Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Latvia 7.2 6.7 9.7 13.0 13.6
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Zambia 7.7 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Ethiopia 9.2 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.8
Seychelles 16.4 18.2 19.5 19.9 20.7
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5
Peru 16.9 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Samoa 17.5 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.9 14.4
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Argentina 20.0 20.2 21.9 24.2 24.9
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Bangladesh 20.9 18.9 20.0 20.5 21.0
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Hungary 21.8 21.5 23.6 23.5 25.6
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Slovenia 24.7 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Croatia 26.2 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Morocco 28.6 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7
Greece 28.8 29.5 30.5 32.1 38.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Denmark 30.3 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 23.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Slovak Republic 35.8 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
Bulgaria 40.0 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.5
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Brazil 42.6 40.6 40.7 29.4 29.7
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Iceland 44.9 47.4 64.6 62.5 71.2
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Italy 54.0 52.5 53.2 55.7
Norway 54.8 56.9 62.1 69.0 67.2
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Finland 60.3 57.7 51.5 50.3
Israel 61.9 63.1 65.2 69.4 72.2
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
Portugal 62.6 69.4 77.1 88.4
Czech Republic 65.7 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8
Ireland 67.6 71.8 80.8 85.6
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3
Spain 70.4 71.1 76.1 82.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Belgium 71.6 73.6 74.2
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
Luxembourg 82.0 82.6 88.5
France 84.0 80.8 79.8
China 84.5 89.8 97.1 105.6 110.8
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
Netherlands 87.8 93.7 98.7
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
New Zealand 88.5 93.6 100.4 105.0 107.6
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Austria 91.9 94.8 100.2
Sweden 93.4 92.0 92.7 93.0 93.7
Germany 97.8 103.6 107.7 113.5
United Kingdom 105.9 109.1 110.7 110.9 114.2
Cyprus 112.6 122.8 130.2 133.8 197.6
South Africa 116.0 116.7 113.4 115.2 131.0
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Switzerland 151.4 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
San Marino
Somalia
Marshall Islands
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Curacao
Liberia 7.9 5.0
Iraq
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cuba
New Caledonia
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Mauritania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kiribati
Bermuda
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
Tuvalu
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Taiwan, China
Lithuania
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Afghanistan
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 5.2
Montenegro
American Samoa
Palau

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