Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.5 2.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.6
Bhutan 2.6 3.0
Uganda 3.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 2.6
Myanmar 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3 4.5
Rwanda 5.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.5
Burundi 6.9 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.0
Sierra Leone 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.1 4.1
Nepal 8.6 9.2 8.6 8.1 8.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.7 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.7
Ethiopia 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.2
Liberia 10.4 10.9 8.7 8.7 9.0
Bangladesh 5.8 6.8 7.2 9.0 12.6
Samoa 9.7 9.2 9.4
Chad 17.2 13.1 10.9 10.2 11.4
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 7.5 12.0 20.9
Botswana 11.3 15.1 12.9 12.0 12.7
Central African Republic 13.9 12.9 12.3 12.3 11.0
Mexico 19.4 19.6 15.3 12.6 14.1
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.9 9.5 12.7 14.1
Comoros 11.7 12.8 16.1
Burkina Faso 14.8 13.8 13.2 12.8 11.9
Lesotho 7.1 10.9 14.5 12.8 15.9
Sudan 13.2 12.9 13.7 12.9 11.8
Indonesia 9.0 10.7 14.2 14.8 17.2
Cabo Verde 12.0 13.8 12.6 15.0 14.9
Seychelles 17.0 16.9 16.4 15.7 13.4
Madagascar 18.2 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.9
Costa Rica 27.9 23.3 18.7 16.9 15.9
Nigeria 12.2 15.6 17.9 17.0 16.2
Oman 13.7 13.4 14.5 17.1 18.6
Bolivia 17.1 16.7 27.1 17.1 14.3
Niger 17.1 17.7 17.1 17.2 17.0
Malawi 18.3 17.3 17.6 17.7 13.4
Gabon 15.8 16.3 15.6 17.7 16.2
Morocco 15.0 16.3 16.6 17.8 18.2
Ecuador 15.0 15.9 16.3 18.5 20.3
Paraguay 20.5 19.0 19.9 18.9 17.1
Congo, Rep. 15.5 17.4 18.5 19.0 18.8
Guatemala 16.2 16.7 17.6 19.2 20.4
Papua New Guinea 16.3 19.6 20.7 19.5 22.0
Mali 21.7 21.5 21.8 20.6 12.3
Tonga 15.6 18.4 22.2 20.7 21.5
Turkey 13.6 16.6 18.5 20.8 17.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.1 27.1 21.4 21.0 19.4
Sri Lanka 17.2 18.1 19.6 21.1 19.3
New Zealand 20.5 20.5 21.5 21.1 21.9
United Arab Emirates 15.6 16.5 18.5 21.3 21.8
Solomon Islands 21.2 23.6 22.1 21.7 17.4
Mauritius 22.1 22.5 21.4 22.5 23.9
India 20.2 20.9 22.3 22.5 23.9
Zambia 16.2 19.7 24.2 23.1 14.6
Peru 15.1 18.4 20.4 23.4 23.3
Swaziland 23.3 26.4 24.1 23.7 21.4
Togo 27.5 24.3 26.4 23.7 23.0
Fiji 19.2 22.1 22.1 24.1 25.5
Gambia, The 23.9 24.2 21.1 24.7 25.1
Qatar 12.9 14.3 20.2 25.7 22.3
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.7 26.4 24.2
Belgium 28.4 28.6 27.1 26.8 25.7
Grenada 32.0 31.7 30.6 27.9 27.3
Nicaragua 48.3 52.5 55.2 28.0 17.6
Argentina 25.4 33.6 33.9 28.1 25.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 24.5 26.7 28.4 29.1
Australia 27.9 28.0 27.1 28.8 30.4
Kenya 29.5 29.4 30.0 29.3 30.6
Cameroon 29.5 31.2 31.2 30.9 25.2
Belize 19.8 23.5 30.0 31.0 27.5
Maldives 5.1 15.1 28.5 31.0 24.2
Benin 28.6 24.8 30.2 31.8 25.4
Vanuatu 34.2 36.2 34.4 31.9 29.9
Honduras 28.8 28.2 30.5 31.9 32.5
Mauritania 31.0 31.2 32.8 32.1 32.3
Norway 30.5 30.8 31.6 32.5 36.5
El Salvador 33.6 36.4 30.7 32.9 34.7
Guyana 17.9 21.8 29.4 33.7 34.8
Jamaica 21.9 25.6 31.5 33.7 29.1
Senegal 36.4 37.5 34.7 34.9 31.6
Suriname 29.0 30.7 33.6 35.1 36.3
Dominican Republic 32.0 30.8 34.5 35.2 32.5
Dominica 31.2 33.8 34.7 36.6 33.5
Colombia 30.5 32.8 34.2 36.7 37.3
Philippines 31.4 32.8 33.4 36.9 24.5
United Kingdom 26.2 30.9 34.0 37.1 42.2
Greece 37.4 39.3 38.5 37.4 36.5
Iceland 26.3 28.8 35.7 37.6 39.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.8 43.5 36.4 38.4 32.6
Denmark 39.4 37.8 36.6 38.6 41.0
Bahamas, The 38.6 39.9 39.6 39.1 36.1
Malta 27.2 28.9 33.2 40.6 45.3
Barbados 34.3 38.0 38.8 40.7 38.4
Cote d'Ivoire 40.8 41.8 41.1 42.3 36.4
Korea, Rep. 38.9 39.0 42.5 42.4 42.2
Bahrain 37.6 37.4 39.7 43.2 43.6
Ireland 40.7 40.7 42.9 43.3 42.6
Antigua and Barbuda 34.6 39.1 37.0 43.5 39.3
Trinidad and Tobago 28.7 32.8 36.1 43.6 49.7
Italy 52.8 51.1 49.0 47.1 48.4
Brazil 42.5 43.8 44.0 47.1 45.4
St. Lucia 45.4 45.0 50.8 49.9 44.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.7 44.1 46.8 52.6 42.9
Thailand 40.8 42.0 44.7 53.0 56.8
Finland 46.3 47.4 50.4 53.1 55.2
Panama 58.1 60.8 56.7 55.2 53.7
Jordan 46.5 47.7 51.1 55.6 59.4
China 53.0 56.4 57.2 57.4 61.2
Venezuela, RB 49.9 50.5 56.6 57.6 54.2
Uruguay 37.2 40.4 72.4 58.0 52.8
Cyprus 61.5 60.4 59.9 59.9 57.4
Tunisia 46.4 51.3 56.3 60.1 62.5
Algeria 48.5 52.6 62.2 65.1 66.5
South Africa 55.6 60.7 62.5 66.8 69.9
Malaysia 49.0 56.7 61.6 69.2 73.5
Israel 70.8 61.9 68.6 71.1 81.7
Kuwait 34.0 52.4 72.2 71.8 72.4
Portugal 66.4 69.9 71.4 72.6 72.1
Spain 72.9 76.2 78.7 73.8 67.6
Austria 71.2 74.5 73.9 74.3 72.4
Chile 46.9 53.2 84.1 75.3 82.4
Canada 70.9 83.7 81.1 75.9 75.5
Sweden 69.9 75.7 78.5 78.2 79.0
Germany 73.9 75.8 76.7 78.5 79.5
Luxembourg 87.7 92.3 92.4 84.8 81.7
Netherlands 83.8 83.4 84.5 85.5 84.6
Singapore 68.9 75.4 80.1 85.7 85.4
United States 94.2 89.1 92.6 96.0 96.7
France 99.0 99.4 99.2 100.2 102.3
Switzerland 98.4 100.1 115.8 120.8 122.5
Japan 129.4 132.1 137.5 142.9 145.3
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Mozambique
Slovak Republic
Aruba
Bulgaria
Namibia
Belarus
Armenia
Macedonia, FYR
Montenegro
Tajikistan
New Caledonia
Moldova
Czech Republic
Afghanistan 6.0 5.8
Vietnam
Djibouti
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macao SAR, China 57.8
Georgia
Lao PDR
Kyrgyz Republic
Guinea
Croatia
Monaco
Libya
Latvia
Palau
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Serbia
Kiribati
Andorra
Estonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kazakhstan
Slovenia
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Cambodia
South Sudan
Guinea-Bissau
Lebanon
Mongolia
Hungary
Poland
Hong Kong SAR, China
Equatorial Guinea
Haiti
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Puerto Rico
Eritrea
Taiwan, China
Romania
Tanzania
Russian Federation
Timor-Leste
Uzbekistan
Brunei Darussalam
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Lithuania
Turkmenistan
San Marino
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Ukraine
Angola
French Polynesia
Iraq
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Azerbaijan
Isle of Man
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cuba
Yemen, Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Albania

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