Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Botswana -35.8 -33.8 -73.7 -79.1 -63.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -31.0 -44.9 -44.0 -47.0 -39.8
Lesotho -9.0 -14.3 -19.1 -20.9 -1.1
Bhutan 9.9 4.9 14.6 2.6 -1.3
Mozambique 5.4 1.9 3.1 3.1 6.4
West Bank and Gaza 4.5 4.9
Sudan 5.0 7.2 5.4 5.3 5.6
Gambia, The 3.7 3.7 5.0 5.4 6.9
Guinea 7.7 8.5 7.4 6.5
Benin 10.9 10.1 7.0 6.5 6.5
Cambodia 5.3 6.2 6.9 7.2 6.6
Uganda 4.4 5.2 6.6 7.5 8.0
Samoa 9.1 9.0 8.0 8.7 14.2
Kazakhstan 9.5 7.9 6.5 8.7 10.1
Malawi 14.6 10.5 10.0 8.9 10.7
Chad 9.9 11.1 10.1 9.1 10.7
Niger 8.7 8.8 10.2 9.2 9.4
Equatorial Guinea 29.4 19.4 10.3 10.4 8.0
Swaziland 11.2 12.2 12.4 10.5 11.1
Armenia 9.1 9.1 8.0 10.7 10.7
Guinea-Bissau 3.1 3.1 7.3 10.8 13.7
Tanzania 23.0 15.7 12.4 11.0 11.6
Central African Republic 11.4 11.8 10.8 11.6 12.3
Burkina Faso 5.6 6.5 13.1 12.3 11.5
Rwanda 13.0 10.2 12.5 12.7 14.7
Azerbaijan 12.5 13.0 13.0 12.9 10.6
Bulgaria 69.0 106.4 19.3 13.6 14.5
Mongolia 6.4 12.6 7.3 14.5 11.1
Comoros 16.9 15.0 15.6 14.7 15.0
Latvia 11.7 10.8 12.5 14.8 15.5
Mali 11.1 10.3 12.3 14.9 17.0
Cameroon 17.5 15.6 15.1 15.2 15.6
Lao PDR 9.9 7.6 15.1 15.4 9.3
Madagascar 17.3 14.2 13.2 15.5 15.0
Georgia 8.1 8.1 12.9 15.6 19.5
Angola 57.9 4.8 10.0 17.7 7.2
Venezuela, RB 37.0 19.9 17.5 18.2 17.6
Nigeria 23.6 13.3 12.6 18.2 19.1
Macedonia, FYR 25.7 29.1 29.4 18.7 19.6
Kyrgyz Republic 25.7 25.1 18.2 20.0 14.8
Senegal 22.1 22.2 21.4 20.9 21.3
Romania 23.6 28.8 18.7 21.7 17.8
Vietnam 20.1 20.1 21.2 22.0 28.9
Congo, Rep. 17.3 15.3 16.7 22.0 19.0
Tajikistan 22.1 20.8
Burundi 16.0 21.1 19.9 22.3 26.2
Solomon Islands 24.7 24.0 24.3 22.7 22.0
Togo 26.0 25.0 22.9 23.7 21.3
Gabon 18.3 15.0 16.1 23.8 21.0
Cote d'Ivoire 28.0 25.7 25.2 24.3 23.5
Ecuador 20.8 21.0 23.7 24.5 30.2
Ukraine 15.5 14.8 17.1 24.6 25.2
Ghana 18.9 18.4 25.5 24.6 32.5
Guatemala 30.0 30.4 26.2 24.8 25.3
Turkmenistan 1.1 -19.1 8.4 25.2 26.2
Dominican Republic 20.1 22.1 23.8 25.5 29.3
Peru 12.7 13.6 20.3 25.5 29.1
Haiti 25.3 25.0 28.3 25.9 28.2
Bangladesh 26.7 25.1 26.3 26.7 28.3
Paraguay 26.8 26.1 33.2 26.9 26.5
Turkey 27.8 34.1 34.6 27.5 36.8
Serbia 22.9 27.8 36.2
Myanmar 32.5 33.7 30.7 28.1 26.2
Honduras 26.2 25.5 28.7 29.6 28.1
Estonia 11.2 18.7 28.6 30.0 31.0
Yemen, Rep. 41.9 25.5 22.1 30.5 20.8
Maldives 34.9 30.1 29.0 32.4 32.1
Argentina 27.9 28.2 30.4 32.5 35.5
Costa Rica 16.0 25.2 29.2 32.7 28.9
Mexico 41.3 31.3 35.2 32.7 30.1
Poland 30.0 31.4 32.4 33.6 36.3
Syrian Arab Republic 48.2 38.9 37.1 33.8 31.2
Moldova 23.7 23.4 26.0 34.0 28.7
Fiji 45.8 44.2 39.3 34.2 29.7
Belarus 15.0 15.1 17.0 35.2 19.9
Papua New Guinea 29.2 28.1 33.4 35.3 31.7
Slovenia 32.2 31.6 31.4 35.4 38.3
Vanuatu 33.7 36.2 33.1 35.8 38.7
Suriname 4.7 12.7 20.1 36.0 28.6
Sri Lanka 40.9 38.7 36.8 36.6 39.2
United Arab Emirates 28.9 28.9 31.3 36.8 35.9
Bahrain 28.4 25.3 30.4 37.9 43.5
Tonga 31.4 31.2 37.1 38.2 34.7
Nepal 34.0 33.7 34.2 38.3 38.7
Kenya 52.7 39.8 41.4 40.5 41.0
Saudi Arabia 30.6 27.1 30.6 41.1 41.1
Aruba 39.4 43.4 42.3 41.2 44.6
Ethiopia 30.1 32.0 35.9 41.3 47.9
Croatia 41.0 37.7 38.3 41.4 39.6
Algeria 45.0 38.3 38.6 41.4 45.8
El Salvador 40.5 42.3 44.4 41.6 44.5
Colombia 37.2 38.8 40.8 42.5 41.4
Namibia 49.3 49.2 44.3 43.5 43.2
Russian Federation 25.5 27.8 29.5 44.9 33.3
India 42.9 44.3 44.8 45.2 47.5
Uruguay 32.4 31.6 29.2 45.8 50.3
Jamaica 30.7 37.5 44.9 45.8 47.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 40.0 40.9 39.5 46.1 42.9
Oman 25.6 26.4 33.3 47.5 42.5
Djibouti 51.5 55.7 52.9 49.8 33.1
Sierra Leone 64.8 52.2 60.1 51.1 50.1
Pakistan 51.0 54.4 52.1 51.5 49.1
Belize 43.7 42.0 47.6 51.6 51.0
Finland 63.7 59.8 53.4 53.9
Czech Republic 66.3 62.4 62.2 55.1 50.8
Trinidad and Tobago 53.8 51.0 57.6 56.1 53.1
Albania 39.9 41.2 58.1 56.2 49.8
Zimbabwe 52.3 49.0 63.1 58.2 37.3
Cabo Verde 59.4 57.7 61.6 58.5 51.6
Barbados 54.5 55.2 58.6 58.8 59.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 62.3 59.3 48.2
Indonesia 51.8 54.0 59.6 59.9 62.1
Zambia 58.4 53.5 41.0 60.2 55.2
Denmark 52.6 54.5 54.9 60.3 56.2
Slovak Republic 45.7 52.8 63.8 60.3 57.1
Hungary 79.8 70.5 63.8 61.3 52.2
Korea, Rep. 46.4 49.5 54.7 61.5 66.1
Tunisia 71.2 65.2 61.9 62.2 63.6
Philippines 55.7 67.9 78.5 63.3 58.9
Iceland 51.1 51.7 68.7 63.5 72.2
Bahamas, The 74.8 76.4 61.5 63.9 63.3
Brazil 54.9 56.2 58.4 65.0 69.1
Bolivia 48.7 50.9 57.0 65.4 66.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 62.5 65.9 69.2 66.1 71.0
Qatar 61.2 59.3 53.7 69.4 66.9
Dominica 72.7 70.5 73.0 69.7 69.9
Macao SAR, China 71.2 72.6 77.0 70.7 76.3
Greece 81.8 77.3 74.3 71.2 78.7
St. Lucia 66.5 74.4 75.2 72.2 75.4
Israel 73.5 74.4 71.2 72.3 75.9
Chile 55.1 58.4 72.2 73.4 77.5
Morocco 52.5 49.0 73.9 73.6 74.9
Libya 108.0 90.4 65.5 74.1 58.2
Nicaragua 91.1 71.1 73.8 75.0 74.6
Mauritius 66.1 62.3 70.8 75.6 75.2
Norway 55.7 60.1 64.4 77.7 72.2
Panama 67.3 65.8 66.6 78.3 88.9
Jordan 82.8 78.7 75.8 79.6 79.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 75.3 76.1 76.1 83.7 88.3
Antigua and Barbuda 69.1 72.8 81.4 83.9 89.3
Singapore 59.1 63.5 69.4 85.1 82.4
Italy 89.6 87.6 85.8 86.5
Grenada 66.7 73.2 84.4 86.7 84.0
Australia 80.3 83.3 83.4 87.9 91.3
Ireland 75.7 77.6 86.1 90.1
Portugal 79.8 84.8 86.6 92.9
Seychelles 79.6 86.7 86.9 99.2 109.8
Spain 97.5 97.3 99.5 102.7
New Zealand 89.5 91.4 99.5 104.9 108.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 98.0 103.5 97.2 106.2 113.8
Sweden 107.3 105.5 105.3 106.4 102.0
Kuwait 88.8 75.8 87.8 106.9 92.4
Eritrea 50.1 77.3 73.3 111.5 147.8
China 87.2 92.8 100.1 112.5 118.7
United Kingdom 112.0 115.0 115.6 114.0 117.4
Canada 111.4 115.9 117.8 116.0 114.6
Guyana 166.3 130.2 114.5 116.6 103.0
Malta 99.6 112.6 118.4 124.9 129.4
Lebanon 82.9 98.9 116.4 134.7 150.8
South Africa 135.7 135.9 134.5 135.6 149.4
Germany 120.9 128.5 133.7 139.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 142.0 151.8 162.1 144.6 135.0
Cyprus 132.6 144.8 153.6 157.3 220.6
Switzerland 164.9 163.2 164.1 158.8 165.3
Malaysia 126.7 142.4 163.4 162.1 150.1
Thailand 141.3 146.4 177.6 176.7 155.8
United States 165.7 171.0 179.4 190.0 201.3
Liberia 247.5 182.1
Japan 283.4 288.5 272.5 294.0 305.5
Faeroe Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Somalia
Bermuda
San Marino
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.7
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Puerto Rico
Palau
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
Cuba
St. Martin (French part)
Brunei Darussalam 41.0
Netherlands 104.9 110.4 116.6
Austria 123.5 125.0 128.2
Montenegro
Kiribati
Monaco
Mauritania
Iraq
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Luxembourg 81.4 75.3 80.1
Greenland
Lithuania
France 98.4 98.3 98.4
Taiwan, China
Curacao
Liechtenstein
Uzbekistan
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Belgium 144.6 146.4 141.2
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Andorra

Featured indicators

Help/Feedback

User Voice