Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Zambia 7.7 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Latvia 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9 15.7
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Ethiopia 9.2 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Lithuania 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5 14.3
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.8
Seychelles 16.4 18.2 19.5 19.9 20.7
Argentina 16.5 16.7 18.1 19.9 20.5
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5
Peru 16.9 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Samoa 17.5 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7 14.2
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Bangladesh 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2 23.5
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Hungary 21.8 21.5 23.6 23.5 25.6
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Slovenia 24.7 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Croatia 26.2 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Morocco 28.6 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7
Greece 28.8 29.5 30.5 32.1 38.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Denmark 30.3 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 28.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Slovak Republic 35.8 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
Bulgaria 40.0 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.5
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Brazil 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2 30.5
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Iceland 44.9 47.4 64.6 62.5 71.2
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Italy 54.0 52.5 53.2 55.7 67.8
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Norway 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3 68.5
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Finland 60.3 57.7 51.5 50.3 51.4
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
Portugal 62.6 69.4 77.1 88.4 108.3
Israel 64.0 65.5 68.1 72.7 75.7
Czech Republic 65.7 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8
Ireland 67.6 71.8 80.8 85.6 99.2
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3
Spain 70.4 71.1 76.1 82.9 87.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Belgium 71.6 73.6 74.2 78.9
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
Luxembourg 82.0 82.6 88.5
France 84.0 80.8 79.8 79.2
China 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2 111.5
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
Netherlands 87.8 93.7 98.7 117.2
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
New Zealand 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1 108.7
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Austria 91.9 94.8 100.2 97.3
Sweden 93.4 92.0 92.7 93.0 93.7
Germany 97.8 103.6 107.7 113.5 112.8
United Kingdom 105.9 109.1 110.7 110.9 114.2
South Africa 119.3 119.9 116.2 118.2 134.4
Cyprus 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0 211.1
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Switzerland 151.4 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
Sao Tome and Principe
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Montenegro
Curacao
South Sudan
Greenland
San Marino
Timor-Leste
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Tuvalu
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
Isle of Man
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Puerto Rico
Cuba
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Mauritania
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
West Bank and Gaza
Iraq
Andorra
Uzbekistan
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6
New Caledonia
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
Monaco
Liberia 7.9 5.0
American Samoa

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