Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -31.0 -44.9 -44.0 -47.0
Botswana -42.6 -35.8 -33.8 -73.7 -79.1
Turkmenistan -16.7 1.1 -19.1 8.4 25.2
Lesotho -4.2 -9.0 -14.3 -19.1 -20.9
Mozambique 5.8 5.4 1.9 3.1 3.1
Guinea-Bissau 9.4 3.1 3.1 7.3 10.8
Gambia, The 2.8 3.7 3.7 5.0 5.4
Angola 57.9 4.8 10.0 17.7
Bhutan 13.8 9.9 4.9 14.6 2.6
Uganda 9.2 4.4 5.2 6.6 7.5
Cambodia 5.4 5.3 6.2 6.9 7.2
Burkina Faso 7.3 5.6 6.5 13.1 12.3
Sudan 7.2 5.0 7.2 5.4 5.3
Lao PDR 10.6 9.9 7.6 15.1 15.4
Kazakhstan 29.1 9.5 7.9 6.5 8.7
Georgia 8.1 8.1 12.9 15.6
Guinea 6.6 7.7 8.5 7.4 6.5
Niger 11.2 8.7 8.8 10.2 9.2
Armenia 15.3 9.1 9.1 8.0 10.7
Samoa 6.2 10.2 10.1 9.0 9.8
Benin 10.9 10.9 10.1 7.0 6.5
Rwanda 28.5 13.0 10.2 12.5 12.7
Mali 12.2 11.1 10.3 12.3 14.9
Malawi 30.0 14.6 10.5 10.0 8.9
Chad 12.0 9.9 11.1 10.1 9.1
Lithuania 19.2 13.7 11.1 12.6 13.3
Latvia 22.6 13.2 11.6 14.2 17.0
Central African Republic 14.0 11.4 11.8 10.8 11.6
Swaziland 16.9 11.2 12.2 12.4 10.5
Mongolia 14.8 6.4 12.6 7.3 14.5
Suriname 13.0 4.7 12.7 20.1 36.0
Azerbaijan 44.3 12.5 13.0 13.0 12.9
Nigeria 46.4 23.6 13.3 12.6 18.2
Peru 11.1 12.9 13.9 20.5 25.8
Madagascar 25.8 17.3 14.2 13.2 15.5
Ukraine 24.2 15.5 14.8 17.1 24.6
Comoros 18.7 16.9 15.0 15.6 14.7
Gabon 16.9 18.3 15.0 16.1 23.8
Belarus 39.8 15.0 15.1 17.0 35.2
Congo, Rep. 16.9 17.3 15.3 16.7 22.0
Cameroon 19.9 17.5 15.6 15.1 15.2
Tanzania 27.1 23.0 15.7 12.4 11.0
Ghana 18.4 18.9 18.4 25.5 24.6
Estonia 10.1 11.2 18.8 28.6 30.1
Equatorial Guinea 36.7 29.4 19.4 10.3 10.4
Venezuela, RB 35.8 37.0 19.9 17.5 18.2
Vietnam 20.1 20.1 21.2 22.0
Ecuador 35.0 20.8 21.0 23.7 24.5
Burundi 18.9 16.0 21.1 19.9 22.3
Dominican Republic 21.0 20.1 22.1 23.8 25.5
Senegal 24.6 22.1 22.2 21.4 20.9
Argentina 21.9 23.0 23.3 25.1 26.8
Moldova 19.7 23.7 23.4 26.0 34.0
Solomon Islands 25.5 24.7 24.0 24.3 22.7
Haiti 27.0 25.3 25.0 28.3 25.9
Togo 21.7 26.0 25.0 22.9 23.7
Kyrgyz Republic 25.7 25.1 18.2 20.0
Costa Rica 19.2 16.0 25.2 29.2 32.7
Bahrain 26.7 28.4 25.3 30.4 37.9
Honduras 30.8 26.2 25.5 28.7 29.6
Yemen, Rep. 53.0 41.9 25.5 22.1 30.5
Cote d'Ivoire 29.7 28.0 25.7 25.2 24.0
Paraguay 29.7 26.8 26.1 33.2 26.9
Oman 25.4 25.6 26.4 33.3 47.5
Saudi Arabia 30.7 30.6 27.1 30.6 41.1
Russian Federation 31.7 25.5 27.8 29.5 44.9
Papua New Guinea 31.9 29.2 28.1 33.4 35.3
Bangladesh 21.2 26.7 28.7 29.9 30.3
Romania 17.8 23.6 28.8 18.7 21.7
United Arab Emirates 29.9 28.9 28.9 31.3 36.8
Macedonia, FYR 78.8 25.7 29.1 29.4 18.7
Maldives 37.2 34.9 30.1 29.0 32.4
Guatemala 28.7 30.0 30.4 26.2 24.8
Tonga 27.3 31.4 31.2 37.1 38.2
Mexico 39.2 41.3 31.3 35.2 32.7
Poland 34.1 30.1 31.5 32.4 33.7
Uruguay 30.6 32.4 31.6 29.2 45.8
Slovenia 31.9 32.7 32.1 31.9 36.0
Ethiopia 33.8 30.7 32.6 36.6 42.1
Nepal 29.5 34.0 33.7 34.2 38.3
Myanmar 32.4 32.5 33.7 30.7 28.1
Turkey 25.6 27.8 34.1 34.6 27.5
Vanuatu 33.3 33.7 36.2 33.1 35.8
Jamaica 25.9 30.7 37.5 44.9 45.8
Croatia 49.5 41.6 38.2 38.8 41.9
Algeria 47.2 45.0 38.3 38.6 41.4
Sri Lanka 32.6 40.9 38.7 36.8 36.6
Colombia 34.7 37.2 38.8 40.8 42.5
Syrian Arab Republic 48.7 48.2 38.9 37.1 33.8
Kenya 51.2 52.7 39.8 41.4 40.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 45.6 40.0 40.9 39.5 46.1
Albania 50.3 39.9 41.2 58.1 56.2
Belize 40.0 43.7 42.0 47.6 51.6
El Salvador 38.0 40.5 42.3 44.4 41.6
Aruba 38.0 39.4 43.4 42.3 41.2
Fiji 46.8 45.8 44.2 39.3 34.2
India 46.0 42.9 44.3 44.8 45.2
Zimbabwe 43.8 52.3 49.0 63.1 58.2
Namibia 43.4 49.3 49.2 44.3 43.5
Korea, Rep. 47.6 46.4 49.5 54.7 61.5
Bolivia 52.8 48.7 50.9 57.0 65.4
Trinidad and Tobago 48.0 53.8 51.0 57.6 56.1
Sierra Leone 90.0 64.8 52.2 60.1 51.1
Iceland 55.0 52.5 53.1 70.5 65.0
Slovak Republic 55.0 46.5 53.8 65.3 61.4
Indonesia 50.3 51.8 54.0 59.6 59.9
Pakistan 51.6 51.0 54.4 52.1 51.5
Barbados 55.3 54.5 55.2 58.6 58.8
Morocco 52.1 59.2 55.3 82.5 73.6
Denmark 54.1 53.5 55.4 55.9 61.4
Djibouti 44.7 51.5 55.7 52.9 49.8
Brazil 86.4 56.1 57.1 59.4 66.8
Cabo Verde 53.0 59.4 57.7 61.6 58.5
Chile 55.5 55.1 58.4 72.2 73.4
Zambia 52.7 63.9 58.8 45.1 65.7
Qatar 66.9 61.2 59.3 53.7 69.4
Norway 57.5 56.9 61.4 65.7 79.3
Finland 70.5 65.4 61.6 55.0 55.6
Mauritius 64.0 66.1 62.3 70.8 75.6
Singapore 55.6 59.1 63.5 69.4 85.1
Czech Republic 67.8 68.3 64.3 64.4 57.2
Tunisia 71.1 71.2 65.2 61.9 62.2
Panama 62.0 67.3 65.8 66.6 78.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 58.7 62.5 65.9 69.2 66.1
Philippines 48.0 55.7 67.9 78.5 63.3
Dominica 68.9 72.7 70.5 73.0 69.7
Nicaragua 108.2 91.1 71.1 73.8 75.0
Hungary 91.3 80.8 71.3 64.5 62.0
Macao SAR, China 73.9 71.2 72.6 77.0 70.7
Antigua and Barbuda 59.3 69.1 72.8 81.4 83.9
Grenada 67.6 66.7 73.2 84.4 86.7
St. Lucia 65.1 66.5 74.4 75.2 72.2
Kuwait 89.5 88.8 75.8 87.8 106.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 75.2 75.3 76.1 76.1 83.7
Bahamas, The 72.0 74.8 76.4 61.5 63.9
Israel 84.5 76.1 77.2 74.4 75.7
Eritrea 50.1 77.3 73.3 111.5
Jordan 83.0 82.8 78.7 75.8 79.6
Ireland 51.2 77.0 79.0 87.5 91.8
Luxembourg 76.7 85.5 79.2 84.2
Greece 89.6 86.1 82.0 79.0 76.3
Australia 77.4 80.3 83.3 83.3 87.9
Portugal 78.3 80.9 85.8 87.7 93.7
Seychelles 70.6 79.6 87.3 86.9 99.2
Libya 107.2 108.0 90.4 65.5 74.1
Italy 97.9 92.7 90.6 88.7 89.5
New Zealand 87.1 90.2 92.1 100.4 106.0
China 89.4 87.7 93.3 100.7 113.1
Lebanon 75.5 82.9 98.9 116.4 134.7
Spain 100.7 100.2 100.3 102.3 105.6
France 99.5 100.7 100.9 101.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 87.2 98.0 103.5 97.2 106.2
Sweden 121.2 111.7 110.0 110.0 111.5
Malta 100.3 99.6 112.6 118.4 124.9
Canada 112.3 111.4 115.9 117.8 116.0
Netherlands 106.8 111.4 117.0 123.6
United Kingdom 112.2 117.2 120.8 120.1 118.0
Bulgaria 103.4 69.0 121.0 21.5 15.2
Austria 122.9 124.5 126.1 130.9
Guyana 173.4 166.3 130.2 114.5 116.6
Germany 119.5 124.2 131.9 137.3 143.4
South Africa 135.5 139.6 139.6 137.9 139.1
Malaysia 112.2 126.7 142.4 163.4 162.1
Thailand 130.7 141.3 146.4 177.6 176.7
Belgium 147.6 146.9 149.1 143.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 139.4 142.0 151.8 162.1 144.6
Cyprus 142.1 142.1 154.8 163.9 168.1
United States 155.9 165.7 171.0 179.4 190.0
Switzerland 171.3 174.0 172.4 172.7 168.0
Japan 276.9 283.4 288.5 272.5 294.0
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.4 1.7
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Brunei Darussalam
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
San Marino
Curacao
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
Iraq
Bosnia and Herzegovina 62.3 59.3
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Palau
Liberia 247.5
Guam
Cuba
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Mauritania
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
Kosovo
Serbia 25.9 31.4
Sao Tome and Principe
Uzbekistan
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan 22.1
American Samoa

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