Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Latvia 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9 15.7
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Zambia 7.7 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Lithuania 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5 14.3
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Ethiopia 9.2 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Argentina 16.5 16.7 18.1 19.9 20.5
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7 14.2
Seychelles 16.4 18.2 19.5 19.9 20.7
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Samoa 17.5 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Hungary 21.8 21.5 23.6 23.5 25.6
Bangladesh 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2 23.5
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.8
Peru 16.9 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 28.3
Croatia 26.2 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Slovenia 24.7 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
Morocco 28.6 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Greece 28.8 29.5 30.5 32.1 38.8
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Denmark 30.3 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Brazil 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2 30.5
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Slovak Republic 35.8 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
Iceland 44.9 47.4 64.6 62.5 71.2
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Italy 54.0 52.5 53.2 55.7 67.8
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Finland 60.3 57.7 51.5 50.3 51.4
Norway 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3 68.5
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Bulgaria 40.0 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.5
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Czech Republic 65.7 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8
Israel 64.0 65.5 68.1 72.7 75.7
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
Portugal 62.6 69.4 77.1 88.4 108.3
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Spain 70.4 71.1 76.1 82.9 87.4
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3
Ireland 67.6 71.8 80.8 85.6 99.2
Belgium 71.6 73.6 74.2 78.9
France 84.0 80.8 79.8 79.2
Luxembourg 82.0 82.6 88.5
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
China 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2 111.5
Sweden 93.4 92.0 92.7 93.0 93.7
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
Netherlands 87.8 93.7 98.7 117.2
New Zealand 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1 108.7
Austria 91.9 94.8 100.2 97.3
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
Germany 97.8 103.6 107.7 113.5 112.8
United Kingdom 105.9 109.1 110.7 110.9 114.2
South Africa 119.3 119.9 116.2 118.2 134.4
Cyprus 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0 211.1
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
Switzerland 151.4 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Somalia
Cuba
Andorra
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Liberia 7.9 5.0
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
Kiribati
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Timor-Leste
French Polynesia
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Palau
Kosovo
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Iraq
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Mauritania
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
New Caledonia
South Sudan
American Samoa

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