Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Tanzania 1.6 14.1 13.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.0 1.8
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.3 4.1
Ghana 3.6 3.2 3.1 5.8 4.9
Sierra Leone 5.4 2.7 3.5 4.8 3.2
Myanmar 5.1 4.4 3.7 2.6 4.7
Burundi 4.5 4.3 6.0 7.0 8.6
Syrian Arab Republic 7.6 7.0 6.5 7.7 7.5
Seychelles 7.3 6.6 6.6 7.7 7.3
Botswana 8.3 7.9 6.6 7.0 9.4
Sudan 10.5 10.5 7.0 5.1 5.1
Chad 20.3 21.2 7.0 6.4 6.5
Liberia 8.9 9.3 7.3 15.8
Central African Republic 8.2 8.2 7.3 7.5 7.3
Malawi 10.7 7.8 8.2 9.6 10.9
Rwanda 7.9 7.9 9.0 9.2 6.9
Zambia 9.7 8.4 9.5 11.3 8.9
Ecuador 15.9 14.8 10.3 9.2 9.3
Maldives 17.9 13.9 10.8 11.4 12.4
Mali 15.6 15.2 10.9 12.1 11.6
Mexico 13.0 12.9 11.1 15.6 17.5
Nepal 10.6 10.5 11.8 13.0 12.8
Gambia, The 15.1 12.0 11.8 11.0 11.0
Ethiopia 10.2 11.6 12.0 12.1 13.8
Nigeria 20.0 14.4 12.9 9.2 8.7
Costa Rica 14.4 14.7 13.5 12.5 12.2
Paraguay 13.9 12.0 14.1 13.8 14.6
Bangladesh 12.7 13.2 14.4 16.0 16.1
Samoa 11.8 13.8 14.4 15.2 20.2
Comoros 10.2 11.5 14.5 13.1 16.2
Cabo Verde 18.5 20.9 14.6 17.2 20.7
Burkina Faso 13.9 14.5 14.9 16.5 16.9
Nicaragua 16.2 13.1 15.0 11.3 36.5
Madagascar 19.3 18.2 15.3 14.5 16.4
Peru 15.8 15.6 15.6 12.8 12.1
Niger 17.4 16.1 15.8 13.0 12.3
Philippines 14.9 16.0 16.1 17.4 19.3
Congo, Rep. 31.7 27.1 16.2 14.7 15.7
Guatemala 14.8 16.5 16.3 15.5 14.2
Lesotho 14.2 16.1 16.4 16.3 17.1
Gabon 28.5 29.7 16.7 15.5 12.9
Swaziland 16.1 17.4 16.9 18.7 16.4
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9 17.6 22.0
Bolivia 12.8 15.4 17.1 20.7 24.0
Turkey 19.7 20.6 17.3 16.6 16.7
Kenya 19.3 18.4 18.9 19.2 18.7
Solomon Islands 23.1 20.1 19.6 20.4 13.6
Argentina 16.9 21.3 20.3 39.7 15.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.8 21.5 21.3 22.7 23.0
Saudi Arabia 18.4 18.3 21.3 20.5 14.9
Sri Lanka 20.4 20.2 21.8 20.2 19.6
Colombia 25.5 23.2 30.8
Oman 24.1 22.9 23.7 22.9 20.6
Togo 24.9 25.7 24.4 22.6 22.6
Cameroon 24.0 25.9 24.4 25.1 26.4
Equatorial Guinea 31.6 26.8 24.6 27.7 25.8
India 25.4 24.9 24.8 26.1 24.5
Papua New Guinea 26.1 24.9 25.4 29.2 28.6
Zimbabwe 25.0 29.9 25.8 44.4 23.0
Fiji 25.1 26.9 25.9 30.8 34.2
Pakistan 29.8 27.6 26.4 24.9 24.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.6 28.9 28.1 26.6 25.4
Dominican Republic 31.8 32.3 28.2 31.6 27.5
Indonesia 23.6 25.1 28.4 34.6 48.1
Benin 28.7 26.6 28.6 21.6 19.1
El Salvador 26.2 27.1 28.8 30.1 16.9
Mauritania 29.2 28.6 28.9 28.6 36.2
Senegal 27.0 26.6 29.1 28.2 26.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 24.9 27.9 29.4 32.7 31.5
Belgium 25.8 27.6 30.6 35.5 35.3
Belize 26.3 26.5 31.4 31.8 32.5
Mauritius 27.8 29.3 31.5 32.9 33.1
Jamaica 24.2 28.1 31.8 35.6 31.6
United Arab Emirates 29.1 29.2 31.9 30.3 25.2
Greece 36.7 33.9 32.1 33.0 31.1
Vanuatu 31.5 32.2 33.0 33.3 36.2
Dominica 28.5 27.4 33.2 41.4 47.0
Barbados 31.8 33.0 34.2 35.8 36.2
Honduras 34.5 36.4 34.5 33.5 31.1
Bahrain 49.3 39.0 35.3 33.2 29.8
Tonga 24.7 29.4 36.2 39.1 37.7
Cote d'Ivoire 33.9 37.9 37.7 35.5 36.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.3 33.4 38.0 44.8 41.1
Uruguay 46.8 37.1 38.3 36.3 32.4
Iceland 32.8 35.2 39.2 45.5 41.5
Suriname 40.8 39.4 40.4 42.8 37.8
Qatar 43.7 44.1 42.2 44.7 37.0
Ireland 41.2 40.4 42.5 44.0 45.6
Grenada 39.1 41.8 42.7 47.5 45.4
Korea, Rep. 44.1 44.9 43.3 48.3 50.5
Bahamas, The 39.7 42.7 44.0 43.5 46.3
Antigua and Barbuda 39.0 46.2 45.1 46.5 47.6
Guyana 38.0 34.2 45.4 28.3 29.6
Sweden 37.8 39.7 46.5 50.9 51.8
Australia 40.4 42.9 46.8 59.3 60.6
Denmark 54.8 49.7 48.1 51.0 50.4
Portugal 55.8 51.0 48.3 45.7 44.6
Venezuela, RB 57.9 52.4 49.5 32.7 26.2
Italy 47.9 48.4 50.5 50.8 52.9
Panama 53.1 53.8 50.7 50.5 46.7
Tunisia 71.2 52.2 51.4 58.9 55.1
Trinidad and Tobago 51.5 53.8 52.4 49.5 44.7
Chile 62.7 57.4 52.6 48.9 45.3
Djibouti 54.8 52.7 52.9 45.4
St. Lucia 45.3 47.8 54.3 61.8 53.9
Lebanon 54.6 65.5 79.4
Israel 52.7 56.0 58.0 57.9 57.6
Malta 53.0 56.1 58.2 62.9 71.1
Norway 53.2 59.7 61.2 62.4 61.7
Jordan 57.9 59.2 62.5 64.7 62.3
Thailand 56.9 59.5 64.1 71.9 83.4
Macao SAR, China 68.0 61.4 65.4 69.4 68.0
Algeria 69.3 67.5 68.1 63.2 56.1
New Zealand 26.2 28.2 68.7 72.1 73.0
Netherlands 60.2 62.8 73.7 74.3 75.0
Spain 64.3 67.3 73.7 77.4 76.5
China 76.5 78.5 74.4 77.5 86.7
South Africa 72.8 73.4 75.3 77.9 81.0
Singapore 84.4 80.7 76.5 79.6 79.1
Finland 63.4 68.7 77.4 79.7 83.8
Germany 79.9 80.3 79.6 79.5 85.8
Canada 77.6 78.7 80.7 85.5 89.4
Austria 76.3 78.6 82.3 85.7 89.1
France 75.6 80.6 83.3 86.7 91.6
Malaysia 101.5 89.6 86.5 95.7 69.4
Luxembourg 83.2 86.3 89.4 90.0 100.0
Cyprus 61.3 61.6 90.0 94.4 99.7
Kuwait 93.5 83.0 90.8 73.7
United Kingdom 77.6 82.8 91.6 102.9 104.8
Brazil 98.4 127.7 42.1
United States 109.9 112.3 113.3 117.2 114.5
Switzerland 128.1 134.9 141.4 148.6 149.0
Japan 154.0 170.9 179.8 187.5 191.9
Liechtenstein
Morocco 17.6
Moldova
Montenegro
Mozambique 18.1 17.6
New Caledonia
Kyrgyz Republic
Curacao
Isle of Man
Namibia 18.9
Andorra
Ukraine
Iraq
Hungary
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovak Republic
Lao PDR 1.1 1.0
Lithuania
Hong Kong SAR, China 160.5
Croatia
Haiti
Bulgaria
Palau
Tuvalu
Guinea
Mongolia
Guam
Greenland
Vietnam
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Monaco
Georgia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Poland 19.2
Slovenia
French Polynesia
Somalia
Puerto Rico
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Cuba
Kiribati
Libya 30.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cayman Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cambodia
Turkmenistan
Brunei Darussalam
Timor-Leste
Belarus
Tajikistan
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Romania
Bermuda
Russian Federation
Azerbaijan
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Macedonia, FYR
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Uganda 2.9
Sao Tome and Principe
Armenia
Angola
Estonia
Eritrea
Uzbekistan
Serbia
American Samoa
Czech Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faroe Islands
Yemen, Rep. 5.2
San Marino
Albania

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