Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4
Ghana 2.2 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1
Uganda 2.6 3.4 2.9
Bhutan 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9
Burundi 4.0 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0
Sierra Leone 4.1 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5
Myanmar 4.5 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7
Rwanda 6.5 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0
Nepal 8.5 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8
Syrian Arab Republic 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5
Liberia 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3
Ethiopia 10.4 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.3
Samoa 10.5 11.7 13.2 15.4 16.2
Central African Republic 11.0 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3
Chad 11.4 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0
Sudan 11.8 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0
Burkina Faso 11.9 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9
Bangladesh 12.1 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9
Mali 12.3 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1
Botswana 12.7 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6
Seychelles 13.4 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0
Malawi 13.4 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2
Mexico 14.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1
Saudi Arabia 14.2 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3
Bolivia 14.3 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1
Zambia 14.6 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5
Cabo Verde 14.9 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6
Costa Rica 15.9 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5
Lesotho 15.9 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4
Comoros 16.1 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5
Nigeria 16.2 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9
Gabon 16.2 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7
Niger 17.0 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8
Paraguay 17.1 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1
Indonesia 17.2 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4
Solomon Islands 17.4 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6
Nicaragua 17.6 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0
Turkey 17.8 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3
Madagascar 17.9 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3
Oman 18.6 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7
Congo, Rep. 18.8 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2
Sri Lanka 19.3 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6
Peru 20.1 15.1 13.1 13.1 18.9
Morocco 20.3 20.3
Ecuador 20.3 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3
Guatemala 20.4 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3
Zimbabwe 20.9 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8
Swaziland 21.4 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9
Tonga 21.5 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2
United Arab Emirates 21.8 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9
Papua New Guinea 22.0 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4
New Zealand 22.1 23.7 26.4 28.4 69.3
Qatar 22.3 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2
Togo 23.0 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4
Mauritius 23.9 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5
India 23.9 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8
Pakistan 24.2 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4
Maldives 24.2 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8
Philippines 24.5 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1
Argentina 25.0 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3
Gambia, The 25.1 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8
Cameroon 25.2 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4
Benin 25.4 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6
Fiji 25.5 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9
Belgium 26.2 25.3 26.2 28.1 31.1
Grenada 27.3 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7
Belize 27.5 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29.1 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1
Jamaica 29.1 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8
Vanuatu 29.9 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0
Australia 30.3 37.0 40.3 42.7 46.6
Kenya 30.6 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8
Senegal 31.6 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1
Mauritania 32.3 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9
Dominican Republic 32.5 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2
Honduras 32.5 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.6 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9
Dominica 33.5 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2
El Salvador 34.7 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8
Guyana 34.8 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4
Bahamas, The 36.1 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0
Suriname 36.3 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4
Cote d'Ivoire 36.4 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7
Norway 37.0 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3
Colombia 37.3 35.6 25.5 23.2
Barbados 38.4 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3
Greece 38.4 38.1 38.4 35.6 33.7
Antigua and Barbuda 39.3 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1
Iceland 40.0 38.5 33.5 36.0 40.2
Denmark 41.7 44.6 55.7 50.6 48.9
Korea, Rep. 42.2 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.9 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7
Ireland 43.3 41.5 42.0 41.2 43.3
Bahrain 43.6 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3
United Kingdom 44.4 46.3 81.8 88.0 97.9
St. Lucia 44.8 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3
Malta 45.3 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2
Brazil 45.4 41.9 98.4
Hungary 49.0 51.4 54.6 53.1 46.8
Trinidad and Tobago 49.7 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4
Italy 50.1 49.5 49.5 50.1 52.3
Uruguay 52.8 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3
Panama 53.7 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7
Venezuela, RB 54.2 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5
Finland 56.1 61.1 64.5 69.9 78.8
Thailand 56.8 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1
Cyprus 57.4 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3
Macao SAR, China 57.8 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4
Jordan 59.4 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5
China 61.3 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7
Tunisia 62.5 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4
Algeria 66.5 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1
Spain 69.5 67.3 66.1 69.2 75.8
South Africa 69.9 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3
Kuwait 72.4 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8
Austria 73.0 81.1 76.9 79.3 82.9
Portugal 73.1 63.9 56.6 51.7 49.0
Malaysia 73.5 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5
Canada 75.5 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7
Israel 81.7 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0
Germany 81.8 83.4 82.3 82.6 81.9
Sweden 82.1 83.5 93.9 81.0 91.9
Chile 82.4 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6
Singapore 85.4 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5
Luxembourg 85.9 83.5 87.7 91.0 94.3
Netherlands 89.9 92.1 64.1 66.9 78.5
United States 96.7 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3
France 104.5 74.7 77.2 82.4 85.1
Switzerland 129.2 133.9 135.2 142.3 149.1
Japan 145.3 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8
Slovak Republic
Mozambique
Kyrgyz Republic
Curacao
Namibia
Armenia
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kosovo
Andorra
Vietnam
Albania
New Caledonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Kiribati
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Belarus
Lithuania
Iraq
St. Martin (French part)
Tajikistan
Estonia
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7
Hong Kong SAR, China
Aruba
Palau
Serbia
Haiti
Georgia
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guinea
Slovenia
Azerbaijan
Somalia
Brunei Darussalam
South Sudan
Poland 55.1 53.1 47.0 37.5
Angola
Bulgaria
Lao PDR
Afghanistan
Faeroe Islands
Eritrea
Croatia
Cuba
Marshall Islands
Libya
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tanzania 1.6
Cambodia
Timor-Leste
Romania
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6
Russian Federation
Liechtenstein
Macedonia, FYR
Turkmenistan
Greenland
Tuvalu
San Marino
Ukraine
Sao Tome and Principe
Czech Republic
Puerto Rico
Guam
Uzbekistan
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 54.6

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