Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5
Bangladesh 5.8 7.0 7.3 9.3 12.1
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Saudi Arabia 6.8 7.0 9.6 12.8 14.2
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3
Morocco 15.0 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2
Peru 15.1 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7 13.4
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1
New Zealand 20.6 20.7 21.8 21.3 22.1
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6 12.3
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0
United Kingdom 26.1 31.0 34.1 37.2 42.4
Iceland 26.3 28.8 35.7 37.6 39.0
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9
Australia 27.9 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4
Belgium 28.4 28.6 27.1 26.8 25.7
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6 49.7
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3 30.6
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3
Norway 30.8 31.1 32.0 32.9 37.0
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0 19.4
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7 38.4
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8
Greece 37.4 39.3 38.5 37.4 36.5
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2
Denmark 39.4 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0
Ireland 40.7 40.7 42.9 43.3 42.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6 42.9
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4 32.6
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8
Finland 46.3 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2 73.5
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2
Italy 52.8 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4
China 53.1 56.5 57.3 57.5 61.3
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4
Portugal 66.4 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4
Sweden 69.9 75.7 78.5 78.2 79.0
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5
Austria 71.2 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4
Spain 72.9 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6
Germany 73.9 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5
Netherlands 83.8 83.4 84.5 85.5 84.6
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 84.8 81.7
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7
Switzerland 98.4 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5
France 99.0 99.4 99.2 100.2 102.3
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3
Cambodia
Moldova
Monaco
Vietnam
Mongolia
Macao SAR, China 57.8
Montenegro
Brunei Darussalam
Lithuania
Slovak Republic
Mozambique
Equatorial Guinea
Liechtenstein
Croatia
Namibia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Libya
Bhutan 2.6 3.0
Armenia
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
Georgia
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
Lao PDR
Czech Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
Tajikistan
Kosovo
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Bulgaria
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Albania
Kiribati
Macedonia, FYR
Kazakhstan
Bermuda
Palau
West Bank and Gaza
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Slovenia
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2
Somalia
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Iraq
Faeroe Islands
Hungary
Estonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Eritrea
Poland
Djibouti
Haiti
Curacao
Puerto Rico
Cuba
Guinea-Bissau
Tanzania
Romania
Timor-Leste
Russian Federation
Cayman Islands
Angola
Azerbaijan
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4
Turkmenistan
San Marino
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Ukraine
Andorra
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guinea
Serbia
Uzbekistan
Guam
Belarus
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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