Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.0
Bhutan 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.3
Uganda 3.4 2.9
Ghana 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1 5.8
Burundi 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0 7.0
Myanmar 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7 2.6
Sierra Leone 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5 7.7
Rwanda 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0 9.2
Central African Republic 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3 7.5
Botswana 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6 7.0
Liberia 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3 15.8
Seychelles 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0 10.0
Zambia 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5 11.3
Ethiopia 9.8 10.2 11.6 12.0 12.1
Comoros 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5 13.1
Sudan 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0 5.1
Nepal 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8 13.0
Malawi 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2 9.6
Samoa 10.4 11.8 13.8 14.4 15.2
Bolivia 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1 20.7
Mexico 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1 15.6
Bangladesh 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9 16.6
Burkina Faso 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9 16.5
Paraguay 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1 13.8
Lesotho 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4 16.3
Costa Rica 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5 12.5
Guatemala 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3 15.5
Philippines 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1 17.4
Gambia, The 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8 11.0
Peru 17.6 15.8 15.6 15.6 12.8
Ecuador 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3 9.2
Swaziland 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9 18.7
Nicaragua 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0 11.3
Argentina 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3 39.7
Mali 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1 13.2
Niger 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8 13.0
Maldives 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8 11.4
Saudi Arabia 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3 20.5
Cabo Verde 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6 17.2
Madagascar 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3 14.5
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9 17.6
Turkey 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3 16.6
Nigeria 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9 9.2
Chad 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0 6.4
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8 20.2
Solomon Islands 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6 20.4
Indonesia 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4 34.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6 24.0
Cameroon 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4 25.1
Oman 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7 22.9
Jamaica 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8 35.6
Tonga 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2 39.1
Togo 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4 22.6
Zimbabwe 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8 44.4
Fiji 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9 30.8
India 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8 26.1
Belgium 24.9 25.8 27.6 30.6 35.6
Papua New Guinea 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4 29.2
El Salvador 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8 30.1
Belize 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4 31.8
New Zealand 23.7 26.4 28.4 68.8 72.3
Senegal 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1 28.2
Mauritius 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5 32.9
Dominica 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2 41.4
Gabon 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7 15.5
Benin 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6 21.6
United Arab Emirates 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9 30.3
Mauritania 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9 28.6
Pakistan 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4 24.9
Kenya 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8 31.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9 39.7
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6 27.7
Congo, Rep. 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2 14.7
Dominican Republic 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2 31.6
Vanuatu 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0 33.3
Iceland 37.5 32.7 35.1 39.1 45.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1 26.6
Cote d'Ivoire 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7 35.5
Honduras 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5 33.5
Greece 36.2 36.5 33.8 32.0 32.9
Barbados 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3 42.1
Guyana 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4 28.3
Antigua and Barbuda 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1 46.5
Grenada 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7 47.5
Bahamas, The 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0 43.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7 57.9
Australia 37.1 40.4 42.9 46.8 59.3
Suriname 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4 42.8
Ireland 40.8 41.3 40.5 42.6 44.1
Qatar 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2 44.7
Korea, Rep. 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3 48.3
St. Lucia 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3 61.8
Uruguay 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3 36.3
Italy 47.8 47.9 48.4 50.5 50.8
Bahrain 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3 33.2
Trinidad and Tobago 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4 49.5
Israel 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0 57.9
Malta 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2 62.9
Panama 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7 50.5
Norway 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3 63.5
Denmark 43.8 54.8 49.7 48.1 51.0
Portugal 63.0 55.8 51.0 48.3 45.7
Thailand 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1 71.9
Jordan 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5 64.7
Venezuela, RB 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5 32.7
Netherlands 86.7 60.4 63.1 74.0 74.6
Cyprus 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3 93.7
Chile 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6 48.9
Finland 60.1 63.4 68.7 77.4 79.7
Spain 65.5 64.3 67.3 73.7 77.4
Macao SAR, China 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4 69.4
Algeria 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1 63.2
Tunisia 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4 58.9
South Africa 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3 77.9
France 73.1 75.6 80.6 83.3 86.7
Austria 80.4 76.3 78.6 82.3 85.7
China 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7 78.0
Canada 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7 85.5
United Kingdom 44.2 78.2 84.1 93.6 106.1
Germany 81.0 79.9 80.3 79.6 79.5
Luxembourg 79.4 83.4 86.6 89.7 90.4
Singapore 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5 79.6
Sweden 80.3 90.4 78.0 88.5 94.6
Kuwait 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8 73.7
Malaysia 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5 95.7
United States 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3 117.2
Switzerland 126.9 128.1 134.9 141.4 148.6
Japan 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8 187.5
American Samoa
Aruba
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
Kyrgyz Republic
Hungary
Ukraine
Namibia
Somalia
Brunei Darussalam
Lao PDR 1.1
Moldova
Tanzania 1.6 14.1
New Caledonia
Turkmenistan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Brazil 41.9 98.4 127.7
Slovenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
South Sudan
Bermuda
Afghanistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Angola
Haiti
Timor-Leste
Cambodia
Croatia
Palau
Tuvalu
Cuba
Curacao
Iraq
Libya
Czech Republic
Slovak Republic
Guam
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7 52.9
Belarus
Colombia 35.6 25.5 23.2
Poland
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Armenia
Romania
Estonia
Russian Federation
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Tajikistan
Macedonia, FYR
Korea, Dem. Rep.
San Marino
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Kiribati
Lithuania
Kazakhstan
Georgia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
Albania
Azerbaijan
Eritrea
Guinea
Mongolia
Montenegro
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Morocco 18.3
Mozambique 18.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bulgaria
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 54.6 65.5

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