Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Zambia 8.5 9.5 8.0 7.0 7.4
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Liberia 7.9 5.0
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Bulgaria 40.0 70.1 9.6 10.3 11.8
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Lithuania 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5 14.3
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Latvia 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9 15.7
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7 14.2
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Seychelles 16.4 18.4 19.5 19.9 20.7
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Argentina 16.5 16.7 18.1 19.9 20.5
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Ethiopia 9.4 14.4 17.8 21.1 25.4
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.6 25.5
Bangladesh 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2 23.5
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Hungary 22.1 21.7 23.9 23.7 25.9
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 28.3
Samoa 19.7 21.0 22.3 25.0 28.1
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Serbia 24.9 27.5 28.8
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Peru 17.2 22.5 25.8 29.6 30.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
Slovenia 25.1 26.0 25.8 30.1 33.3
Brazil 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2 30.5
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.9
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
Greece 30.3 31.3 32.4 34.4 41.7
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Denmark 30.8 31.5 32.1 35.0 34.9
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
Croatia 26.6 24.9 31.9 35.5 32.3
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
Morocco 32.3 31.2 47.8 43.9 47.7
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Finland 61.9 59.4 53.1 52.0 53.3
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Slovak Republic 36.4 43.3 55.6 53.5 54.4
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Italy 55.9 54.3 55.0 57.6 70.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Czech Republic 67.7 65.8 67.5 59.4 54.0
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
Iceland 46.1 48.7 66.3 64.0 72.9
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
Norway 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3 68.5
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
Israel 64.0 65.5 68.1 72.7 75.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.1 84.2
Spain 72.3 73.2 78.3 85.2 89.6
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
Ireland 68.7 73.1 82.2 87.2 101.3
Portugal 63.5 70.2 78.0 89.2 109.2
Sweden 97.2 95.9 96.9 97.4 98.1
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
New Zealand 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1 108.7
China 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2 111.5
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
United Kingdom 110.8 114.6 115.1 114.7 117.2
Germany 100.4 106.4 110.6 116.7 116.3
South Africa 119.3 119.9 116.2 118.2 134.4
Cyprus 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0 211.1
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
Switzerland 159.7 157.7 158.3 157.2 164.6
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.0
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kiribati
Cuba
Somalia
France 86.0 82.9 82.0 81.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mauritania
South Sudan
Kosovo
New Caledonia
Marshall Islands
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Belgium 72.7 75.0 75.5 80.5
Monaco
Isle of Man
Uzbekistan
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Guam
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
Palau
Tuvalu
Luxembourg 86.2 86.8 93.0
Cayman Islands
Netherlands 93.2 99.2 104.6 125.4
Montenegro
Greenland
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
Sao Tome and Principe
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Austria 92.7 95.7 102.4 99.3
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
St. Martin (French part)
Iraq
American Samoa

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