Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.8 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.1
Ukraine 2.6 1.4 4.6
Cambodia 2.4 3.3
Sudan 5.1 4.6 3.9 3.2 2.4
Sierra Leone 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.1
Guinea 3.5 3.6 4.2 4.4
Central African Republic 7.3 6.8 4.5 4.4 4.0
Uganda 4.0 4.4 4.4
Zambia 8.9 7.3 4.8 5.7
Ghana 4.9 3.7 4.9 4.8 5.3
Yemen, Rep. 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.2
Moldova 5.9 5.9 5.0 3.7
Chad 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.0 3.6
Equatorial Guinea 25.8 38.2 21.2 5.2 4.0
Gambia, The 11.0 5.2 3.7 5.5 5.6
Ethiopia 13.8 12.6 11.3 6.1 8.0
Rwanda 6.9 5.1 5.7 6.3 9.9
Mongolia 14.8 13.1 6.4 10.7
Myanmar 4.7 6.8 7.8 6.5 6.0
Algeria 56.1 46.3 7.3 6.6 6.5
Bhutan 4.1 5.4 6.5 6.8 8.5
Lao PDR 1.0 3.0 4.7 6.9 8.9
Armenia 40.4 8.4 11.1
Congo, Rep. 15.7 16.0 15.8 8.7 7.7
Turkmenistan 9.0 4.2
Malawi 10.9 11.6 14.7 9.4 12.6
Azerbaijan 10.8 9.6 3.3
Burkina Faso 16.9 12.5 10.9 9.8 7.0
Sri Lanka 19.6 8.8 9.1 9.8 11.0
Cameroon 26.4 26.4 12.5 10.3 9.2
Gabon 12.9 14.6 10.9 10.3 6.8
Niger 12.3 11.5 11.7 10.3 8.2
Benin 19.1 15.4 11.7 10.5 8.5
Syrian Arab Republic 7.5 8.6 9.6 10.7 10.3
Tanzania 13.9 14.0 9.7 10.8 9.7
Haiti 10.3 10.1 10.9 10.2
Seychelles 10.0 10.7 10.5 11.1 13.6
Maldives 12.4 9.9 8.5 11.3 12.3
Russian Federation 11.8 12.1
Guinea-Bissau 22.0 13.3 10.2 11.9 14.3
Solomon Islands 13.6 11.5 11.9 12.1 12.0
Mozambique 17.6 15.0 16.9 12.1 11.6
Nigeria 8.7 9.4 13.4 12.3 15.0
Peru 12.1 9.4 11.0 12.4 14.4
Mali 12.8 12.6 12.3 12.6 8.9
Guatemala 14.2 11.9 14.5 13.9 15.0
Burundi 8.6 10.7 10.7 14.0 14.7
Botswana 9.4 11.9 14.7 14.2 14.0
Costa Rica 12.2 11.1 12.4 14.3 13.9
Comoros 16.2 16.9 17.1 14.5 13.8
Nepal 12.8 13.4 13.4 14.6 18.6
Ecuador 9.3 9.2 9.8 15.2 20.6
Bangladesh 16.7 15.9 14.5 15.3 16.3
Madagascar 16.4 17.5 16.3 16.5 14.7
Vietnam 13.7 16.5
Swaziland 16.4 20.8 18.6 16.9 18.1
Papua New Guinea 28.6 26.1 21.1 16.9 16.2
Kuwait 26.7 17.7 17.2 23.1
Lithuania 17.4 20.1
Turkey 16.7 17.2 17.9 18.1 15.9
Argentina 15.6 12.6 15.4 18.3 16.7
Latvia 18.5 18.4
Dominican Republic 27.5 16.6 18.4 18.7 18.9
Cabo Verde 20.7 21.7 24.1 19.0 22.7
Poland 19.2 21.8 19.7 19.5 17.0
Saudi Arabia 14.9 15.0 16.9 20.6 22.5
Lesotho 17.1 18.7 18.0 20.8 25.6
Guyana 29.6 19.4 21.8 21.5 21.9
Suriname 37.8 40.7 40.6 21.5 8.2
El Salvador 16.9 17.8 19.6 21.5 31.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.7 24.2 25.1 22.1 21.1
Oman 20.6 21.4 21.5 22.7 24.7
Paraguay 14.6 16.9 20.0 23.1 26.9
Venezuela, RB 26.2 28.1 27.8 23.1 13.4
Jamaica 31.6 28.9 23.2 23.2 21.6
India 24.5 23.4 24.3 23.4 23.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.4 22.3 22.3 23.8 27.9
Samoa 20.2 21.0 21.7 23.8 13.5
Pakistan 24.2 22.3 23.6 24.6 24.0
Uruguay 32.4 25.5 25.3 24.9 23.9
Mexico 17.5 20.9 28.0 25.4 30.9
Morocco 17.6 20.8 23.5 25.4 25.1
Philippines 19.3 17.8 20.6 26.4 29.1
Senegal 26.4 25.0 26.4 26.5 16.4
Greece 31.0 29.2 28.6 26.6 26.5
Honduras 31.1 26.3 28.5 27.2 26.6
Hungary 37.9 32.3 27.5 25.6
United Arab Emirates 25.2 26.8 27.0 28.3 29.3
Nicaragua 36.5 15.5 22.7 28.4 15.7
Cote d'Ivoire 36.5 36.0 32.1 28.7 18.5
Kenya 32.7 33.7 34.8 29.2 29.3
Togo 22.6 24.9 25.0 29.6 18.8
Zimbabwe 23.0 26.2 28.8 29.8 28.4
Tonga 37.7 32.1 30.1 31.7 30.7
Libya 30.4 28.4 28.8 32.2 32.4
Colombia 30.8 27.9 29.9 34.1 31.1
Denmark 50.4 41.9 39.4 34.3 30.3
Belize 32.5 37.2 35.9 34.5 34.9
Namibia 18.9 19.2 31.3 36.6 38.1
Barbados 36.0 37.9 38.6 37.2 39.0
Vanuatu 36.2 32.4 38.3 37.7 36.2
Fiji 34.2 39.3 38.2 39.4 40.4
Djibouti 45.4 43.1 41.2 39.6 38.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.2 41.6 41.0 41.3 43.4
Ireland 45.7 43.0 43.6 41.8 43.4
Bahrain 29.8 35.3 37.9 41.9 43.7
Mauritius 33.1 34.2 37.7 42.0 45.4
Qatar 37.0 53.3 65.1 42.1 35.6
Lebanon 79.4 48.2 51.6 45.3 48.8
Bolivia 24.0 28.7 36.3 45.5 49.9
Iceland 41.4 42.6 45.6 45.6 43.5
Korea, Rep. 50.5 50.1 48.8 48.8 49.9
Trinidad and Tobago 44.7 48.4 49.3 49.0 40.9
Indonesia 48.1 47.2 45.5 49.0 51.9
Chile 45.3 42.6 45.2 49.2 48.1
Kazakhstan 49.3 26.6
Antigua and Barbuda 47.6 49.4 53.1 50.7 45.5
Dominica 47.0 48.1 51.0 53.5 53.7
Bahamas, The 46.3 48.7 50.8 53.9 57.0
Norway 62.8 57.0 56.2 54.6 54.7
Slovak Republic 55.4 39.6
Portugal 44.6 49.2 52.6 55.6 56.9
Italy 52.9 55.2 58.1 58.3 55.7
Macedonia, FYR 59.3 45.3
Jordan 62.3 62.4 55.9 60.7 64.5
St. Lucia 53.9 53.5 52.7 60.7 61.6
Grenada 45.4 44.1 46.5 61.2 58.7
Czech Republic 62.2 66.4
Australia 60.7 60.2 61.9 63.3 66.8
Panama 46.7 51.6 56.4 64.2 70.1
Israel 57.6 56.0 58.2 65.3 68.6
Bulgaria 82.8 74.9 66.4 49.2
Tunisia 55.1 53.8 66.2 67.2 67.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 53.9 59.1 68.1 70.2 69.5
Belgium 35.4 36.7 75.2 74.2 72.7
Spain 76.5 77.9 76.2 74.5 71.1
Finland 83.8 91.1 87.2 79.1 67.5
Netherlands 75.2 76.8 77.6 80.4 82.5
New Zealand 73.7 77.4 82.3 80.7 83.3
Singapore 79.1 79.9 81.0 80.9 81.1
Malta 71.1 77.2 80.1 84.9 87.0
Macao SAR, China 68.0 71.3 70.9 85.6 85.0
France 91.6 92.6 93.0 89.2 84.7
Austria 89.1 89.9 90.5 91.4 90.0
Canada 89.4 92.3 94.1 92.8 91.3
Germany 85.8 87.4 88.6 93.8 96.4
China 87.1 89.3 87.2 97.8 86.7
United Kingdom 107.4 104.8 103.6 101.6 100.9
Malaysia 69.4 73.8 108.5 106.5 109.2
Sweden 118.5 116.1 117.5 107.5 99.7
South Africa 81.0 102.4 108.2 114.3
Thailand 83.4 89.1 98.5 111.4 127.7
Cyprus 98.6 108.4 109.4 117.3 119.3
United States 114.5 118.9 117.9 120.6 119.8
Brazil 42.1 45.2 84.5 134.1 69.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 160.5 137.3 129.5 134.9 143.5
Switzerland 149.0 147.8 147.9 147.4 148.9
Japan 191.9 192.5 196.7 199.2 201.6
Afghanistan
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Liberia 30.9
Romania
French Polynesia
Monaco
Angola
Turks and Caicos Islands
Georgia
Puerto Rico
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Cuba
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Palau
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Estonia
Greenland
Aruba 39.8
Eritrea
Cayman Islands
Tajikistan
Montenegro
Slovenia
Croatia
Brunei Darussalam
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
Luxembourg 100.3 96.8 111.3 79.3
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Belarus 17.6
Kosovo
Mauritania 36.2 27.4
Tuvalu
New Caledonia
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Marshall Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Serbia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Albania 3.8

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