Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Botswana -63.4 -65.7 -70.4 -28.7 -6.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -39.8 -42.3 -30.4 -46.8 -42.5
Angola 7.2 -14.8 -0.6 4.9 6.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.3 1.2 0.2 1.2
Sao Tome and Principe 1.5 2.5 4.1 12.1
Bhutan -1.3 2.9 6.4 11.0 11.6
Lesotho -1.1 3.6 5.0 10.8 4.6
Equatorial Guinea 8.0 4.7 0.9 0.3 1.3
Yemen, Rep. 20.8 5.3 3.1 2.1 7.1
Cambodia 6.6 6.4 5.6 5.6 6.6
Gambia, The 6.9 7.4 16.8 17.4 25.2
Benin 6.5 8.0 4.4 5.7 9.5
Congo, Rep. 19.0 8.7 13.3 11.8 13.0
Guinea 8.9 9.5 13.6 16.1
Sudan 5.6 8.9 9.6 10.4 11.1
Mongolia 11.1 9.0 9.8 13.3 19.9
Lao PDR 9.3 9.0 13.1 10.4 9.1
Niger 9.4 9.2 8.0 8.5 9.2
Azerbaijan 10.6 9.6 9.8 8.7 9.4
Nigeria 19.1 10.0 19.3 19.5 21.2
Tanzania 11.6 10.7 8.5 8.9 7.3
Mozambique 6.4 10.8 9.2 12.2 10.2
Guinea-Bissau 13.7 10.8 7.0 8.1 6.6
Swaziland 11.1 11.1 10.9 14.9 16.6
Armenia 10.7 11.5 9.3 7.4 5.6
Central African Republic 12.3 12.0 14.3 13.9 15.0
Kyrgyz Republic 14.8 12.2 10.0 11.6 11.6
Uganda 8.0 12.2 8.9 13.2 10.1
Chad 10.7 12.3 13.0 11.5 11.5
Kazakhstan 10.1 12.3 11.6 13.1 14.8
Malawi 10.7 12.5 15.8 15.4 16.0
Gabon 21.0 12.5 22.0 21.3 19.8
Rwanda 14.7 13.1 12.8 11.5 12.4
Romania 17.8 13.9 12.9 13.8 15.9
Comoros 15.0 14.3 9.8 9.9 10.6
Mali 17.0 14.3 17.1 16.5 16.1
Macedonia, FYR 19.6 14.4 12.6 16.6 16.8
Cameroon 15.6 14.4 15.2 14.9 15.4
Burkina Faso 11.5 14.4 13.5 12.7 13.6
Venezuela, RB 17.6 14.9 15.8 15.3 10.6
Madagascar 15.0 15.2 16.2 18.3 17.9
Lithuania 16.2 15.2 15.6 17.8 23.2
Bulgaria 15.0 17.4 19.8 23.1 28.6
Tajikistan 20.8 17.9 22.3 18.0 15.2
Belarus 19.9 19.2 17.6 18.0 22.2
Samoa 16.0 20.5 29.5 30.4 32.0
Georgia 19.5 21.5 20.0 20.1 20.0
Togo 21.3 22.4 19.4 16.0 18.9
Cote d'Ivoire 23.2 23.0 21.6 21.1 18.8
Latvia 17.8 23.3 28.5 35.7 44.9
Honduras 28.1 23.5 34.5 33.7 37.9
Senegal 21.3 23.5 23.4 21.3 21.3
Ukraine 25.2 23.8 24.2 28.1 33.1
Burundi 26.2 24.9 26.8 29.4 29.2
Russian Federation 33.3 24.9 25.7 26.9 27.9
Moldova 28.7 25.2 27.5 29.1 29.5
Syrian Arab Republic 31.2 25.5 27.5 26.3 30.2
Guatemala 25.3 25.9 27.3 26.8 31.9
Solomon Islands 22.0 26.5 40.7 38.6 35.4
Turkmenistan 26.2 26.9 18.6
Paraguay 26.5 27.0 28.6 28.1 17.7
Peru 29.3 27.3 25.7 23.9 20.8
Papua New Guinea 31.7 28.2 24.1 28.1 24.2
Algeria 45.8 28.3 36.3 37.9 31.4
Argentina 29.3 28.4 30.7 51.5 41.8
United Arab Emirates 35.9 28.9 29.3 30.8 33.4
Mexico 30.1 29.0 28.5 31.9 32.6
Colombia 41.4 30.4 38.5 37.5 40.7
Ecuador 30.2 30.6 24.2 17.1 14.4
Myanmar 26.2 31.2 33.2 28.2 21.6
Dominican Republic 29.3 31.9 33.8 35.3 39.2
Costa Rica 28.9 32.4 34.4 37.8 40.4
Vietnam 28.9 32.6 36.8 41.4 48.0
Suriname 28.6 33.7 16.1 28.4 26.6
Bahrain 43.5 33.9 36.6 40.4 39.4
Bangladesh 31.8 34.2 47.8 50.4 49.7
Haiti 28.2 34.3 34.2 40.2 40.0
Poland 36.3 34.4 37.0 37.2 38.4
Estonia 31.0 34.6 38.2 43.8 50.4
Saudi Arabia 41.1 34.7 39.4 40.9 43.3
Maldives 32.1 34.8 30.7 31.9 25.7
Vanuatu 38.7 35.6 37.7 43.1 43.0
Djibouti 33.1 36.1 31.1 30.0 28.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.9 36.4 36.8 34.5 37.5
Oman 42.5 36.9 42.1 40.8 38.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.2 37.4 23.4 27.5 31.4
Turkey 36.8 37.9 52.9 47.5 42.8
Fiji 29.7 37.9 72.0 91.4 95.4
Brunei Darussalam 41.0 38.6 35.6 37.7 29.4
Tonga 34.7 38.8 41.8 42.3 42.2
Kenya 41.0 39.2 37.5 40.3 39.8
Ghana 32.5 39.3 35.1 34.6 26.9
Qatar 66.9 40.1 59.1 56.1 48.6
Croatia 40.2 40.5 45.6 53.9 55.2
Nepal 38.7 40.8 42.7 35.4 39.6
Pakistan 49.1 41.6 38.1 37.2 37.9
Macao SAR, China 76.3 42.0 32.0 21.8 13.4
Slovenia 39.0 42.7 45.4 43.6 47.5
Namibia 43.2 42.7 43.5 42.1 46.5
Belize 51.0 43.5 54.2 50.0 56.6
Sri Lanka 39.2 43.7 45.4 42.2 40.7
Aruba 44.6 44.1 44.8 49.1 54.4
Trinidad and Tobago 53.1 45.2 40.4 44.4 36.1
Jamaica 47.9 46.5 57.8 57.0 63.3
Czech Republic 52.9 47.6 43.9 40.6 46.6
Albania 49.8 48.3 46.7 47.0 46.9
Sweden 106.8 48.6 106.3 106.3 106.2
Ethiopia 48.8 49.5 45.0 47.2 47.7
Uruguay 50.3 50.2 64.2 98.9 69.8
India 47.5 51.2 52.9 57.0 55.7
Zimbabwe 37.3 52.2 70.8 164.6 80.2
El Salvador 44.5 52.8 45.9 43.7 46.7
Sierra Leone 50.1 54.4 36.0 30.3 27.3
Hungary 52.9 55.3 49.6 53.1 57.5
Finland 57.6 55.7 61.8 62.9 66.9
Slovak Republic 58.0 56.5 59.7 51.1 43.7
Libya 68.6 57.2 63.4 31.7 14.8
Barbados 59.2 58.2 69.2 78.9 83.2
Philippines 58.9 58.3 56.1 55.1 54.3
Indonesia 62.1 60.7 54.5 52.4 49.2
Bolivia 66.3 62.0 60.5 61.1 58.1
Serbia 37.8 62.7 35.5 17.3 20.3
Dominica 69.9 63.3 62.3 57.9 51.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71.0 64.1 60.4 60.3 56.4
Cabo Verde 51.6 64.7 66.5 71.8 71.3
Tunisia 63.6 66.4 67.0 67.6 65.4
Bahamas, The 63.3 67.3 71.6 70.8 71.1
Norway 73.7 68.2 73.1 80.8 81.1
Kuwait 92.4 70.4 87.8 88.3 83.3
Mauritius 75.2 70.8 74.4 74.1 98.3
Zambia 60.1 70.8 50.2 46.8 38.3
Korea, Rep. 66.1 70.9 128.1 134.2 128.4
Brazil 70.9 71.9 72.5 74.5 74.0
Grenada 84.0 71.9 76.9 76.4 69.7
Nicaragua 74.6 72.2 72.2 72.3 71.6
St. Lucia 75.4 72.5 79.7 79.5 72.3
Israel 79.6 76.5 83.9 85.9 80.7
Singapore 82.4 76.7 90.4 73.7 79.3
Chile 77.5 78.1 82.1 84.7 83.5
Jordan 79.4 78.8 84.3 83.5 84.0
Antigua and Barbuda 89.3 80.5 82.4 84.3 83.2
Morocco 74.9 81.1 70.0 70.7 68.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 88.3 89.0 94.6 101.6 104.6
Luxembourg 90.0 121.7 97.8 94.3
Greece 84.5 91.0 99.6 99.6 93.8
Australia 91.3 93.4 92.2 99.2 103.7
Panama 88.9 94.3 99.0 91.1 88.8
Italy 93.3 95.8 96.7 96.3 102.0
Iceland 73.9 98.2 99.7 104.8 130.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 113.8 99.6 94.4 89.9 95.8
Guyana 103.0 100.5 94.0 94.3 95.4
France 103.9 103.5 105.7 103.5 105.4
Ireland 103.2 106.2 108.8 109.2 114.7
New Zealand 109.6 109.2 116.9 110.2 113.4
Canada 114.6 111.5 198.9 193.7 187.3
Spain 111.9 115.3 119.7 123.3 131.6
Seychelles 109.8 116.4 124.4 135.8 141.4
China 119.3 119.7 123.0 143.5 151.9
Austria 123.7 125.1 124.1 122.2 121.6
Belgium 136.9 125.5 118.8 112.0 107.9
Portugal 110.4 127.9 137.0 137.8 138.1
Malta 129.4 128.5 139.0 131.6 128.2
United Kingdom 120.5 128.7 134.4 140.0 143.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 135.0 134.0 136.2 140.3 143.5
Thailand 155.8 138.3 128.6 127.8 130.7
Malaysia 150.1 138.4 146.5 143.6 139.8
Denmark 57.5 144.7 152.5 155.5 161.4
Germany 145.8 146.5 144.7 143.1 141.7
Netherlands 142.2 147.8 147.4 153.1 160.2
Eritrea 147.8 150.5 133.1 133.3 130.7
South Africa 153.3 152.5 184.1 161.4 166.6
Switzerland 175.2 167.8 163.2 162.7 167.1
Liberia 182.1 174.5 172.8 186.3 214.4
Lebanon 150.8 175.1 191.2 177.6 177.9
United States 201.2 190.9 198.5 191.7 206.6
Cyprus 235.6 234.7 239.6 191.6 191.1
Japan 305.5 304.7 295.0 303.0 312.1
Cayman Islands
Greenland
St. Martin (French part)
Iraq
Puerto Rico
Somalia
Palau
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro 7.4 13.3
Curacao
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza
Mauritania
San Marino
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Guam
Afghanistan
French Polynesia
Timor-Leste -9.0 -7.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo -1.6 -6.0 -3.8
Uzbekistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cuba
Kiribati
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Bermuda
Isle of Man
American Samoa

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