Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4
Bhutan 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9
Uganda 2.6 3.4 2.9
Ghana 2.2 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1
Burundi 4.0 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0
Myanmar 4.5 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7
Sierra Leone 4.1 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5
Syrian Arab Republic 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5
Rwanda 6.5 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0
Central African Republic 11.0 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3
Botswana 12.7 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6
Liberia 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3
Seychelles 13.4 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0
Zambia 14.6 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5
Comoros 16.1 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5
Ethiopia 10.4 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.3
Sudan 11.8 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0
Nepal 8.5 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8
Malawi 13.4 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2
Bolivia 14.3 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1
Mexico 14.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1
Peru 20.1 15.1 13.1 13.1 18.9
Bangladesh 12.1 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9
Samoa 10.5 11.7 13.2 15.4 16.2
Burkina Faso 11.9 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9
Paraguay 17.1 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1
Lesotho 15.9 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4
Costa Rica 15.9 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5
Guatemala 20.4 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3
Philippines 24.5 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1
Gambia, The 25.1 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8
Ecuador 20.3 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3
Swaziland 21.4 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9
Nicaragua 17.6 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0
Argentina 25.0 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3
Mali 12.3 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1
Niger 17.0 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8
Maldives 24.2 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8
Saudi Arabia 14.2 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3
Cabo Verde 14.9 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6
Madagascar 17.9 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9
Turkey 17.8 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3
Nigeria 16.2 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9
Chad 11.4 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0
Sri Lanka 19.3 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8
Solomon Islands 17.4 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6
Indonesia 17.2 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6
Cameroon 25.2 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4
Oman 18.6 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7
Jamaica 29.1 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8
Tonga 21.5 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2
Togo 23.0 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4
Zimbabwe 20.9 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8
Fiji 25.5 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9
India 23.9 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8
Papua New Guinea 22.0 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4
Belgium 26.2 25.3 26.2 28.1 31.1
El Salvador 34.7 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8
Belize 27.5 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4
New Zealand 22.1 23.7 26.4 28.4 69.3
Senegal 31.6 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1
Mauritius 23.9 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5
Dominica 33.5 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2
Gabon 16.2 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7
Benin 25.4 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6
United Arab Emirates 21.8 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9
Mauritania 32.3 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9
Pakistan 24.2 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4
Kenya 30.6 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.6 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6
Congo, Rep. 18.8 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2
Dominican Republic 32.5 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2
Vanuatu 29.9 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0
Iceland 40.0 38.5 33.5 36.0 40.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29.1 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1
Cote d'Ivoire 36.4 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7
Honduras 32.5 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5
Barbados 38.4 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3
Guyana 34.8 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4
Greece 38.4 38.1 38.4 35.6 33.7
Antigua and Barbuda 39.3 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1
Grenada 27.3 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7
Bahamas, The 36.1 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0
Australia 30.3 37.0 40.3 42.7 46.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.9 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7
Suriname 36.3 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4
Ireland 43.3 41.5 42.0 41.2 43.3
Qatar 22.3 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2
Korea, Rep. 42.2 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3
St. Lucia 44.8 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3
Uruguay 52.8 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3
Bahrain 43.6 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3
Italy 50.1 49.5 49.5 50.1 52.3
Trinidad and Tobago 49.7 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4
Israel 81.7 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0
Malta 45.3 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2
Poland 55.1 53.1 47.0 37.5
Panama 53.7 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7
Norway 37.0 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3
Hungary 49.0 51.4 54.6 53.1 46.8
Denmark 41.7 44.6 55.7 50.6 48.9
Portugal 73.1 63.9 56.6 51.7 49.0
Thailand 56.8 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1
Jordan 59.4 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5
Venezuela, RB 54.2 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5
Cyprus 57.4 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3
Chile 82.4 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6
Netherlands 89.9 92.1 64.1 66.9 78.5
Finland 56.1 61.1 64.5 69.9 78.8
Spain 69.5 67.3 66.1 69.2 75.8
Macao SAR, China 57.8 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4
Algeria 66.5 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1
Tunisia 62.5 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4
South Africa 69.9 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3
China 61.3 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7
Austria 73.0 81.1 76.9 79.3 82.9
France 104.5 74.7 77.2 82.4 85.1
Canada 75.5 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7
United Kingdom 44.4 46.3 81.8 88.0 97.9
Germany 81.8 83.4 82.3 82.6 81.9
Singapore 85.4 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5
Luxembourg 85.9 83.5 87.7 91.0 94.3
Kuwait 72.4 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8
Sweden 82.1 83.5 93.9 81.0 91.9
Malaysia 73.5 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5
United States 96.7 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3
Switzerland 129.2 133.9 135.2 142.3 149.1
Japan 145.3 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8
Croatia
Afghanistan
Curacao
Slovenia
Namibia
Angola
Brunei Darussalam
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Brazil 45.4 41.9 98.4
Tuvalu
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
Moldova
Lao PDR
Haiti
Kyrgyz Republic
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tanzania 1.6
Palau
American Samoa
Cambodia
Turkmenistan
Cuba
Ukraine
Czech Republic
Libya
Guam
Slovak Republic
Belarus
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7
Iraq
Colombia 37.3 35.6 25.5 23.2
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Puerto Rico
French Polynesia
Greenland
St. Martin (French part)
Romania
Armenia
Russian Federation
Estonia
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Macedonia, FYR
Tajikistan
San Marino
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
Andorra
Lithuania
Kiribati
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Serbia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Azerbaijan
Albania
Liechtenstein
Eritrea
Guinea
Mongolia
Montenegro
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Morocco 20.3 20.3
Mozambique
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bulgaria
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 54.6

Featured indicators

Help/Feedback

User Voice