Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Tanzania 1.6 14.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.0
Bhutan 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.3
Ghana 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1 5.8
Sierra Leone 3.1 5.4 2.7 3.5 4.8
Myanmar 4.9 5.1 4.4 3.7 2.6
Burundi 3.6 4.5 4.3 6.0 7.0
Syrian Arab Republic 8.2 7.6 7.0 6.5 7.7
Botswana 8.6 8.3 7.9 6.6 7.0
Sudan 10.1 10.5 10.5 7.0 5.1
Chad 14.0 20.3 21.2 7.0 6.4
Liberia 9.2 8.9 9.3 7.3 15.8
Central African Republic 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.3 7.5
Malawi 10.9 10.7 7.8 8.2 9.6
Seychelles 10.7 9.2 8.8 9.0 10.0
Rwanda 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.0 9.2
Zambia 10.9 9.7 8.4 9.5 11.3
Ecuador 17.7 15.9 14.8 10.3 9.2
Maldives 20.4 17.9 13.9 10.8 11.4
Mexico 13.0 13.0 12.9 11.1 15.6
Nepal 9.9 10.6 10.5 11.8 13.0
Gambia, The 24.3 15.1 12.0 11.8 11.0
Ethiopia 9.8 10.2 11.6 12.0 12.1
Mali 14.2 17.2 16.5 12.1 13.2
Nigeria 15.4 20.0 14.4 12.9 9.2
Costa Rica 15.5 14.4 14.7 13.5 12.5
Paraguay 14.3 13.9 12.0 14.1 13.8
Samoa 10.4 11.8 13.8 14.4 15.2
Comoros 9.6 10.2 11.5 14.5 13.1
Cabo Verde 18.9 18.5 20.9 14.6 17.2
Burkina Faso 13.3 13.9 14.5 14.9 16.5
Bangladesh 13.4 13.2 13.7 14.9 16.6
Nicaragua 16.2 16.2 13.1 15.0 11.3
Madagascar 19.2 19.3 18.2 15.3 14.5
Peru 17.6 15.8 15.6 15.6 12.8
Niger 15.6 17.4 16.1 15.8 13.0
Philippines 20.1 14.9 16.0 16.1 17.4
Congo, Rep. 20.7 31.7 27.1 16.2 14.7
Guatemala 19.1 14.8 16.5 16.3 15.5
Lesotho 16.7 14.2 16.1 16.4 16.3
Gabon 20.2 28.5 29.7 16.7 15.5
Swaziland 19.8 16.1 17.4 16.9 18.7
Guinea-Bissau 19.4 16.7 16.9 17.6
Bolivia 19.0 12.8 15.4 17.1 20.7
Turkey 17.4 19.7 20.6 17.3 16.6
Solomon Islands 22.8 23.1 20.1 19.6 20.4
Argentina 17.4 16.9 21.3 20.3 39.7
Saudi Arabia 15.9 18.4 18.3 21.3 20.5
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.4 20.2 21.8 20.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.3 24.0 22.6 22.6 24.0
Colombia 35.6 25.5 23.2
Oman 19.5 24.1 22.9 23.7 22.9
Togo 20.8 24.9 25.7 24.4 22.6
Cameroon 22.9 24.0 25.9 24.4 25.1
Equatorial Guinea 23.4 31.6 26.8 24.6 27.7
India 24.1 25.4 24.9 24.8 26.1
Papua New Guinea 23.4 26.1 24.9 25.4 29.2
Zimbabwe 24.5 25.0 29.9 25.8 44.4
Fiji 26.6 25.1 26.9 25.9 30.8
Pakistan 27.8 29.8 27.6 26.4 24.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.6 33.6 28.9 28.1 26.6
Dominican Republic 26.6 31.8 32.3 28.2 31.6
Indonesia 19.7 23.6 25.1 28.4 34.6
Benin 31.0 28.7 26.6 28.6 21.6
El Salvador 42.6 26.2 27.1 28.8 30.1
Mauritania 31.6 29.2 28.6 28.9 28.6
Senegal 29.8 27.0 26.6 29.1 28.2
Belgium 24.9 25.8 27.6 30.6 35.6
Kenya 31.5 30.3 29.0 30.8 31.4
Belize 28.8 26.3 26.5 31.4 31.8
Mauritius 27.8 27.8 29.3 31.5 32.9
Jamaica 25.4 24.2 28.1 31.8 35.6
United Arab Emirates 22.6 29.1 29.2 31.9 30.3
Greece 36.2 36.5 33.8 32.0 32.9
Vanuatu 29.2 31.8 32.2 33.0 33.3
Dominica 33.4 28.5 27.4 33.2 41.4
Honduras 33.4 34.5 36.4 34.5 33.5
Bahrain 43.6 49.3 39.0 35.3 33.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 35.2 31.3 34.4 35.9 39.7
Tonga 25.4 24.7 29.4 36.2 39.1
Cote d'Ivoire 34.1 33.9 37.9 37.7 35.5
Uruguay 55.3 46.8 37.1 38.3 36.3
Iceland 37.5 32.7 35.1 39.1 45.3
Barbados 38.1 37.5 38.8 40.3 42.1
Suriname 39.5 40.8 39.4 40.4 42.8
Qatar 28.8 43.7 44.1 42.2 44.7
Ireland 40.8 41.3 40.5 42.6 44.1
Grenada 31.7 39.1 41.8 42.7 47.5
Korea, Rep. 44.8 44.1 44.9 43.3 48.3
Bahamas, The 36.2 39.7 42.7 44.0 43.5
Antigua and Barbuda 40.4 39.0 46.2 45.1 46.5
Guyana 33.6 38.0 34.2 45.4 28.3
Australia 37.1 40.4 42.9 46.8 59.3
Denmark 43.8 54.8 49.7 48.1 51.0
Portugal 63.0 55.8 51.0 48.3 45.7
Venezuela, RB 53.5 57.9 52.4 49.5 32.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 45.0 40.4 43.4 49.7 57.9
Italy 47.8 47.9 48.4 50.5 50.8
Panama 52.4 53.1 53.8 50.7 50.5
Tunisia 66.8 71.2 52.2 51.4 58.9
Trinidad and Tobago 51.6 51.5 53.8 52.4 49.5
Chile 69.3 62.7 57.4 52.6 48.9
Djibouti 55.9 54.8 52.7 52.9
St. Lucia 49.4 45.3 47.8 54.3 61.8
Lebanon 54.6 65.5
Israel 60.0 52.7 56.0 58.0 57.9
Malta 50.0 53.0 56.1 58.2 62.9
Norway 43.7 54.2 60.8 62.3 63.5
Jordan 60.7 57.9 59.2 62.5 64.7
Thailand 58.3 56.9 59.5 64.1 71.9
Macao SAR, China 70.4 68.0 61.4 65.4 69.4
Algeria 68.7 69.3 67.5 68.1 63.2
New Zealand 23.7 26.4 28.4 68.8 72.3
Spain 65.5 64.3 67.3 73.7 77.4
Netherlands 86.7 60.4 63.1 74.0 74.6
China 66.8 76.7 78.8 74.7 78.0
South Africa 73.4 72.8 73.4 75.3 77.9
Singapore 87.7 84.4 80.7 76.5 79.6
Finland 60.1 63.4 68.7 77.4 79.7
Germany 81.0 79.9 80.3 79.6 79.5
Canada 76.7 77.6 78.7 80.7 85.5
Austria 80.4 76.3 78.6 82.3 85.7
France 73.1 75.6 80.6 83.3 86.7
Malaysia 86.6 99.6 89.6 86.5 95.7
Sweden 80.3 90.4 78.0 88.5 94.6
Cyprus 59.5 61.3 61.6 89.3 93.7
Luxembourg 79.4 83.4 86.6 89.7 90.4
Kuwait 73.4 93.5 83.0 90.8 73.7
United Kingdom 44.2 78.2 84.1 93.6 106.1
Brazil 41.9 98.4 127.7
United States 103.5 109.9 112.3 113.3 117.2
Switzerland 126.9 128.1 134.9 141.4 148.6
Japan 147.7 154.0 170.9 179.8 187.5
Curacao
Namibia
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Montenegro
Kiribati
New Caledonia
Slovenia
Tuvalu
Kosovo
Macedonia, FYR
Iraq
Moldova
Hungary
Serbia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Somalia
Mongolia
Croatia
Haiti
Bulgaria
Guinea
Palau
Ukraine
Guam
Mozambique 18.1
Greenland
Czech Republic
Kazakhstan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Georgia
Liechtenstein
French Polynesia
Slovak Republic
Poland
Cuba
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Libya
Cayman Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lao PDR 1.1
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Cambodia
Morocco 18.3
Brunei Darussalam
Turkmenistan
Timor-Leste
Belarus
Tajikistan
Puerto Rico
Afghanistan
Andorra
Bermuda
Vietnam
Azerbaijan
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Lithuania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Latvia
Uganda 3.4 2.9
San Marino
Armenia
Angola
Sao Tome and Principe
Eritrea
Uzbekistan
Romania
American Samoa
Russian Federation
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Estonia
Albania

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