Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1
Bangladesh 5.8 7.0 7.3 9.3 12.1
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0
Saudi Arabia 6.8 7.0 9.6 12.8 14.2
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7 13.4
Morocco 15.0 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3
Peru 15.1 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0 19.4
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9
New Zealand 20.6 20.7 21.8 21.3 22.1
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6 12.3
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1
Belgium 28.4 28.6 27.1 26.8 25.7
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3
Australia 27.9 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3 30.6
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1
Norway 30.8 31.1 32.0 32.9 37.0
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0
United Kingdom 26.1 31.0 34.1 37.2 42.4
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6
Iceland 26.3 28.8 35.7 37.6 39.0
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6 49.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4 32.6
Denmark 39.4 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3
Greece 37.4 39.3 38.5 37.4 36.5
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7 38.4
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2
Ireland 40.7 40.7 42.9 43.3 42.6
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6 42.9
Italy 52.8 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4
Finland 46.3 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7
China 53.1 56.5 57.3 57.5 61.3
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2 73.5
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7
Portugal 66.4 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8
Austria 71.2 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4
Germany 73.9 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5
Sweden 69.9 75.7 78.5 78.2 79.0
Spain 72.9 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4
Netherlands 83.8 83.4 84.5 85.5 84.6
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 84.8 81.7
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7
France 99.0 99.4 99.2 100.2 102.3
Switzerland 98.4 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Marshall Islands
Mongolia
Montenegro
Hungary
Czech Republic
Mozambique
Curacao
Angola
Cayman Islands
Namibia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sao Tome and Principe
Iraq
Azerbaijan
New Caledonia
Slovak Republic
Croatia
Moldova
Haiti
Guinea-Bissau
St. Martin (French part)
Guinea
Cambodia
Guam
Tajikistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Bulgaria
Greenland
San Marino
Isle of Man
Djibouti
Georgia
Serbia
Palau
American Samoa
Macao SAR, China 57.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Slovenia
Vietnam
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
Estonia
Cuba
Poland
Kyrgyz Republic
Lithuania
Kazakhstan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kiribati
Bermuda
Macedonia, FYR
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Albania
Tanzania
Belarus
Timor-Leste
Kosovo
Brunei Darussalam
Lao PDR
Bhutan 2.6 3.0
Romania
Turkmenistan
Russian Federation
Tuvalu
Andorra
Ukraine
Equatorial Guinea
Armenia
Puerto Rico
Eritrea
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Libya
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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