Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4
Bhutan 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9
Sierra Leone 4.1 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5
Ghana 2.2 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1
Uganda 2.6 3.4 2.9
Burundi 4.0 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0
Myanmar 4.5 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7
Rwanda 6.5 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5
Botswana 12.7 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6
Central African Republic 11.0 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3
Liberia 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3
Comoros 16.1 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5
Nepal 8.5 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8
Ethiopia 10.4 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.3
Sudan 11.8 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0
Seychelles 13.4 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0
Malawi 13.4 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2
Zambia 14.6 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5
Samoa 10.5 11.7 13.2 15.4 16.2
Mexico 14.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1
Burkina Faso 11.9 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9
Bangladesh 12.1 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9
Chad 11.4 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0
Mali 12.3 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1
Paraguay 17.1 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1
Peru 20.1 15.1 13.1 13.1 18.9
Nigeria 16.2 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9
Costa Rica 15.9 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5
Niger 17.0 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8
Saudi Arabia 14.2 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3
Nicaragua 17.6 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0
Lesotho 15.9 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4
Argentina 25.0 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3
Turkey 17.8 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3
Ecuador 20.3 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3
Cabo Verde 14.9 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6
Bolivia 14.3 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1
Guatemala 20.4 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3
Madagascar 17.9 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3
Oman 18.6 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7
Indonesia 17.2 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4
Swaziland 21.4 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9
Philippines 24.5 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1
Gabon 16.2 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7
Morocco 20.3 20.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6
Maldives 24.2 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8
Sri Lanka 19.3 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8
Congo, Rep. 18.8 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2
Togo 23.0 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4
United Arab Emirates 21.8 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9
Solomon Islands 17.4 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6
Cameroon 25.2 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4
Papua New Guinea 22.0 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6
New Zealand 22.1 23.7 26.4 28.4 69.3
India 23.9 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8
Gambia, The 25.1 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8
Zimbabwe 20.9 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8
Belgium 26.2 25.3 26.2 28.1 31.1
Jamaica 29.1 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8
Tonga 21.5 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2
Fiji 25.5 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9
Dominican Republic 32.5 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2
Pakistan 24.2 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4
Mauritius 23.9 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5
Qatar 22.3 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2
Belize 27.5 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4
Vanuatu 29.9 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0
Senegal 31.6 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29.1 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1
Benin 25.4 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6
Kenya 30.6 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8
Mauritania 32.3 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9
Grenada 27.3 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7
Honduras 32.5 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5
Dominica 33.5 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2
Guyana 34.8 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4
Cote d'Ivoire 36.4 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.6 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9
Colombia 37.3 35.6 25.5 23.2
Bahamas, The 36.1 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0
Australia 30.3 37.0 40.3 42.7 46.6
Greece 38.4 38.1 38.4 35.6 33.7
Barbados 38.4 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3
Iceland 40.0 38.5 33.5 36.0 40.2
Suriname 36.3 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4
Antigua and Barbuda 39.3 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1
Ireland 43.3 41.5 42.0 41.2 43.3
Brazil 45.4 41.9 98.4
El Salvador 34.7 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8
Bahrain 43.6 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3
Norway 37.0 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3
Denmark 41.7 44.6 55.7 50.6 48.9
Korea, Rep. 42.2 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.9 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7
United Kingdom 44.4 46.3 81.8 88.0 97.9
St. Lucia 44.8 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3
Italy 50.1 49.5 49.5 50.1 52.3
Malta 45.3 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2
Hungary 49.0 51.4 54.6 53.1 46.8
Trinidad and Tobago 49.7 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4
Panama 53.7 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7
Venezuela, RB 54.2 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5
Poland 55.1 53.1 47.0 37.5
Uruguay 52.8 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7
Thailand 56.8 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1
Cyprus 57.4 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3
Israel 81.7 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0
Jordan 59.4 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5
Finland 56.1 61.1 64.5 69.9 78.8
Portugal 73.1 63.9 56.6 51.7 49.0
China 61.3 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7
Tunisia 62.5 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4
Spain 69.5 67.3 66.1 69.2 75.8
Algeria 66.5 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1
Chile 82.4 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6
Macao SAR, China 57.8 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4
South Africa 69.9 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3
Kuwait 72.4 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8
France 104.5 74.7 77.2 82.4 85.1
Canada 75.5 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7
Austria 73.0 81.1 76.9 79.3 82.9
Germany 81.8 83.4 82.3 82.6 81.9
Luxembourg 85.9 83.5 87.7 91.0 94.3
Sweden 82.1 83.5 93.9 81.0 91.9
Malaysia 73.5 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5
Singapore 85.4 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5
Netherlands 89.9 92.1 64.1 66.9 78.5
United States 96.7 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3
Switzerland 129.2 133.9 135.2 142.3 149.1
Japan 145.3 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8
Cayman Islands
Tajikistan
Namibia
Cambodia
American Samoa
Estonia
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Armenia
Bulgaria
Brunei Darussalam
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Montenegro
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
Mongolia
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
Czech Republic
Monaco
Palau
Haiti
Moldova
Guinea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Albania
Marshall Islands
Croatia
Vietnam
Belarus
Mozambique
Macedonia, FYR
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lithuania
Kiribati
Puerto Rico
Kazakhstan
Liechtenstein
Romania
Isle of Man
Russian Federation
Iraq
Libya
Hong Kong SAR, China
Cuba
Angola
San Marino
Tanzania 1.6
Sao Tome and Principe
Timor-Leste
Curacao
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9
Afghanistan
Guam
Serbia
Turkmenistan
Azerbaijan
Tuvalu
Lao PDR
Ukraine
French Polynesia
Georgia
Kyrgyz Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uzbekistan
Slovak Republic
Eritrea
Slovenia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kosovo
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 54.6

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