Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Tanzania 1.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4
Bhutan 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9
Ghana 2.2 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1
Sierra Leone 4.1 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5
Myanmar 4.5 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7
Burundi 4.0 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0
Syrian Arab Republic 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5
Botswana 12.7 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6
Sudan 11.8 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0
Chad 11.4 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0
Liberia 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3
Central African Republic 11.0 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3
Malawi 13.4 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2
Seychelles 13.4 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0
Rwanda 6.5 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0
Zambia 14.6 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5
Ecuador 20.3 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3
Maldives 24.2 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8
Mexico 14.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1
Nepal 8.5 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8
Gambia, The 25.1 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8
Mali 12.3 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1
Ethiopia 10.4 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.3
Nigeria 16.2 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9
Costa Rica 15.9 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5
Paraguay 17.1 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1
Comoros 16.1 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5
Cabo Verde 14.9 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6
Burkina Faso 11.9 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9
Bangladesh 12.1 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9
Nicaragua 17.6 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0
Madagascar 17.9 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3
Niger 17.0 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8
Philippines 24.5 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1
Samoa 10.5 11.7 13.2 15.4 16.2
Congo, Rep. 18.8 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2
Guatemala 20.4 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3
Lesotho 15.9 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4
Gabon 16.2 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7
Swaziland 21.4 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9
Bolivia 14.3 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1
Turkey 17.8 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3
Peru 20.1 15.1 13.1 13.1 18.9
Solomon Islands 17.4 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6
Argentina 25.0 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3
Saudi Arabia 14.2 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3
Sri Lanka 19.3 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6
Colombia 37.3 35.6 25.5 23.2
Oman 18.6 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7
Togo 23.0 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4
Cameroon 25.2 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6
India 23.9 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8
Papua New Guinea 22.0 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4
Zimbabwe 20.9 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8
Fiji 25.5 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9
Pakistan 24.2 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29.1 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1
Dominican Republic 32.5 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2
Indonesia 17.2 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4
Benin 25.4 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6
El Salvador 34.7 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8
Mauritania 32.3 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9
Senegal 31.6 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1
Kenya 30.6 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8
Belgium 26.2 25.3 26.2 28.1 31.1
Belize 27.5 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4
Mauritius 23.9 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5
Jamaica 29.1 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8
United Arab Emirates 21.8 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9
Vanuatu 29.9 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0
Dominica 33.5 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2
Greece 38.4 38.1 38.4 35.6 33.7
Honduras 32.5 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5
Bahrain 43.6 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.6 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9
Tonga 21.5 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2
Poland 55.1 53.1 47.0 37.5
Cote d'Ivoire 36.4 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7
Uruguay 52.8 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3
Iceland 40.0 38.5 33.5 36.0 40.2
Barbados 38.4 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3
Suriname 36.3 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4
Qatar 22.3 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2
Grenada 27.3 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7
Korea, Rep. 42.2 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3
Ireland 43.3 41.5 42.0 41.2 43.3
Bahamas, The 36.1 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0
Antigua and Barbuda 39.3 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1
Guyana 34.8 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4
Australia 30.3 37.0 40.3 42.7 46.6
Hungary 49.0 51.4 54.6 53.1 46.8
Denmark 41.7 44.6 55.7 50.6 48.9
Portugal 73.1 63.9 56.6 51.7 49.0
Venezuela, RB 54.2 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.9 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7
Panama 53.7 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7
Tunisia 62.5 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4
Italy 50.1 49.5 49.5 50.1 52.3
Trinidad and Tobago 49.7 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4
Chile 82.4 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7
St. Lucia 44.8 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3
Lebanon 54.6
Israel 81.7 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0
Malta 45.3 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2
Norway 37.0 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3
Jordan 59.4 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5
Thailand 56.8 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1
Macao SAR, China 57.8 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4
Algeria 66.5 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1
New Zealand 22.1 23.7 26.4 28.4 69.3
China 61.3 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7
South Africa 69.9 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3
Spain 69.5 67.3 66.1 69.2 75.8
Singapore 85.4 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5
Netherlands 89.9 92.1 64.1 66.9 78.5
Finland 56.1 61.1 64.5 69.9 78.8
Canada 75.5 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7
Germany 81.8 83.4 82.3 82.6 81.9
Austria 73.0 81.1 76.9 79.3 82.9
France 104.5 74.7 77.2 82.4 85.1
Malaysia 73.5 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5
Cyprus 57.4 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3
Kuwait 72.4 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8
Sweden 82.1 83.5 93.9 81.0 91.9
Luxembourg 85.9 83.5 87.7 91.0 94.3
United Kingdom 44.4 46.3 81.8 88.0 97.9
Brazil 45.4 41.9 98.4
United States 96.7 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3
Switzerland 129.2 133.9 135.2 142.3 149.1
Japan 145.3 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8
Namibia
Mozambique
Slovenia
New Caledonia
Turkmenistan
Morocco 20.3 20.3
Curacao
Kyrgyz Republic
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Iraq
Ukraine
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia
Lao PDR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
Haiti
Croatia
Palau
Kosovo
Guinea
Tuvalu
Guam
Mongolia
Greenland
Czech Republic
Kazakhstan
Monaco
Georgia
Moldova
French Polynesia
Slovak Republic
Bulgaria
Cuba
Montenegro
Lithuania
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Libya
Belarus
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
Cambodia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brunei Darussalam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Tajikistan
Angola
Latvia
Andorra
Bermuda
Vietnam
Azerbaijan
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Macedonia, FYR
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Uganda 2.6 3.4 2.9
Sao Tome and Principe
Armenia
Marshall Islands
Eritrea
Romania
Uzbekistan
Russian Federation
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Estonia
Yemen, Rep.
San Marino
Albania

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