Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5
Bangladesh 5.8 6.8 7.2 9.0 12.6
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.9 9.5 12.7 14.1
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2
Morocco 15.0 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7 13.4
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3
Peru 15.1 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6
New Zealand 20.5 20.5 21.5 21.1 21.9
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6 12.3
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0 19.4
Australia 27.9 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5
Belgium 28.4 28.6 27.1 26.8 25.7
Iceland 26.3 28.8 35.7 37.6 39.0
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3 30.6
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3
Norway 30.5 30.8 31.6 32.5 36.5
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5
United Kingdom 26.2 30.9 34.0 37.1 42.2
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6 49.7
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6
Denmark 39.4 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7 38.4
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3
Greece 37.4 39.3 38.5 37.4 36.5
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8
Ireland 40.7 40.7 42.9 43.3 42.6
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4 32.6
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6 42.9
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8
Finland 46.3 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2
Italy 52.8 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4
China 53.0 56.4 57.2 57.4 61.2
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2 73.5
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7
Portugal 66.4 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1
Austria 71.2 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4
Sweden 69.9 75.7 78.5 78.2 79.0
Germany 73.9 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5
Spain 72.9 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6
Netherlands 83.8 83.4 84.5 85.5 84.6
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 84.8 81.7
France 99.0 99.4 99.2 100.2 102.3
Switzerland 98.4 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3
Ukraine
Montenegro
French Polynesia
Brunei Darussalam
Slovenia
Mozambique
Lithuania
Armenia
Andorra
Namibia
Mongolia
Kazakhstan
Tanzania
Kyrgyz Republic
Turkmenistan
New Caledonia
Serbia
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Azerbaijan
Somalia
Lao PDR
Guam
Cayman Islands
Macao SAR, China 57.8
Isle of Man
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
Iraq
Equatorial Guinea
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Palau
Bermuda
Latvia
Aruba
Hungary
Slovak Republic
Hong Kong SAR, China
Cambodia
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1
Belarus
Haiti
Macedonia, FYR
Poland
Greenland
Lebanon
St. Martin (French part)
Vietnam
Georgia
Taiwan, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Puerto Rico
Bhutan 2.6 3.0
American Samoa
Bulgaria
Tajikistan
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
Cuba
Estonia
Libya
Eritrea
San Marino
Liechtenstein
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
Angola
Djibouti
Guinea
Czech Republic
Romania
Russian Federation
Guinea-Bissau
Uzbekistan
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4
Croatia
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Yemen, Rep.
Moldova
Albania

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