Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Turkmenistan 4.2 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7
Sudan 2.4 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0
Azerbaijan 3.3 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1
Ukraine 4.6 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8
Chad 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3
Sierra Leone 3.1 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7
Niger 8.2 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3
Tanzania 9.7 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.2 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3
Algeria 6.5 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6
Albania 3.8 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7
Malawi 12.6 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1
Central African Republic 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9
Guinea 4.4 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1
Equatorial Guinea 4.0 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5
Uganda 4.4 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6
Mongolia 10.7 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6
Kazakhstan 26.6 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4
Benin 8.5 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9
Gambia, The 5.6 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7
Armenia 11.1 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4
Cambodia 3.3 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6
Cameroon 9.2 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4
Moldova 3.7 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4
Guinea-Bissau 14.3 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3
Congo, Rep. 7.7 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7
Zambia 6.3 8.5 9.5 8.0 7.0
Rwanda 9.9 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8
Ghana 5.3 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4
Belarus 17.6 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6
Gabon 6.8 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8
Bulgaria 49.2 40.0 70.1 9.6 10.3
Botswana 14.0 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2
Syrian Arab Republic 10.3 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2
Madagascar 14.7 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9
Myanmar 6.0 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7
Nigeria 15.0 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0
Russian Federation 12.1 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6
Lithuania 20.1 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5
Latvia 18.4 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9
Bhutan 8.5 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5
Burkina Faso 7.0 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0
Mozambique 11.6 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7
Burundi 14.7 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5
Lao PDR 8.9 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6
Solomon Islands 12.0 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6
Comoros 13.8 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6
Mali 8.9 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6
Swaziland 18.1 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4
Costa Rica 13.9 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5
Venezuela, RB 13.4 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1
Haiti 10.2 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1
Senegal 16.4 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8
Maldives 12.3 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7
Nicaragua 15.7 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7
Suriname 8.2 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4
Papua New Guinea 16.2 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2
Togo 18.8 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3
Ethiopia 8.1 9.4 14.4 17.8 21.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.1 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4
Argentina 16.7 16.5 16.7 18.1 19.9
Guatemala 15.0 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5
Seychelles 13.7 16.4 18.4 19.5 19.9
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1
Jamaica 21.6 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5
Poland 17.0 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.6
Saudi Arabia 22.5 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4
Libya 32.4 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6
Mexico 30.9 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9
Dominican Republic 18.9 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3
Samoa 15.1 19.7 21.0 22.3 25.0
Bangladesh 16.3 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2
India 23.2 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3
Nepal 18.6 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7
Hungary 26.0 22.1 21.7 23.9 23.7
Ecuador 20.6 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0
Pakistan 24.0 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1
Lesotho 25.6 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4
Serbia 24.9 27.5
Peru 14.7 17.2 22.5 25.8 29.6
Slovenia 23.3 25.1 26.0 25.8 30.1
Uruguay 23.9 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5
Turkey 15.9 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2
Macedonia, FYR 45.3 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7
Kenya 29.3 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9
Sri Lanka 11.0 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7
Qatar 35.6 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8
United Arab Emirates 29.3 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9
Croatia 29.0 26.6 24.9 31.9 35.5
Denmark 30.8 30.8 31.5 32.1 35.0
Estonia 14.5 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9
Cabo Verde 22.7 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2
Honduras 26.6 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7
Greece 27.9 30.3 31.3 32.4 34.4
Paraguay 26.9 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2
Fiji 40.4 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3
Vanuatu 36.2 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5
Oman 24.7 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3
Colombia 31.1 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2
Zimbabwe 28.4 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.9 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6
El Salvador 31.0 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9
Tonga 30.7 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9
Belize 34.9 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3
Brazil 69.5 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2
Namibia 38.1 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4
Djibouti 38.3 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1
Aruba 39.8 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9
Barbados 39.0 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5
Trinidad and Tobago 40.9 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7
Bahrain 43.7 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1
Kuwait 23.1 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7
Morocco 28.2 32.3 31.2 47.8 43.9
Guyana 21.9 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1
Mauritius 45.4 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4
Bahamas, The 57.0 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0
Finland 69.3 61.9 59.4 53.1 52.0
Italy 57.6 55.9 54.3 55.0 57.6
Slovak Republic 40.4 36.4 43.3 55.6 53.5
Philippines 29.1 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 43.4 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9
Dominica 53.7 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8
Bolivia 49.9 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1
Tunisia 67.5 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9
Indonesia 51.9 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2
Norway 54.7 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3
Antigua and Barbuda 45.5 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9
Lebanon 48.8 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9
Iceland 44.7 46.1 48.7 66.3 64.0
Chile 48.1 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9
Czech Republic 68.4 67.7 65.8 67.5 59.4
Israel 68.6 64.0 65.5 68.1 72.7
Jordan 64.5 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 69.5 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7
Grenada 58.7 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4
St. Lucia 61.6 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9
Panama 70.1 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1
Australia 66.8 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.1
Belgium 73.9 72.7 75.0 75.5
Portugal 57.7 63.5 70.2 78.0 89.2
Spain 73.1 72.3 73.2 78.3 85.2
France 86.8 86.0 82.9 82.0
Ireland 44.2 68.7 73.1 82.2 87.2
Macao SAR, China 85.0 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7
Luxembourg 83.4 86.2 86.8 93.0
Malta 87.0 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8
Singapore 81.1 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0
Sweden 103.6 97.2 95.9 96.9 97.4
China 86.7 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2
Canada 91.3 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7
New Zealand 83.1 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1
Austria 90.7 92.7 95.7 102.4
Netherlands 87.6 93.2 99.2 104.6
Germany 99.0 100.4 106.4 110.6 116.7
United Kingdom 105.6 110.8 114.6 115.1 114.7
South Africa 114.3 119.3 119.9 116.2 118.2
Cyprus 119.3 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0
United States 119.8 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3
Switzerland 157.0 159.7 157.7 158.3 157.2
Malaysia 109.2 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5
Thailand 127.7 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 143.5 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8
Japan 201.6 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7
Brunei Darussalam
South Sudan
Afghanistan
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mauritania
Cuba
St. Martin (French part)
Tuvalu
Monaco
Palau
Greenland
Bermuda
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1 1.1
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Montenegro
Andorra
Liberia 7.9
Iraq
Isle of Man
Somalia
Uzbekistan
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tajikistan 12.9
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa

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