Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5
Bangladesh 5.8 6.8 7.2 9.0 12.6
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.9 9.5 12.7 14.1
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3
Morocco 15.0 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2
Peru 15.1 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7 13.4
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9
New Zealand 20.5 20.5 21.5 21.1 21.9
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6 12.3
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0
United Kingdom 26.2 30.9 34.0 37.1 42.2
Iceland 26.3 28.8 35.7 37.6 39.0
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9
Australia 27.9 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4
Belgium 28.4 28.6 27.1 26.8 25.7
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6 49.7
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3 30.6
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3
Norway 30.5 30.8 31.6 32.5 36.5
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0 19.4
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7 38.4
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8
Greece 37.4 39.3 38.5 37.4 36.5
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2
Denmark 39.4 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0
Ireland 40.7 40.7 42.9 43.3 42.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6 42.9
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4 32.6
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8
Finland 46.3 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2 73.5
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2
Italy 52.8 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4
China 53.0 56.4 57.2 57.4 61.2
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4
Portugal 66.4 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4
Sweden 69.9 75.7 78.5 78.2 79.0
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5
Austria 71.2 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4
Spain 72.9 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6
Germany 73.9 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5
Netherlands 83.8 83.4 84.5 85.5 84.6
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 84.8 81.7
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7
Switzerland 98.4 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5
France 99.0 99.4 99.2 100.2 102.3
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1
Monaco
Mongolia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Azerbaijan
Bulgaria
Mozambique
Slovenia
Angola
Eritrea
Namibia
Cuba
Lithuania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Uzbekistan
New Caledonia
Marshall Islands
Libya
Somalia
Lebanon
St. Martin (French part)
Latvia
Djibouti
Lao PDR
Tajikistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Croatia
Kyrgyz Republic
Cambodia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Albania
Kiribati
Macedonia, FYR
Palau
Bermuda
Kazakhstan
Yemen, Rep.
South Sudan
Slovak Republic
Moldova
Armenia
Faeroe Islands
Georgia
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Iraq
Hungary
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2
Poland
Estonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Equatorial Guinea
Curacao
Czech Republic
Puerto Rico
Haiti
Taiwan, China
Romania
Tanzania
Russian Federation
Timor-Leste
Andorra
Aruba
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Turkmenistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Ukraine
Guinea-Bissau
Brunei Darussalam
Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guinea
Bhutan 2.6 3.0
Guam
Vietnam
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus
Macao SAR, China 57.8

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