Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.2
Sudan 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7 2.1
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.0
Chad 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.6
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6 2.6
Guinea 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Albania 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.9
Tanzania 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.2
Niger 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.8
Algeria 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6 5.4
Central African Republic 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.5
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3 5.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3 5.2
Cambodia 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6 5.7
Uganda 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.4
Gambia, The 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7 6.6
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1 7.4
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4 8.2
Zambia 7.7 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.8
Equatorial Guinea 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5 5.6
Benin 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9 10.5
Malawi 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1 8.0
Cameroon 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4 7.8
Armenia 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4 8.7
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8 8.6
Liberia 7.9 5.0
Rwanda 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8 9.9
Madagascar 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9 8.3
Mongolia 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1 7.4
Syrian Arab Republic 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2 9.2
Bulgaria 40.0 61.7 8.6 9.2 11.5
Ghana 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4 12.6
Bhutan 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5 8.3
Myanmar 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7 8.1
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7 10.9
Guinea-Bissau 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3 7.1
Gabon 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8 10.0
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0 10.1
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6 8.1
Comoros 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6 11.7
Botswana 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2 13.9
Lithuania 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5 14.3
Lao PDR 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6 8.4
Mozambique 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7 14.9
Tajikistan 12.9 17.7
Nigeria 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0 13.5
Swaziland 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4 13.1
Burundi 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5 15.4
Venezuela, RB 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1 13.6
Haiti 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1 14.5
Moldova 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4 11.8
Solomon Islands 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6 15.0
Senegal 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8 15.4
Latvia 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9 15.7
Russian Federation 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6 13.1
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7 14.2
Belarus 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1 9.3
Mali 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6 18.4
Turkey 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2 16.6
Togo 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3 15.1
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7 20.9
Lesotho 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4 16.8
Costa Rica 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5 20.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4 19.6
Maldives 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7 18.8
Seychelles 16.4 18.2 19.5 19.9 20.7
Mexico 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9 16.9
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1 28.2
Papua New Guinea 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2 17.7
Nicaragua 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4 23.7
Guatemala 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5 20.7
Ethiopia 9.2 14.1 17.5 20.8 25.0
Suriname 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4 14.5
Ecuador 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0 22.4
Samoa 17.5 18.7 19.9 22.3 25.1
Poland 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.5 25.5
Bangladesh 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2 23.5
India 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3 25.0
Dominican Republic 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3 26.5
Hungary 21.8 21.5 23.6 23.5 25.6
Jamaica 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5 24.0
Argentina 20.0 20.2 21.9 24.2 24.9
Serbia 22.0 24.4 27.6
Libya 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6 28.3
Pakistan 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1 25.5
Paraguay 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2 26.4
Kenya 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3 29.3
Nepal 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7 28.9
Sri Lanka 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7 29.3
Peru 16.9 22.1 25.5 29.3 30.0
Fiji 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3 26.1
Saudi Arabia 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4 26.9
Slovenia 24.7 25.6 25.4 29.6 32.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9 32.1
Brazil 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2 30.5
Estonia 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9 31.8
Greece 28.8 29.5 30.5 32.1 38.8
Cabo Verde 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2 41.3
Vanuatu 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5 36.0
Denmark 30.3 31.0 31.5 34.3 34.1
Zimbabwe 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7 22.3
Croatia 26.2 24.6 31.4 35.0 31.9
Colombia 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2 31.7
United Arab Emirates 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9 35.6
Honduras 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7 41.6
Qatar 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8 34.8
Uruguay 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5 43.6
Namibia 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4 39.6
Aruba 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9 44.6
El Salvador 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9 43.8
Tonga 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9 38.3
Philippines 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3 38.5
Morocco 28.6 27.6 42.8 43.9 47.7
Belize 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3 43.8
Barbados 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5 46.6
Djibouti 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1 28.9
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5 33.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6 52.0
Trinidad and Tobago 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7 45.4
Oman 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3 46.1
Bahrain 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1 52.3
Finland 60.3 57.7 51.5 50.3 51.4
Slovak Republic 35.8 42.4 54.3 52.5 53.6
Bahamas, The 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0 52.5
Indonesia 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2 20.6
Italy 54.0 52.5 53.2 55.7 67.8
Guyana 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1 57.1
Mauritius 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4 57.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7 60.9
Czech Republic 65.7 63.9 65.1 57.2 51.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9 48.0
Dominica 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8 58.1
Tunisia 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9 59.5
Kuwait 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7 54.7
Iceland 44.9 47.4 64.6 62.5 71.2
Korea, Rep. 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9 68.4
Bolivia 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1 64.4
Antigua and Barbuda 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9 68.0
Chile 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9 70.3
Jordan 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1 71.4
Israel 61.9 63.1 65.2 69.4 72.2
Norway 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3 68.5
St. Lucia 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9 74.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7 74.2
Lebanon 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9 82.3
Grenada 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4 74.9
Australia 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.2 84.3
Spain 70.4 71.1 76.1 82.9 87.4
Ireland 67.6 71.8 80.8 85.6 99.2
Panama 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1 96.8
Macao SAR, China 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7 89.1
Portugal 62.6 69.4 77.1 88.4 108.3
Sweden 93.4 92.0 92.7 93.0 93.7
Canada 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7 97.3
Malta 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8 106.4
New Zealand 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1 108.7
China 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2 111.5
Singapore 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0 102.7
United Kingdom 105.9 109.1 110.7 110.9 114.2
Germany 97.8 103.6 107.7 113.5 112.8
South Africa 116.0 116.7 113.4 115.2 131.0
Cyprus 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0 211.1
Switzerland 151.4 149.3 150.4 148.6 155.3
Thailand 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9 131.9
United States 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3 171.1
Malaysia 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5 149.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8 152.8
Japan 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7 227.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kiribati
Cuba
Somalia
France 84.0 80.8 79.8 79.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mauritania
South Sudan
Kosovo
Afghanistan
Marshall Islands
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Belgium 71.6 73.6 74.2 78.9
Monaco
Isle of Man
Uzbekistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
Netherlands 87.8 93.7 98.7 117.2
Curacao
Guam
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1
Palau
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Luxembourg 82.0 82.6 88.5
Montenegro
Greenland
Brunei Darussalam 60.2
Sao Tome and Principe
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Austria 91.9 94.8 100.2 97.3
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
St. Martin (French part)
Iraq
American Samoa

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