6
Honduras 46.6 46.4 47.6 50.2 49.1
India 44.8 46.7 49.5 50.1 49.8
Bahamas, The 44.0 42.3 44.0 49.4 52.9
Pakistan 50.0 52.1 55.5 57.8 53.1
Uruguay 85.4 79.3 64.8 49.3 53.4
Ireland 59.7 57.4 56.9 54.3 53.5
Venezuela, RB 53.2 52.2 56.9 51.5 54.8
Barbados 51.6 49.3 47.8 50.9 55.0
Jamaica 76.9 66.7 66.2 54.4 55.8
Australia 42.1 49.5 53.0 54.6 56.8
Grenada 47.3 50.1 56.0 55.9 57.8
Tunisia 71.4 76.6 82.0 61.2 59.2
Antigua and Barbuda 55.2 55.3 53.1 60.5 59.7
Denmark 58.7 61.5 66.4 60.4 61.6
St. Lucia 55.6 62.7 57.7 59.5 62.2
Macao SAR, China 55.1 68.8 64.3 57.2 62.2
Malta 42.3 43.0 50.8 58.7 62.4
Zimbabwe 49.9 65.5 67.0 74.2 64.1
Singapore 79.2 73.8 74.6 73.7 65.5
Panama 71.1 69.3 68.7 67.6 66.1
Zambia 72.1 59.7 45.0 32.7 66.4
Syrian Arab Republic 97.0 106.9 97.3 83.5 68.2
Belgium 63.1 63.9 66.5 67.0 68.4
Norway 52.8 53.6 59.8 69.6 68.4
Myanmar 59.9 63.7 78.9 67.7 69.0
Trinidad and Tobago 46.7 50.5 59.2 66.8 69.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 75.3 86.7 81.2 59.2 69.7
Lebanon 69.9
Portugal 97.9 91.3 83.7 79.4 74.8
Finland 54.3 58.6 60.7 66.1 75.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.5 72.4 76.4
China 62.6 65.8 77.3 80.5 76.7
New Zealand 22.7 30.8 32.0 34.1 77.6
Nicaragua 111.0 91.2 62.0 55.2 77.7
Liberia 55.3 63.4 69.5 69.6 81.3
Chile 107.4 114.7 108.4 97.1 83.1
Thailand 82.5 84.5 85.3 86.2 84.1
Italy 85.2 86.6 85.6 84.8 84.2
Greece 72.3 75.0 74.9 91.0 89.1
Hungary 96.5 96.6 103.3 102.0 91.6
Canada 87.4 87.8 89.9 90.1 92.3
Kuwait 51.9 51.5 73.9 75.7 93.4
South Africa 90.4 96.8 94.9 93.5 94.4
Luxembourg 86.2 84.6 88.1 91.2 94.5
France 119.9 86.8 89.2 92.0 94.6
Romania 72.2 81.5 83.1 91.5 94.9
Germany 96.5 97.7 95.8 96.6 96.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 107.0 109.1 110.9 97.0 97.5
Algeria 82.7 85.0 93.3 95.2 99.4
United Kingdom 51.1 53.3 57.9 92.2 100.6
Spain 98.2 100.8 98.5 101.1 104.0
Netherlands 143.0 149.4 82.8 85.6 104.5
Cyprus 68.0 71.6 71.7 75.7 107.1
Sweden 103.3 102.0 112.7 101.2 110.8
Jordan 83.1 88.5 81.8 95.8 112.2
Austria 98.9 101.0 104.3 110.7 114.5
Israel 232.1 175.2 130.8 123.3 121.4
Malaysia 101.7 116.5 138.8 133.7 129.5
United States 124.1 134.0 143.1 145.2 144.1
Suriname 82.0 104.4 130.0 145.4 150.8
Switzerland 142.8 145.3 146.0 153.6 158.7
Brazil 50.8 50.9 165.5
Japan 214.6 216.9 226.8 240.3 248.0
Guyana 253.3 289.5 304.1 251.3 334.0
Mozambique
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Macedonia, FYR
Aruba
Kazakhstan
Slovenia
Guinea
Montenegro
Guam
Belarus
Northern Mariana Islands
Uganda 33.2 38.2 20.0
Greenland
Hong Kong SAR, China
Lithuania
Somalia
Cambodia
Cayman Islands
Palau
Bulgaria
Georgia
Kosovo
French Polynesia
Azerbaijan
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Libya
Armenia
Faeroe Islands
Angola
Estonia
Slovak Republic
Kiribati
Latvia
Puerto Rico
Lao PDR
Eritrea
Isle of Man
Namibia
Kyrgyz Republic
Haiti
St. Martin (French part)
Tajikistan
Brunei Darussalam
Iraq
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Mongolia
Marshall Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Czech Republic
Bermuda
San Marino
Timor-Leste
Sao Tome and Principe
Tonga
Andorra
Monaco
Vietnam
Turkmenistan
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Ukraine
Croatia
Moldova
Afghanistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uzbekistan
Curacao
American Samoa
Serbia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cuba
Yemen, Rep.
Russian Federation
Albania

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