Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Botswana -40.0 -45.6 -40.6 -42.2 -40.3
Sudan 24.6 21.7 16.6 -4.9 13.3
Samoa -0.9 0.0 -4.0 -1.3 6.4
Gambia, The 10.0 3.4 -0.0 4.4 3.3
Lao PDR 6.3 5.0 4.5 4.9 5.9
Guinea 6.0 5.7 5.9
Burkina Faso 12.2 12.2 10.5 8.8 8.2
Mozambique 16.9 15.6 12.7 9.6 3.8
Guinea-Bissau 29.3 77.5 13.4 10.4 10.4
Ecuador 13.3 10.5 11.3 11.4 33.0
Mali 17.0 13.7 12.8 11.8 13.1
Sierra Leone 21.1 36.3 19.2 12.0 9.4
Lesotho 43.7 33.5 26.9 12.4 1.7
Benin 21.1 21.1 13.9 12.7 8.6
Peru 16.2 21.2 12.2 13.4 14.5
Central African Republic 13.0 13.2 15.7 13.5 13.9
Chad 12.5 11.5 12.0 14.1 14.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.2 25.3 18.1 14.3 16.4
Swaziland 11.2 10.4 10.0 15.0 14.7
Niger 16.4 16.2 14.9 15.1 12.4
Rwanda 16.4 17.1 13.0 15.2 17.9
Vietnam 15.7 22.5
Bhutan -0.6 -1.0 -0.2 15.7 14.3
Burundi 17.0 16.8 18.1 16.4 16.7
Uganda 17.8 12.1
Dominican Republic 36.5 31.5 18.2 18.1 18.2
Oman 19.1 15.0 14.2 18.3 22.7
Costa Rica 24.0 23.7 20.3 19.2 19.9
Bangladesh 23.5 22.4 20.8 20.5 20.8
Ghana 21.2 17.5 16.4 20.6 21.3
Saudi Arabia 15.9 12.9 15.2 20.9 25.4
Gabon 28.2 20.0 21.9 21.0 20.5
Philippines 20.7 23.2 19.5 21.2 45.4
Togo 19.2 21.3 23.0 21.4 27.9
Argentina 80.1 32.4 22.8 22.5 26.0
Slovenia 36.8 22.7 33.6
Comoros 19.3 20.6 22.3 23.3 18.6
Turkey 21.0 19.5 22.5 24.9 26.4
Solomon Islands 25.3 23.8 26.9 25.3 25.2
Bahrain -5.8 -1.0 11.1 25.4 27.8
United Arab Emirates 29.2 23.2 24.0 25.7 26.4
Cameroon 30.0 30.9 37.5 26.0 22.4
Paraguay 14.3 13.8 16.0 26.6 29.8
Nepal 28.3 28.0 27.6 27.0 28.1
Tonga 30.2 30.0 29.4 27.1 29.1
Madagascar 22.7 22.2 23.9 28.3 29.1
Guatemala 29.1 25.9 27.5 28.5 26.9
El Salvador 34.1 24.1 26.7 28.7 31.2
Haiti 28.2 28.8 29.5
Tanzania 26.4 34.6 30.0 29.3 32.5
Maldives 33.4 33.0 31.4 29.8 38.4
Vanuatu 26.8 30.8 25.1 30.2 30.9
Congo, Rep. 30.3 29.1 29.9 30.6 21.1
Jamaica 54.6 45.8 37.1 30.7 28.5
Nigeria 20.1 21.9 21.5 30.8 39.2
Malawi 21.8 19.7 20.2 31.2 25.6
Honduras 49.0 40.9 32.7 31.7 31.1
Romania 101.3 79.7 62.4 31.7 20.2
Senegal 36.7 33.6 32.2 31.8 30.6
Uruguay 51.8 46.7 33.8 33.0 31.9
Bolivia 19.0 23.0 26.8 33.7 49.0
Colombia 36.4 33.4 34.7 37.4
Venezuela, RB 37.4 38.6 33.8 35.0 32.3
Mongolia 56.5 35.1 13.9
Poland 33.1 18.8 32.8 35.6 37.8
Papua New Guinea 33.6 35.7 37.6 36.0 33.5
Namibia 16.3 16.2 36.4 42.7
Sri Lanka 40.8 38.0 25.0 36.4 32.4
Belize 28.0 26.7 34.5 36.5 38.6
Ethiopia 34.1 39.9 39.4 40.1 33.1
Mexico 39.7 37.3 37.8 40.4 32.9
Myanmar 37.6 39.6 44.6 41.0 34.4
Djibouti 46.0 40.6 40.9 42.6 42.8
Zimbabwe 88.8 41.7 39.3 43.1 47.9
Cote d'Ivoire 44.2 44.5 44.0 45.2 41.2
Fiji 35.9 38.5 45.8 46.1 47.5
Indonesia 35.2 46.7 46.4 46.6 47.4
Qatar 43.5 33.6 43.0 46.6 64.8
Korea, Rep. 46.2 48.1 48.5 47.4 47.1
Yemen, Rep. 51.8 48.1 48.1 51.4
India 51.4 50.0 49.7 48.6 47.9
Morocco 47.8 43.0 44.9 49.7 52.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 74.5 64.4 56.3 51.0 43.4
Syrian Arab Republic 64.5 56.6 52.3 51.5 67.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.5 49.4 51.6 51.5 55.0
Kenya 46.8 51.4 53.3 52.4 45.0
Mauritius 45.7 44.7 49.4 52.6 57.6
Seychelles 49.6 48.8 53.3 53.1 59.8
Equatorial Guinea 43.0 36.8 67.1 53.1 36.2
Iceland 52.8 49.4 50.8 53.2 55.8
Ireland 52.0 53.9 49.5 53.2 48.2
Cabo Verde 36.5 41.6 48.6 53.2 36.4
St. Lucia 68.9 58.8 57.7 55.3 63.6
Panama 65.4 52.7 52.2 55.4 58.7
Algeria 90.6 78.4 59.6 55.4 59.0
Pakistan 51.3 50.9 51.2 55.9 54.9
Moldova 62.8 56.0 25.4
Grenada 60.2 58.8 57.7 56.3 71.4
Barbados 54.9 51.1 54.7 57.2 56.2
Denmark 64.5 61.9 64.7 57.7 52.9
Chile 73.9 70.2 60.8 58.1 60.9
Singapore 60.1 58.6 59.9 58.4 56.7
Macao SAR, China 65.6 64.1 67.9 62.3 74.6
Armenia 62.3 44.1
Norway 68.4 66.2 61.1 62.6 58.0
Trinidad and Tobago 67.3 58.5 62.1 63.0 61.7
Antigua and Barbuda 61.6 62.6 62.7 65.3 64.1
Dominica 46.0 59.6 64.0 65.5 67.9
Bahamas, The 54.3 58.5 62.6 65.7 71.0
Azerbaijan 65.9 52.1
Tunisia 66.4 62.5 60.8 71.6 71.5
Portugal 67.1 63.9 68.5 72.1 75.4
Australia 70.2 70.3 70.7 74.6 75.1
Lebanon 109.5 132.6 78.0 75.8 68.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 98.6 99.8 93.1 77.7 74.6
Ukraine 83.2 30.6
Greece 92.6 89.4 81.6 84.5 98.0
Israel 114.2 106.2 96.1 86.4 86.5
New Zealand 78.4 78.2 84.2 89.1 85.4
Finland 77.5 81.8 91.6 89.2 81.2
Jordan 114.7 106.3 93.3 89.2 84.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 79.3 78.0 85.2 89.9 88.3
China 79.4 89.4 91.9 91.0 101.2
Malta 70.8 82.3 90.6 92.7 98.2
Hungary 90.0 105.5 99.4 94.3 95.1
Libya 103.5 102.8 97.6 103.9
Italy 86.6 86.6 91.9 99.2 100.2
Spain 104.6 104.9 102.8 99.9 96.4
Suriname 151.0 109.2 116.6 101.0 58.0
Netherlands 103.8 103.4 102.8 102.8 105.1
France 97.0 102.0 102.3 103.0 100.0
Thailand 86.7 94.1 96.2 103.6 116.0
Kuwait 78.2 184.8 106.7 83.7
Germany 95.7 101.8 103.2 108.0 115.3
Canada 96.7 100.9 107.2 111.6 112.9
United Kingdom 114.8 117.5 114.1 111.9 109.9
Malaysia 136.2 72.7 75.1 114.6 112.5
Luxembourg 95.2 105.9 102.0 117.6
Austria 116.5 119.1 118.7 119.0 120.9
South Africa 93.6 97.8 119.8 129.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 151.9 127.8 119.9 125.7
Bulgaria 118.5 120.7 133.1
Sweden 116.9 134.6 131.7 127.7 128.1
Brazil 212.9 87.6 87.9 129.8 180.0
Cyprus 104.5 113.5 125.3 130.3 141.8
Belgium 71.6 71.1 69.1 144.8 145.1
United States 147.4 145.2 152.5 153.8 157.9
Switzerland 166.8 167.5 166.7 167.3 169.6
Nicaragua 46.8 162.8 50.6 248.9 239.7
Japan 254.3 255.3 253.8 261.4 270.0
Guyana 299.1 265.9 222.3 269.6 220.6
Brunei Darussalam
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Guam
Isle of Man
Puerto Rico
Cambodia 5.0
Liechtenstein
Turkmenistan 24.9
Georgia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Russian Federation 25.9
Montenegro
French Polynesia
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
San Marino
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Kosovo
Iraq
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Aruba
Cuba
Andorra
Croatia 100.9
New Caledonia
Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia 18.3
Monaco
Eritrea
Lithuania 15.6
Tajikistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Slovak Republic 70.8
Afghanistan
Czech Republic 65.1
Liberia 123.9 319.5
Kazakhstan 49.6
Bermuda
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kiribati
Mauritania 39.5 47.0 36.1
South Sudan
Belarus
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank and Gaza
Zambia 73.2 67.8 83.3 35.8
Uzbekistan
Macedonia, FYR 148.6
Angola
Estonia 11.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
Serbia
Albania

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