Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Botswana -45.6 -40.6 -42.2 -40.3 -42.6
Samoa 0.0 -3.6 -1.2 5.7 5.5
Bhutan -1.0 -0.2 15.7 14.3 13.8
Gambia, The 3.4 -0.0 4.4 3.3 2.8
Lao PDR 5.0 4.5 4.9 5.9 10.6
Guinea 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.6
Swaziland 10.4 10.0 15.0 14.7 16.9
Burkina Faso 12.2 10.5 8.8 8.2 7.3
Bahrain -1.0 11.1 25.4 27.8 26.7
Ecuador 10.5 11.3 11.4 33.0 35.0
Peru 20.7 11.8 13.0 14.0 10.8
Chad 11.5 12.0 14.1 14.6 12.0
Mozambique 15.6 12.7 9.6 3.8 5.8
Mali 13.7 12.8 11.8 13.1 12.2
Rwanda 17.1 13.0 15.2 17.9 28.5
Guinea-Bissau 77.5 13.4 10.4 10.4 9.4
Benin 21.1 13.9 12.7 8.6 10.9
Oman 15.0 14.2 18.3 22.7 25.4
Niger 16.2 14.9 15.1 12.4 11.2
Saudi Arabia 12.9 15.2 20.9 25.4 30.7
Central African Republic 13.2 15.7 13.5 13.9 14.0
Paraguay 13.8 16.0 26.6 29.8 29.7
Namibia 16.3 16.2 36.4 42.7 43.4
Ghana 17.5 16.4 20.6 21.3 18.4
Sudan 21.7 16.6 -4.9 13.3 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 25.3 17.1 14.3 16.4 3.4
Burundi 16.8 18.1 16.4 16.7 18.9
Dominican Republic 31.5 18.2 18.1 18.2 21.0
Sierra Leone 36.3 19.2 12.0 9.4 90.0
Philippines 23.2 19.5 21.2 45.4 48.0
Malawi 19.7 20.2 31.2 25.6 30.0
Costa Rica 23.7 20.3 19.2 19.9 19.2
Bangladesh 21.6 20.8 20.5 20.8 21.2
Nigeria 21.9 21.5 30.8 39.2 46.4
Gabon 20.0 21.9 21.0 20.5 16.9
Comoros 20.6 22.3 23.3 18.6 18.7
Turkey 19.5 22.5 24.9 26.4 25.6
Argentina 32.4 22.8 22.5 26.0 26.6
Togo 21.3 23.0 21.4 27.9 21.7
Madagascar 22.2 23.9 28.3 29.1 25.8
United Arab Emirates 23.2 24.0 25.7 26.4 29.9
Sri Lanka 38.0 25.0 36.4 32.4 32.6
Vanuatu 30.8 25.1 30.2 30.9 33.3
El Salvador 24.1 26.7 28.7 31.2 38.0
Bolivia 23.0 26.8 33.7 49.0 52.8
Solomon Islands 23.8 26.9 25.3 25.2 25.5
Lesotho 33.5 26.9 12.4 1.7 -4.2
Guatemala 25.9 27.5 28.5 26.9 28.7
Nepal 28.0 27.6 27.0 28.1 29.5
Haiti 28.2 28.8 29.5 27.0
Tonga 30.0 29.4 27.1 29.1 27.3
Congo, Rep. 29.1 29.9 30.6 21.1 16.9
Tanzania 34.6 30.0 29.3 32.5 27.1
Maldives 33.0 31.4 29.8 38.4 37.2
Senegal 33.6 32.2 31.8 30.6 24.6
Honduras 40.9 32.7 31.7 31.1 30.8
Poland 18.8 32.7 35.5 37.7 34.0
Colombia 36.4 33.4 34.7 37.4 34.7
Uruguay 46.7 33.8 33.0 31.9 30.6
Venezuela, RB 38.6 33.8 35.0 32.3 35.8
Belize 26.7 34.5 36.5 38.6 40.0
Mauritania 47.0 36.1
Jamaica 45.8 37.1 30.7 28.5 25.9
Cameroon 30.9 37.5 26.0 22.4 19.9
Papua New Guinea 35.7 37.6 36.0 33.5 31.9
Mexico 37.3 37.8 40.4 32.9 39.2
Ethiopia 39.2 38.7 39.3 32.5 33.2
Zimbabwe 41.7 39.3 43.1 47.9 43.8
Morocco 38.5 40.3 44.1 46.7 46.4
Djibouti 40.6 40.9 42.6 42.8 44.7
Qatar 33.6 43.0 46.6 64.8 66.9
Cote d'Ivoire 44.5 44.0 45.2 41.2 29.7
Myanmar 39.6 44.6 41.0 34.4 32.4
Fiji 38.5 45.8 46.1 47.5 46.8
Indonesia 46.7 46.4 46.6 47.4 50.3
Yemen, Rep. 51.8 48.1 48.1 51.4 53.0
Korea, Rep. 48.1 48.5 47.4 47.1 47.6
Cabo Verde 41.6 48.6 53.2 36.4 53.0
Ireland 53.0 48.7 52.3 47.4 50.4
Mauritius 44.7 49.4 52.6 57.6 64.0
Iceland 48.1 49.5 51.8 54.4 53.5
India 50.0 49.7 48.6 47.9 46.0
Nicaragua 162.8 50.6 248.9 239.7 108.2
Pakistan 50.9 51.2 55.9 54.9 51.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.4 51.6 51.5 55.0 58.7
Panama 52.7 52.2 55.4 58.7 62.0
Syrian Arab Republic 56.6 52.3 51.5 67.7 48.7
Kenya 51.4 53.3 52.4 45.0 51.2
Seychelles 48.8 53.3 53.1 59.2 70.1
Barbados 51.1 54.7 57.2 56.2 55.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 64.4 56.3 51.0 43.4 45.6
Mongolia 56.5 35.1 13.9 14.8
St. Lucia 58.8 57.7 55.3 63.6 65.1
Grenada 58.8 57.7 56.3 71.4 67.6
Algeria 78.4 59.6 55.4 59.0 47.2
Singapore 58.6 59.9 58.4 56.7 55.6
Norway 65.0 59.9 61.4 56.9 56.3
Chile 70.2 60.8 58.1 60.9 55.5
Tunisia 62.5 60.8 71.6 71.5 71.1
Trinidad and Tobago 58.5 62.1 63.0 61.7 48.0
Romania 79.7 62.4 31.7 20.2 17.8
Bahamas, The 58.5 62.6 65.7 71.0 72.0
Antigua and Barbuda 62.6 62.7 65.3 64.1 59.3
Moldova 62.8 56.0 25.4 19.7
Denmark 60.9 63.6 56.8 52.0 53.2
Dominica 59.6 64.0 65.5 67.9 68.9
Equatorial Guinea 36.8 67.1 53.1 36.2 36.7
Portugal 63.0 67.6 71.1 74.4 77.2
Macao SAR, China 64.1 67.9 62.3 74.6 73.9
Belgium 69.9 68.0 142.5 142.8 145.2
Australia 70.4 70.7 74.6 75.1 77.4
Malaysia 72.7 75.1 114.6 112.5 112.2
Greece 84.9 77.5 80.3 93.1 85.1
Lebanon 132.6 78.0 75.8 68.6 75.5
Zambia 67.8 83.3 35.8 48.2
New Zealand 77.4 83.4 88.2 84.6 86.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 78.0 85.2 89.9 88.3 87.2
Brazil 87.6 87.9 129.8 180.0 84.6
Italy 83.7 88.8 95.8 96.8 94.6
Finland 80.3 89.8 87.2 79.5 68.6
Malta 82.3 90.6 92.7 98.2 100.3
China 88.9 91.5 90.5 100.6 88.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 99.8 93.1 77.7 74.6 75.2
Jordan 106.3 93.3 89.2 84.1 83.0
Israel 106.2 96.1 86.4 86.5 84.5
Thailand 94.1 96.2 103.6 116.0 130.7
Netherlands 97.4 96.8 96.9 99.0 100.6
Luxembourg 100.7 97.1 111.9 72.9
Hungary 98.0 93.1 93.8 90.1
France 99.5 99.9 100.4 97.5 97.2
Spain 102.0 100.0 97.1 93.7 98.0
Germany 98.9 100.2 105.0 111.9 116.4
Libya 103.5 102.8 97.6 103.9 107.2
United Kingdom 109.5 106.4 104.9 103.2 106.3
Canada 100.9 107.2 111.6 112.9 112.3
Suriname 109.2 116.6 101.0 58.0 13.0
Austria 118.2 117.7 118.1 119.9 121.9
Bulgaria 118.5 120.7 133.1 103.4
Cyprus 113.5 125.3 130.3 141.8 142.1
Sweden 129.5 126.7 122.9 123.3 116.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 151.9 127.8 119.9 125.7 139.4
United States 145.2 152.5 153.8 157.9 155.9
Switzerland 158.8 158.0 158.6 160.7 162.4
Kuwait 184.8 106.7 83.7 89.5
Guyana 265.9 222.3 269.6 220.6 173.4
Japan 255.3 253.8 261.4 270.0 276.9
Liberia 319.5
Kazakhstan 49.6 29.1
Lithuania
Belarus 39.8
Afghanistan
New Caledonia
Palau
Croatia
Kiribati
Tajikistan
Monaco
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Kyrgyz Republic
Angola
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Estonia
Puerto Rico
Marshall Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Guam
Cuba
Faeroe Islands
Russian Federation 25.9 31.7
Uzbekistan
Montenegro
South Sudan
Azerbaijan 65.9 52.1 44.3
Armenia 62.3 44.1 15.3
San Marino
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
French Polynesia
Georgia
Eritrea
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Cambodia 5.0 5.4
Iraq
Taiwan, China
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Uganda 17.8 12.1 9.2
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan 24.9 -16.7
Slovak Republic 69.5 54.0
Tuvalu
Slovenia
Ukraine 83.2 30.6 24.2
Aruba 38.0
Macedonia, FYR 148.6 78.8
Somalia
Czech Republic 63.2 65.8
South Africa 97.8 119.8 125.3 131.7
Albania 50.3
Isle of Man
Vietnam 15.7 22.5
Serbia
West Bank and Gaza
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao

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