Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1
Bangladesh 5.8 6.8 7.2 9.0 12.6
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.9 9.5 12.7 14.1
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7 13.4
Morocco 15.0 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3
Peru 15.1 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0 19.4
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9
New Zealand 20.5 20.5 21.5 21.1 21.9
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6 12.3
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1
Belgium 28.4 28.6 27.1 26.8 25.7
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3
Australia 27.9 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3 30.6
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1
Norway 30.5 30.8 31.6 32.5 36.5
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0
United Kingdom 26.2 30.9 34.0 37.1 42.2
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6
Iceland 26.3 28.8 35.7 37.6 39.0
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6 49.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4 32.6
Denmark 39.4 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3
Greece 37.4 39.3 38.5 37.4 36.5
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7 38.4
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2
Ireland 40.7 40.7 42.9 43.3 42.6
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6 42.9
Italy 52.8 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4
Finland 46.3 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7
China 53.0 56.4 57.2 57.4 61.2
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2 73.5
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7
Portugal 66.4 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8
Austria 71.2 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4
Germany 73.9 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5
Sweden 69.9 75.7 78.5 78.2 79.0
Spain 72.9 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4
Netherlands 83.8 83.4 84.5 85.5 84.6
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 84.8 81.7
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7
France 99.0 99.4 99.2 100.2 102.3
Switzerland 98.4 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3
Montenegro
Equatorial Guinea
Andorra
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Macao SAR, China 57.8
Tajikistan
Namibia
Slovak Republic
Kiribati
Haiti
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
New Caledonia
Moldova
Kazakhstan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mongolia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Cayman Islands
Eritrea
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Djibouti
Sao Tome and Principe
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
Hungary
Kyrgyz Republic
Aruba
Belarus
Curacao
Serbia
Palau
Angola
Lithuania
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Slovenia
Cambodia
Somalia
Bermuda
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Bulgaria
Poland
Guinea-Bissau
Libya
Guinea
Macedonia, FYR
Guam
Georgia
Estonia
Brunei Darussalam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Taiwan, China
Latvia
Tanzania
Croatia
Timor-Leste
Uzbekistan
Czech Republic
Azerbaijan
Lebanon
West Bank and Gaza
Turkmenistan
Lao PDR
Tuvalu
Iraq
Ukraine
San Marino
Cuba
Puerto Rico
Bhutan 2.6 3.0
Vietnam
French Polynesia
Romania
Russian Federation
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Armenia
Yemen, Rep.
Mozambique
Albania

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