Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9
Saudi Arabia 6.8 7.0 9.6 12.8
Bangladesh 5.8 7.0 7.3 9.3
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0
Ethiopia 10.2 10.5 8.8
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0
Peru 12.9 15.5 17.5 20.6
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1
Morocco 16.8 18.3 18.4 20.0
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1
New Zealand 20.6 20.7 21.8 21.3
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0
Australia 27.8 27.9 27.0 28.8
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6
Belgium 28.8 29.0 27.5 27.2
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3
Iceland 27.0 29.5 36.7 38.6
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2
Norway 30.8 31.1 32.0 32.9
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9
United Kingdom 27.3 32.4 35.7 39.0
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7
Denmark 40.1 38.4 37.2 39.2
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0
Greece 39.4 41.3 40.5 39.4
Ireland 41.4 41.4 43.6 44.1
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6
Finland 46.9 48.0 51.0 53.9
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1
Italy 54.7 52.9 50.7 48.7
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3
China 53.1 56.5 57.3 57.5
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1
Portugal 67.3 70.9 72.4 73.6
Austria 71.8 75.1 74.5 74.9
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7
Germany 76.0 78.0 78.9 80.8
Spain 74.9 78.4 80.9 75.9
Sweden 72.6 78.7 81.6 81.3
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9
Netherlands 88.9 88.5 89.7 90.8
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0
Luxembourg 92.1 97.0 97.1 89.2
France 100.9 101.5 101.3 102.3
Switzerland 103.8 105.5 122.2 127.5
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9
French Polynesia
Mongolia
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Mozambique
Macao SAR, China
Kiribati
Vietnam
Namibia
Croatia
Azerbaijan
Macedonia, FYR
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova
New Caledonia
Slovak Republic
Kazakhstan
Estonia
Aruba
Equatorial Guinea
Albania
Curacao
Lao PDR
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Iraq
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Northern Mariana Islands
Uzbekistan
Hungary 48.3 48.8
Andorra
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
Haiti
American Samoa
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guinea-Bissau
Slovenia
Guinea
Somalia
Guam
South Sudan
Greenland
Eritrea
Armenia
Djibouti
Poland
Czech Republic
Timor-Leste
Cuba
Tanzania
West Bank and Gaza
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tajikistan
Brunei Darussalam
Comoros 11.7 12.8
Cambodia
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Georgia
Bulgaria
Romania
Turkmenistan
Russian Federation
Tuvalu
Angola
Ukraine
Samoa 10.9 10.3
Bhutan 2.6
San Marino
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Belarus
Lithuania
Libya
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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