Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Botswana -63.4 -65.7 -70.4 -28.7 -6.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -39.8 -42.3 -30.4 -46.8 -42.5
Kosovo -1.6 -6.0 -3.8
Angola 7.2 -14.8 -0.6 4.9 6.1
Equatorial Guinea 8.0 4.7 0.9 0.3 1.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.3 1.2 0.2 1.2
Sao Tome and Principe 1.5 2.5 4.1 12.1
Yemen, Rep. 20.8 5.3 3.1 2.1 7.1
Benin 6.5 8.0 4.4 5.7 9.5
Lesotho -1.1 3.6 5.0 10.8 4.6
Cambodia 6.6 6.4 5.6 5.6 6.6
Bhutan -1.3 2.9 6.4 11.0 11.6
Guinea-Bissau 13.7 10.8 7.0 8.1 6.6
Niger 9.4 9.2 8.0 8.5 9.2
Tanzania 11.6 10.7 8.5 8.9 7.3
Uganda 8.0 12.2 8.9 13.2 10.1
Mozambique 6.4 10.8 9.2 12.2 10.2
Armenia 10.7 11.5 9.3 7.4 5.6
Guinea 8.9 9.5 13.6 16.1
Sudan 5.6 8.9 9.6 10.4 11.1
Mongolia 11.1 9.0 9.8 13.3 19.9
Azerbaijan 10.6 9.6 9.8 8.7 9.4
Comoros 15.0 14.3 9.8 9.9 10.6
Kyrgyz Republic 14.8 12.2 10.0 11.6 11.6
Swaziland 11.1 11.1 10.9 14.9 16.6
Kazakhstan 10.1 12.3 11.6 13.1 14.8
Macedonia, FYR 19.6 14.4 12.6 16.6 16.8
Rwanda 14.7 13.1 12.8 11.5 12.4
Romania 17.8 13.9 12.9 13.8 15.9
Chad 10.7 12.3 13.0 11.5 11.5
Lao PDR 9.3 9.0 13.1 10.4 9.1
Congo, Rep. 19.0 8.7 13.3 11.8 13.0
Burkina Faso 11.5 14.4 13.5 12.7 13.6
Central African Republic 12.3 12.0 14.3 13.9 15.0
Cameroon 15.6 14.4 15.2 14.9 15.4
Lithuania 16.2 15.2 15.6 17.8 23.2
Venezuela, RB 17.6 14.9 15.8 15.3 10.6
Malawi 10.7 12.5 15.8 15.4 16.0
Suriname 28.6 33.7 16.1 28.4 26.6
Madagascar 15.0 15.2 16.2 18.3 17.9
Gambia, The 6.9 7.4 16.8 17.4 25.2
Mali 17.0 14.3 17.1 16.5 16.1
Belarus 19.9 19.2 17.6 18.0 22.2
Turkmenistan 26.2 26.9 18.6
Nigeria 19.1 10.0 19.3 19.5 21.2
Togo 21.3 22.4 19.4 16.0 18.9
Bulgaria 15.0 17.4 19.8 23.1 28.6
Georgia 19.5 21.5 20.0 20.1 20.0
Cote d'Ivoire 23.2 23.0 21.6 21.1 18.8
Gabon 21.0 12.5 22.0 21.3 19.8
Tajikistan 20.8 17.9 22.3 18.0 15.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.2 37.4 23.4 27.5 31.4
Senegal 21.3 23.5 23.4 21.3 21.3
Papua New Guinea 31.7 28.2 24.1 28.1 24.2
Ecuador 30.2 30.6 24.2 17.1 14.4
Ukraine 25.2 23.8 24.2 28.1 33.1
Peru 29.3 27.3 25.7 23.9 20.8
Russian Federation 33.3 24.9 25.7 26.9 27.9
Burundi 26.2 24.9 26.8 29.4 29.2
Guatemala 25.3 25.9 27.3 26.8 31.9
Syrian Arab Republic 31.2 25.5 27.5 26.3 30.2
Moldova 28.7 25.2 27.5 29.1 29.5
Mexico 30.1 29.0 28.5 31.9 32.6
Latvia 17.8 23.3 28.5 35.7 44.9
Paraguay 26.5 27.0 28.6 28.1 17.7
United Arab Emirates 35.9 28.9 29.3 30.8 33.4
Samoa 16.0 20.5 29.5 30.4 32.0
Maldives 32.1 34.8 30.7 31.9 25.7
Argentina 29.3 28.4 30.7 51.5 41.8
Djibouti 33.1 36.1 31.1 30.0 28.1
Macao SAR, China 76.3 42.0 32.0 21.8 13.4
Myanmar 26.2 31.2 33.2 28.2 21.6
Dominican Republic 29.3 31.9 33.8 35.3 39.2
Haiti 28.2 34.3 34.2 40.2 40.0
Costa Rica 28.9 32.4 34.4 37.8 40.4
Honduras 28.1 23.5 34.5 33.7 37.9
Ghana 32.5 39.3 35.1 34.6 26.9
Serbia 37.8 62.7 35.5 17.3 20.3
Brunei Darussalam 41.0 38.6 35.6 37.7 29.4
Sierra Leone 50.1 54.4 36.0 30.3 27.3
Algeria 45.8 28.3 36.3 37.9 31.4
Bahrain 43.5 33.9 36.6 40.4 39.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.9 36.4 36.8 34.5 37.5
Vietnam 28.9 32.6 36.8 41.4 48.0
Poland 36.3 34.4 37.0 37.2 38.4
Kenya 41.0 39.2 37.5 40.3 39.8
Vanuatu 38.7 35.6 37.7 43.1 43.0
Pakistan 49.1 41.6 38.1 37.2 37.9
Estonia 31.0 34.6 38.2 43.8 50.4
Colombia 41.4 30.4 38.5 37.5 40.7
Saudi Arabia 41.1 34.7 39.4 40.9 43.3
Trinidad and Tobago 53.1 45.2 40.4 44.4 36.1
Solomon Islands 22.0 26.5 40.7 38.6 35.4
Tonga 34.7 38.8 41.8 42.3 42.2
Oman 42.5 36.9 42.1 40.8 38.4
Nepal 38.7 40.8 42.7 35.4 39.6
Namibia 43.2 42.7 43.5 42.1 46.5
Czech Republic 52.9 47.6 43.9 40.6 46.6
Aruba 44.6 44.1 44.8 49.1 54.4
Ethiopia 48.8 49.5 45.0 47.2 47.7
Sri Lanka 39.2 43.7 45.4 42.2 40.7
Slovenia 39.0 42.7 45.4 43.6 47.5
Croatia 40.2 40.5 45.6 53.9 55.2
El Salvador 44.5 52.8 45.9 43.7 46.7
Albania 49.8 48.3 46.7 47.0 46.9
Bangladesh 31.8 34.2 47.8 50.4 49.7
Hungary 52.9 55.3 49.6 53.1 57.5
Zambia 60.1 70.8 50.2 46.8 38.3
India 47.5 51.2 52.9 57.0 55.7
Turkey 36.8 37.9 52.9 47.5 42.8
Belize 51.0 43.5 54.2 50.0 56.6
Indonesia 62.1 60.7 54.5 52.4 49.2
Philippines 58.9 58.3 56.1 55.1 54.3
Jamaica 47.9 46.5 57.8 57.0 63.3
Qatar 66.9 40.1 59.1 56.1 48.6
Slovak Republic 58.0 56.5 59.7 51.1 43.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71.0 64.1 60.4 60.3 56.4
Bolivia 66.3 62.0 60.5 61.1 58.1
Finland 57.6 55.7 61.8 62.9 66.9
Dominica 69.9 63.3 62.3 57.9 51.4
Libya 68.6 57.2 63.4 31.7 14.8
Uruguay 50.3 50.2 64.2 98.9 69.8
Cabo Verde 51.6 64.7 66.5 71.8 71.3
Tunisia 63.6 66.4 67.0 67.6 65.4
Barbados 59.2 58.2 69.2 78.9 83.2
Morocco 74.9 81.1 70.0 70.7 68.2
Zimbabwe 37.3 52.2 70.8 164.6 80.2
Bahamas, The 63.3 67.3 71.6 70.8 71.1
Fiji 29.7 37.9 72.0 91.4 95.4
Nicaragua 74.6 72.2 72.2 72.3 71.6
Brazil 70.9 71.9 72.5 74.5 74.0
Norway 73.7 68.2 73.1 80.8 81.1
Mauritius 75.2 70.8 74.4 74.1 98.3
Grenada 84.0 71.9 76.9 76.4 69.7
St. Lucia 75.4 72.5 79.7 79.5 72.3
Chile 77.5 78.1 82.1 84.7 83.5
Antigua and Barbuda 89.3 80.5 82.4 84.3 83.2
Israel 79.6 76.5 83.9 85.9 80.7
Jordan 79.4 78.8 84.3 83.5 84.0
Kuwait 92.4 70.4 87.8 88.3 83.3
Singapore 82.4 76.7 90.4 73.7 79.3
Australia 91.3 93.4 92.2 99.2 103.7
Guyana 103.0 100.5 94.0 94.3 95.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 113.8 99.6 94.4 89.9 95.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 88.3 89.0 94.6 101.6 104.6
Italy 93.3 95.8 96.7 96.3 102.0
Panama 88.9 94.3 99.0 91.1 88.8
Greece 84.5 91.0 99.6 99.6 93.8
Iceland 73.9 98.2 99.7 104.8 130.3
France 103.9 103.5 105.7 103.5 105.4
Sweden 106.8 48.6 106.3 106.3 106.2
Ireland 103.2 106.2 108.8 109.2 114.7
New Zealand 109.6 109.2 116.9 110.2 113.4
Belgium 136.9 125.5 118.8 112.0 107.9
Spain 111.9 115.3 119.7 123.3 131.6
Luxembourg 90.0 121.7 97.8 94.3
China 119.3 119.7 123.0 143.5 151.9
Austria 123.7 125.1 124.1 122.2 121.6
Seychelles 109.8 116.4 124.4 135.8 141.4
Korea, Rep. 66.1 70.9 128.1 134.2 128.4
Thailand 155.8 138.3 128.6 127.8 130.7
Eritrea 147.8 150.5 133.1 133.3 130.7
United Kingdom 120.5 128.7 134.4 140.0 143.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 135.0 134.0 136.2 140.3 143.5
Portugal 110.4 127.9 137.0 137.8 138.1
Malta 129.4 128.5 139.0 131.6 128.2
Germany 145.8 146.5 144.7 143.1 141.7
Malaysia 150.1 138.4 146.5 143.6 139.8
Netherlands 142.2 147.8 147.4 153.1 160.2
Denmark 57.5 144.7 152.5 155.5 161.4
Switzerland 175.2 167.8 163.2 162.7 167.1
Liberia 182.1 174.5 172.8 186.3 214.4
South Africa 153.3 152.5 184.1 161.4 166.6
Lebanon 150.8 175.1 191.2 177.6 177.9
United States 201.2 190.9 198.5 191.7 206.6
Canada 114.6 111.5 198.9 193.7 187.3
Cyprus 235.6 234.7 239.6 191.6 191.1
Japan 305.5 304.7 295.0 303.0 312.1
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
San Marino
Palau
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Cuba
New Caledonia
Guam
Montenegro 7.4 13.3
French Polynesia
Monaco
Curacao
Mauritania
Somalia
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Greenland
Timor-Leste -9.0 -7.9
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kiribati
Uzbekistan
Andorra
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Bermuda
Isle of Man
American Samoa

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