Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Latvia 7.2 6.7 9.7 13.0 13.6
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Zambia 7.7 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Ethiopia 9.2 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.9 14.4
Seychelles 16.4 18.2 19.5 19.9 20.7
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Samoa 17.5 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Bangladesh 20.9 18.9 20.0 20.5 21.0
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5
Argentina 20.0 20.2 21.9 24.2 24.9
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Hungary 21.8 21.5 23.6 23.5 25.6
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.8
Peru 16.9 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 23.9
Croatia 26.2 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Slovenia 24.7 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
Morocco 28.6 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Greece 28.8 29.5 30.5 32.1 38.8
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Denmark 30.3 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Brazil 42.6 40.6 40.7 29.4 29.7
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Slovak Republic 35.8 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
Iceland 44.9 47.4 64.6 62.5 71.2
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Italy 54.0 52.5 53.2 55.7
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Norway 54.8 56.9 62.1 69.0 67.2
Finland 60.3 57.7 51.5 50.3
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Bulgaria 40.0 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.5
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Israel 61.9 63.1 65.2 69.4 72.2
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Czech Republic 65.7 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
Portugal 62.6 69.4 77.1 88.4
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Spain 70.4 71.1 76.1 82.9
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3
Ireland 67.6 71.8 80.8 85.6
Belgium 71.6 73.6 74.2
France 84.0 80.8 79.8
Luxembourg 82.0 82.6 88.5
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
China 84.5 89.8 97.1 105.6 110.8
Sweden 93.4 92.0 92.7 93.0 93.7
New Zealand 88.5 93.6 100.4 105.0 107.6
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
Netherlands 87.8 93.7 98.7
Austria 91.9 94.8 100.2
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
Germany 97.8 103.6 107.7 113.5
United Kingdom 105.9 109.1 110.7 110.9 114.2
South Africa 116.0 116.7 113.4 115.2 131.0
Cyprus 112.6 122.8 130.2 133.8 197.6
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
Switzerland 151.4 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
Greenland
Cuba
Montenegro
Liberia 7.9 5.0
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Monaco
Isle of Man
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
Mauritania
Uzbekistan
St. Martin (French part)
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Timor-Leste
Bermuda
Afghanistan
Puerto Rico
Kiribati
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
Palau
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Sao Tome and Principe
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6
Taiwan, China
Faeroe Islands
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
Guam
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Lithuania
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 5.2
French Polynesia
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands

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