Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Turkmenistan 4.2 3.2 0.6 1.4 1.7
Sudan 2.4 1.6 2.8 2.1 2.0
Sierra Leone 3.1 2.7 2.5 3.2 2.7
Azerbaijan 3.3 1.2 1.2 2.4 3.1
Chad 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3
Angola 5.3 3.2 5.2 3.6
Guinea 4.4 5.0 4.9 4.5 3.7
Albania 3.8 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.7
Tanzania 9.7 6.7 3.1 3.5 3.9
Niger 8.2 4.5 4.3 3.3 4.0
Algeria 6.5 5.2 5.4 3.9 4.6
Central African Republic 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.9
Kyrgyz Republic 12.5 8.7 3.5 5.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.2 4.6 3.0 3.9 5.3
Cambodia 3.3 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.6
Uganda 4.4 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.6
Gambia, The 5.6 4.8 4.4 5.4 5.7
Georgia 6.1 3.3 4.6 6.1
Kazakhstan 26.6 7.1 6.3 5.2 6.4
Equatorial Guinea 4.0 4.8 5.2 4.7 6.5
Benin 8.5 7.4 8.5 5.4 6.9
Zambia 6.3 8.5 9.5 8.0 7.0
Malawi 12.6 6.5 4.5 4.3 7.1
Cameroon 9.2 8.2 7.9 6.5 7.4
Armenia 11.1 7.3 5.6 6.0 7.4
Ukraine 4.6 1.5 1.4 2.5 7.8
Liberia 7.9
Rwanda 9.9 8.4 6.8 8.1 8.8
Madagascar 14.7 11.5 9.7 10.0 8.9
Mongolia 10.7 8.0 8.8 5.2 9.1
Syrian Arab Republic 10.3 11.2 9.6 9.8 9.2
Ghana 5.3 5.1 6.0 8.2 9.4
Bhutan 8.5 7.6 6.7 11.1 9.5
Myanmar 6.0 7.6 9.6 10.3 9.7
Congo, Rep. 7.7 8.1 7.5 7.9 9.7
Bulgaria 49.2 40.0 70.1 9.6 10.3
Guinea-Bissau 14.3 8.7 6.7 7.1 10.3
Gabon 6.8 7.9 6.6 8.7 10.8
Burkina Faso 7.0 6.8 6.9 11.6 11.0
Romania 11.5 8.4 11.6
Comoros 13.8 13.5 11.1 13.4 11.6
Botswana 14.0 11.9 10.1 9.7 12.2
Lithuania 20.1 14.7 10.9 11.0 12.5
Lao PDR 8.9 9.1 9.0 13.0 12.6
Mozambique 11.6 11.5 9.4 11.8 12.7
Tajikistan 12.9
Nigeria 15.0 10.0 9.0 10.7 13.0
Swaziland 18.1 15.1 14.3 14.0 13.4
Burundi 14.7 12.3 14.2 11.9 13.5
Venezuela, RB 13.4 12.2 9.8 14.7 14.1
Haiti 10.2 12.5 12.8 15.7 14.1
Moldova 3.7 6.7 7.7 7.0 14.4
Solomon Islands 12.0 11.8 12.7 13.4 14.6
Senegal 16.4 14.7 16.0 15.8 14.8
Latvia 18.4 8.1 7.2 11.0 14.9
Russian Federation 12.1 9.4 8.3 10.7 15.6
Cote d'Ivoire 18.5 18.5 16.7 17.1 15.7
Belarus 17.6 6.1 6.4 8.3 16.1
Mali 8.9 10.7 12.9 13.9 16.6
Turkey 15.9 18.5 22.8 26.3 17.2
Togo 18.8 20.1 18.8 17.8 17.3
Macedonia, FYR 45.3 23.1 26.5 27.3 17.7
Lesotho 25.6 21.3 19.0 24.8 18.4
Costa Rica 13.9 10.6 13.4 14.6 18.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.1 17.7 16.5 18.0 19.4
Maldives 12.3 13.9 13.5 16.7 19.7
Seychelles 13.7 16.4 18.4 19.5 19.9
Mexico 30.9 24.4 15.7 22.1 19.9
Argentina 16.7 16.5 16.7 18.1 19.9
Vietnam 18.5 18.7 19.8 20.1
Papua New Guinea 16.2 14.6 13.4 17.3 20.2
Nicaragua 15.7 16.6 13.4 16.8 20.4
Guatemala 15.0 19.3 19.0 18.6 20.5
Ethiopia 8.1 9.4 14.4 17.8 21.1
Suriname 8.2 6.6 13.2 17.1 21.4
Ecuador 20.6 22.1 22.2 24.0 22.0
Poland 17.0 16.9 19.2 20.8 22.6
Bangladesh 16.3 20.9 21.6 22.8 23.2
India 23.2 22.1 23.0 23.1 23.3
Dominican Republic 18.9 19.1 20.7 22.1 23.3
Jamaica 21.6 24.1 22.5 20.8 23.5
Hungary 26.0 22.1 21.7 23.9 23.7
Libya 32.4 32.5 23.7 22.0 24.6
Samoa 15.1 19.7 21.0 22.3 25.0
Pakistan 24.0 24.2 24.7 24.6 25.1
Paraguay 26.9 24.0 25.8 32.8 25.2
Kenya 29.3 34.5 27.0 27.9 27.3
Serbia 24.9 27.5
Nepal 18.6 22.8 23.2 23.9 28.7
Sri Lanka 11.0 31.1 29.9 29.4 28.7
Fiji 40.4 40.1 39.0 33.5 29.3
Saudi Arabia 22.5 22.7 20.9 21.6 29.4
Peru 14.7 17.2 22.5 25.8 29.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 29.5 27.5 28.1 29.9
Slovenia 23.3 25.1 26.0 25.8 30.1
Brazil 69.5 43.5 41.3 41.4 30.2
Estonia 14.5 16.2 22.1 32.1 31.9
Cabo Verde 22.7 27.6 26.9 32.2 32.2
Vanuatu 36.2 37.7 36.6 34.9 32.5
Greece 27.9 30.3 31.3 32.4 34.4
Zimbabwe 28.4 33.8 31.2 38.6 34.7
Denmark 30.8 30.8 31.5 32.1 35.0
Colombia 31.1 33.7 35.3 36.5 35.2
Croatia 29.0 26.6 24.9 31.9 35.5
United Arab Emirates 29.3 29.7 29.2 31.1 36.9
Honduras 26.6 24.8 26.2 32.3 37.7
Qatar 35.6 34.7 31.1 30.6 38.8
Uruguay 23.9 26.4 26.8 25.9 40.5
Namibia 38.1 43.8 41.4 42.1 41.4
Aruba 39.8 43.1 45.4 43.2 41.9
El Salvador 31.0 34.9 36.8 40.3 41.9
Tonga 30.7 36.6 36.0 40.9 42.9
Philippines 29.1 37.5 49.0 56.5 43.3
Morocco 28.2 32.3 31.2 47.8 43.9
Belize 34.9 35.2 37.3 41.3 44.3
Barbados 39.0 41.7 40.8 43.3 44.5
Djibouti 38.3 42.8 44.3 43.2 46.1
Eritrea 17.1 34.6 35.2 46.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.9 32.7 36.5 39.7 46.6
Trinidad and Tobago 40.9 43.4 38.8 44.3 46.7
Oman 24.7 25.6 26.6 35.6 47.3
Bahrain 43.7 43.1 41.6 45.0 50.1
Finland 69.3 61.9 59.4 53.1 52.0
Bahamas, The 57.0 60.1 62.3 51.4 53.0
Indonesia 51.9 53.5 55.5 60.8 53.2
Slovak Republic 40.4 36.4 43.3 55.6 53.5
Guyana 21.9 28.0 42.0 48.2 56.1
Mauritius 45.4 47.0 43.4 49.1 56.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 43.4 48.2 52.5 56.5 56.7
Italy 57.6 55.9 54.3 55.0 57.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.2 57.9
Dominica 53.7 57.0 56.2 58.2 58.8
Czech Republic 68.4 67.7 65.8 67.5 59.4
Tunisia 67.5 68.4 63.2 58.9 59.9
Kuwait 23.1 30.0 33.7 47.0 60.7
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.2 52.5 57.6 62.9
Iceland 44.7 46.1 48.7 66.3 64.0
Bolivia 49.9 48.2 52.7 58.3 64.1
Antigua and Barbuda 45.5 53.0 58.2 65.6 65.9
Chile 48.1 49.7 54.1 67.2 66.9
Jordan 64.5 68.9 69.4 70.0 69.1
Norway 54.7 56.0 58.1 63.3 70.3
St. Lucia 61.6 62.5 70.1 71.8 70.9
Israel 68.6 64.0 65.5 68.1 72.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 69.5 70.8 70.1 70.2 72.7
Lebanon 48.8 54.9 60.5 66.1 73.9
Grenada 58.7 58.6 62.3 71.4 74.4
Australia 66.8 69.8 71.5 75.3 79.1
Spain 73.1 72.3 73.2 78.3 85.2
Panama 70.1 78.1 71.3 75.2 86.1
Macao SAR, China 85.0 79.8 84.3 91.8 86.7
Ireland 44.2 68.7 73.1 82.2 87.2
Portugal 57.7 63.5 70.2 78.0 89.2
Sweden 103.6 97.2 95.9 96.9 97.4
Canada 91.3 90.4 95.2 99.2 97.7
Malta 87.0 86.3 95.3 96.3 100.8
New Zealand 83.1 89.2 94.4 101.3 106.1
China 86.7 85.0 90.3 97.6 106.2
Singapore 81.1 88.2 93.6 96.4 108.0
United Kingdom 105.6 110.8 114.6 115.1 114.7
Germany 99.0 100.4 106.4 110.6 116.7
South Africa 114.3 119.3 119.9 116.2 118.2
Cyprus 119.3 120.7 131.3 139.0 143.0
Thailand 127.7 139.8 147.2 165.7 155.9
Switzerland 157.0 159.7 157.7 158.3 157.2
United States 119.8 129.8 137.2 146.1 157.3
Malaysia 109.2 124.4 141.6 158.4 158.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 143.5 149.4 156.7 169.3 166.8
Japan 201.6 201.2 202.4 214.6 224.7
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kiribati
Cuba
Somalia
France 86.8 86.0 82.9 82.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mauritania
South Sudan
Kosovo
New Caledonia
Marshall Islands
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Belgium 73.9 72.7 75.0 75.5
Monaco
Isle of Man
Uzbekistan
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Guam
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1 1.1
Palau
Tuvalu
Luxembourg 83.4 86.2 86.8 93.0
Cayman Islands
Netherlands 87.6 93.2 99.2 104.6
Montenegro
Greenland
Brunei Darussalam
Sao Tome and Principe
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Austria 90.7 92.7 95.7 102.4
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
St. Martin (French part)
Iraq
American Samoa

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