Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Bhutan 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.3
Sierra Leone 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5 4.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.0
Ghana 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1 5.8
Burundi 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0 7.0
Myanmar 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5 7.7
Malawi 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2 9.6
Rwanda 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0 9.2
Botswana 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6 7.0
Central African Republic 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3 7.5
Zambia 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5 11.3
Seychelles 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0 10.0
Liberia 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3 15.8
Nepal 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8 13.0
Sudan 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0 5.1
Comoros 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5 13.1
Ethiopia 9.8 10.2 11.6 12.0 12.1
Gambia, The 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8 11.0
Paraguay 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1 13.8
Mexico 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1 15.6
Nicaragua 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0 11.3
Bangladesh 13.0 12.7 13.2 14.4 16.0
Samoa 10.4 11.8 13.8 14.4 15.2
Maldives 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8 11.4
Nigeria 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9 9.2
Burkina Faso 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9 16.5
Costa Rica 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5 12.5
Ecuador 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3 9.2
Bolivia 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1 20.7
Peru 17.6 15.8 15.6 15.6 12.8
Philippines 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1 17.4
Lesotho 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4 16.3
Niger 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8 13.0
Mali 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1 13.2
Guatemala 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3 15.5
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9 17.6
Swaziland 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9 18.7
Madagascar 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3 14.5
Saudi Arabia 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3 20.5
Solomon Islands 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6 20.4
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8 20.2
Turkey 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3 16.6
Cabo Verde 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6 17.2
Chad 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0 6.4
Argentina 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3 39.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6 24.0
Oman 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7 22.9
Papua New Guinea 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4 29.2
India 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8 26.1
Indonesia 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4 34.6
Colombia 35.6 25.5 23.2
Togo 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4 22.6
Cameroon 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4 25.1
Belize 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4 31.8
Benin 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6 21.6
Senegal 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1 28.2
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6 27.7
Fiji 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9 30.8
Congo, Rep. 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2 14.7
El Salvador 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8 30.1
Dominica 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2 41.4
Belgium 24.9 25.8 27.6 30.6 35.6
Pakistan 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4 24.9
Jamaica 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8 35.6
New Zealand 23.5 26.2 28.2 68.7 72.1
Mauritania 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9 28.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1 26.6
Kenya 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8 31.4
United Arab Emirates 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9 30.3
Mauritius 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5 32.9
Tonga 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2 39.1
Gabon 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7 15.5
Zimbabwe 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8 44.4
Vanuatu 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0 33.3
Dominican Republic 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2 31.6
Greece 36.2 36.5 33.8 32.0 32.9
Guyana 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4 28.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9 39.7
Iceland 37.5 32.7 35.1 39.1 45.3
Honduras 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5 33.5
Uruguay 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3 36.3
Cote d'Ivoire 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7 35.5
Barbados 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3 42.1
Bahrain 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3 33.2
Suriname 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4 42.8
Ireland 40.8 41.3 40.5 42.6 44.1
Grenada 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7 47.5
Bahamas, The 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0 43.5
Australia 37.1 40.4 42.9 46.8 59.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7 57.9
Qatar 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2 44.7
Korea, Rep. 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3 48.3
Antigua and Barbuda 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1 46.5
St. Lucia 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3 61.8
Italy 47.8 47.9 48.4 50.5 50.8
Denmark 43.8 54.8 49.7 48.1 51.0
Portugal 63.0 55.8 51.0 48.3 45.7
Tunisia 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4 58.9
Venezuela, RB 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5 32.7
Panama 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7 50.5
Trinidad and Tobago 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4 49.5
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7 52.9
Israel 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0 57.9
Malta 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2 62.9
Chile 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6 48.9
Jordan 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5 64.7
Thailand 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1 71.9
Norway 43.0 53.2 59.7 61.2 62.4
Macao SAR, China 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4 69.4
Cyprus 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3 93.7
Netherlands 86.7 60.4 63.1 74.0 74.6
Spain 65.5 64.3 67.3 73.7 77.4
Algeria 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1 63.2
Finland 60.1 63.4 68.7 77.4 79.7
South Africa 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3 77.9
Sweden 80.3 90.4 78.0 88.5 94.6
China 66.6 76.5 78.5 74.4 77.5
Austria 80.4 76.3 78.6 82.3 85.7
Canada 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7 85.5
Germany 81.0 79.9 80.3 79.6 79.5
France 73.1 75.6 80.6 83.3 86.7
Singapore 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5 79.6
United Kingdom 43.9 77.6 82.8 91.6 102.9
Kuwait 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8 73.7
Luxembourg 79.4 83.4 86.6 89.7 90.4
Malaysia 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5 95.7
United States 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3 117.2
Switzerland 126.9 128.1 134.9 141.4 148.6
Japan 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8 187.5
Bermuda
Latvia
St. Martin (French part)
Namibia
West Bank and Gaza
Lao PDR 1.1
Taiwan, China
Morocco 18.3
Macedonia, FYR
New Caledonia
Afghanistan
Kyrgyz Republic
French Polynesia
Azerbaijan
Timor-Leste
Czech Republic
Tuvalu
Montenegro
Georgia
Northern Mariana Islands
Mozambique 18.1
Mongolia
Marshall Islands
Monaco
American Samoa
Curacao
Belarus
Palau
Tanzania 1.6 14.1
Moldova
Hong Kong SAR, China
Cuba
Turkmenistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Ukraine
Aruba
Guinea
Armenia
Vietnam
Poland
Albania
Kiribati
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Romania
Iraq
Russian Federation
Libya
Croatia
Brazil 41.9 98.4 127.7
Kazakhstan
Eritrea
San Marino
Tajikistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Hungary
Liechtenstein
Cambodia
Brunei Darussalam
Haiti
Serbia
Cayman Islands
Angola
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Uganda 3.4 2.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Estonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Lithuania
Slovak Republic
Uzbekistan
Slovenia
Guam
Bulgaria
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Yemen, Rep.
Lebanon 54.6 65.5
Greenland

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