Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5
Saudi Arabia 6.8 7.0 9.6 12.8 14.2
Bangladesh 5.8 7.0 7.3 9.3 12.1
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2
Morocco 15.0 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7 13.4
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3
Peru 15.1 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6
New Zealand 20.6 20.7 21.8 21.3 22.1
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6 12.3
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0 19.4
Australia 27.9 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5
Belgium 28.4 28.6 27.1 26.8 25.7
Iceland 26.3 28.8 35.7 37.6 39.0
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3 30.6
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5
United Kingdom 26.1 31.0 34.1 37.2 42.4
Norway 30.8 31.1 32.0 32.9 37.0
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6 49.7
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6
Denmark 39.4 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7 38.4
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3
Greece 37.4 39.3 38.5 37.4 36.5
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8
Ireland 40.7 40.7 42.9 43.3 42.6
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4 32.6
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6 42.9
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8
Finland 46.3 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2
Italy 52.8 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4
China 53.1 56.5 57.3 57.5 61.3
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2 73.5
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7
Portugal 66.4 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1
Austria 71.2 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4
Sweden 69.9 75.7 78.5 78.2 79.0
Germany 73.9 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5
Spain 72.9 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6
Netherlands 83.8 83.4 84.5 85.5 84.6
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 84.8 81.7
France 99.0 99.4 99.2 100.2 102.3
Switzerland 98.4 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mongolia
Curacao
Montenegro
Estonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tanzania
Mozambique
Slovak Republic
Kiribati
Equatorial Guinea
Namibia
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Kosovo
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
Kazakhstan
Vietnam
Albania
St. Martin (French part)
Moldova
Croatia
Macedonia, FYR
Aruba
French Polynesia
Lao PDR
Isle of Man
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Iraq
Uzbekistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Hungary
Serbia
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
Haiti
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Slovenia
Guinea-Bissau
Somalia
Guinea
South Sudan
Guam
Eritrea
Greenland
Djibouti
Armenia
Czech Republic
Poland
Cuba
Timor-Leste
Macao SAR, China 57.8
West Bank and Gaza
Brunei Darussalam
Tajikistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1
Cambodia
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Georgia
Bulgaria
Romania
Turkmenistan
Russian Federation
Tuvalu
Angola
Ukraine
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4
Bhutan 2.6 3.0
San Marino
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Belarus
Lithuania
Libya
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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