Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Botswana -45.6 -40.6 -42.2 -40.3 -42.6
Lesotho 33.5 26.9 12.4 1.7 -4.2
Gambia, The 3.4 -0.0 4.4 3.3 2.8
Mozambique 15.6 12.7 9.6 3.8 5.8
Cambodia 5.0 5.4
Samoa 0.0 -3.6 -1.2 5.7 5.5
Guinea 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.6
Lao PDR 5.0 4.5 4.9 5.9 10.6
Burkina Faso 12.2 10.5 8.8 8.2 7.3
Benin 21.1 13.9 12.7 8.6 10.9
Sierra Leone 36.3 19.2 12.0 9.4 90.0
Guinea-Bissau 77.5 13.4 10.4 10.4 9.4
Uganda 17.8 12.1 9.2
Niger 16.2 14.9 15.1 12.4 11.2
Mali 13.7 12.8 11.8 13.1 12.2
Sudan 21.7 16.6 -4.9 13.3 7.2
Mongolia 56.5 35.1 13.9 14.8
Central African Republic 13.2 15.7 13.5 13.9 14.0
Peru 20.7 11.8 13.0 14.0 10.8
Bhutan -1.0 -0.2 15.7 14.3 13.8
Chad 11.5 12.0 14.1 14.6 12.0
Swaziland 10.4 10.0 15.0 14.7 16.9
Lithuania 15.6 19.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 25.3 18.1 14.3 16.4 3.4
Burundi 16.8 18.1 16.4 16.7 18.9
Rwanda 17.1 13.0 15.2 17.9 28.5
Dominican Republic 31.5 18.2 18.1 18.2 21.0
Latvia 18.3 22.6
Comoros 20.6 22.3 23.3 18.6 18.7
Costa Rica 23.7 20.3 19.2 19.9 19.2
Romania 79.7 62.4 31.7 20.2 17.8
Gabon 20.0 21.9 21.0 20.5 16.9
Bangladesh 22.4 20.8 20.5 20.8 21.2
Congo, Rep. 29.1 29.9 30.6 21.1 16.9
Ghana 17.5 16.4 20.6 21.3 18.4
Cameroon 30.9 37.5 26.0 22.4 19.9
Vietnam 15.7 22.5
Oman 15.0 14.2 18.3 22.7 25.4
Turkmenistan 24.9 -16.7
Solomon Islands 23.8 26.9 25.3 25.2 25.5
Saudi Arabia 12.9 15.2 20.9 25.4 30.7
Moldova 62.8 56.0 25.4 19.7
Malawi 19.7 20.2 31.2 25.6 30.0
Russian Federation 25.9 31.7
Argentina 32.4 22.8 22.5 26.0 21.9
Turkey 19.5 22.5 24.9 26.4 25.6
United Arab Emirates 23.2 24.0 25.7 26.4 29.9
Guatemala 25.9 27.5 28.5 26.9 28.7
Bahrain -1.0 11.1 25.4 27.8 26.7
Togo 21.3 23.0 21.4 27.9 21.7
Nepal 28.0 27.6 27.0 28.1 29.5
Jamaica 45.8 37.1 30.7 28.5 25.9
Madagascar 22.2 23.9 28.3 29.1 25.8
Tonga 30.0 29.4 27.1 29.1 27.3
Haiti 28.2 28.8 29.5 27.0
Paraguay 13.8 16.0 26.6 29.8 29.7
Ukraine 83.2 30.6 24.2
Senegal 33.6 32.2 31.8 30.6 24.6
Vanuatu 30.8 25.1 30.2 30.9 33.3
Honduras 40.9 32.7 31.7 31.1 30.8
El Salvador 24.1 26.7 28.7 31.2 38.0
Uruguay 46.7 33.8 33.0 31.9 30.6
Venezuela, RB 38.6 33.8 35.0 32.3 35.8
Sri Lanka 38.0 25.0 36.4 32.4 32.6
Ethiopia 39.2 38.7 39.3 32.5 33.2
Tanzania 34.6 30.0 29.3 32.5 27.1
Mexico 37.3 37.8 40.4 32.9 39.2
Ecuador 10.5 11.3 11.4 33.0 35.0
Papua New Guinea 35.7 37.6 36.0 33.5 31.9
Myanmar 39.6 44.6 41.0 34.4 32.4
Zambia 67.8 83.3 35.8 48.2
Equatorial Guinea 36.8 67.1 53.1 36.2 36.7
Cabo Verde 41.6 48.6 53.2 36.4 53.0
Colombia 36.4 33.4 34.7 37.4 34.7
Poland 18.8 32.7 35.5 37.7 34.0
Maldives 33.0 31.4 29.8 38.4 37.2
Belize 26.7 34.5 36.5 38.6 40.0
Nigeria 21.9 21.5 30.8 39.2 46.4
Cote d'Ivoire 44.5 44.0 45.2 41.2 29.7
Namibia 16.3 16.2 36.4 42.7 43.4
Djibouti 40.6 40.9 42.6 42.8 44.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 64.4 56.3 51.0 43.4 45.6
Armenia 62.3 44.1 15.3
Kenya 51.4 53.3 52.4 45.0 51.2
Philippines 23.2 19.5 21.2 45.4 48.0
Morocco 38.5 40.3 44.1 46.7 46.4
Korea, Rep. 48.1 48.5 47.4 47.1 47.6
Ireland 53.0 48.7 52.3 47.4 50.4
Indonesia 46.7 46.4 46.6 47.4 50.3
Fiji 38.5 45.8 46.1 47.5 46.8
Zimbabwe 41.7 39.3 43.1 47.9 43.8
India 50.0 49.7 48.6 47.9 46.0
Bolivia 23.0 26.8 33.7 49.0 52.8
Kazakhstan 49.6 29.1
Yemen, Rep. 51.8 48.1 48.1 51.4 53.0
Denmark 60.9 63.6 56.8 52.0 53.2
Azerbaijan 65.9 52.1 44.3
Iceland 48.1 49.5 51.8 54.4 53.5
Pakistan 50.9 51.2 55.9 54.9 51.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.4 51.6 51.5 55.0 58.7
Barbados 51.1 54.7 57.2 56.2 55.3
Singapore 58.6 59.9 58.4 56.7 55.6
Mauritius 44.7 49.4 52.6 57.6 64.0
Suriname 109.2 116.6 101.0 58.0 13.0
Norway 66.2 61.1 62.6 58.0 57.5
Panama 52.7 52.2 55.4 58.7 62.0
Algeria 78.4 59.6 55.4 59.0 47.2
Seychelles 48.8 53.3 53.1 59.2 70.1
Chile 70.2 60.8 58.1 60.9 55.5
Trinidad and Tobago 58.5 62.1 63.0 61.7 48.0
Czech Republic 63.2 65.8
St. Lucia 58.8 57.7 55.3 63.6 65.1
Antigua and Barbuda 62.6 62.7 65.3 64.1 59.3
Qatar 33.6 43.0 46.6 64.8 66.9
Syrian Arab Republic 56.6 52.3 51.5 67.7 48.7
Dominica 59.6 64.0 65.5 67.9 68.9
Lebanon 132.6 78.0 75.8 68.6 75.5
Slovak Republic 69.5 54.0
Bahamas, The 58.5 62.6 65.7 71.0 72.0
Grenada 58.8 57.7 56.3 71.4 67.6
Tunisia 62.5 60.8 71.6 71.5 71.1
Portugal 63.0 67.6 71.1 74.4 77.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 99.8 93.1 77.7 74.6 75.2
Macao SAR, China 64.1 67.9 62.3 74.6 73.9
Australia 70.4 70.7 74.6 75.1 77.4
Finland 80.3 89.8 87.2 79.5 68.6
Kuwait 184.8 106.7 83.7 89.5
Jordan 106.3 93.3 89.2 84.1 83.0
New Zealand 78.1 84.2 89.1 85.5 87.3
Israel 106.2 96.1 86.4 86.5 84.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 78.0 85.2 89.9 88.3 87.2
Greece 84.9 77.5 80.3 93.1 85.1
Spain 102.0 100.0 97.1 93.7 98.0
Hungary 98.0 93.1 93.8 90.1
Italy 83.7 88.8 95.8 96.8 94.6
France 99.5 99.9 100.4 97.5 97.2
Malta 82.3 90.6 92.7 98.2 100.3
Netherlands 97.4 96.8 96.9 99.0 100.6
China 89.4 91.9 91.0 101.2 89.4
Libya 103.5 102.8 97.6 103.9 107.2
United Kingdom 112.2 109.0 106.9 105.0 107.2
Germany 98.9 100.2 105.0 111.9 116.4
Malaysia 72.7 75.1 114.6 112.5 112.2
Canada 100.9 107.2 111.6 112.9 112.3
Thailand 94.1 96.2 103.6 116.0 130.7
Austria 118.2 117.7 118.1 119.9 121.9
Sweden 129.5 126.7 122.9 123.3 116.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 151.9 127.8 119.9 125.7 139.4
South Africa 97.8 119.8 129.0 135.5
Bulgaria 118.5 120.7 133.1 103.4
Cyprus 113.5 125.3 130.3 141.8 142.1
Belgium 69.9 68.0 142.5 142.8 145.2
Macedonia, FYR 148.6 78.8
United States 145.2 152.5 153.8 157.9 155.9
Switzerland 158.8 158.0 158.6 160.7 162.4
Brazil 87.6 87.9 129.8 180.0 86.4
Guyana 265.9 222.3 269.6 220.6 173.4
Nicaragua 162.8 50.6 248.9 239.7 108.2
Japan 255.3 253.8 261.4 270.0 276.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Montenegro
French Polynesia
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tajikistan
Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Iraq
Cuba
Georgia
Puerto Rico
Angola
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Guam
American Samoa
San Marino
Kosovo
Curacao
Eritrea
Croatia
Somalia
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Palau
Liberia 319.5
Timor-Leste
Greenland
Brunei Darussalam
Afghanistan
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
South Sudan
Tuvalu
Kyrgyz Republic
Belarus 39.8
Kiribati
Monaco
Mauritania 47.0 36.1
Faeroe Islands
Uzbekistan
Estonia
Aruba 38.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Luxembourg 100.7 97.1 111.9 72.9
Andorra
Slovenia
Albania 50.3

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