Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Zambia 7.7 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
Bulgaria 40.0 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.5
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Lithuania 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5 14.3
Latvia 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9 15.7
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7 14.2
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Ethiopia 9.2 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Seychelles 16.4 18.2 19.5 19.9 20.7
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Samoa 17.5 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Argentina 20.0 20.2 21.9 24.2 24.9
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 28.3
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Bangladesh 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2 23.5
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Hungary 21.8 21.5 23.6 23.5 25.6
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Slovenia 24.7 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8
Peru 16.9 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Greece 28.8 29.5 30.5 32.1 38.8
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Croatia 26.2 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9
Denmark 30.3 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.8
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Brazil 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2 30.5
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Morocco 28.6 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Finland 60.3 57.7 51.5 50.3 51.4
Italy 54.0 52.5 53.2 55.7 67.8
Slovak Republic 35.8 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Norway 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3 68.5
Iceland 44.9 47.4 64.6 62.5 71.2
Czech Republic 65.7 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8
Israel 61.9 63.1 65.2 69.4 72.2
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
Belgium 71.6 73.6 74.2 78.9
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3
Spain 70.4 71.1 76.1 82.9 87.4
Portugal 62.6 69.4 77.1 88.4 108.3
France 84.0 80.8 79.8 79.2
Ireland 67.6 71.8 80.8 85.6 99.2
Luxembourg 82.0 82.6 88.5
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
Sweden 93.4 92.0 92.7 93.0 93.7
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
China 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2 111.5
Netherlands 87.8 93.7 98.7 117.2
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Austria 91.9 94.8 100.2 97.3
New Zealand 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1 108.7
Germany 97.8 103.6 107.7 113.5 112.8
United Kingdom 105.9 109.1 110.7 110.9 114.2
South Africa 116.0 116.7 113.4 115.2 131.0
Cyprus 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0 211.1
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1
Switzerland 151.4 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
Bermuda
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia
Somalia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Afghanistan
Iraq
Andorra
Cuba
Palau
Cayman Islands
Guam
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Tuvalu
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Kiribati
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
Kosovo
Liberia 7.9 5.0
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Mauritania
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa

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