Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Botswana -45.6 -40.6 -42.2 -40.3 -42.6
Bahrain -1.0 11.1 25.4 27.8 26.7
Bhutan -1.0 -0.2 15.7 14.3 13.8
Samoa 0.0 -3.6 -1.2 5.7 5.5
Gambia, The 3.4 -0.0 4.4 3.3 2.8
Lao PDR 5.0 4.5 4.9 5.9 10.6
Swaziland 10.4 10.0 15.0 14.7 16.9
Ecuador 10.5 11.3 11.4 33.0 35.0
Chad 11.5 12.0 14.1 14.6 12.0
Burkina Faso 12.2 10.5 8.8 8.2 7.3
Saudi Arabia 12.9 15.2 20.9 25.4 30.7
Central African Republic 13.2 15.7 13.5 13.9 14.0
Mali 13.7 12.8 11.8 13.1 12.2
Paraguay 13.8 16.0 26.6 29.8 29.7
Oman 15.0 14.2 18.3 22.7 25.4
Mozambique 15.6 12.7 9.6 3.8 5.8
Niger 16.2 14.9 15.1 12.4 11.2
Namibia 16.3 16.2 36.4 42.7 43.4
Burundi 16.8 18.1 16.4 16.7 18.9
Rwanda 17.1 13.0 15.2 17.9 28.5
Ghana 17.5 16.4 20.6 21.3 18.4
Poland 18.8 32.7 35.5 37.7 34.0
Turkey 19.5 22.5 24.9 26.4 25.6
Malawi 19.7 20.2 31.2 25.6 30.0
Gabon 20.0 21.9 21.0 20.5 16.9
Comoros 20.6 22.3 23.3 18.6 18.7
Peru 20.7 11.8 13.0 14.0 10.8
Benin 21.1 13.9 12.7 8.6 10.9
Togo 21.3 23.0 21.4 27.9 21.7
Sudan 21.7 16.6 -4.9 13.3 7.2
Nigeria 21.9 21.5 30.8 39.2 46.4
Madagascar 22.2 23.9 28.3 29.1 25.8
Bangladesh 22.4 20.8 20.5 20.8 21.2
Bolivia 23.0 26.8 33.7 49.0 52.8
United Arab Emirates 23.2 24.0 25.7 26.4 29.9
Philippines 23.2 19.5 21.2 45.4 48.0
Costa Rica 23.7 20.3 19.2 19.9 19.2
Solomon Islands 23.8 26.9 25.3 25.2 25.5
El Salvador 24.1 26.7 28.7 31.2 38.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 25.3 18.1 14.3 16.4 3.4
Guatemala 25.9 27.5 28.5 26.9 28.7
Belize 26.7 34.5 36.5 38.6 40.0
Nepal 28.0 27.6 27.0 28.1 29.5
Congo, Rep. 29.1 29.9 30.6 21.1 16.9
Tonga 30.0 29.4 27.1 29.1 27.3
Vanuatu 30.8 25.1 30.2 30.9 33.3
Cameroon 30.9 37.5 26.0 22.4 19.9
Dominican Republic 31.5 18.2 18.1 18.2 21.0
Argentina 32.4 22.8 22.5 26.0 21.9
Maldives 33.0 31.4 29.8 38.4 37.2
Lesotho 33.5 26.9 12.4 1.7 -4.2
Qatar 33.6 43.0 46.6 64.8 66.9
Senegal 33.6 32.2 31.8 30.6 24.6
Tanzania 34.6 30.0 29.3 32.5 27.1
Papua New Guinea 35.7 37.6 36.0 33.5 31.9
Sierra Leone 36.3 19.2 12.0 9.4 90.0
Colombia 36.4 33.4 34.7 37.4 34.7
Equatorial Guinea 36.8 67.1 53.1 36.2 36.7
Mexico 37.3 37.8 40.4 32.9 39.2
Sri Lanka 38.0 25.0 36.4 32.4 32.6
Morocco 38.5 40.3 44.1 46.7 46.4
Fiji 38.5 45.8 46.1 47.5 46.8
Venezuela, RB 38.6 33.8 35.0 32.3 35.8
Ethiopia 39.2 38.7 39.3 32.5 33.2
Myanmar 39.6 44.6 41.0 34.4 32.4
Djibouti 40.6 40.9 42.6 42.8 44.7
Honduras 40.9 32.7 31.7 31.1 30.8
Cabo Verde 41.6 48.6 53.2 36.4 53.0
Zimbabwe 41.7 39.3 43.1 47.9 43.8
Cote d'Ivoire 44.5 44.0 45.2 41.2 29.7
Mauritius 44.7 49.4 52.6 57.6 64.0
Jamaica 45.8 37.1 30.7 28.5 25.9
Uruguay 46.7 33.8 33.0 31.9 30.6
Indonesia 46.7 46.4 46.6 47.4 50.3
Mauritania 47.0 36.1
Korea, Rep. 48.1 48.5 47.4 47.1 47.6
Iceland 48.1 49.5 51.8 54.4 53.5
Seychelles 48.8 53.3 53.1 59.2 70.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.4 51.6 51.5 55.0 58.7
India 50.0 49.7 48.6 47.9 46.0
Pakistan 50.9 51.2 55.9 54.9 51.6
Barbados 51.1 54.7 57.2 56.2 55.3
Kenya 51.4 53.3 52.4 45.0 51.2
Yemen, Rep. 51.8 48.1 48.1 51.4 53.0
Panama 52.7 52.2 55.4 58.7 62.0
Ireland 53.0 48.7 52.3 47.4 50.4
Syrian Arab Republic 56.6 52.3 51.5 67.7 48.7
Bahamas, The 58.5 62.6 65.7 71.0 72.0
Trinidad and Tobago 58.5 62.1 63.0 61.7 48.0
Singapore 58.6 59.9 58.4 56.7 55.6
Grenada 58.8 57.7 56.3 71.4 67.6
St. Lucia 58.8 57.7 55.3 63.6 65.1
Dominica 59.6 64.0 65.5 67.9 68.9
Denmark 60.9 63.6 56.8 52.0 53.2
Tunisia 62.5 60.8 71.6 71.5 71.1
Antigua and Barbuda 62.6 62.7 65.3 64.1 59.3
Portugal 63.0 67.6 71.1 74.4 77.2
Macao SAR, China 64.1 67.9 62.3 74.6 73.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 64.4 56.3 51.0 43.4 45.6
Norway 66.2 61.1 62.6 58.0 57.5
Zambia 67.8 83.3 35.8 48.2
Belgium 69.9 68.0 142.5 142.8 145.2
Chile 70.2 60.8 58.1 60.9 55.5
Australia 70.4 70.7 74.6 75.1 77.4
Malaysia 72.7 75.1 114.6 112.5 112.2
Guinea-Bissau 77.5 13.4 10.4 10.4 9.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 78.0 85.2 89.9 88.3 87.2
New Zealand 78.1 84.2 89.1 85.5 87.3
Algeria 78.4 59.6 55.4 59.0 47.2
Romania 79.7 62.4 31.7 20.2 17.8
Finland 80.3 89.8 87.2 79.5 68.6
Malta 82.3 90.6 92.7 98.2 100.3
Italy 83.7 88.8 95.8 96.8 94.6
Greece 84.9 77.5 80.3 93.1 85.1
Brazil 87.6 87.9 129.8 180.0 86.4
China 89.4 91.9 91.0 101.2 89.4
Thailand 94.1 96.2 103.6 116.0 130.7
Netherlands 97.4 96.8 96.9 99.0 100.6
South Africa 97.8 119.8 129.0 135.5
Germany 98.9 100.2 105.0 111.9 116.4
France 99.5 99.9 100.4 97.5 97.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 99.8 93.1 77.7 74.6 75.2
Luxembourg 100.7 97.1 111.9 72.9
Canada 100.9 107.2 111.6 112.9 112.3
Spain 102.0 100.0 97.1 93.7 98.0
Libya 103.5 102.8 97.6 103.9 107.2
Israel 106.2 96.1 86.4 86.5 84.5
Jordan 106.3 93.3 89.2 84.1 83.0
Suriname 109.2 116.6 101.0 58.0 13.0
United Kingdom 112.2 109.0 106.9 105.0 107.2
Cyprus 113.5 125.3 130.3 141.8 142.1
Austria 118.2 117.7 118.1 119.9 121.9
Sweden 129.5 126.7 122.9 123.3 116.6
Lebanon 132.6 78.0 75.8 68.6 75.5
United States 145.2 152.5 153.8 157.9 155.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 151.9 127.8 119.9 125.7 139.4
Switzerland 158.8 158.0 158.6 160.7 162.4
Nicaragua 162.8 50.6 248.9 239.7 108.2
Japan 255.3 253.8 261.4 270.0 276.9
Guyana 265.9 222.3 269.6 220.6 173.4
Aruba 38.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Croatia
Marshall Islands
Faeroe Islands
Macedonia, FYR 148.6 78.8
Turkmenistan 24.9 -16.7
Lithuania 15.6 19.2
Greenland
Palau
Curacao
Liechtenstein
Bulgaria 118.5 120.7 133.1 103.4
Liberia 319.5
Ukraine 83.2 30.6 24.2
Afghanistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Latvia 18.3 22.6
French Polynesia
Kyrgyz Republic
Eritrea
Kuwait 184.8 106.7 83.7 89.5
Cuba
Kosovo
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tuvalu
Kiribati
Azerbaijan 65.9 52.1 44.3
Russian Federation 25.9 31.7
Armenia 62.3 44.1 15.3
Kazakhstan 49.6 29.1
Guam
Moldova 62.8 56.0 25.4 19.7
Georgia
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Sao Tome and Principe
Estonia
Isle of Man
Czech Republic 63.2 65.8
Iraq
New Caledonia
Serbia
Tajikistan
Hungary 98.0 93.1 93.8 90.1
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Cambodia 5.0 5.4
Haiti 28.2 28.8 29.5 27.0
Brunei Darussalam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Slovak Republic 69.5 54.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovenia
Uganda 17.8 12.1 9.2
Vietnam 15.7 22.5
Belarus 39.8
West Bank and Gaza
Mongolia 56.5 35.1 13.9 14.8
American Samoa
Uzbekistan
Montenegro
Angola
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guinea 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.6
Andorra
South Sudan
Albania 50.3

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