Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.0
Bhutan 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.3
Sierra Leone 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5 4.8
Ghana 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1 5.8
Uganda 3.4 2.9
Burundi 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0 7.0
Myanmar 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7 2.6
Rwanda 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0 9.2
Syrian Arab Republic 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5 7.7
Botswana 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6 7.0
Central African Republic 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3 7.5
Liberia 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3 15.8
Comoros 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5 13.1
Ethiopia 9.8 10.2 11.6 12.0 12.1
Nepal 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8 13.0
Sudan 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0 5.1
Samoa 10.4 11.8 13.8 14.4 15.2
Seychelles 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0 10.0
Malawi 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2 9.6
Zambia 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5 11.3
Mexico 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1 15.6
Burkina Faso 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9 16.5
Bangladesh 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9 16.6
Chad 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0 6.4
Mali 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1 13.2
Paraguay 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1 13.8
Nigeria 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9 9.2
Costa Rica 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5 12.5
Niger 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8 13.0
Saudi Arabia 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3 20.5
Nicaragua 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0 11.3
Lesotho 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4 16.3
Argentina 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3 39.7
Turkey 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3 16.6
Peru 17.6 15.8 15.6 15.6 12.8
Ecuador 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3 9.2
Morocco 18.3
Cabo Verde 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6 17.2
Bolivia 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1 20.7
Guatemala 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3 15.5
Madagascar 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3 14.5
Oman 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7 22.9
Indonesia 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4 34.6
Swaziland 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9 18.7
Philippines 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1 17.4
Gabon 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7 15.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6 24.0
Maldives 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8 11.4
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8 20.2
Congo, Rep. 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2 14.7
Togo 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4 22.6
United Arab Emirates 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9 30.3
Solomon Islands 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6 20.4
Cameroon 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4 25.1
Papua New Guinea 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4 29.2
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6 27.7
New Zealand 23.7 26.4 28.4 68.8 72.3
India 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8 26.1
Gambia, The 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8 11.0
Zimbabwe 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8 44.4
Belgium 24.9 25.8 27.6 30.6 35.6
Jamaica 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8 35.6
Tonga 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2 39.1
Fiji 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9 30.8
Dominican Republic 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2 31.6
Pakistan 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4 24.9
Mauritius 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5 32.9
Qatar 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2 44.7
Belize 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4 31.8
Vanuatu 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0 33.3
Senegal 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1 28.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1 26.6
Benin 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6 21.6
Kenya 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8 31.4
Mauritania 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9 28.6
Grenada 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7 47.5
Honduras 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5 33.5
Dominica 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2 41.4
Guyana 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4 28.3
Cote d'Ivoire 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7 35.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9 39.7
Colombia 35.6 25.5 23.2
Greece 36.2 36.5 33.8 32.0 32.9
Bahamas, The 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0 43.5
Australia 37.1 40.4 42.9 46.8 59.3
Iceland 37.5 32.7 35.1 39.1 45.3
Barbados 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3 42.1
Suriname 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4 42.8
Antigua and Barbuda 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1 46.5
Ireland 40.8 41.3 40.5 42.6 44.1
Brazil 41.9 98.4 127.7
El Salvador 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8 30.1
Bahrain 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3 33.2
Norway 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3 63.5
Denmark 43.8 54.8 49.7 48.1 51.0
United Kingdom 44.2 78.2 84.1 93.6 106.1
Korea, Rep. 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3 48.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7 57.9
Italy 47.8 47.9 48.4 50.5 50.8
St. Lucia 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3 61.8
Malta 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2 62.9
Trinidad and Tobago 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4 49.5
Panama 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7 50.5
Venezuela, RB 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5 32.7
Uruguay 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3 36.3
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7 52.9
Thailand 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1 71.9
Cyprus 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3 93.7
Israel 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0 57.9
Finland 60.1 63.4 68.7 77.4 79.7
Jordan 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5 64.7
Portugal 63.0 55.8 51.0 48.3 45.7
Spain 65.5 64.3 67.3 73.7 77.4
China 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7 78.0
Tunisia 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4 58.9
Algeria 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1 63.2
Chile 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6 48.9
Macao SAR, China 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4 69.4
France 73.1 75.6 80.6 83.3 86.7
South Africa 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3 77.9
Kuwait 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8 73.7
Canada 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7 85.5
Luxembourg 79.4 83.4 86.6 89.7 90.4
Sweden 80.3 90.4 78.0 88.5 94.6
Austria 80.4 76.3 78.6 82.3 85.7
Germany 81.0 79.9 80.3 79.6 79.5
Malaysia 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5 95.7
Netherlands 86.7 60.4 63.1 74.0 74.6
Singapore 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5 79.6
United States 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3 117.2
Switzerland 126.9 128.1 134.9 141.4 148.6
Japan 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8 187.5
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Mozambique 18.1
Monaco
American Samoa
Namibia
Cambodia
Kiribati
Estonia
Armenia
New Caledonia
Andorra
Bulgaria
Greenland
Brunei Darussalam
Montenegro
Moldova
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Tajikistan
Hungary
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Bermuda
Haiti
Marshall Islands
Guinea
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Croatia
Albania
Macedonia, FYR
Lithuania
Vietnam
Liechtenstein
Mongolia
Belarus
Somalia
Poland
South Sudan
Libya
Aruba
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Cuba
Iraq
Romania
Czech Republic
Russian Federation
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
Angola
Afghanistan
Tanzania 1.6 14.1
San Marino
Timor-Leste
Sao Tome and Principe
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9 17.6
Lao PDR 1.1
Guam
Kyrgyz Republic
Turkmenistan
Serbia
Tuvalu
Azerbaijan
Ukraine
French Polynesia
Georgia
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Uzbekistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Slovak Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Slovenia
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 54.6 65.5

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