Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.8 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.1
Ukraine 2.6 1.4 4.6
Sierra Leone 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.1
Guinea 3.5 3.6 4.2 4.4
Gambia, The 11.0 5.2 3.7 5.5 5.6
Sudan 5.1 4.6 3.9 3.2 2.4
Uganda 4.0 4.4 4.4
Central African Republic 7.3 6.8 4.5 4.4 4.0
Yemen, Rep. 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.2
Lao PDR 1.0 3.0 4.7 6.9 8.9
Ghana 4.9 3.7 4.9 4.8 5.3
Rwanda 6.9 5.1 5.7 6.3 9.9
Moldova 5.9 5.9 5.0 3.7
Chad 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.0 3.6
Bhutan 4.1 5.4 6.5 6.8 8.5
Algeria 56.1 46.3 7.3 6.6 6.5
Myanmar 4.7 6.8 7.8 6.5 6.0
Maldives 12.4 9.9 8.5 11.3 12.3
Sri Lanka 19.6 8.8 9.1 9.8 11.0
Syrian Arab Republic 7.5 8.6 9.6 10.7 10.3
Tanzania 13.9 14.0 9.7 10.8 9.7
Ecuador 9.3 9.2 9.8 15.2 20.6
Haiti 10.3 10.1 10.9 10.2
Guinea-Bissau 22.0 13.3 10.2 11.9 14.3
Seychelles 10.0 10.7 10.5 11.1 13.6
Burundi 8.6 10.7 10.7 14.0 14.7
Azerbaijan 10.8 9.6 3.3
Burkina Faso 16.9 12.5 10.9 9.8 7.0
Gabon 12.9 14.6 10.9 10.3 6.8
Peru 12.1 9.4 11.0 12.4 14.4
Ethiopia 13.8 12.6 11.3 6.1 8.0
Niger 12.3 11.5 11.7 10.3 8.2
Benin 19.1 15.4 11.7 10.5 8.5
Solomon Islands 13.6 11.5 11.9 12.1 12.0
Mali 12.8 12.6 12.3 12.6 8.9
Costa Rica 12.2 11.1 12.4 14.3 13.9
Cameroon 26.4 26.4 12.5 10.3 9.2
Mongolia 14.8 13.1 6.4 10.7
Nepal 12.8 13.4 13.4 14.6 18.6
Nigeria 8.7 9.4 13.4 12.3 15.0
Vietnam 13.7 16.5
Guatemala 14.2 11.9 14.5 13.9 15.0
Bangladesh 16.7 15.9 14.5 15.3 16.3
Botswana 9.4 11.9 14.7 14.2 14.0
Malawi 10.9 11.6 14.7 9.4 12.6
Argentina 15.6 12.6 15.4 18.3 20.3
Congo, Rep. 15.7 16.0 15.8 8.7 7.7
Madagascar 16.4 17.5 16.3 16.5 14.7
Saudi Arabia 14.9 15.0 16.9 20.6 22.5
Mozambique 17.6 15.0 16.9 12.1 11.6
Comoros 16.2 16.9 17.1 14.5 13.8
Kuwait 26.7 17.7 17.2 23.1
Turkey 16.7 17.2 17.9 18.1 15.9
Lesotho 17.1 18.7 18.0 20.8 25.6
Dominican Republic 27.5 16.6 18.4 18.7 18.9
Swaziland 16.4 20.8 18.6 16.9 18.1
El Salvador 16.9 17.8 19.6 21.5 31.0
Poland 19.2 21.8 19.7 19.5 17.0
Paraguay 14.6 16.9 20.0 23.1 26.9
Philippines 19.3 17.8 20.6 26.4 29.1
Papua New Guinea 28.6 26.1 21.1 16.9 16.2
Equatorial Guinea 25.8 38.2 21.2 5.2 4.0
Oman 20.6 21.4 21.5 22.7 24.7
Samoa 20.2 21.0 21.7 23.8 13.5
Guyana 29.6 19.4 21.8 21.5 21.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.4 22.3 22.3 23.8 27.9
Nicaragua 36.5 15.5 22.7 28.4 15.7
Jamaica 31.6 28.9 23.2 23.2 21.6
Morocco 17.6 20.8 23.5 25.4 25.1
Pakistan 24.2 22.3 23.6 24.6 24.0
Cabo Verde 20.7 21.7 24.1 19.0 22.7
India 24.5 23.4 24.3 23.4 23.2
Togo 22.6 24.9 25.0 29.6 18.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.7 24.2 25.1 22.1 21.1
Uruguay 32.4 25.5 25.3 24.9 23.9
Senegal 26.4 25.0 26.4 26.5 16.4
United Arab Emirates 25.2 26.8 27.0 28.3 29.3
Venezuela, RB 26.2 28.1 27.8 23.1 13.4
Mexico 17.5 20.9 28.0 25.4 30.9
Honduras 31.1 26.3 28.5 27.2 26.6
Greece 31.0 29.2 28.6 26.6 26.5
Libya 30.4 28.4 28.8 32.2 32.4
Zimbabwe 23.0 26.2 28.8 29.8 28.4
Colombia 30.8 27.9 29.9 34.1 31.1
Tonga 37.7 32.1 30.1 31.7 30.7
Namibia 18.9 19.2 31.3 36.6 38.1
Cote d'Ivoire 36.5 36.0 32.1 28.7 18.5
Hungary 37.9 32.3 27.5 25.6
Kenya 32.7 33.7 34.8 29.2 29.3
Belize 32.5 37.2 35.9 34.5 34.9
Bolivia 24.0 28.7 36.3 45.5 49.9
Mauritius 33.1 34.2 37.7 42.0 45.4
Bahrain 29.8 35.3 37.9 41.9 43.7
Fiji 34.2 39.3 38.2 39.4 40.4
Vanuatu 36.2 32.4 38.3 37.7 36.2
Barbados 36.0 37.9 38.6 37.2 39.0
Denmark 50.4 41.9 39.4 34.3 30.3
Armenia 40.4 8.4 11.1
Suriname 37.8 40.7 40.6 21.5 8.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.2 41.6 41.0 41.3 43.4
Djibouti 45.4 43.1 41.2 39.6 38.3
Ireland 45.7 43.0 43.6 41.8 43.4
Chile 45.3 42.6 45.2 49.2 48.1
Indonesia 48.1 47.2 45.5 49.0 51.9
Iceland 41.4 42.6 45.6 45.6 43.5
Grenada 45.4 44.1 46.5 61.2 58.7
Korea, Rep. 50.5 50.1 48.8 48.8 49.9
Trinidad and Tobago 44.7 48.4 49.3 49.0 40.9
Bahamas, The 46.3 48.7 50.8 53.9 57.0
Dominica 47.0 48.1 51.0 53.5 53.7
Lebanon 79.4 48.2 51.6 45.3 48.8
Portugal 44.6 49.2 52.6 55.6 56.9
St. Lucia 53.9 53.5 52.7 60.7 61.6
Antigua and Barbuda 47.6 49.4 53.1 50.7 45.5
Jordan 62.3 62.4 55.9 60.7 64.5
Norway 62.8 57.0 56.2 54.6 54.7
Panama 46.7 51.6 56.4 64.2 70.1
Italy 52.9 55.2 58.1 58.3 55.7
Israel 57.6 56.0 58.2 65.3 68.6
Australia 60.7 60.2 61.9 63.3 66.8
Qatar 37.0 53.3 65.1 42.1 35.6
Tunisia 55.1 53.8 66.2 67.2 67.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 53.9 59.1 68.1 70.2 69.5
Macao SAR, China 68.0 71.3 70.9 85.6 85.0
Bulgaria 82.8 74.9 66.4 49.2
Belgium 35.4 36.7 75.2 74.2 72.7
Spain 76.5 77.9 76.2 74.5 71.1
Netherlands 75.2 76.8 77.6 80.4 82.5
Malta 71.1 77.2 80.1 84.9 87.0
Singapore 79.1 79.9 81.0 80.9 81.1
New Zealand 73.7 77.4 82.3 80.7 83.3
Brazil 42.1 45.2 84.5 134.1 69.5
Finland 83.8 91.1 87.2 79.1 67.5
China 87.1 89.3 87.2 97.8 86.7
Germany 85.8 87.4 88.6 93.8 96.4
Austria 89.1 89.9 90.5 91.4 90.0
France 91.6 92.6 93.0 89.2 84.7
Canada 89.4 92.3 94.1 92.8 91.3
Thailand 83.4 89.1 98.5 111.4 127.7
South Africa 81.0 102.4 105.0 111.0
United Kingdom 107.4 104.8 103.6 101.6 100.9
Malaysia 69.4 73.8 108.5 106.5 109.2
Cyprus 98.6 108.4 109.4 117.3 119.3
Luxembourg 100.3 96.8 111.3 79.3
Sweden 118.5 116.1 117.5 107.5 99.7
United States 114.5 118.9 117.9 120.6 119.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 160.5 137.3 129.5 134.9 143.5
Switzerland 149.0 147.8 147.9 147.4 148.9
Japan 191.9 192.5 196.7 199.2 201.6
Isle of Man
Latvia 18.5 18.4
New Caledonia
French Polynesia
Greenland
Georgia
Mauritania 36.2 27.4
Turkmenistan 9.0 4.2
Kazakhstan 49.3 26.6
Iraq
Puerto Rico
Marshall Islands
Montenegro
Palau
Kiribati
Tajikistan
Somalia
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
Tuvalu
Croatia
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Andorra
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
Kyrgyz Republic
Zambia 8.9 7.3 4.8 5.7
St. Martin (French part)
Lithuania 17.4 20.1
Cayman Islands
Czech Republic 62.2 66.4
Cambodia 2.4 3.3
Serbia
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Guam
Brunei Darussalam
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Curacao
Liberia 30.9
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macedonia, FYR 59.3 45.3
Slovak Republic 55.4 39.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovenia
Belarus 17.6
Cuba
Romania
Aruba 39.8
Russian Federation 11.8 12.1
Faeroe Islands
Uzbekistan
Estonia
Angola
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
American Samoa
Eritrea
Albania 3.8

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