Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Botswana -18.4 -36.8 -45.6 -40.5 -40.0
Bhutan 5.5 2.8 -5.6 -5.7 -0.6
Bahrain 4.2 7.5 20.2 1.6 -5.8
Samoa 19.4 16.1 14.1 5.4 -0.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.6 7.4 6.7 9.9 11.2
Saudi Arabia -45.8 -18.4 1.2 10.2 15.9
Burkina Faso 11.2 11.1 10.2 10.4 12.2
Central African Republic 14.6 14.6 14.0 12.9 13.0
Gambia, The 60.0 28.3 13.2 13.5 10.0
Rwanda 9.5 10.3 12.5 14.5 16.4
Swaziland 18.5 18.5 15.4 14.5 11.2
Bolivia 9.9 5.7 13.8 15.4 19.0
Paraguay 18.1 17.3 15.7 16.0 14.3
Chad 14.3 22.0 22.2 16.1 12.5
Comoros 14.2 13.7 14.7 16.8 19.3
Mali 21.5 24.9 23.5 17.4 17.0
Niger 19.8 20.3 17.8 17.7 16.4
Ecuador 20.3 18.3 18.0 18.6 13.3
Burundi 18.0 17.6 17.7 19.7 17.0
Philippines 35.0 28.0 21.7 19.7 20.7
Bangladesh 20.9 20.2 20.0 20.4 22.7
Ghana 23.5 24.0 28.2 20.6 21.2
Vanuatu 18.7 26.1 19.6 21.8 26.8
Oman 13.6 22.4 19.2 22.2 19.1
Malawi 34.5 36.3 32.1 22.3 21.8
Sierra Leone 59.2 48.1 23.5 22.4 21.1
Solomon Islands 27.0 25.8 23.3 23.1 25.3
Sudan 31.3 32.1 31.1 23.2 24.6
Turkey 39.9 29.8 29.7 23.4 21.0
Tanzania 23.7 26.4
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 29.8 24.6 29.3
Madagascar 38.9 37.0 32.1 25.6 22.7
Togo 19.8 27.5 27.1 26.0 19.2
Peru 24.1 22.1 26.2 26.1 19.6
Cameroon 22.2 24.5 20.5 26.5 30.0
Nepal 27.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 28.3
Costa Rica 30.8 30.1 29.3 26.9 24.0
Maldives 54.8 49.1 37.8 28.1 33.4
Papua New Guinea 25.2 28.7 26.7 28.2 33.6
Indonesia 16.2 21.0 24.4 28.7 35.2
Colombia 42.5 30.8 29.6
Benin 32.1 30.4 29.1 29.8 21.1
Guatemala 39.4 30.6 30.7 30.2 29.1
Belize 49.5 41.2 37.6 30.6 28.0
El Salvador 61.3 32.5 30.7 30.9 34.1
Congo, Rep. 22.7 34.0 28.8 30.9 30.3
United Arab Emirates 26.6 32.2 28.8 31.0 29.2
Fiji 33.4 32.3 36.9 31.0 35.9
Ethiopia 26.6 28.1 29.2 31.4 33.5
Gabon 21.0 32.3 40.8 31.7 28.2
Cabo Verde 32.7 32.2 33.3 32.9 36.5
Nigeria 43.4 48.7 36.0 34.3 20.1
Dominica 50.4 44.5 36.3 34.7 46.0
Dominican Republic 38.4 42.1 39.6 34.7 36.5
Mauritania 38.4 35.9 35.1 34.7 39.5
Qatar 24.8 40.6 41.9 37.3 43.5
Mexico 49.9 64.5 58.7 38.5 39.7
Equatorial Guinea 47.8 54.6 44.0 39.2 43.0
Senegal 41.6 38.1 36.8 40.1 36.7
Morocco 45.1 42.3 44.7 41.6 43.2
Korea, Rep. 47.3 46.3 45.6 42.4 46.2
Argentina 32.6 32.9 47.6 42.7 80.1
Lesotho 32.3 35.5 39.9 43.7 43.7
Iceland 41.5 35.6 39.0 44.6 51.4
Seychelles 37.0 39.9 40.5 46.2 49.6
Djibouti 49.5 47.6 46.2 46.0
Mauritius 58.9 54.6 47.4 47.1 45.7
Cote d'Ivoire 42.1 42.9 45.7 47.7 44.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.3 48.7 50.2 47.9 53.5
Kenya 48.8 50.9 50.7 48.4 46.8
Sri Lanka 41.7 41.2 43.2 48.6 40.8
Honduras 46.4 47.6 50.2 49.1 49.0
India 46.7 49.5 50.1 49.8 51.4
Ireland 56.5 55.9 53.4 52.6 51.1
Bahamas, The 42.3 44.0 49.4 52.9 54.3
Pakistan 52.1 55.5 57.8 53.1 51.3
Uruguay 79.3 64.8 49.3 53.4 51.8
Venezuela, RB 52.2 56.9 51.5 54.8 37.4
Barbados 49.3 47.8 50.9 55.0 54.9
Jamaica 66.7 66.2 54.4 55.8 54.6
Australia 49.6 53.2 54.8 57.1 70.5
Grenada 50.1 56.0 55.9 57.8 60.2
Tunisia 76.6 82.0 61.2 59.2 66.4
Antigua and Barbuda 55.3 53.1 60.5 59.7 61.6
Denmark 60.5 65.3 59.4 60.5 63.5
St. Lucia 62.7 57.7 59.5 62.2 68.9
Macao SAR, China 68.8 64.3 57.2 62.2 65.6
Malta 43.0 50.8 58.7 62.4 70.8
Zimbabwe 65.5 67.0 74.2 64.1 88.8
Singapore 73.8 74.6 73.7 65.5 60.1
Panama 69.3 68.7 67.6 66.1 65.4
Zambia 59.7 45.0 32.7 66.4 73.2
Norway 52.6 58.7 68.3 67.2 67.1
Belgium 62.9 65.4 66.0 67.3 70.5
Syrian Arab Republic 106.9 97.3 83.5 68.2 64.5
Myanmar 63.7 78.9 67.7 69.0 37.6
Trinidad and Tobago 50.5 59.2 66.8 69.2 67.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 81.2 59.2 69.7 79.3
Lebanon 69.9 109.5
Portugal 90.1 82.6 78.3 73.8 66.2
Finland 57.6 59.7 65.0 74.0 76.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.5 72.4 76.4 74.5
China 65.6 77.0 80.2 76.4 79.0
New Zealand 30.5 31.7 33.8 76.9 77.7
Nicaragua 91.2 62.0 55.2 77.7 46.8
Liberia 63.4 69.5 69.6 81.3 123.9
Italy 83.6 82.7 82.0 81.3 83.7
Chile 114.7 108.4 97.1 83.1 73.9
Thailand 84.5 85.3 86.2 84.1 86.7
Greece 71.3 71.1 86.5 84.7 88.0
Luxembourg 80.4 83.9 86.8 89.9 90.6
Canada 87.8 89.9 90.1 92.3 96.7
France 85.0 87.3 90.0 92.6 94.8
Kuwait 51.5 73.9 75.7 93.4 78.2
United Kingdom 50.6 54.9 86.7 94.0 106.4
Germany 95.0 93.1 93.9 94.1 92.9
South Africa 96.8 94.9 93.5 94.4 93.6
Romania 81.5 83.1 91.5 94.9 101.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 109.1 110.9 97.0 97.5 98.6
Netherlands 140.7 78.0 80.6 98.5 97.8
Algeria 85.0 93.3 95.2 99.4 90.6
Spain 98.0 95.8 98.3 101.2 101.8
Sweden 98.1 108.4 97.3 106.6 112.5
Cyprus 71.6 71.7 75.7 107.1 104.5
Jordan 88.5 81.8 95.8 112.2 114.7
Austria 100.2 103.5 109.8 113.6 115.6
Israel 175.2 130.8 123.3 121.4 114.2
Malaysia 116.5 138.8 133.7 129.5 136.2
United States 134.0 143.1 145.2 144.1 147.4
Switzerland 137.8 138.4 145.6 150.4 158.1
Suriname 104.4 130.0 145.4 150.8 151.0
Brazil 50.9 165.5 212.9
Japan 216.9 226.8 240.3 248.0 254.3
Guyana 289.5 304.1 251.3 334.0 299.1
Kiribati
Namibia
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Kyrgyz Republic
Kazakhstan
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Cambodia
Cuba
Bulgaria
Serbia
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovenia
Montenegro
South Sudan
Brunei Darussalam
Mozambique 16.9
Greenland
Monaco
Lithuania
Palau
Uganda 38.2 20.0
Curacao
Moldova
Hong Kong SAR, China
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Hungary
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Haiti
Bermuda
Slovak Republic
Mongolia
Aruba
Croatia
Lao PDR 6.3
Tajikistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Guinea
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Libya
Armenia
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Poland
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
Puerto Rico
Angola
Belarus
Timor-Leste
Uzbekistan
Tonga 30.2
Estonia
Georgia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turkmenistan
Yemen, Rep.
Tuvalu
Macedonia, FYR
Ukraine
Sao Tome and Principe
Afghanistan
Azerbaijan
Eritrea
Russian Federation
Albania
Iraq
Vietnam
Czech Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Latvia
French Polynesia
San Marino

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