Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Lao PDR 1.1 1.0 3.0 4.7 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.0 1.8 0.7 0.9 1.2
Sierra Leone 4.8 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.4
Bhutan 4.3 4.1 5.4 6.5 6.8
Myanmar 2.6 4.7 6.8 7.8 6.5
Ghana 5.8 4.9 3.7 4.9 4.8
Sudan 5.1 5.1 4.6 3.9 3.2
Yemen, Rep. 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.8
Chad 6.4 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.0
Rwanda 9.2 6.9 5.1 5.7 6.3
Central African Republic 7.5 7.3 6.8 4.5 4.4
Syrian Arab Republic 7.7 7.5 8.6 9.6 10.7
Burundi 7.0 8.6 10.7 10.7 14.0
Nigeria 9.2 8.7 9.4 13.4 12.3
Zambia 11.3 8.9 7.3 4.8
Ecuador 9.2 9.3 9.2 9.8 15.2
Botswana 7.0 9.4 11.9 14.7 14.2
Seychelles 10.0 10.0 10.7 10.5 11.2
Malawi 9.6 10.9 11.6 14.7 9.4
Gambia, The 11.0 11.0 5.2 3.7 5.5
Costa Rica 12.5 12.2 11.1 12.4 14.3
Niger 13.0 12.3 11.5 11.7 10.3
Peru 10.6 12.4 9.7 11.3 12.8
Maldives 11.4 12.4 9.9 8.5 11.3
Mali 13.2 12.8 12.6 12.3 12.6
Nepal 13.0 12.8 13.4 13.4 14.6
Gabon 15.5 12.9 14.6 10.9 10.3
Solomon Islands 20.4 13.6 11.5 11.9 12.1
Tanzania 14.1 13.9 14.0 9.7 10.8
Ethiopia 12.3 14.0 12.9 11.5 6.2
Guatemala 15.5 14.2 11.9 14.5 13.9
Paraguay 13.8 14.6 16.9 20.0 23.1
Saudi Arabia 20.5 14.9 15.0 16.9 20.6
Argentina 39.7 15.6 12.6 15.4 18.3
Congo, Rep. 14.7 15.7 16.0 15.8 8.7
Comoros 13.1 16.2 16.9 17.1 14.5
Swaziland 18.7 16.4 20.8 18.6 16.9
Madagascar 14.5 16.4 17.5 16.3 16.5
Bangladesh 16.6 16.7 15.9 14.5 15.3
Turkey 16.6 16.7 17.2 17.9 18.1
El Salvador 30.1 16.9 17.8 19.6 21.5
Burkina Faso 16.5 16.9 12.5 10.9 9.8
Lesotho 16.3 17.1 18.7 18.0 20.8
Mexico 15.6 17.5 20.9 28.0 25.4
Mozambique 18.1 17.6 15.0 16.9 12.1
Namibia 18.9 19.2 31.3 36.6
Benin 21.6 19.1 15.4 11.7 10.5
Philippines 17.4 19.3 17.8 20.6 26.4
Poland 27.5 19.3 21.9 19.8 19.5
Sri Lanka 20.2 19.6 8.8 9.1 9.8
Morocco 19.6 23.1 26.4 28.6
Oman 22.9 20.6 21.4 21.5 22.7
Cabo Verde 17.2 20.7 21.7 24.1 19.0
Guinea-Bissau 17.6 22.0 13.3 10.2 11.9
Togo 22.6 22.6 24.9 25.0 29.6
Samoa 17.0 22.7 23.6 24.4 26.7
Zimbabwe 44.4 23.0 26.2 28.8 29.8
Bolivia 20.7 24.0 28.7 36.3 45.5
Pakistan 24.9 24.2 22.3 23.6 24.6
India 26.1 24.5 23.4 24.3 23.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.0 24.7 24.2 25.1 22.1
United Arab Emirates 30.3 25.2 26.8 27.0 28.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.6 25.4 22.3 22.3 23.8
Equatorial Guinea 27.7 25.8 38.2 21.2 5.2
Venezuela, RB 32.7 26.2 28.1 27.8 23.1
Cameroon 25.1 26.4 26.4 12.5 10.3
Senegal 28.2 26.4 25.0 26.4 26.5
Dominican Republic 31.6 27.5 16.6 18.4 18.7
Papua New Guinea 29.2 28.6 26.1 21.1 16.9
Guyana 28.3 29.6 19.4 21.8 21.5
Bahrain 33.2 29.8 35.3 37.9 41.9
Libya 30.4 28.4 28.8 32.2
Colombia 30.8 27.9 29.9 34.1
Honduras 33.5 31.1 26.3 28.5 27.2
Jamaica 35.6 31.6 28.9 23.2 23.2
Uruguay 36.3 32.4 25.5 25.3 24.9
Belize 31.8 32.5 37.2 35.9 34.5
Greece 34.6 32.7 30.8 30.1 28.0
Kenya 31.4 32.7 33.7 34.8 29.2
Mauritius 32.9 33.1 34.2 37.7 42.0
Fiji 30.8 34.2 39.3 38.2 39.4
Belgium 36.1 35.9 37.3 76.4 75.4
Barbados 42.1 36.0 37.9 38.6 37.2
Mauritania 28.6 36.2 27.4
Vanuatu 33.3 36.2 32.4 38.3 37.7
Cote d'Ivoire 35.5 36.5 36.0 32.1 28.7
Nicaragua 11.3 36.5 15.5 22.7 28.4
Qatar 44.7 37.0 53.3 65.1 42.1
Tonga 39.1 37.7 32.1 30.1 31.7
Suriname 42.8 37.8 40.7 40.6 21.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 39.7 38.2 41.6 41.0 41.3
Brazil 127.7 42.1 45.2 84.5 134.1
Iceland 46.5 42.5 43.7 46.8 46.8
Trinidad and Tobago 49.5 44.7 48.4 49.3 49.0
Portugal 46.3 45.2 49.8 53.3 56.4
Chile 48.9 45.3 42.6 45.2 49.2
Grenada 47.5 45.4 44.1 46.5 61.2
Djibouti 52.9 45.4 43.1 41.2 39.6
Bahamas, The 43.5 46.3 48.7 50.8 53.9
Ireland 44.9 46.5 43.7 44.4 42.6
Hungary 47.1 46.6 38.4 32.8 27.8
Panama 50.5 46.7 51.6 56.4 64.2
Dominica 41.4 47.0 48.1 51.0 53.5
Antigua and Barbuda 46.5 47.6 49.4 53.1 50.7
Indonesia 34.6 48.1 47.2 45.5 49.0
Korea, Rep. 48.3 50.5 50.1 48.8 48.8
Denmark 51.8 51.2 42.6 40.1 34.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 57.9 53.9 59.1 68.1 70.2
St. Lucia 61.8 53.9 53.5 52.7 60.7
Italy 52.5 54.7 57.1 60.2 60.3
Tunisia 58.9 55.1 53.8 66.2 67.2
Algeria 63.2 56.1 46.3 7.3 6.6
Israel 57.9 57.6 56.0 58.2 65.3
Australia 59.1 60.6 60.2 61.9 63.3
Jordan 64.7 62.3 62.4 55.9 60.7
Norway 63.5 62.8 57.0 56.2 54.6
Macao SAR, China 69.4 68.0 71.3 70.9 85.6
Malaysia 95.7 69.4 73.8 108.5 106.5
Malta 62.9 71.1 77.2 80.1 84.9
New Zealand 72.7 73.7 77.4 82.3 80.6
Spain 79.6 78.6 80.1 78.4 76.5
Singapore 79.6 79.1 79.9 81.0 80.9
Lebanon 65.5 79.4 48.2 51.6 45.3
Netherlands 79.1 79.9 81.5 82.3 85.4
South Africa 77.9 81.0 102.4 108.2
Thailand 71.9 83.4 89.1 98.5 111.4
Finland 81.3 85.4 92.9 89.1 80.8
China 78.0 87.1 89.3 87.2 97.8
Germany 81.9 88.3 89.9 91.2 96.6
Canada 85.5 89.4 92.3 94.1 92.8
Austria 86.4 89.9 90.7 91.2 92.1
France 88.7 93.9 94.8 95.4 91.4
Cyprus 93.7 98.6 108.4 109.4 117.3
Luxembourg 95.0 105.4 101.7 117.0
United Kingdom 111.0 112.4 109.7 108.4 106.3
United States 117.2 114.5 118.9 117.9 120.6
Sweden 98.3 123.2 120.7 122.1 111.7
Switzerland 156.8 157.2 155.9 156.0 155.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 160.5 137.3 129.5 134.9
Japan 187.5 191.9 192.5 196.7 199.2
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kuwait 73.7 26.7 17.7 17.2
Kiribati
Slovenia 35.1 23.4 22.2
Kazakhstan 49.3
Cayman Islands
Palau
Bermuda
South Sudan
Moldova 5.9 5.9 5.0
Cuba
Somalia
Isle of Man
Lithuania 17.4
Iraq
Croatia 47.3
Macedonia, FYR 59.3
Kyrgyz Republic
Haiti 10.3 10.1 10.9
Brunei Darussalam
Guinea 3.5 3.6 4.2
New Caledonia
Guam
Uganda 4.0 4.4
Puerto Rico
Slovak Republic 56.5
Greenland
Eritrea
Romania
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Russian Federation 11.8
Czech Republic 64.1
Afghanistan
Curacao
Georgia
St. Martin (French part)
Latvia 18.5
Montenegro
Tajikistan
Mongolia 14.8 13.1 6.4
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Cambodia 2.4
French Polynesia
Bulgaria 82.8 74.9 66.4
Liberia 15.8 30.9
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Azerbaijan 10.8 9.6
Belarus
Armenia 40.4 8.4
Turkmenistan 9.0
Monaco
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Ukraine 2.6 1.4
Serbia
Aruba
Vietnam 13.7 16.5
West Bank and Gaza
Uzbekistan
American Samoa
Angola
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Estonia 13.1
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Albania

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