Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Sudan 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6 2.3
Sierra Leone 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1 2.1
Azerbaijan 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0 5.9
Chad 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.5
Angola 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6 2.0
Guinea 4.9 4.5 3.7 4.0
Albania 3.2 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.7
Tanzania 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2 4.1
Niger 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8 4.8
Algeria 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4 6.0
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 5.2 5.3
Central African Republic 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5 4.7
Kyrgyz Republic 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1 4.2
Yemen, Rep. 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2 4.9
Cambodia 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7 6.4
Uganda 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4 6.2
Gambia, The 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6 6.7
Georgia 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4 8.7
Kazakhstan 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2 11.2
Zambia 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8 7.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6 3.6
Benin 8.5 5.4 6.9 9.8 10.6
Malawi 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0 9.1
Cameroon 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8 8.2
Armenia 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7 9.9
Ukraine 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6 11.2
Liberia 7.9 5.0 3.3
Rwanda 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9 10.4
Madagascar 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3 8.8
Mongolia 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4 6.9
Syrian Arab Republic 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2 8.3
Bulgaria 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.6 12.0
Ghana 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6 14.0
Bhutan 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3 8.9
Myanmar 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1 9.5
Congo, Rep. 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9 4.8
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1 4.6
Gabon 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0 8.7
Burkina Faso 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1 11.6
Mozambique 8.7 10.6 11.3 12.7 14.4
Comoros 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7 11.8
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 7.9 7.1
Botswana 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9 14.7
Lithuania 11.0 11.0 12.5 14.3 13.1
Lao PDR 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4 8.9
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7 13.8
Nigeria 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5 12.4
Swaziland 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1 12.5
Burundi 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4 17.1
Latvia 6.7 10.3 13.8 15.2 19.0
Venezuela, RB 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6 12.5
Haiti 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5 15.5
Seychelles 12.6 13.7 14.4 15.1 16.6
Moldova 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8 12.7
Solomon Islands 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0 16.0
Mali 12.2 12.7 14.8 16.1 15.0
Senegal 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4 18.7
Russian Federation 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1 13.6
Cote d'Ivoire 16.7 17.1 15.9 14.4 15.1
Belarus 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3 8.9
Turkey 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6 17.8
Togo 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1 16.0
Macedonia, FYR 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9 17.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.2 16.6 18.0 18.0 26.2
Lesotho 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8 15.8
Costa Rica 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3 24.0
Maldives 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8 19.1
Mexico 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9 15.6
Vietnam 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2 32.7
Papua New Guinea 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7 17.2
Nicaragua 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7 24.0
Bangladesh 18.9 20.0 20.5 21.0 21.8
Guatemala 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7 19.8
Ethiopia 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0 22.9
Suriname 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5 8.4
Ecuador 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4 26.0
Samoa 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1 27.3
Poland 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5 26.5
India 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0 27.9
Dominican Republic 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5 29.0
Hungary 21.4 23.6 23.4 25.5 31.9
Jamaica 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0 25.7
Kenya 21.7 24.4 24.0 26.6 25.8
Argentina 20.2 21.9 24.2 24.9 23.9
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6 45.7
Libya 23.7 22.0 24.6 23.9 20.5
Pakistan 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5 22.3
Paraguay 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4 25.7
Nepal 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9 30.7
Sri Lanka 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3 28.8
Peru 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0 27.2
Fiji 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1 32.0
Saudi Arabia 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9 24.4
Brazil 40.8 40.9 29.5 29.8 31.1
Slovenia 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8 35.1
Estonia 22.0 32.0 31.8 31.8 36.1
Cabo Verde 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3 40.1
Greece 29.6 30.5 32.2 39.0 45.2
Vanuatu 36.4 33.0 32.5 36.0 31.5
Denmark 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1 132.0
Zimbabwe 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3 27.1
Croatia 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9 31.7
Colombia 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7 20.9
Sweden 32.3 35.2 36.4 37.9 40.3
United Arab Emirates 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6 31.3
Honduras 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6 34.1
Qatar 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8 26.8
Uruguay 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6 45.1
Namibia 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6 39.8
Aruba 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6 44.8
El Salvador 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8 45.2
Tonga 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3 41.0
Philippines 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5 36.8
Morocco 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7 51.0
Belize 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.7 40.8
Barbados 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6 47.0
Djibouti 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9 32.1
Eritrea 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3 29.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0 52.0
Trinidad and Tobago 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4 43.5
Oman 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1 37.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 44.6 47.6 48.2 51.7 55.3
Bahrain 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3 40.5
Finland 57.7 51.5 50.3
Slovak Republic 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6 50.4
Bahamas, The 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5 57.2
Indonesia 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6 19.9
Italy 52.5 53.2 55.7
Guyana 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1 57.1
Mauritius 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1 57.5
Czech Republic 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8 45.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 54.0 54.1 57.3 58.0 60.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0 37.4
Dominica 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1 50.1
Chile 54.1 57.1 59.6 62.5 62.5
Tunisia 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5 60.0
Kuwait 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7 45.4
Iceland 47.5 64.8 62.6 71.4 94.6
Korea, Rep. 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4 73.6
Bolivia 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4 58.7
Antigua and Barbuda 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0 61.8
Israel 62.7 64.5 68.9 71.6 72.4
Norway 56.9 62.1 69.0 67.2 64.3
Jordan 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4 72.1
St. Lucia 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6 70.3
Lebanon 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3 87.9
Grenada 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9 62.6
Australia 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3 87.8
Spain 71.1 76.1 82.9
Ireland 71.7 80.6 85.4
Panama 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8 101.9
Macao SAR, China 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1 79.9
Portugal 69.4 77.1 88.4
Canada 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3 93.8
Malta 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4 105.1
New Zealand 93.6 100.4 105.0 107.6 107.9
China 89.8 97.1 105.6 110.8 111.7
Singapore 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7 96.3
United Kingdom 108.9 110.1 110.3 113.7 122.9
Germany 103.5 107.5 113.3
South Africa 116.7 113.4 115.2 131.0 130.3
Cyprus 124.9 132.5 136.4 149.1 152.2
Switzerland 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3 145.8
Thailand 146.3 166.5 153.4 127.7 105.1
United States 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1 162.1
Malaysia 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2 135.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8 150.4
Japan 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8 219.3
Monaco
Faroe Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Belgium 73.5 74.0
Somalia
Turkmenistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Afghanistan
South Sudan
Andorra
Luxembourg 82.3 88.2
Curacao
Kiribati
Tuvalu
Puerto Rico
Montenegro
Isle of Man
Brunei Darussalam 60.2 50.3
St. Martin (French part)
Austria 94.8 100.2
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Iraq
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Cuba
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.2
Sao Tome and Principe
Cayman Islands
Greenland
Netherlands 93.0 98.1
San Marino
Uzbekistan
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Mauritania
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Palau
France 80.8 79.8
American Samoa

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