Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -31.0 -44.9 -44.0 -47.0 -39.8
Botswana -35.8 -33.8 -73.7 -79.1 -63.4
Turkmenistan 1.1 -19.1 8.4 25.2 26.2
Lesotho -9.0 -14.3 -19.1 -20.9 -1.1
Mozambique 5.4 1.9 3.1 3.1 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 3.1 3.1 7.3 10.8 13.7
Gambia, The 3.7 3.7 5.0 5.4 6.9
Angola 57.9 4.8 10.0 17.7 7.2
Bhutan 9.9 4.9 14.6 2.6 -1.3
Uganda 4.4 5.2 6.6 7.5 8.0
Cambodia 5.3 6.2 6.9 7.2 6.6
Burkina Faso 5.6 6.5 13.1 12.3 11.5
Sudan 5.0 7.2 5.4 5.3 5.6
Lao PDR 9.9 7.6 15.1 15.4 9.3
Kazakhstan 9.5 7.9 6.5 8.7 10.1
Georgia 8.1 8.1 12.9 15.6 19.5
Guinea 7.7 8.5 7.4 6.5
Niger 8.7 8.8 10.2 9.2 9.4
Samoa 9.1 9.0 8.0 8.7 14.2
Armenia 9.1 9.1 8.0 10.7 10.7
Benin 10.9 10.1 7.0 6.5 6.5
Rwanda 13.0 10.2 12.5 12.7 14.7
Mali 11.1 10.3 12.3 14.9 17.0
Malawi 14.6 10.5 10.0 8.9 10.7
Chad 9.9 11.1 10.1 9.1 10.7
Lithuania 13.7 11.1 12.6 13.3 16.2
Latvia 13.2 11.6 14.2 17.0 17.8
Central African Republic 11.4 11.8 10.8 11.6 12.3
Swaziland 11.2 12.2 12.4 10.5 11.1
Mongolia 6.4 12.6 7.3 14.5 11.1
Suriname 4.7 12.7 20.1 36.0 28.6
Azerbaijan 12.5 13.0 13.0 12.9 10.6
Nigeria 23.6 13.3 12.6 18.2 19.1
Peru 12.7 13.6 20.3 25.5 29.1
Madagascar 17.3 14.2 13.2 15.5 15.0
Ukraine 15.5 14.8 17.1 24.6 25.2
Comoros 16.9 15.0 15.6 14.7 15.0
Gabon 18.3 15.0 16.1 23.8 21.0
Belarus 15.0 15.1 17.0 35.2 19.9
Congo, Rep. 17.3 15.3 16.7 22.0 19.0
Cameroon 17.5 15.6 15.1 15.2 15.6
Tanzania 23.0 15.7 12.4 11.0 11.6
Ghana 18.9 18.4 25.5 24.6 32.5
Estonia 11.2 18.7 28.6 30.0 31.0
Equatorial Guinea 29.4 19.4 10.3 10.4 8.0
Venezuela, RB 37.0 19.9 17.5 18.2 17.6
Vietnam 20.1 20.1 21.2 22.0 28.9
Ecuador 20.8 21.0 23.7 24.5 30.2
Burundi 16.0 21.1 19.9 22.3 26.2
Dominican Republic 20.1 22.1 23.8 25.5 29.3
Senegal 22.1 22.2 21.4 20.9 21.3
Argentina 23.0 23.3 25.1 26.8 29.3
Moldova 23.7 23.4 26.0 34.0 28.7
Solomon Islands 24.7 24.0 24.3 22.7 22.0
Haiti 25.3 25.0 28.3 25.9 28.2
Togo 26.0 25.0 22.9 23.7 21.3
Kyrgyz Republic 25.7 25.1 18.2 20.0 14.8
Costa Rica 16.0 25.2 29.2 32.7 28.9
Bahrain 28.4 25.3 30.4 37.9 43.5
Honduras 26.2 25.5 28.7 29.6 28.1
Yemen, Rep. 41.9 25.5 22.1 30.5 20.8
Cote d'Ivoire 28.0 25.7 25.2 24.0 23.2
Paraguay 26.8 26.1 33.2 26.9 26.5
Oman 25.6 26.4 33.3 47.5 42.5
Saudi Arabia 30.6 27.1 30.6 41.1 41.1
Russian Federation 25.5 27.8 29.5 44.9 33.3
Papua New Guinea 29.2 28.1 33.4 35.3 31.7
Bangladesh 26.7 28.7 29.9 30.3 31.8
Romania 23.6 28.8 18.7 21.7 17.8
United Arab Emirates 28.9 28.9 31.3 36.8 35.9
Macedonia, FYR 25.7 29.1 29.4 18.7 19.6
Maldives 34.9 30.1 29.0 32.4 32.1
Guatemala 30.0 30.4 26.2 24.8 25.3
Tonga 31.4 31.2 37.1 38.2 34.7
Mexico 41.3 31.3 35.2 32.7 30.1
Poland 30.0 31.4 32.4 33.6 36.3
Uruguay 32.4 31.6 29.2 45.8 50.3
Slovenia 32.2 31.6 31.4 35.4 38.3
Ethiopia 30.1 32.0 35.9 41.3 47.9
Nepal 34.0 33.7 34.2 38.3 38.7
Myanmar 32.5 33.7 30.7 28.1 26.2
Turkey 27.8 34.1 34.6 27.5 36.8
Vanuatu 33.7 36.2 33.1 35.8 38.7
Jamaica 30.7 37.5 44.9 45.8 47.9
Croatia 41.0 37.7 38.3 41.4 39.6
Algeria 45.0 38.3 38.6 41.4 45.8
Sri Lanka 40.9 38.7 36.8 36.6 39.2
Colombia 37.2 38.8 40.8 42.5 41.4
Syrian Arab Republic 48.2 38.9 37.1 33.8 31.2
Kenya 52.7 39.8 41.4 40.5 41.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 40.0 40.9 39.5 46.1 42.9
Albania 39.9 41.2 58.1 56.2 49.8
Belize 43.7 42.0 47.6 51.6 51.0
El Salvador 40.5 42.3 44.4 41.6 44.5
Aruba 39.4 43.4 42.3 41.2 44.6
Fiji 45.8 44.2 39.3 34.2 29.7
India 42.9 44.3 44.8 45.2 47.5
Morocco 52.5 49.0 73.9 73.6 74.9
Zimbabwe 52.3 49.0 63.1 58.2 37.3
Namibia 49.3 49.2 44.3 43.5 43.2
Korea, Rep. 46.4 49.5 54.7 61.5 66.1
Bolivia 48.7 50.9 57.0 65.4 66.3
Trinidad and Tobago 53.8 51.0 57.6 56.1 53.1
Iceland 51.1 51.7 68.7 63.5 72.2
Sierra Leone 64.8 52.2 60.1 51.1 50.1
Slovak Republic 45.7 52.8 63.8 60.3 57.1
Zambia 58.4 53.5 41.0 60.2 55.2
Indonesia 51.8 54.0 59.6 59.9 62.1
Pakistan 51.0 54.4 52.1 51.5 49.1
Denmark 52.6 54.5 54.9 60.3 56.2
Barbados 54.5 55.2 58.6 58.8 59.2
Djibouti 51.5 55.7 52.9 49.8 33.1
Brazil 56.1 57.1 59.4 66.8 70.9
Cabo Verde 59.4 57.7 61.6 58.5 51.6
Chile 55.1 58.4 72.2 73.4 77.5
Qatar 61.2 59.3 53.7 69.4 66.9
Finland 63.7 59.8 53.4 53.9 55.5
Norway 56.9 61.4 65.7 79.3 73.7
Mauritius 66.1 62.3 70.8 75.6 75.2
Czech Republic 66.3 62.4 62.2 55.1 50.8
Singapore 59.1 63.5 69.4 85.1 82.4
Tunisia 71.2 65.2 61.9 62.2 63.6
Panama 67.3 65.8 66.6 78.3 88.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 62.5 65.9 69.2 66.1 71.0
Philippines 55.7 67.9 78.5 63.3 58.9
Hungary 79.8 70.5 63.8 61.3 52.2
Dominica 72.7 70.5 73.0 69.7 69.9
Nicaragua 91.1 71.1 73.8 75.0 74.6
Macao SAR, China 71.2 72.6 77.0 70.7 76.3
Antigua and Barbuda 69.1 72.8 81.4 83.9 89.3
Grenada 66.7 73.2 84.4 86.7 84.0
St. Lucia 66.5 74.4 75.2 72.2 75.4
Luxembourg 81.4 75.3 80.1
Kuwait 88.8 75.8 87.8 106.9 92.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 75.3 76.1 76.1 83.7 88.3
Bahamas, The 74.8 76.4 61.5 63.9 63.3
Israel 76.1 77.2 74.4 75.7 79.6
Greece 81.8 77.3 74.3 71.2 78.7
Eritrea 50.1 77.3 73.3 111.5 147.8
Ireland 75.7 77.6 86.1 90.1 101.2
Jordan 82.8 78.7 75.8 79.6 79.4
Australia 80.3 83.3 83.4 87.9 91.3
Portugal 79.8 84.8 86.6 92.9 109.5
Seychelles 79.6 86.7 86.9 99.2 109.8
Italy 89.6 87.6 85.8 86.5 90.3
Libya 108.0 90.4 65.5 74.1 68.6
New Zealand 90.2 92.1 100.4 106.0 109.6
China 87.7 93.3 100.7 113.1 119.3
Spain 97.5 97.3 99.5 102.7 109.1
France 98.4 98.3 98.4 100.9
Lebanon 82.9 98.9 116.4 134.7 150.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 98.0 103.5 97.2 106.2 113.8
Sweden 107.3 105.5 105.3 106.4 102.0
Bulgaria 69.0 106.4 19.3 13.6 14.5
Netherlands 104.9 110.4 116.6 133.0
Malta 99.6 112.6 118.4 124.9 129.4
United Kingdom 112.0 115.0 115.6 114.0 117.4
Canada 111.4 115.9 117.8 116.0 114.6
Austria 123.5 125.0 128.2 121.1
Germany 120.9 128.5 133.7 139.5 141.5
Guyana 166.3 130.2 114.5 116.6 103.0
South Africa 139.6 139.6 137.9 139.1 153.3
Malaysia 126.7 142.4 163.4 162.1 150.1
Thailand 141.3 146.4 177.6 176.7 155.8
Belgium 144.6 146.4 141.2 134.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 142.0 151.8 162.1 144.6 135.0
Cyprus 142.1 154.8 163.9 168.1 235.6
Switzerland 164.9 163.2 164.1 158.8 165.3
United States 165.7 171.0 179.4 190.0 201.3
Japan 283.4 288.5 272.5 294.0 305.5
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cuba
Somalia
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Afghanistan
Kiribati
Serbia 22.9 27.8 36.2
Kosovo
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 62.3 59.3 48.2
New Caledonia
San Marino
Brunei Darussalam 41.0
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Timor-Leste
Iraq
Faeroe Islands
Liberia 247.5 182.1
Curacao
Palau
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.7
Guam
Tuvalu
Mauritania
Montenegro
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Uzbekistan
Monaco
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan 22.1 20.8
American Samoa

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