Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.3 4.1
Sierra Leone 5.4 2.7 3.5 4.8 3.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.0 1.8
Ghana 3.6 3.2 3.1 5.8 4.9
Burundi 4.5 4.3 6.0 7.0 8.6
Myanmar 5.1 4.4 3.7 2.6 4.7
Seychelles 7.3 6.6 6.6 7.7 7.3
Syrian Arab Republic 7.6 7.0 6.5 7.7 7.5
Malawi 10.7 7.8 8.2 9.6 10.9
Rwanda 7.9 7.9 9.0 9.2 6.9
Botswana 8.3 7.9 6.6 7.0 9.4
Central African Republic 8.2 8.2 7.3 7.5 7.3
Zambia 9.7 8.4 9.5 11.3 8.9
Liberia 8.9 9.3 7.3 15.8
Nepal 10.6 10.5 11.8 13.0 12.8
Sudan 10.5 10.5 7.0 5.1 5.1
Comoros 10.2 11.5 14.5 13.1 16.2
Ethiopia 10.2 11.6 12.0 12.1 13.8
Gambia, The 15.1 12.0 11.8 11.0 11.0
Paraguay 13.9 12.0 14.1 13.8 14.6
Mexico 13.0 12.9 11.1 15.6 17.5
Nicaragua 16.2 13.1 15.0 11.3 36.5
Bangladesh 12.7 13.2 14.4 16.0 16.1
Samoa 11.8 13.8 14.4 15.2 20.2
Maldives 17.9 13.9 10.8 11.4 12.4
Nigeria 20.0 14.4 12.9 9.2 8.7
Burkina Faso 13.9 14.5 14.9 16.5 16.9
Costa Rica 14.4 14.7 13.5 12.5 12.2
Ecuador 15.9 14.8 10.3 9.2 9.3
Mali 15.6 15.2 10.9 12.1 11.6
Bolivia 12.8 15.4 17.1 20.7 24.0
Peru 15.8 15.6 15.6 12.8 12.1
Philippines 14.9 16.0 16.1 17.4 19.3
Lesotho 14.2 16.1 16.4 16.3 17.1
Niger 17.4 16.1 15.8 13.0 12.3
Guatemala 14.8 16.5 16.3 15.5 14.2
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9 17.6 22.0
Swaziland 16.1 17.4 16.9 18.7 16.4
Madagascar 19.3 18.2 15.3 14.5 16.4
Saudi Arabia 18.4 18.3 21.3 20.5 14.9
Kenya 19.3 18.4 18.9 19.2 18.7
Solomon Islands 23.1 20.1 19.6 20.4 13.6
Sri Lanka 20.4 20.2 21.8 20.2 19.6
Turkey 19.7 20.6 17.3 16.6 16.7
Cabo Verde 18.5 20.9 14.6 17.2 20.7
Chad 20.3 21.2 7.0 6.4 6.5
Argentina 16.9 21.3 20.3 39.7 15.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.8 21.5 21.3 22.7 23.0
Oman 24.1 22.9 23.7 22.9 20.6
Papua New Guinea 26.1 24.9 25.4 29.2 28.6
India 25.4 24.9 24.8 26.1 24.5
Indonesia 23.6 25.1 28.4 34.6 48.1
Colombia 25.5 23.2 30.8
Togo 24.9 25.7 24.4 22.6 22.6
Cameroon 24.0 25.9 24.4 25.1 26.4
Belize 26.3 26.5 31.4 31.8 32.5
Benin 28.7 26.6 28.6 21.6 19.1
Senegal 27.0 26.6 29.1 28.2 26.4
Equatorial Guinea 31.6 26.8 24.6 27.7 25.8
Fiji 25.1 26.9 25.9 30.8 34.2
Congo, Rep. 31.7 27.1 16.2 14.7 15.7
El Salvador 26.2 27.1 28.8 30.1 16.9
Dominica 28.5 27.4 33.2 41.4 47.0
Belgium 25.8 27.6 30.6 35.5 35.3
Pakistan 29.8 27.6 26.4 24.9 24.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 24.9 27.9 29.4 32.7 31.5
Jamaica 24.2 28.1 31.8 35.6 31.6
New Zealand 26.2 28.2 68.7 72.1 73.0
Mauritania 29.2 28.6 28.9 28.6 36.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.6 28.9 28.1 26.6 25.4
United Arab Emirates 29.1 29.2 31.9 30.3 25.2
Mauritius 27.8 29.3 31.5 32.9 33.1
Tonga 24.7 29.4 36.2 39.1 37.7
Gabon 28.5 29.7 16.7 15.5 12.9
Zimbabwe 25.0 29.9 25.8 44.4 23.0
Vanuatu 31.5 32.2 33.0 33.3 36.2
Dominican Republic 31.8 32.3 28.2 31.6 27.5
Barbados 31.8 33.0 34.2 35.8 36.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.3 33.4 38.0 44.8 41.1
Greece 36.7 33.9 32.1 33.0 31.1
Guyana 38.0 34.2 45.4 28.3 29.6
Iceland 32.8 35.2 39.2 45.5 41.5
Honduras 34.5 36.4 34.5 33.5 31.1
Uruguay 46.8 37.1 38.3 36.3 32.4
Cote d'Ivoire 33.9 37.9 37.7 35.5 36.5
Bahrain 49.3 39.0 35.3 33.2 29.8
Suriname 40.8 39.4 40.4 42.8 37.8
Sweden 37.8 39.7 46.5 50.9 51.8
Ireland 41.2 40.4 42.5 44.0 45.6
Grenada 39.1 41.8 42.7 47.5 45.4
Bahamas, The 39.7 42.7 44.0 43.5 46.3
Australia 40.4 42.9 46.8 59.3 60.6
Qatar 43.7 44.1 42.2 44.7 37.0
Korea, Rep. 44.1 44.9 43.3 48.3 50.5
Antigua and Barbuda 39.0 46.2 45.1 46.5 47.6
St. Lucia 45.3 47.8 54.3 61.8 53.9
Italy 47.9 48.4 50.5 50.8 52.9
Denmark 54.8 49.7 48.1 51.0 50.4
Portugal 55.8 51.0 48.3 45.7 44.6
Tunisia 71.2 52.2 51.4 58.9 55.1
Venezuela, RB 57.9 52.4 49.5 32.7 26.2
Panama 53.1 53.8 50.7 50.5 46.7
Trinidad and Tobago 51.5 53.8 52.4 49.5 44.7
Djibouti 54.8 52.7 52.9 45.4
Israel 52.7 56.0 58.0 57.9 57.6
Malta 53.0 56.1 58.2 62.9 71.1
Chile 62.7 57.4 52.6 48.9 45.3
Jordan 57.9 59.2 62.5 64.7 62.3
Thailand 56.9 59.5 64.1 71.9 83.4
Norway 53.2 59.7 61.2 62.4 61.7
Macao SAR, China 68.0 61.4 65.4 69.4 68.0
Cyprus 61.3 61.6 90.0 94.4 99.7
Netherlands 60.2 62.8 73.7 74.3 75.0
Spain 64.3 67.3 73.7 77.4 76.5
Algeria 69.3 67.5 68.1 63.2 56.1
Finland 63.4 68.7 77.4 79.7 83.8
South Africa 72.8 73.4 75.3 77.9 81.0
China 76.5 78.5 74.4 77.5 86.7
Austria 76.3 78.6 82.3 85.7 89.1
Canada 77.6 78.7 80.7 85.5 89.4
Germany 79.9 80.3 79.6 79.5 85.8
France 75.6 80.6 83.3 86.7 91.6
Singapore 84.4 80.7 76.5 79.6 79.1
United Kingdom 77.6 82.8 91.6 102.9 104.8
Kuwait 93.5 83.0 90.8 73.7
Luxembourg 83.2 86.3 89.4 90.0 100.0
Malaysia 101.5 89.6 86.5 95.7 69.4
United States 109.9 112.3 113.3 117.2 114.5
Switzerland 128.1 134.9 141.4 148.6 149.0
Japan 154.0 170.9 179.8 187.5 191.9
Andorra
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mongolia
Namibia 18.9
Estonia
Marshall Islands
Aruba
Morocco 17.6
Faroe Islands
New Caledonia
Cambodia
Macedonia, FYR
Bermuda
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
Lithuania
Albania
Liechtenstein
Slovak Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Mozambique 18.1 17.6
Libya 30.4
Brunei Darussalam
West Bank and Gaza
Tajikistan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Belarus
Palau
Angola
Kiribati
Uganda 2.9
Kazakhstan
Monaco
Eritrea
Moldova
Czech Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cuba
Slovenia
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Iraq
Curacao
Poland 19.2
Croatia
Hungary
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Bulgaria
Hong Kong SAR, China 160.5
Brazil 98.4 127.7 42.1
Romania
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Russian Federation
Tanzania 1.6 14.1 13.9
Haiti
Timor-Leste
Guinea
Azerbaijan
San Marino
Armenia
Sao Tome and Principe
Turkmenistan
Guam
Tuvalu
Greenland
Ukraine
Serbia
American Samoa
Georgia
French Polynesia
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 1.1 1.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep. 5.2
Afghanistan
Lebanon 54.6 65.5 79.4

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