Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Botswana -40.0 -45.6 -40.6 -42.2 -40.3
Lesotho 43.7 33.5 26.9 12.4 1.7
Gambia, The 10.0 3.4 -0.0 4.4 3.3
Mozambique 16.9 15.6 12.7 9.6 3.8
Cambodia 5.0
Guinea 6.0 5.7 5.9
Lao PDR 6.3 5.0 4.5 4.9 5.9
Samoa -0.9 0.0 -4.0 -1.3 6.4
Burkina Faso 12.2 12.2 10.5 8.8 8.2
Benin 21.1 21.1 13.9 12.7 8.6
Sierra Leone 21.1 36.3 19.2 12.0 9.4
Guinea-Bissau 29.3 77.5 13.4 10.4 10.4
Estonia 11.1
Uganda 17.8 12.1
Niger 16.4 16.2 14.9 15.1 12.4
Mali 17.0 13.7 12.8 11.8 13.1
Sudan 24.6 21.7 16.6 -4.9 13.3
Mongolia 56.5 35.1 13.9
Central African Republic 13.0 13.2 15.7 13.5 13.9
Bhutan -0.6 -1.0 -0.2 15.7 14.3
Peru 16.2 21.2 12.2 13.4 14.5
Chad 12.5 11.5 12.0 14.1 14.6
Swaziland 11.2 10.4 10.0 15.0 14.7
Lithuania 15.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.2 25.3 18.1 14.3 16.4
Burundi 17.0 16.8 18.1 16.4 16.7
Rwanda 16.4 17.1 13.0 15.2 17.9
Dominican Republic 36.5 31.5 18.2 18.1 18.2
Latvia 18.3
Comoros 19.3 20.6 22.3 23.3 18.6
Costa Rica 24.0 23.7 20.3 19.2 19.9
Romania 101.3 79.7 62.4 31.7 20.2
Gabon 28.2 20.0 21.9 21.0 20.5
Bangladesh 23.5 22.4 20.8 20.5 20.8
Congo, Rep. 30.3 29.1 29.9 30.6 21.1
Ghana 21.2 17.5 16.4 20.6 21.3
Cameroon 30.0 30.9 37.5 26.0 22.4
Vietnam 15.7 22.5
Oman 19.1 15.0 14.2 18.3 22.7
Turkmenistan 24.9
Solomon Islands 25.3 23.8 26.9 25.3 25.2
Saudi Arabia 15.9 12.9 15.2 20.9 25.4
Moldova 62.8 56.0 25.4
Malawi 21.8 19.7 20.2 31.2 25.6
Russian Federation 25.9
Argentina 80.1 32.4 22.8 22.5 26.0
Turkey 21.0 19.5 22.5 24.9 26.4
United Arab Emirates 29.2 23.2 24.0 25.7 26.4
Guatemala 29.1 25.9 27.5 28.5 26.9
Bahrain -5.8 -1.0 11.1 25.4 27.8
Togo 19.2 21.3 23.0 21.4 27.9
Nepal 28.3 28.0 27.6 27.0 28.1
Jamaica 54.6 45.8 37.1 30.7 28.5
Madagascar 22.7 22.2 23.9 28.3 29.1
Tonga 30.2 30.0 29.4 27.1 29.1
Haiti 28.2 28.8 29.5
Paraguay 14.3 13.8 16.0 26.6 29.8
Ukraine 83.2 30.6
Senegal 36.7 33.6 32.2 31.8 30.6
Vanuatu 26.8 30.8 25.1 30.2 30.9
Honduras 49.0 40.9 32.7 31.7 31.1
El Salvador 34.1 24.1 26.7 28.7 31.2
Uruguay 51.8 46.7 33.8 33.0 31.9
Venezuela, RB 37.4 38.6 33.8 35.0 32.3
Sri Lanka 40.8 38.0 25.0 36.4 32.4
Tanzania 26.4 34.6 30.0 29.3 32.5
Mexico 39.7 37.3 37.8 40.4 32.9
Ecuador 13.3 10.5 11.3 11.4 33.0
Ethiopia 34.1 39.9 39.4 40.1 33.1
Papua New Guinea 33.6 35.7 37.6 36.0 33.5
Slovenia 36.8 22.7 33.6
Myanmar 37.6 39.6 44.6 41.0 34.4
Zambia 73.2 67.8 83.3 35.8
Equatorial Guinea 43.0 36.8 67.1 53.1 36.2
Cabo Verde 36.5 41.6 48.6 53.2 36.4
Colombia 36.4 33.4 34.7 37.4
Poland 33.1 18.8 32.8 35.6 37.8
Maldives 33.4 33.0 31.4 29.8 38.4
Belize 28.0 26.7 34.5 36.5 38.6
Nigeria 20.1 21.9 21.5 30.8 39.2
Cote d'Ivoire 44.2 44.5 44.0 45.2 41.2
Namibia 16.3 16.2 36.4 42.7
Djibouti 46.0 40.6 40.9 42.6 42.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 74.5 64.4 56.3 51.0 43.4
Armenia 62.3 44.1
Kenya 46.8 51.4 53.3 52.4 45.0
Philippines 20.7 23.2 19.5 21.2 45.4
Korea, Rep. 46.2 48.1 48.5 47.4 47.1
Indonesia 35.2 46.7 46.4 46.6 47.4
Fiji 35.9 38.5 45.8 46.1 47.5
Zimbabwe 88.8 41.7 39.3 43.1 47.9
India 51.4 50.0 49.7 48.6 47.9
Ireland 52.0 53.9 49.5 53.2 48.2
Bolivia 19.0 23.0 26.8 33.7 49.0
Kazakhstan 49.6
Yemen, Rep. 51.8 48.1 48.1 51.4
Azerbaijan 65.9 52.1
Morocco 47.8 43.0 44.9 49.7 52.5
Denmark 64.5 61.9 64.7 57.7 52.9
Pakistan 51.3 50.9 51.2 55.9 54.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.5 49.4 51.6 51.5 55.0
Iceland 52.8 49.4 50.8 53.2 55.8
Barbados 54.9 51.1 54.7 57.2 56.2
Singapore 60.1 58.6 59.9 58.4 56.7
Mauritius 45.7 44.7 49.4 52.6 57.6
Suriname 151.0 109.2 116.6 101.0 58.0
Norway 68.4 66.2 61.1 62.6 58.0
Panama 65.4 52.7 52.2 55.4 58.7
Algeria 90.6 78.4 59.6 55.4 59.0
Seychelles 49.6 48.8 53.3 53.1 59.8
Chile 73.9 70.2 60.8 58.1 60.9
Trinidad and Tobago 67.3 58.5 62.1 63.0 61.7
St. Lucia 68.9 58.8 57.7 55.3 63.6
Antigua and Barbuda 61.6 62.6 62.7 65.3 64.1
Qatar 43.5 33.6 43.0 46.6 64.8
Czech Republic 65.1
Syrian Arab Republic 64.5 56.6 52.3 51.5 67.7
Dominica 46.0 59.6 64.0 65.5 67.9
Lebanon 109.5 132.6 78.0 75.8 68.6
Slovak Republic 70.8
Bahamas, The 54.3 58.5 62.6 65.7 71.0
Grenada 60.2 58.8 57.7 56.3 71.4
Tunisia 66.4 62.5 60.8 71.6 71.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 98.6 99.8 93.1 77.7 74.6
Macao SAR, China 65.6 64.1 67.9 62.3 74.6
Australia 70.2 70.3 70.7 74.6 75.1
Portugal 67.1 63.9 68.5 72.1 75.4
Finland 77.5 81.8 91.6 89.2 81.2
Kuwait 78.2 184.8 106.7 83.7
Jordan 114.7 106.3 93.3 89.2 84.1
New Zealand 77.9 78.1 84.2 89.1 85.5
Israel 114.2 106.2 96.1 86.4 86.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 79.3 78.0 85.2 89.9 88.3
Hungary 90.0 105.5 99.4 94.3 95.1
Spain 104.6 104.9 102.8 99.9 96.4
Greece 92.6 89.4 81.6 84.5 98.0
Malta 70.8 82.3 90.6 92.7 98.2
France 97.0 102.0 102.3 103.0 100.0
Italy 86.6 86.6 91.9 99.2 100.2
Croatia 100.9
China 79.4 89.4 91.9 91.0 101.2
Libya 103.5 102.8 97.6 103.9
Netherlands 103.8 103.4 102.8 102.8 105.1
United Kingdom 114.8 117.5 114.1 111.9 109.9
Malaysia 136.2 72.7 75.1 114.6 112.5
Canada 96.7 100.9 107.2 111.6 112.9
Germany 95.7 101.8 103.2 108.0 115.3
Thailand 86.7 94.1 96.2 103.6 116.0
Austria 116.5 119.1 118.7 119.0 120.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 151.9 127.8 119.9 125.7
Sweden 116.9 134.6 131.7 127.7 128.1
South Africa 93.6 97.8 119.8 129.0
Bulgaria 118.5 120.7 133.1
Cyprus 104.5 113.5 125.3 130.3 141.8
Belgium 71.6 71.1 69.1 144.8 145.1
Macedonia, FYR 148.6
United States 147.4 145.2 152.5 153.8 157.9
Switzerland 166.8 167.5 166.7 167.3 169.6
Brazil 212.9 87.6 87.9 129.8 180.0
Guyana 299.1 265.9 222.3 269.6 220.6
Nicaragua 46.8 162.8 50.6 248.9 239.7
Japan 254.3 255.3 253.8 261.4 270.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Georgia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
Greenland
French Polynesia
Liberia 123.9 319.5
Isle of Man
Cuba
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tajikistan
Liechtenstein
Puerto Rico
Faeroe Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Eritrea
Iraq
Somalia
Palau
Angola
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Kiribati
Sao Tome and Principe
Timor-Leste
Mauritania 39.5 47.0 36.1
Brunei Darussalam
San Marino
Guam
Kyrgyz Republic
Bermuda
Afghanistan
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Belarus
Kosovo
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan
Curacao
Aruba
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
Andorra
Luxembourg 95.2 105.9 102.0 117.6
Albania

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