Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Bhutan 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9
Sierra Leone 4.1 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4
Ghana 2.2 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1
Burundi 4.0 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0
Myanmar 4.5 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7
Syrian Arab Republic 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5
Malawi 13.4 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2
Rwanda 6.5 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0
Botswana 12.7 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6
Central African Republic 11.0 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3
Zambia 14.6 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5
Seychelles 13.4 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0
Liberia 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3
Nepal 8.5 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8
Sudan 11.8 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0
Comoros 16.1 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5
Ethiopia 10.4 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.3
Gambia, The 25.1 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8
Paraguay 17.1 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1
Mexico 14.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1
Peru 20.1 15.1 13.1 13.1 18.9
Nicaragua 17.6 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0
Bangladesh 12.1 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9
Maldives 24.2 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8
Nigeria 16.2 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9
Burkina Faso 11.9 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9
Costa Rica 15.9 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5
Ecuador 20.3 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3
Bolivia 14.3 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1
Samoa 10.5 11.7 13.2 15.4 16.2
Philippines 24.5 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1
Lesotho 15.9 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4
Niger 17.0 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8
Mali 12.3 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1
Guatemala 20.4 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9
Swaziland 21.4 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9
Madagascar 17.9 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3
Saudi Arabia 14.2 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3
Solomon Islands 17.4 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6
Sri Lanka 19.3 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8
Turkey 17.8 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3
Cabo Verde 14.9 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6
Chad 11.4 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0
Argentina 25.0 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6
Oman 18.6 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7
Papua New Guinea 22.0 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4
India 23.9 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8
Indonesia 17.2 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4
Colombia 37.3 35.6 25.5 23.2
Togo 23.0 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4
Cameroon 25.2 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4
Belize 27.5 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4
Benin 25.4 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6
Senegal 31.6 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6
Fiji 25.5 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9
Congo, Rep. 18.8 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2
El Salvador 34.7 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8
Dominica 33.5 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2
Pakistan 24.2 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4
Belgium 26.2 25.3 26.2 28.1 31.1
Jamaica 29.1 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8
New Zealand 22.1 23.7 26.4 28.4 69.3
Mauritania 32.3 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29.1 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1
Kenya 30.6 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8
United Arab Emirates 21.8 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9
Mauritius 23.9 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5
Tonga 21.5 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2
Gabon 16.2 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7
Zimbabwe 20.9 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8
Vanuatu 29.9 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0
Dominican Republic 32.5 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2
Guyana 34.8 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.6 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9
Greece 38.4 38.1 38.4 35.6 33.7
Iceland 40.0 38.5 33.5 36.0 40.2
Honduras 32.5 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5
Uruguay 52.8 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3
Cote d'Ivoire 36.4 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7
Barbados 38.4 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3
Bahrain 43.6 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3
Suriname 36.3 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4
Ireland 43.3 41.5 42.0 41.2 43.3
Grenada 27.3 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7
Australia 30.3 37.0 40.3 42.7 46.6
Bahamas, The 36.1 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.9 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7
Qatar 22.3 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2
Korea, Rep. 42.2 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3
Antigua and Barbuda 39.3 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1
Poland 55.1 53.1 47.0 37.5
St. Lucia 44.8 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3
Italy 50.1 49.5 49.5 50.1 52.3
Denmark 41.7 44.6 55.7 50.6 48.9
Portugal 73.1 63.9 56.6 51.7 49.0
Tunisia 62.5 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4
Venezuela, RB 54.2 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5
Hungary 49.0 51.4 54.6 53.1 46.8
Panama 53.7 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7
Trinidad and Tobago 49.7 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7
Israel 81.7 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0
Malta 45.3 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2
Chile 82.4 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6
Jordan 59.4 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5
Thailand 56.8 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1
Norway 37.0 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3
Macao SAR, China 57.8 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4
Cyprus 57.4 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3
Netherlands 89.9 92.1 64.1 66.9 78.5
Algeria 66.5 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1
Spain 69.5 67.3 66.1 69.2 75.8
Finland 56.1 61.1 64.5 69.9 78.8
South Africa 69.9 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3
Canada 75.5 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7
China 61.3 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7
Austria 73.0 81.1 76.9 79.3 82.9
Singapore 85.4 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5
Sweden 82.1 83.5 93.9 81.0 91.9
France 104.5 74.7 77.2 82.4 85.1
Germany 81.8 83.4 82.3 82.6 81.9
Kuwait 72.4 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8
United Kingdom 44.4 46.3 81.8 88.0 97.9
Malaysia 73.5 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5
Luxembourg 85.9 83.5 87.7 91.0 94.3
United States 96.7 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3
Switzerland 129.2 133.9 135.2 142.3 149.1
Japan 145.3 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8
Mozambique
Kazakhstan
Croatia
Namibia
Morocco 20.3 20.3
Liechtenstein
Eritrea
Afghanistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Armenia
New Caledonia
Cuba
Lithuania
Faeroe Islands
Azerbaijan
Monaco
Slovak Republic
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Libya
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Lao PDR
Georgia
Cambodia
Tajikistan
Bulgaria
West Bank and Gaza
Palau
Estonia
Kyrgyz Republic
Serbia
Brunei Darussalam
Czech Republic
Brazil 45.4 41.9 98.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovenia
Bermuda
Somalia
Hong Kong SAR, China
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
Aruba
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
Ukraine
Iraq
Montenegro
French Polynesia
Mongolia
Macedonia, FYR
Andorra
Angola
Moldova
Tanzania 1.6
Greenland
Timor-Leste
Vietnam
American Samoa
Turkmenistan
Haiti
Kosovo
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Uganda 2.6 3.4 2.9
Romania
Albania
Guinea
Russian Federation
Belarus
Uzbekistan
Kiribati
Guam
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 54.6

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