Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012
Macao SAR, China -16.5 -21.2 -27.8 -13.0
Timor-Leste -12.4 -23.7 -24.8 -52.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -23.7 -14.9 -18.3 -19.1
Congo, Rep. -14.4 -14.3 -16.1 -8.9
Algeria -9.1 -6.5 -4.5 -2.1
Saudi Arabia 0.5 -0.1 -4.1 -10.5
Equatorial Guinea -14.1 1.4 -3.6 -3.5
Afghanistan 4.0 4.2 -3.0 -4.0
Iraq -9.6 -1.2 -0.5 -1.8
Lesotho -14.7 -6.2 0.7 3.2
Chad 7.2 7.6 6.1 5.3
Botswana -1.1 10.1 8.0 14.9
Brunei Darussalam 32.2 25.1 8.1 13.5
Gabon 7.9 10.4 11.1 13.2
Tajikistan 9.0 6.8 11.3 13.1
Madagascar 11.6 10.4 11.8 12.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.5 1.3 13.0 11.1
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 7.7 13.6 20.3
Niger 12.2 12.4 13.8 13.2
Cameroon 8.3 10.8 13.9 15.0
Solomon Islands 35.5 26.9 14.5 12.0
Sierra Leone 14.4 17.4 16.4 14.0
Mali 10.7 12.3 16.8 19.7
Haiti 23.6 20.1 17.4 19.6
Burkina Faso 14.8 15.7 17.6 19.3
Angola 28.9 23.2 17.9 15.9
Zambia 18.5 18.9 18.1 18.6
Peru 18.4 17.7 18.1 17.4
Azerbaijan 22.5 23.0 19.2 24.7
Uganda 11.8 17.1 19.4 16.3
Kosovo 13.6 17.1 20.0 21.0
Comoros 20.5 23.2 21.2 21.6
Benin 19.3 18.3 21.7 19.7
Yemen, Rep. 20.3 19.4 22.7 26.9
Sudan 21.9 22.3 23.0 24.6
Suriname 26.3 26.9 23.8 25.4
Cambodia 19.1 22.7 24.2 33.9
Tanzania 18.1 21.1 24.2 24.7
Ecuador 17.4 22.8 24.4 29.2
Central African Republic 20.0 22.7 25.2 26.3
Cote d'Ivoire 23.0 25.0 25.3 27.3
Mozambique 22.6 25.5 25.3 29.1
Swaziland 8.5 17.3 26.6 21.1
Trinidad and Tobago 33.1 34.6 26.6 37.5
Ghana 28.7 28.4 27.5 32.3
Burundi 24.5 26.4 27.9 26.1
Venezuela, RB 25.9 22.5 29.3 42.0
Tonga 43.1 39.9 29.4 27.3
Uruguay 29.1 32.6 30.1 32.0
Senegal 26.6 28.8 31.1 31.3
Argentina 28.0 29.2 31.3 37.3
Papua New Guinea 38.9 35.6 31.6 38.3
Belarus 34.1 45.3 31.7 32.2
Paraguay 27.1 29.7 31.8 37.2
Guinea 21.2 37.3 32.2
Oman 41.3 37.1 33.1 35.4
Georgia 32.9 33.2 34.1 35.0
Togo 27.3 31.7 34.8 37.6
Liberia 113.4 31.9 34.8 33.9
Nigeria 37.8 30.0 35.8 35.6
Armenia 21.5 27.8 36.4 44.2
Guatemala 37.5 36.5 36.7 39.2
Malawi 30.1 30.0 38.0 35.6
Indonesia 37.0 36.4 38.6 42.6
Russian Federation 33.7 37.4 38.6 41.5
Moldova 41.4 37.2 39.4 42.2
Sao Tome and Principe 25.4 39.4 39.5 35.1
Kazakhstan 54.6 45.4 40.3 41.1
Mongolia 29.8 30.1 40.3 30.8
Mauritania 52.9 46.0 41.9 36.8
Pakistan 46.7 46.2 42.7 45.8
Dominican Republic 43.5 43.4 43.8 46.5
Gambia, The 31.2 39.0 43.8 44.4
Nicaragua 50.8 48.4 44.6 44.0
Seychelles 44.0 51.5 45.1 35.5
Mexico 43.1 44.6 45.3 47.0
Macedonia, FYR 43.5 47.5 45.5 48.9
Sri Lanka 39.6 40.5 46.2 48.4
Bhutan 30.9 38.9 46.5 50.4
Samoa 46.3 44.6 47.6 45.3
Bolivia 49.5 49.4 48.5 48.7
Jamaica 60.1 51.1 49.7 51.8
Namibia 46.0 52.8 50.6 49.5
Guyana 49.1 49.0 51.0 50.6
Philippines 48.7 49.2 52.0 50.9
Kenya 43.1 51.0 52.0 52.3
Honduras 53.2 51.1 52.1 55.9
Costa Rica 54.6 50.6 53.1 53.4
Romania 51.6 53.8 54.1 54.3
Kuwait 86.8 68.4 55.0 47.9
Aruba 53.2 57.5 56.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 63.0 55.4 56.6 56.8
Serbia 47.9 59.8 57.3 62.3
Lithuania 70.0 64.6 57.3 52.0
Dominica 48.6 53.5 57.9 62.4
Montenegro 76.2 67.9 61.8 58.7
Belize 73.5 69.5 64.8 63.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 64.8 64.5 65.3 67.9
Poland 61.4 63.5 66.1 63.8
El Salvador 63.3 65.3 66.2 66.1
Nepal 69.1 67.4 66.3 67.9
Colombia 62.0 66.7 66.8 72.9
Czech Republic 60.2 62.6 67.7 68.4
Vanuatu 59.6 63.7 68.2 69.5
Albania 68.0 67.1 69.1 66.5
Turkey 63.0 69.6 69.3 71.9
Bangladesh 60.4 65.9 70.4 69.0
Qatar 76.2 71.6 70.8 77.5
Bulgaria 69.6 70.9 71.3 71.0
Bahrain 84.6 67.1 71.6 73.1
India 70.1 71.9 73.8 75.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 75.1 69.4 74.6 77.7
Hungary 81.4 82.4 77.2 68.7
Latvia 94.3 89.6 78.7 62.9
Ukraine 89.1 80.2 80.3 80.2
Tunisia 68.2 73.6 82.1 82.3
Cabo Verde 73.0 76.1 82.1 79.7
United Arab Emirates 103.5 95.6 84.1 76.5
Estonia 104.4 98.4 84.4 77.2
Panama 83.5 88.4 89.7 89.0
Maldives 84.7 93.2 91.1 83.9
Grenada 87.4 91.3 91.3 95.2
Singapore 88.0 82.4 91.6 99.5
Slovenia 93.4 97.4 93.4 93.8
Croatia 77.9 91.9 96.8 96.3
Brazil 93.1 96.3 100.5 110.5
Finland 98.1 101.3 102.0 105.2
Antigua and Barbuda 94.5 98.5 103.6 98.0
Eritrea 113.1 114.4 104.0
Mauritius 99.7 103.2 105.7 113.7
Chile 103.4 101.6 106.1 108.0
Jordan 104.6 99.9 106.7 114.2
Bahamas, The 101.3 105.6 106.9 105.0
Vietnam 112.8 124.7 110.2 104.9
Morocco 99.9 104.2 111.1 115.4
St. Lucia 119.0 115.3 114.6 129.0
Fiji 137.5 128.8 116.2 116.3
Belgium 118.8 116.7 117.0 116.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 121.6 131.1 123.0 105.6
Germany 133.1 131.0 124.0 122.5
Malaysia 131.1 127.0 128.2 134.0
France 128.8 132.7 133.1 136.4
Austria 140.1 138.0 136.0 135.0
Sweden 144.1 142.0 143.2 145.3
China 145.1 146.3 145.4 155.1
Iceland 182.8 166.7 148.0 143.9
Australia 151.5 154.8 152.5 154.2
Greece 115.9 148.9 153.2 135.5
Malta 157.4 155.8 154.6 154.2
Italy 141.6 155.5 157.0 167.5
Thailand 137.0 142.7 159.2 169.6
Korea, Rep. 170.2 162.9 165.3 168.7
Lebanon 164.4 172.7 173.7 176.4
Luxembourg 199.5 190.5 176.1 173.6
South Africa 189.1 191.7 178.0 187.2
Switzerland 186.5 183.7 185.6 192.9
Portugal 195.0 208.8 203.8 198.9
Denmark 222.2 214.7 205.4 206.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 164.1 195.3 207.0 200.6
United Kingdom 225.4 219.3 209.7 206.7
Netherlands 223.2 212.9 212.4 216.2
Ireland 221.5 230.1 217.1 201.7
United States 231.4 228.1 227.9 229.9
Spain 229.3 235.2 234.7 225.9
Cyprus 303.0 315.8 328.0 347.3
Japan 326.8 324.7 337.5 346.1
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Slovak Republic
Canada
Liechtenstein
Djibouti
Libya -65.9
Norway
Somalia
Marshall Islands
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
Turkmenistan
Myanmar
Curacao
Lao PDR 20.8 26.5
Cayman Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Barbados 106.7
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Kiribati
Ethiopia
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
Rwanda
New Caledonia
Cuba
New Zealand 152.6 154.0
Palau
Syrian Arab Republic 43.6 47.7
Uzbekistan
Iran, Islamic Rep. 34.0 18.0
Bermuda
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Israel 81.4
Andorra
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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