Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Botswana -45.6 -40.6 -42.2 -40.3 -42.6
Sudan 21.7 16.6 -4.9 13.3 7.2
Samoa 0.0 -3.6 -1.2 5.7 5.5
Gambia, The 3.4 -0.0 4.4 3.3 2.8
Lao PDR 5.0 4.5 4.9 5.9 10.6
Guinea 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.6
Burkina Faso 12.2 10.5 8.8 8.2 7.3
Mozambique 15.6 12.7 9.6 3.8 5.8
Guinea-Bissau 77.5 13.4 10.4 10.4 9.4
Ecuador 10.5 11.3 11.4 33.0 35.0
Mali 13.7 12.8 11.8 13.1 12.2
Sierra Leone 36.3 19.2 12.0 9.4 90.0
Lesotho 33.5 26.9 12.4 1.7 -4.2
Benin 21.1 13.9 12.7 8.6 10.9
Peru 20.7 11.8 13.0 14.0 10.8
Central African Republic 13.2 15.7 13.5 13.9 14.0
Chad 11.5 12.0 14.1 14.6 12.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 17.1 14.3 16.4 3.4
Swaziland 10.4 10.0 15.0 14.7 16.9
Niger 16.2 14.9 15.1 12.4 11.2
Rwanda 17.1 13.0 15.2 17.9 28.5
Vietnam 15.7 22.5
Bhutan -1.0 -0.2 15.7 14.3 13.8
Burundi 16.8 18.1 16.4 16.7 18.9
Uganda 17.8 12.1 9.2
Dominican Republic 31.5 18.2 18.1 18.2 21.0
Oman 15.0 14.2 18.3 22.7 25.4
Costa Rica 23.7 20.3 19.2 19.9 19.2
Bangladesh 21.6 20.8 20.5 20.8 21.2
Ghana 17.5 16.4 20.6 21.3 18.4
Saudi Arabia 12.9 15.2 20.9 25.4 30.7
Gabon 20.0 21.9 21.0 20.5 16.9
Philippines 23.2 19.5 21.2 45.4 48.0
Togo 21.3 23.0 21.4 27.9 21.7
Argentina 32.4 22.8 22.5 26.0 26.6
Comoros 20.6 22.3 23.3 18.6 18.7
Turkey 19.5 22.5 24.9 26.4 25.6
Solomon Islands 23.8 26.9 25.3 25.2 25.5
Bahrain -1.0 11.1 25.4 27.8 26.7
United Arab Emirates 23.2 24.0 25.7 26.4 29.9
Cameroon 30.9 37.5 26.0 22.4 19.9
Paraguay 13.8 16.0 26.6 29.8 29.7
Nepal 28.0 27.6 27.0 28.1 29.5
Tonga 30.0 29.4 27.1 29.1 27.3
Madagascar 22.2 23.9 28.3 29.1 25.8
Guatemala 25.9 27.5 28.5 26.9 28.7
El Salvador 24.1 26.7 28.7 31.2 38.0
Haiti 28.2 28.8 29.5 27.0
Tanzania 34.6 30.0 29.3 32.5 27.1
Maldives 33.0 31.4 29.8 38.4 37.2
Vanuatu 30.8 25.1 30.2 30.9 33.3
Congo, Rep. 29.1 29.9 30.6 21.1 16.9
Jamaica 45.8 37.1 30.7 28.5 25.9
Nigeria 21.9 21.5 30.8 39.2 46.4
Malawi 19.7 20.2 31.2 25.6 30.0
Honduras 40.9 32.7 31.7 31.1 30.8
Romania 79.7 62.4 31.7 20.2 17.8
Senegal 33.6 32.2 31.8 30.6 24.6
Uruguay 46.7 33.8 33.0 31.9 30.6
Bolivia 23.0 26.8 33.7 49.0 52.8
Colombia 36.4 33.4 34.7 37.4 34.7
Venezuela, RB 38.6 33.8 35.0 32.3 35.8
Mongolia 56.5 35.1 13.9 14.8
Poland 18.8 32.7 35.5 37.7 34.0
Papua New Guinea 35.7 37.6 36.0 33.5 31.9
Namibia 16.3 16.2 36.4 42.7 43.4
Sri Lanka 38.0 25.0 36.4 32.4 32.6
Belize 26.7 34.5 36.5 38.6 40.0
Ethiopia 39.2 38.7 39.3 32.5 33.2
Mexico 37.3 37.8 40.4 32.9 39.2
Myanmar 39.6 44.6 41.0 34.4 32.4
Djibouti 40.6 40.9 42.6 42.8 44.7
Zimbabwe 41.7 39.3 43.1 47.9 43.8
Morocco 38.5 40.3 44.1 46.7 46.4
Cote d'Ivoire 44.5 44.0 45.2 41.2 29.7
Fiji 38.5 45.8 46.1 47.5 46.8
Indonesia 46.7 46.4 46.6 47.4 50.3
Qatar 33.6 43.0 46.6 64.8 66.9
Korea, Rep. 48.1 48.5 47.4 47.1 47.6
Yemen, Rep. 51.8 48.1 48.1 51.4 53.0
India 50.0 49.7 48.6 47.9 46.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 64.4 56.3 51.0 43.4 45.6
Syrian Arab Republic 56.6 52.3 51.5 67.7 48.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.4 51.6 51.5 55.0 58.7
Iceland 48.1 49.5 51.8 54.4 53.5
Ireland 53.0 48.7 52.3 47.4 50.4
Kenya 51.4 53.3 52.4 45.0 51.2
Mauritius 44.7 49.4 52.6 57.6 64.0
Seychelles 48.8 53.3 53.1 59.2 70.1
Equatorial Guinea 36.8 67.1 53.1 36.2 36.7
Cabo Verde 41.6 48.6 53.2 36.4 53.0
St. Lucia 58.8 57.7 55.3 63.6 65.1
Panama 52.7 52.2 55.4 58.7 62.0
Algeria 78.4 59.6 55.4 59.0 47.2
Pakistan 50.9 51.2 55.9 54.9 51.6
Moldova 62.8 56.0 25.4 19.7
Grenada 58.8 57.7 56.3 71.4 67.6
Denmark 60.9 63.6 56.8 52.0 53.2
Barbados 51.1 54.7 57.2 56.2 55.3
Chile 70.2 60.8 58.1 60.9 55.5
Singapore 58.6 59.9 58.4 56.7 55.6
Norway 65.0 59.9 61.4 56.9 56.3
Macao SAR, China 64.1 67.9 62.3 74.6 73.9
Armenia 62.3 44.1 15.3
Trinidad and Tobago 58.5 62.1 63.0 61.7 48.0
Antigua and Barbuda 62.6 62.7 65.3 64.1 59.3
Dominica 59.6 64.0 65.5 67.9 68.9
Bahamas, The 58.5 62.6 65.7 71.0 72.0
Azerbaijan 65.9 52.1 44.3
Portugal 63.0 67.6 71.1 74.4 77.2
Tunisia 62.5 60.8 71.6 71.5 71.1
Australia 70.4 70.7 74.6 75.1 77.4
Lebanon 132.6 78.0 75.8 68.6 75.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 99.8 93.1 77.7 74.6 75.2
Greece 84.9 77.5 80.3 93.1 85.1
Ukraine 83.2 30.6 24.2
Israel 106.2 96.1 86.4 86.5 84.5
Finland 80.3 89.8 87.2 79.5 68.6
New Zealand 77.4 83.4 88.2 84.6 86.3
Jordan 106.3 93.3 89.2 84.1 83.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 78.0 85.2 89.9 88.3 87.2
China 88.9 91.5 90.5 100.6 88.9
Malta 82.3 90.6 92.7 98.2 100.3
Hungary 98.0 93.1 93.8 90.1
Italy 83.7 88.8 95.8 96.8 94.6
Netherlands 97.4 96.8 96.9 99.0 100.6
Spain 102.0 100.0 97.1 93.7 98.0
Libya 103.5 102.8 97.6 103.9 107.2
France 99.5 99.9 100.4 97.5 97.2
Suriname 109.2 116.6 101.0 58.0 13.0
Thailand 94.1 96.2 103.6 116.0 130.7
United Kingdom 109.5 106.4 104.9 103.2 106.3
Germany 98.9 100.2 105.0 111.9 116.4
Kuwait 184.8 106.7 83.7 89.5
Canada 100.9 107.2 111.6 112.9 112.3
Luxembourg 100.7 97.1 111.9 72.9
Malaysia 72.7 75.1 114.6 112.5 112.2
Austria 118.2 117.7 118.1 119.9 121.9
South Africa 97.8 119.8 125.3 131.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 151.9 127.8 119.9 125.7 139.4
Bulgaria 118.5 120.7 133.1 103.4
Sweden 129.5 126.7 122.9 123.3 116.6
Brazil 87.6 87.9 129.8 180.0 84.6
Cyprus 113.5 125.3 130.3 141.8 142.1
Belgium 69.9 68.0 142.5 142.8 145.2
United States 145.2 152.5 153.8 157.9 155.9
Switzerland 158.8 158.0 158.6 160.7 162.4
Nicaragua 162.8 50.6 248.9 239.7 108.2
Japan 255.3 253.8 261.4 270.0 276.9
Guyana 265.9 222.3 269.6 220.6 173.4
Mauritania 47.0 36.1
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Iraq
Macedonia, FYR 148.6 78.8
Georgia
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
French Polynesia
Turkmenistan 24.9 -16.7
Isle of Man
Kiribati
Russian Federation 25.9 31.7
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba 38.0
Kyrgyz Republic
Angola
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Guam
Tuvalu
Zambia 67.8 83.3 35.8 48.2
Palau
New Caledonia
Cuba
Serbia
Croatia
Lithuania
Montenegro
Czech Republic 63.2 65.8
Monaco
Cambodia 5.0 5.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Latvia
Timor-Leste
Tajikistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Middle East (developing only)
Slovak Republic 69.5 54.0
Brunei Darussalam
Slovenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan 49.6 29.1
Belarus 39.8
South Sudan
Liberia 319.5
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Uzbekistan
San Marino
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Estonia
Albania 50.3
Eritrea
Afghanistan

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