Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Ghana 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2 3.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6 1.6
Uganda 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6 3.4
Myanmar 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5 4.9
Rwanda 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5 7.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7 8.2
Sierra Leone 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1 3.1
Bangladesh 6.8 7.2 9.0 12.6 13.0
Zimbabwe 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9 24.5
Burundi 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0 3.6
Nepal 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5 9.9
Liberia 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0 9.2
Saudi Arabia 6.9 9.5 12.7 14.1 15.9
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4 10.4
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2 9.8
Chad 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4 14.0
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1 9.6
Central African Republic 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0 9.0
Cabo Verde 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9 18.9
Botswana 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7 8.6
Burkina Faso 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9 13.3
Sudan 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8 10.1
Indonesia 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2 19.7
Oman 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6 19.5
Lesotho 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9 16.7
Seychelles 15.9 14.9 14.0 11.5 8.9
Mexico 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1 13.0
Gabon 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2 20.2
Ecuador 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3 17.7
Morocco 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2 18.3
Madagascar 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9 19.2
Niger 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0 15.6
Malawi 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4 10.9
Guatemala 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4 19.1
Nigeria 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2 15.4
Congo, Rep. 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8 20.7
Turkey 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8 17.4
United Arab Emirates 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8 22.6
Costa Rica 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9 15.5
Sri Lanka 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3 20.7
Paraguay 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1 14.3
Qatar 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3 28.8
Peru 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3 17.6
Kenya 21.0 20.4 19.3 19.0 19.3
Papua New Guinea 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0 23.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 26.2 20.7 19.8 18.3 19.3
Gambia, The 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1 24.3
Mauritius 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9 27.8
New Zealand 20.5 21.5 21.1 21.9 23.5
Mali 20.9 21.7 20.6 13.1 13.4
Fiji 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5 26.6
Solomon Islands 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4 22.8
Tonga 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5 25.4
India 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9 24.1
Swaziland 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4 19.8
Zambia 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6 10.9
Pakistan 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2 27.8
Togo 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0 20.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1 30.6
Belgium 28.5 27.0 26.7 25.7 24.9
Bolivia 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3 19.0
Australia 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4 37.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 31.9 27.3 29.6 25.0 27.3
Maldives 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2 20.4
Guyana 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8 33.6
Belize 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5 28.8
Benin 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4 31.0
Honduras 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5 33.4
Grenada 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3 31.7
El Salvador 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7 42.6
Cameroon 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2 22.9
Jamaica 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1 25.4
Norway 30.8 31.6 32.5 36.5 43.0
Mauritania 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3 31.6
Barbados 32.3 33.0 34.6 32.6 32.4
Malta 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3 50.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 31.6 33.2 36.9 31.3 33.1
Philippines 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5 20.1
Suriname 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3 39.5
Argentina 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0 17.4
United Kingdom 30.9 34.0 37.1 42.2 43.9
Colombia 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3 35.6
Vanuatu 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9 29.1
Dominican Republic 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5 26.6
Dominica 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5 33.4
Senegal 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6 29.8
Trinidad and Tobago 32.2 35.4 43.8 49.7 51.6
Iceland 28.9 35.8 37.7 39.1 37.6
Denmark 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0 43.8
Antigua and Barbuda 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3 40.4
Greece 39.4 38.6 37.6 36.6 36.3
Sweden 37.3 38.6 36.5 36.4 35.3
Bahamas, The 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1 36.2
Bahrain 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6 43.6
Cote d'Ivoire 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4 34.1
Korea, Rep. 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2 44.8
Ireland 40.6 42.8 43.2 42.5 40.7
Brazil 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4 41.9
Thailand 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8 58.3
Italy 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4 47.8
Finland 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2 60.1
St. Lucia 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8 49.4
Jordan 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4 60.7
Nicaragua 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6 16.2
Tunisia 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5 66.8
Venezuela, RB 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2 53.5
Panama 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7 52.4
China 56.4 57.2 57.4 61.2 66.6
Netherlands 58.7 58.2 58.1 57.2 57.6
Cyprus 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4 59.5
Algeria 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5 68.7
South Africa 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9 73.4
Malaysia 57.8 62.7 69.9 74.9 88.2
Israel 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7 60.0
France 71.1 71.1 71.6 73.0 73.1
Portugal 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1 63.0
Kuwait 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4 73.4
Uruguay 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8 55.3
Austria 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4 80.4
Germany 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5 81.0
Spain 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6 65.5
Singapore 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4 87.7
Canada 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5 76.7
Chile 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4 69.3
Luxembourg 92.0 92.1 84.6 81.4 79.1
United States 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7 103.5
Switzerland 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5 126.9
Japan 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3 147.7
Djibouti 55.9
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
Mozambique
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
American Samoa
Namibia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Kazakhstan
Turks and Caicos Islands
New Caledonia
Macao SAR, China 57.8 70.4
Cuba
Czech Republic
Libya
Slovak Republic
Isle of Man
Croatia
Iraq
Cayman Islands
Hungary
Mongolia
Northern Mariana Islands
Angola
Hong Kong SAR, China
Andorra
Haiti
Moldova
Guinea-Bissau
Macedonia, FYR
Palau
Serbia
Guinea
Curacao
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Slovenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Somalia
Bulgaria
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Tanzania
Lithuania
Timor-Leste
Cambodia
Bermuda
Brunei Darussalam
Georgia
Bhutan 2.6 3.0 2.6
Poland
French Polynesia
Tajikistan
Puerto Rico
Belarus
Aruba
Azerbaijan
Faroe Islands
Romania
Armenia
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Estonia
Tuvalu
Eritrea
Ukraine
San Marino
Albania
Sao Tome and Principe
Equatorial Guinea 23.4
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan 5.8
Lebanon

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