Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1
Bangladesh 5.8 7.0 7.3 9.3
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7
Saudi Arabia 6.8 7.0 9.6 12.8
Ethiopia 10.2 10.5 8.8
Samoa 10.9 10.3
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2
Comoros 11.7 12.8
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2
Peru 12.9 15.5 17.5 20.6
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0
Morocco 16.8 18.3 18.4 20.0
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5
New Zealand 20.6 20.7 21.8 21.3
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4
Australia 27.8 27.9 27.0 28.8
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1
Belgium 28.8 29.0 27.5 27.2
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7
Norway 30.8 31.1 32.0 32.9
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9
United Kingdom 27.3 32.4 35.7 39.0
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4
Iceland 27.0 29.5 36.7 38.6
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5
Denmark 40.1 38.4 37.2 39.2
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2
Greece 39.4 41.3 40.5 39.4
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4
Ireland 41.4 41.4 43.6 44.1
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6
Hungary 48.3 48.8
Italy 54.7 52.9 50.7 48.7
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9
Finland 46.9 48.0 51.0 53.9
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2
China 53.1 56.5 57.3 57.5
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0
Portugal 67.3 70.9 72.4 73.6
Austria 71.8 75.1 74.5 74.9
Germany 76.0 78.0 78.9 80.8
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7
Spain 74.9 78.4 80.9 75.9
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9
Sweden 72.6 78.7 81.6 81.3
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3
Netherlands 88.9 88.5 89.7 90.8
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0
Luxembourg 92.1 97.0 97.1 89.2
France 100.9 101.5 101.3 102.3
Switzerland 103.8 105.5 122.2 127.5
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9
Mongolia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Croatia
Iraq
Mozambique
Czech Republic
Angola
Curacao
Namibia
Cayman Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Azerbaijan
Haiti
Slovak Republic
Guinea-Bissau
Monaco
Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Cambodia
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan
Greenland
Bulgaria
Macao SAR, China
San Marino
Georgia
Djibouti
Palau
Serbia
Moldova
American Samoa
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Vietnam
Slovenia
Marshall Islands
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
Estonia
Cuba
Poland
Kyrgyz Republic
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kiribati
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Lao PDR
Albania
Tanzania
Kosovo
Timor-Leste
Equatorial Guinea
Brunei Darussalam
Lithuania
Bhutan 2.6
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Turkmenistan
Russian Federation
Tuvalu
Andorra
Ukraine
Puerto Rico
Armenia
Eritrea
Romania
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Libya
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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