Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1 1.1
Azerbaijan 3.3 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1
Ukraine 4.6 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8
Sudan 2.4 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0
Sierra Leone 3.1 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7
Turkmenistan 4.2 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7
Cambodia 3.3 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6
Albania 3.8 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7
Chad 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3
Central African Republic 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9
Niger 8.2 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0
Uganda 4.4 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.2 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3
Equatorial Guinea 4.0 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5
Gambia, The 5.6 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7
Guinea 4.4 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Ghana 5.3 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4
Algeria 6.5 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6
Belarus 17.6 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1
Malawi 12.6 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1
Suriname 8.2 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4
Tanzania 9.7 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9
Moldova 3.7 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4
Burkina Faso 7.0 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0
Kazakhstan 26.6 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4
Armenia 11.1 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4
Benin 8.5 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9
Myanmar 6.0 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7
Bhutan 8.5 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5
Gabon 6.8 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8
Mongolia 10.7 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1
Latvia 18.4 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9
Congo, Rep. 7.7 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7
Cameroon 9.2 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4
Rwanda 9.9 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8
Zambia 6.3 8.5 9.5 8.0 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 14.3 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3
Lao PDR 8.9 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6
Ethiopia 8.1 9.4 14.4 17.8 21.1
Russian Federation 12.1 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6
Nigeria 15.0 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0
Costa Rica 13.9 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5
Mali 8.9 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6
Syrian Arab Republic 10.3 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2
Mozambique 11.6 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7
Madagascar 14.7 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9
Solomon Islands 12.0 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6
Botswana 14.0 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2
Venezuela, RB 13.4 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1
Burundi 14.7 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5
Haiti 10.2 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3
Comoros 13.8 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6
Maldives 12.3 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7
Papua New Guinea 16.2 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2
Lithuania 20.1 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5
Senegal 16.4 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8
Swaziland 18.1 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4
Estonia 14.5 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9
Seychelles 13.7 16.4 18.4 19.5 19.9
Argentina 16.7 16.5 16.7 18.1 19.9
Nicaragua 15.7 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4
Poland 17.0 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.6
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5
Peru 14.7 17.2 22.5 25.8 29.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.1 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1
Turkey 15.9 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7
Dominican Republic 18.9 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3
Guatemala 15.0 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5
Samoa 15.1 19.7 21.0 22.3 25.0
Togo 18.8 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3
Bangladesh 16.3 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2
Lesotho 25.6 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4
Ecuador 20.6 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0
Hungary 26.0 22.1 21.7 23.9 23.7
India 23.2 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3
Saudi Arabia 22.5 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4
Nepal 18.6 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7
Macedonia, FYR 45.3 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7
Paraguay 26.9 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2
Jamaica 21.6 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5
Pakistan 24.0 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1
Mexico 30.9 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9
Honduras 26.6 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7
Slovenia 23.3 25.1 26.0 25.8 30.1
Oman 24.7 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3
Uruguay 23.9 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5
Croatia 29.0 26.6 24.9 31.9 35.5
Cabo Verde 22.7 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2
Guyana 21.9 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9
United Arab Emirates 29.3 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9
Kuwait 23.1 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7
Greece 27.9 30.3 31.3 32.4 34.4
Denmark 30.8 30.8 31.5 32.1 35.0
Sri Lanka 11.0 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7
Morocco 28.2 32.3 31.2 47.8 43.9
Libya 32.4 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.9 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6
Colombia 31.1 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2
Zimbabwe 28.4 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7
Kenya 29.3 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3
Qatar 35.6 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8
El Salvador 31.0 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9
Belize 34.9 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3
Slovak Republic 40.4 36.4 43.3 55.6 53.5
Tonga 30.7 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9
Philippines 29.1 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3
Vanuatu 36.2 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5
Bulgaria 49.2 40.0 70.1 9.6 10.3
Fiji 40.4 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3
Barbados 39.0 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5
Djibouti 38.3 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1
Aruba 39.8 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9
Bahrain 43.7 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1
Trinidad and Tobago 40.9 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7
Brazil 69.5 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2
Namibia 38.1 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4
Iceland 44.7 46.1 48.7 66.3 64.0
Mauritius 45.4 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4
Bolivia 49.9 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 43.4 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9
Chile 48.1 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9
Antigua and Barbuda 45.5 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9
Indonesia 51.9 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2
Lebanon 48.8 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9
Italy 57.6 55.9 54.3 55.0 57.6
Norway 54.7 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3
Dominica 53.7 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8
Grenada 58.7 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4
Bahamas, The 57.0 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0
Finland 69.3 61.9 59.4 53.1 52.0
St. Lucia 61.6 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9
Portugal 57.7 63.5 70.2 78.0 89.2
Israel 68.6 64.0 65.5 68.1 72.7
Czech Republic 68.4 67.7 65.8 67.5 59.4
Tunisia 67.5 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9
Ireland 44.2 68.7 73.1 82.2 87.2
Jordan 64.5 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1
Australia 66.8 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 69.5 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7
Spain 73.1 72.3 73.2 78.3 85.2
Belgium 73.9 72.7 75.0 75.5
Panama 70.1 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1
Macao SAR, China 85.0 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7
China 86.7 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2
France 86.8 86.0 82.9 82.0
Luxembourg 83.4 86.2 86.8 93.0
Malta 87.0 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8
Singapore 81.1 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0
New Zealand 83.3 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1
Canada 91.3 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7
Austria 90.7 92.7 95.7 102.4
Netherlands 87.6 93.2 99.2 104.6
Sweden 103.6 97.2 95.9 96.9 97.4
Germany 99.0 100.4 106.4 110.6 116.7
United Kingdom 105.6 110.8 114.6 115.1 114.7
South Africa 114.3 119.3 119.9 116.2 118.2
Cyprus 119.3 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0
Malaysia 109.2 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5
United States 119.8 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3
Thailand 127.7 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 143.5 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8
Switzerland 157.0 159.7 157.7 158.3 157.2
Japan 201.6 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7
San Marino
Cuba
Marshall Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Iraq
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Tajikistan 12.9
Mauritania
Serbia 24.9 27.5
Palau
Kosovo
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9
Afghanistan
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
French Polynesia
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liberia 7.9
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Guam
Brunei Darussalam
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Uzbekistan
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia
Montenegro
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Somalia
American Samoa

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