Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Azerbaijan 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0 5.9
Ukraine 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6 11.2
Sierra Leone 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1 2.1
Sudan 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6 2.3
Yemen, Rep. 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2 4.9
Tanzania 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2 4.1
Angola 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6 2.0
Albania 3.2 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.7
Georgia 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4 8.7
Chad 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.5
Niger 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8 4.8
Gambia, The 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6 6.7
Central African Republic 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5 4.7
Malawi 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0 9.1
Cambodia 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7 6.4
Guinea 4.9 4.5 3.7 4.0
Equatorial Guinea 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6 3.6
Uganda 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4 6.2
Algeria 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4 6.0
Armenia 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7 9.9
Ghana 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6 14.0
Kazakhstan 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2 11.2
Belarus 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3 8.9
Gabon 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0 8.7
Bhutan 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3 8.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1 4.6
Latvia 6.7 10.3 13.8 15.2 19.0
Rwanda 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9 10.4
Burkina Faso 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1 11.6
Congo, Rep. 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9 4.8
Moldova 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8 12.7
Cameroon 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8 8.2
Russian Federation 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1 13.6
Benin 8.5 5.4 6.9 9.8 10.6
Zambia 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8 7.7
Kyrgyz Republic 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1 4.2
Mozambique 8.7 10.6 11.3 12.7 14.4
Mongolia 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4 6.9
Nigeria 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5 12.4
Lao PDR 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4 8.9
Myanmar 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1 9.5
Syrian Arab Republic 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2 8.3
Madagascar 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3 8.8
Venezuela, RB 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6 12.5
Botswana 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9 14.7
Lithuania 11.0 11.0 12.5 14.3 13.1
Comoros 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7 11.8
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 7.9 7.1
Mali 12.2 12.7 14.8 16.1 15.0
Seychelles 12.6 13.7 14.4 15.1 16.6
Solomon Islands 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0 16.0
Haiti 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5 15.5
Suriname 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5 8.4
Papua New Guinea 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7 17.2
Costa Rica 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3 24.0
Nicaragua 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7 24.0
Maldives 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8 19.1
Ethiopia 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0 22.9
Burundi 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4 17.1
Swaziland 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1 12.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.2 16.6 18.0 18.0 26.2
Mexico 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9 15.6
Senegal 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4 18.7
Cote d'Ivoire 16.7 17.1 15.9 14.4 15.1
Vietnam 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2 32.7
Samoa 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1 27.3
Togo 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1 16.0
Bangladesh 18.9 20.0 20.5 21.0 21.8
Lesotho 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8 15.8
Guatemala 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7 19.8
Poland 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5 26.5
Argentina 20.2 21.9 24.2 24.9 23.9
Dominican Republic 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5 29.0
Saudi Arabia 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9 24.4
Hungary 21.4 23.6 23.4 25.5 31.9
Kenya 21.7 24.4 24.0 26.6 25.8
Estonia 22.0 32.0 31.8 31.8 36.1
Peru 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0 27.2
Ecuador 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4 26.0
Jamaica 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0 25.7
Turkey 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6 17.8
India 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0 27.9
Nepal 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9 30.7
Libya 23.7 22.0 24.6 23.9 20.5
Croatia 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9 31.7
Pakistan 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5 22.3
Slovenia 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8 35.1
Paraguay 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4 25.7
Honduras 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6 34.1
Macedonia, FYR 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9 17.0
Oman 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1 37.5
Uruguay 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6 45.1
Cabo Verde 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3 40.1
Morocco 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7 51.0
United Arab Emirates 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6 31.3
Greece 29.6 30.5 32.2 39.0 45.2
Sri Lanka 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3 28.8
Denmark 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1 132.0
Qatar 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8 26.8
Zimbabwe 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3 27.1
Sweden 32.3 35.2 36.4 37.9 40.3
Kuwait 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7 45.4
Eritrea 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3 29.2
Colombia 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7 20.9
Tonga 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3 41.0
Vanuatu 36.4 33.0 32.5 36.0 31.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0 52.0
El Salvador 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8 45.2
Belize 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.7 40.8
Trinidad and Tobago 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4 43.5
Fiji 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1 32.0
Brazil 40.8 40.9 29.5 29.8 31.1
Barbados 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6 47.0
Namibia 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6 39.8
Bahrain 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3 40.5
Guyana 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1 57.1
Slovak Republic 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6 50.4
Mauritius 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1 57.5
Djibouti 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9 32.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 44.6 47.6 48.2 51.7 55.3
Aruba 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6 44.8
Iceland 47.5 64.8 62.6 71.4 94.6
Philippines 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5 36.8
Korea, Rep. 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4 73.6
Italy 52.5 53.2 55.7
Bolivia 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4 58.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 54.0 54.1 57.3 58.0 60.1
Chile 54.1 57.1 59.6 62.5 62.5
Indonesia 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6 19.9
Dominica 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1 50.1
Norway 56.9 62.1 69.0 67.2 64.3
Finland 57.7 51.5 50.3
Antigua and Barbuda 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0 61.8
Lebanon 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3 87.9
Bulgaria 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.6 12.0
Grenada 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9 62.6
Bahamas, The 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5 57.2
Israel 62.7 64.5 68.9 71.6 72.4
Tunisia 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5 60.0
Czech Republic 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8 45.2
Jordan 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4 72.1
Portugal 69.4 77.1 88.4
St. Lucia 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6 70.3
Spain 71.1 76.1 82.9
Panama 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8 101.9
Australia 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3 87.8
Ireland 71.7 80.6 85.4
Belgium 73.5 74.0
France 80.8 79.8
Luxembourg 82.3 88.2
Macao SAR, China 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1 79.9
China 89.8 97.1 105.6 110.8 111.7
Netherlands 93.0 98.1
New Zealand 93.6 100.4 105.0 107.6 107.9
Singapore 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7 96.3
Austria 94.8 100.2
Canada 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3 93.8
Malta 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4 105.1
Germany 103.5 107.5 113.3
United Kingdom 108.9 110.1 110.3 113.7 122.9
South Africa 116.7 113.4 115.2 131.0 130.3
Cyprus 124.9 132.5 136.4 149.1 152.2
United States 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1 162.1
Malaysia 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2 135.0
Thailand 146.3 166.5 153.4 127.7 105.1
Switzerland 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3 145.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8 150.4
Japan 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8 219.3
Guam
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Somalia
Cuba
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Kiribati
Turkmenistan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Brunei Darussalam 60.2 50.3
Greenland
Bermuda
Afghanistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Puerto Rico
Iraq
St. Martin (French part)
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.2
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Liberia 7.9 5.0 3.3
Marshall Islands
Faroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Mauritania
San Marino
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0 37.4
Montenegro
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6 45.7
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 5.2 5.3
Uzbekistan
Isle of Man
Monaco
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7 13.8
New Caledonia
South Sudan
American Samoa

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