Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 5.2
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Zambia 7.7 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Liberia 7.9 5.0
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Bulgaria 40.0 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.5
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Latvia 7.2 6.7 9.7 13.0 13.6
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.9 14.4
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Seychelles 16.4 18.2 19.5 19.9 20.7
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Bangladesh 20.9 18.9 20.0 20.5 21.0
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Ethiopia 9.2 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
Samoa 17.5 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Hungary 21.8 21.5 23.6 23.5 25.6
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Argentina 20.0 20.2 21.9 24.2 24.9
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 23.9
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Peru 16.9 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Brazil 42.6 40.6 40.7 29.4 29.7
Slovenia 24.7 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.8
Greece 28.8 29.5 30.5 32.1 38.8
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
Denmark 30.3 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Croatia 26.2 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
Morocco 28.6 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Finland 60.3 57.7 51.5 50.3
Slovak Republic 35.8 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Italy 54.0 52.5 53.2 55.7
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Czech Republic 65.7 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Iceland 44.9 47.4 64.6 62.5 71.2
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Norway 54.8 56.9 62.1 69.0 67.2
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
Israel 61.9 63.1 65.2 69.4 72.2
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3
Spain 70.4 71.1 76.1 82.9
Ireland 67.6 71.8 80.8 85.6
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
Portugal 62.6 69.4 77.1 88.4
Sweden 93.4 92.0 92.7 93.0 93.7
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
New Zealand 88.5 93.6 100.4 105.0 107.6
China 84.5 89.8 97.1 105.6 110.8
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
United Kingdom 105.9 109.1 110.7 110.9 114.2
Germany 97.8 103.6 107.7 113.5
South Africa 116.0 116.7 113.4 115.2 131.0
Cyprus 112.6 122.8 130.2 133.8 197.6
Switzerland 151.4 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cuba
Somalia
Timor-Leste
France 84.0 80.8 79.8
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Curacao
Montenegro
Kiribati
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
Austria 91.9 94.8 100.2
Taiwan, China
Isle of Man
Netherlands 87.8 93.7 98.7
Belgium 71.6 73.6 74.2
Iraq
Afghanistan
Faeroe Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Marshall Islands
Puerto Rico
San Marino
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
New Caledonia
Mauritania
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Lithuania
American Samoa
Uzbekistan
Palau
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Andorra
Luxembourg 82.0 82.6 88.5
Greenland

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