Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Lao PDR 1.0 3.0 4.7 6.9 8.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.8 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.1
Sierra Leone 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.1
Bhutan 4.1 5.4 6.5 6.8 8.5
Myanmar 4.7 6.8 7.8 6.5 6.0
Ghana 4.9 3.7 4.9 4.8 5.3
Sudan 5.1 4.6 3.9 3.2 2.4
Yemen, Rep. 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.2
Chad 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.0 3.6
Rwanda 6.9 5.1 5.7 6.3 9.9
Central African Republic 7.3 6.8 4.5 4.4 4.0
Syrian Arab Republic 7.5 8.6 9.6 10.7 10.3
Burundi 8.6 10.7 10.7 14.0 14.7
Nigeria 8.7 9.4 13.4 12.3 15.0
Zambia 8.9 7.3 4.8 5.7
Ecuador 9.3 9.2 9.8 15.2 20.6
Botswana 9.4 11.9 14.7 14.2 14.0
Seychelles 10.0 10.7 10.5 11.1 13.6
Malawi 10.9 11.6 14.7 9.4 12.6
Gambia, The 11.0 5.2 3.7 5.5 5.6
Peru 12.1 9.4 11.0 12.4 14.4
Costa Rica 12.2 11.1 12.4 14.3 13.9
Niger 12.3 11.5 11.7 10.3 8.2
Maldives 12.4 9.9 8.5 11.3 12.3
Mali 12.8 12.6 12.3 12.6 8.9
Nepal 12.8 13.4 13.4 14.6 18.6
Gabon 12.9 14.6 10.9 10.3 6.8
Solomon Islands 13.6 11.5 11.9 12.1 12.0
Ethiopia 13.8 12.6 11.3 6.1 8.0
Tanzania 13.9 14.0 9.7 10.8 9.7
Guatemala 14.2 11.9 14.5 13.9 15.0
Paraguay 14.6 16.9 20.0 23.1 26.9
Saudi Arabia 14.9 15.0 16.9 20.6 22.5
Argentina 15.6 12.6 15.4 18.3 20.3
Congo, Rep. 15.7 16.0 15.8 8.7 7.7
Comoros 16.2 16.9 17.1 14.5 13.8
Swaziland 16.4 20.8 18.6 16.9 18.1
Madagascar 16.4 17.5 16.3 16.5 14.7
Bangladesh 16.7 15.9 14.5 15.3 16.3
Turkey 16.7 17.2 17.9 18.1 15.9
El Salvador 16.9 17.8 19.6 21.5 31.0
Burkina Faso 16.9 12.5 10.9 9.8 7.0
Lesotho 17.1 18.7 18.0 20.8 25.6
Mexico 17.5 20.9 28.0 25.4 30.9
Morocco 17.6 20.8 23.5 25.4 25.1
Mozambique 17.6 15.0 16.9 12.1 11.6
Namibia 18.9 19.2 31.3 36.6 38.1
Benin 19.1 15.4 11.7 10.5 8.5
Poland 19.2 21.8 19.7 19.5 17.0
Philippines 19.3 17.8 20.6 26.4 29.1
Sri Lanka 19.6 8.8 9.1 9.8 11.0
Samoa 20.2 21.0 21.7 23.8 13.5
Oman 20.6 21.4 21.5 22.7 24.7
Cabo Verde 20.7 21.7 24.1 19.0 22.7
Guinea-Bissau 22.0 13.3 10.2 11.9 14.3
Togo 22.6 24.9 25.0 29.6 18.8
Zimbabwe 23.0 26.2 28.8 29.8 28.4
Bolivia 24.0 28.7 36.3 45.5 49.9
Pakistan 24.2 22.3 23.6 24.6 24.0
India 24.5 23.4 24.3 23.4 23.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.7 24.2 25.1 22.1 21.1
United Arab Emirates 25.2 26.8 27.0 28.3 29.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.4 22.3 22.3 23.8 27.9
Equatorial Guinea 25.8 38.2 21.2 5.2 4.0
Venezuela, RB 26.2 28.1 27.8 23.1 13.4
Cameroon 26.4 26.4 12.5 10.3 9.2
Senegal 26.4 25.0 26.4 26.5 16.4
Dominican Republic 27.5 16.6 18.4 18.7 18.9
Papua New Guinea 28.6 26.1 21.1 16.9 16.2
Guyana 29.6 19.4 21.8 21.5 21.9
Bahrain 29.8 35.3 37.9 41.9 43.7
Libya 30.4 28.4 28.8 32.2 32.4
Colombia 30.8 27.9 29.9 34.1 31.1
Greece 31.0 29.2 28.6 26.6 26.5
Honduras 31.1 26.3 28.5 27.2 26.6
Jamaica 31.6 28.9 23.2 23.2 21.6
Uruguay 32.4 25.5 25.3 24.9 23.9
Belize 32.5 37.2 35.9 34.5 34.9
Kenya 32.7 33.7 34.8 29.2 29.3
Mauritius 33.1 34.2 37.7 42.0 45.4
Fiji 34.2 39.3 38.2 39.4 40.4
Belgium 35.4 36.7 75.2 74.2 72.7
Barbados 36.0 37.9 38.6 37.2 39.0
Mauritania 36.2 27.4
Vanuatu 36.2 32.4 38.3 37.7 36.2
Cote d'Ivoire 36.5 36.0 32.1 28.7 18.5
Nicaragua 36.5 15.5 22.7 28.4 15.7
Qatar 37.0 53.3 65.1 42.1 35.6
Tonga 37.7 32.1 30.1 31.7 30.7
Suriname 37.8 40.7 40.6 21.5 8.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.2 41.6 41.0 41.3 43.4
Iceland 41.4 42.6 45.6 45.6 43.5
Brazil 42.1 45.2 84.5 134.1 69.5
Portugal 44.6 49.2 52.6 55.6 56.9
Trinidad and Tobago 44.7 48.4 49.3 49.0 40.9
Chile 45.3 42.6 45.2 49.2 48.1
Grenada 45.4 44.1 46.5 61.2 58.7
Djibouti 45.4 43.1 41.2 39.6 38.3
Ireland 45.7 43.0 43.6 41.8 43.4
Bahamas, The 46.3 48.7 50.8 53.9 57.0
Panama 46.7 51.6 56.4 64.2 70.1
Dominica 47.0 48.1 51.0 53.5 53.7
Antigua and Barbuda 47.6 49.4 53.1 50.7 45.5
Indonesia 48.1 47.2 45.5 49.0 51.9
Denmark 50.4 41.9 39.4 34.3 30.3
Korea, Rep. 50.5 50.1 48.8 48.8 49.9
Italy 52.9 55.2 58.1 58.3 55.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 53.9 59.1 68.1 70.2 69.5
St. Lucia 53.9 53.5 52.7 60.7 61.6
Tunisia 55.1 53.8 66.2 67.2 67.5
Algeria 56.1 46.3 7.3 6.6 6.5
Israel 57.6 56.0 58.2 65.3 68.6
Australia 60.7 60.2 61.9 63.3 66.8
Jordan 62.3 62.4 55.9 60.7 64.5
Norway 62.8 57.0 56.2 54.6 54.7
Macao SAR, China 68.0 71.3 70.9 85.6 85.0
Malaysia 69.4 73.8 108.5 106.5 109.2
Malta 71.1 77.2 80.1 84.9 87.0
New Zealand 73.7 77.4 82.3 80.7 83.3
Netherlands 75.2 76.8 77.6 80.4 82.5
Spain 76.5 77.9 76.2 74.5 71.1
Singapore 79.1 79.9 81.0 80.9 81.1
Lebanon 79.4 48.2 51.6 45.3 48.8
South Africa 81.0 102.4 105.0 111.0
Thailand 83.4 89.1 98.5 111.4 127.7
Finland 83.8 91.1 87.2 79.1 67.5
Germany 85.8 87.4 88.6 93.8 96.4
China 87.1 89.3 87.2 97.8 86.7
Austria 89.1 89.9 90.5 91.4 90.0
Canada 89.4 92.3 94.1 92.8 91.3
France 91.6 92.6 93.0 89.2 84.7
Cyprus 98.6 108.4 109.4 117.3 119.3
Luxembourg 100.3 96.8 111.3 79.3
United Kingdom 107.4 104.8 103.6 101.6 100.9
United States 114.5 118.9 117.9 120.6 119.8
Sweden 118.5 116.1 117.5 107.5 99.7
Switzerland 149.0 147.8 147.9 147.4 148.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 160.5 137.3 129.5 134.9 143.5
Japan 191.9 192.5 196.7 199.2 201.6
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Kosovo
Kiribati
Cuba
Kazakhstan 49.3 26.6
New Caledonia
Kuwait 26.7 17.7 17.2 23.1
Belarus 17.6
Palau
Somalia
Isle of Man
Lithuania 17.4 20.1
Iraq
Croatia
Hungary 37.9 32.3 27.5 25.6
Kyrgyz Republic
Tuvalu
Bulgaria 82.8 74.9 66.4 49.2
Latvia 18.5 18.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovenia
Turkmenistan 9.0 4.2
Haiti 10.3 10.1 10.9 10.2
Ukraine 2.6 1.4 4.6
Guinea 3.5 3.6 4.2 4.4
Slovak Republic 55.4 39.6
Guam
Eritrea
Puerto Rico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Czech Republic 62.2 66.4
Romania
Curacao
Russian Federation 11.8 12.1
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan
Montenegro
Georgia
Mongolia 14.8 13.1 6.4 10.7
Cambodia 2.4 3.3
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Tajikistan
French Polynesia
Macedonia, FYR 59.3 45.3
Liberia 30.9
Brunei Darussalam
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Aruba 39.8
Azerbaijan 10.8 9.6 3.3
Armenia 40.4 8.4 11.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Moldova 5.9 5.9 5.0 3.7
Uganda 4.0 4.4 4.4
Marshall Islands
Monaco
Serbia
Vietnam 13.7 16.5
West Bank and Gaza
Uzbekistan
American Samoa
Angola
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Estonia
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Albania 3.8

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