Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Bhutan 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.3
Sierra Leone 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5 4.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.0
Ghana 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1 5.8
Burundi 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0 7.0
Myanmar 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5 7.7
Malawi 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2 9.6
Rwanda 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0 9.2
Botswana 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6 7.0
Central African Republic 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3 7.5
Zambia 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5 11.3
Seychelles 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0 10.0
Liberia 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3 15.8
Nepal 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8 13.0
Sudan 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0 5.1
Comoros 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5 13.1
Ethiopia 9.8 10.2 11.6 12.0 12.1
Gambia, The 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8 11.0
Paraguay 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1 13.8
Mexico 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1 15.6
Nicaragua 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0 11.3
Bangladesh 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9 16.6
Samoa 10.4 11.8 13.8 14.4 15.2
Maldives 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8 11.4
Nigeria 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9 9.2
Burkina Faso 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9 16.5
Costa Rica 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5 12.5
Ecuador 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3 9.2
Bolivia 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1 20.7
Peru 17.6 15.8 15.6 15.6 12.8
Philippines 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1 17.4
Lesotho 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4 16.3
Niger 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8 13.0
Mali 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1 13.2
Guatemala 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3 15.5
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9 17.6
Swaziland 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9 18.7
Madagascar 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3 14.5
Saudi Arabia 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3 20.5
Solomon Islands 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6 20.4
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8 20.2
Turkey 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3 16.6
Cabo Verde 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6 17.2
Chad 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0 6.4
Argentina 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3 39.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6 24.0
Oman 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7 22.9
Papua New Guinea 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4 29.2
India 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8 26.1
Indonesia 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4 34.6
Colombia 35.6 25.5 23.2
Togo 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4 22.6
Cameroon 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4 25.1
Belize 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4 31.8
Benin 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6 21.6
Senegal 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1 28.2
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6 27.7
Fiji 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9 30.8
Congo, Rep. 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2 14.7
El Salvador 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8 30.1
Dominica 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2 41.4
Belgium 24.9 25.8 27.6 30.6 35.6
Pakistan 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4 24.9
Jamaica 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8 35.6
New Zealand 23.7 26.4 28.4 68.8 72.3
Mauritania 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9 28.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1 26.6
Kenya 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8 31.4
United Arab Emirates 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9 30.3
Mauritius 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5 32.9
Tonga 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2 39.1
Gabon 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7 15.5
Zimbabwe 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8 44.4
Vanuatu 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0 33.3
Dominican Republic 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2 31.6
Greece 36.2 36.5 33.8 32.0 32.9
Guyana 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4 28.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9 39.7
Iceland 37.5 32.7 35.1 39.1 45.3
Honduras 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5 33.5
Uruguay 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3 36.3
Cote d'Ivoire 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7 35.5
Barbados 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3 42.1
Bahrain 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3 33.2
Suriname 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4 42.8
Ireland 40.8 41.3 40.5 42.6 44.1
Grenada 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7 47.5
Bahamas, The 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0 43.5
Australia 37.1 40.4 42.9 46.8 59.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7 57.9
Qatar 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2 44.7
Korea, Rep. 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3 48.3
Antigua and Barbuda 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1 46.5
St. Lucia 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3 61.8
Italy 47.8 47.9 48.4 50.5 50.8
Denmark 43.8 54.8 49.7 48.1 51.0
Portugal 63.0 55.8 51.0 48.3 45.7
Tunisia 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4 58.9
Venezuela, RB 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5 32.7
Panama 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7 50.5
Trinidad and Tobago 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4 49.5
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7 52.9
Israel 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0 57.9
Malta 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2 62.9
Chile 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6 48.9
Jordan 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5 64.7
Thailand 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1 71.9
Norway 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3 63.5
Macao SAR, China 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4 69.4
Cyprus 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3 93.7
Netherlands 86.7 60.4 63.1 74.0 74.6
Spain 65.5 64.3 67.3 73.7 77.4
Algeria 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1 63.2
Finland 60.1 63.4 68.7 77.4 79.7
South Africa 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3 77.9
Sweden 80.3 90.4 78.0 88.5 94.6
Austria 80.4 76.3 78.6 82.3 85.7
Canada 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7 85.5
China 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7 78.0
Germany 81.0 79.9 80.3 79.6 79.5
France 73.1 75.6 80.6 83.3 86.7
Singapore 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5 79.6
Kuwait 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8 73.7
United Kingdom 44.2 78.2 84.1 93.6 106.1
Luxembourg 79.4 83.4 86.6 89.7 90.4
Malaysia 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5 95.7
United States 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3 117.2
Switzerland 126.9 128.1 134.9 141.4 148.6
Japan 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8 187.5
Morocco 18.3
Armenia
Mozambique 18.1
Estonia
Azerbaijan
Marshall Islands
Croatia
Namibia
Slovak Republic
Lao PDR 1.1
Isle of Man
Mongolia
Ukraine
New Caledonia
Vietnam
Monaco
Kyrgyz Republic
Czech Republic
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
Moldova
Lithuania
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Cambodia
Macedonia, FYR
Bulgaria
Greenland
Palau
Eritrea
Kosovo
Serbia
Brunei Darussalam
Faeroe Islands
Cuba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Slovenia
Tanzania 1.6 14.1
Somalia
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
American Samoa
Aruba
Haiti
Iraq
Turkmenistan
French Polynesia
Tuvalu
Georgia
Brazil 41.9 98.4 127.7
Angola
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bermuda
Tajikistan
Poland
Hungary
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Andorra
Puerto Rico
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kiribati
Liechtenstein
Romania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation
Uganda 3.4 2.9
Belarus
Albania
Guinea
West Bank and Gaza
Libya
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
Kazakhstan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 54.6 65.5

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